summaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
path: root/src/network/access/qnetworkreplyhttpimpl.cpp
blob: 1ece623061638c07b6c700ccad26ab7cbb58d28e (plain)
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/****************************************************************************
**
** Copyright (C) 2016 The Qt Company Ltd.
** Contact: https://www.qt.io/licensing/
**
** This file is part of the QtNetwork module of the Qt Toolkit.
**
** $QT_BEGIN_LICENSE:LGPL$
** Commercial License Usage
** Licensees holding valid commercial Qt licenses may use this file in
** accordance with the commercial license agreement provided with the
** Software or, alternatively, in accordance with the terms contained in
** a written agreement between you and The Qt Company. For licensing terms
** and conditions see https://www.qt.io/terms-conditions. For further
** information use the contact form at https://www.qt.io/contact-us.
**
** GNU Lesser General Public License Usage
** Alternatively, this file may be used under the terms of the GNU Lesser
** General Public License version 3 as published by the Free Software
** Foundation and appearing in the file LICENSE.LGPL3 included in the
** packaging of this file. Please review the following information to
** ensure the GNU Lesser General Public License version 3 requirements
** will be met: https://www.gnu.org/licenses/lgpl-3.0.html.
**
** GNU General Public License Usage
** Alternatively, this file may be used under the terms of the GNU
** General Public License version 2.0 or (at your option) the GNU General
** Public license version 3 or any later version approved by the KDE Free
** Qt Foundation. The licenses are as published by the Free Software
** Foundation and appearing in the file LICENSE.GPL2 and LICENSE.GPL3
** included in the packaging of this file. Please review the following
** information to ensure the GNU General Public License requirements will
** be met: https://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl-2.0.html and
** https://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl-3.0.html.
**
** $QT_END_LICENSE$
**
****************************************************************************/

//#define QNETWORKACCESSHTTPBACKEND_DEBUG

#include "qnetworkreplyhttpimpl_p.h"
#include "qnetworkaccessmanager_p.h"
#include "qnetworkaccesscache_p.h"
#include "qabstractnetworkcache.h"
#include "qnetworkrequest.h"
#include "qnetworkreply.h"
#include "qnetworkrequest_p.h"
#include "qnetworkcookie.h"
#include "qnetworkcookie_p.h"
#include "QtCore/qdatetime.h"
#include "QtCore/qelapsedtimer.h"
#include "QtNetwork/qsslconfiguration.h"
#include "qhttpthreaddelegate_p.h"
#include "qhsts_p.h"
#include "qthread.h"
#include "QtCore/qcoreapplication.h"

#include <QtCore/private/qthread_p.h>

#include "qnetworkcookiejar.h"

#ifndef QT_NO_HTTP

#include <string.h>             // for strchr

QT_BEGIN_NAMESPACE

class QNetworkProxy;

static inline bool isSeparator(char c)
{
    static const char separators[] = "()<>@,;:\\\"/[]?={}";
    return isLWS(c) || strchr(separators, c) != 0;
}

// ### merge with nextField in cookiejar.cpp
static QHash<QByteArray, QByteArray> parseHttpOptionHeader(const QByteArray &header)
{
    // The HTTP header is of the form:
    // header          = #1(directives)
    // directives      = token | value-directive
    // value-directive = token "=" (token | quoted-string)
    QHash<QByteArray, QByteArray> result;

    int pos = 0;
    while (true) {
        // skip spaces
        pos = nextNonWhitespace(header, pos);
        if (pos == header.length())
            return result;      // end of parsing

        // pos points to a non-whitespace
        int comma = header.indexOf(',', pos);
        int equal = header.indexOf('=', pos);
        if (comma == pos || equal == pos)
            // huh? Broken header.
            return result;

        // The key name is delimited by either a comma, an equal sign or the end
        // of the header, whichever comes first
        int end = comma;
        if (end == -1)
            end = header.length();
        if (equal != -1 && end > equal)
            end = equal;        // equal sign comes before comma/end
        QByteArray key = QByteArray(header.constData() + pos, end - pos).trimmed().toLower();
        pos = end + 1;

        if (uint(equal) < uint(comma)) {
            // case: token "=" (token | quoted-string)
            // skip spaces
            pos = nextNonWhitespace(header, pos);
            if (pos == header.length())
                // huh? Broken header
                return result;

            QByteArray value;
            value.reserve(header.length() - pos);
            if (header.at(pos) == '"') {
                // case: quoted-string
                // quoted-string  = ( <"> *(qdtext | quoted-pair ) <"> )
                // qdtext         = <any TEXT except <">>
                // quoted-pair    = "\" CHAR
                ++pos;
                while (pos < header.length()) {
                    char c = header.at(pos);
                    if (c == '"') {
                        // end of quoted text
                        break;
                    } else if (c == '\\') {
                        ++pos;
                        if (pos >= header.length())
                            // broken header
                            return result;
                        c = header.at(pos);
                    }

                    value += c;
                    ++pos;
                }
            } else {
                // case: token
                while (pos < header.length()) {
                    char c = header.at(pos);
                    if (isSeparator(c))
                        break;
                    value += c;
                    ++pos;
                }
            }

            result.insert(key, value);

            // find the comma now:
            comma = header.indexOf(',', pos);
            if (comma == -1)
                return result;  // end of parsing
            pos = comma + 1;
        } else {
            // case: token
            // key is already set
            result.insert(key, QByteArray());
        }
    }
}

#if QT_CONFIG(bearermanagement)
static bool isSessionNeeded(const QUrl &url)
{
    // Connections to the local machine does not require a session
    QString host = url.host().toLower();
    return !QHostAddress(host).isLoopback() && host != QLatin1String("localhost")
           && host != QSysInfo::machineHostName().toLower();
}
#endif // bearer management

QNetworkReplyHttpImpl::QNetworkReplyHttpImpl(QNetworkAccessManager* const manager,
                                             const QNetworkRequest& request,
                                             QNetworkAccessManager::Operation& operation,
                                             QIODevice* outgoingData)
    : QNetworkReply(*new QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate, manager)
{
    Q_D(QNetworkReplyHttpImpl);
    d->manager = manager;
    d->managerPrivate = manager->d_func();
    d->request = request;
    d->originalRequest = request;
    d->operation = operation;
    d->outgoingData = outgoingData;
    d->url = request.url();
#ifndef QT_NO_SSL
    if (request.url().scheme() == QLatin1String("https"))
        d->sslConfiguration.reset(new QSslConfiguration(request.sslConfiguration()));
#endif

    // FIXME Later maybe set to Unbuffered, especially if it is zerocopy or from cache?
    QIODevice::open(QIODevice::ReadOnly);


    // Internal code that does a HTTP reply for the synchronous Ajax
    // in Qt WebKit.
    QVariant synchronousHttpAttribute = request.attribute(
            static_cast<QNetworkRequest::Attribute>(QNetworkRequest::SynchronousRequestAttribute));
    if (synchronousHttpAttribute.isValid()) {
        d->synchronous = synchronousHttpAttribute.toBool();
        if (d->synchronous && outgoingData) {
            // The synchronous HTTP is a corner case, we will put all upload data in one big QByteArray in the outgoingDataBuffer.
            // Yes, this is not the most efficient thing to do, but on the other hand synchronous XHR needs to die anyway.
            d->outgoingDataBuffer = QSharedPointer<QRingBuffer>::create();
            qint64 previousDataSize = 0;
            do {
                previousDataSize = d->outgoingDataBuffer->size();
                d->outgoingDataBuffer->append(d->outgoingData->readAll());
            } while (d->outgoingDataBuffer->size() != previousDataSize);
            d->_q_startOperation();
            return;
        }
    }


    if (outgoingData) {
        // there is data to be uploaded, e.g. HTTP POST.

        if (!d->outgoingData->isSequential()) {
            // fixed size non-sequential (random-access)
            // just start the operation
            QMetaObject::invokeMethod(this, "_q_startOperation", Qt::QueuedConnection);
            // FIXME make direct call?
        } else {
            bool bufferingDisallowed =
                    request.attribute(QNetworkRequest::DoNotBufferUploadDataAttribute,
                                  false).toBool();

            if (bufferingDisallowed) {
                // if a valid content-length header for the request was supplied, we can disable buffering
                // if not, we will buffer anyway
                if (request.header(QNetworkRequest::ContentLengthHeader).isValid()) {
                    QMetaObject::invokeMethod(this, "_q_startOperation", Qt::QueuedConnection);
                    // FIXME make direct call?
                } else {
                    d->state = d->Buffering;
                    QMetaObject::invokeMethod(this, "_q_bufferOutgoingData", Qt::QueuedConnection);
                }
            } else {
                // _q_startOperation will be called when the buffering has finished.
                d->state = d->Buffering;
                QMetaObject::invokeMethod(this, "_q_bufferOutgoingData", Qt::QueuedConnection);
            }
        }
    } else {
        // No outgoing data (POST, ..)
        d->_q_startOperation();
    }
}

QNetworkReplyHttpImpl::~QNetworkReplyHttpImpl()
{
    // This will do nothing if the request was already finished or aborted
    emit abortHttpRequest();
}

void QNetworkReplyHttpImpl::close()
{
    Q_D(QNetworkReplyHttpImpl);

    if (d->state == QNetworkReplyPrivate::Aborted ||
        d->state == QNetworkReplyPrivate::Finished)
        return;

    // According to the documentation close only stops the download
    // by closing we can ignore the download part and continue uploading.
    QNetworkReply::close();

    // call finished which will emit signals
    // FIXME shouldn't this be emitted Queued?
    d->error(OperationCanceledError, tr("Operation canceled"));
    d->finished();
}

void QNetworkReplyHttpImpl::abort()
{
    Q_D(QNetworkReplyHttpImpl);
    // FIXME
    if (d->state == QNetworkReplyPrivate::Finished || d->state == QNetworkReplyPrivate::Aborted)
        return;

    QNetworkReply::close();

    if (d->state != QNetworkReplyPrivate::Finished) {
        // call finished which will emit signals
        // FIXME shouldn't this be emitted Queued?
        d->error(OperationCanceledError, tr("Operation canceled"));

        // If state is WaitingForSession, calling finished has no effect
        if (d->state == QNetworkReplyPrivate::WaitingForSession)
            d->state = QNetworkReplyPrivate::Working;
        d->finished();
    }

    d->state = QNetworkReplyPrivate::Aborted;

    emit abortHttpRequest();
}

qint64 QNetworkReplyHttpImpl::bytesAvailable() const
{
    Q_D(const QNetworkReplyHttpImpl);

    // if we load from cache device
    if (d->cacheLoadDevice) {
        return QNetworkReply::bytesAvailable() + d->cacheLoadDevice->bytesAvailable();
    }

    // zerocopy buffer
    if (d->downloadZerocopyBuffer) {
        return QNetworkReply::bytesAvailable() + d->downloadBufferCurrentSize - d->downloadBufferReadPosition;
    }

    // normal buffer
    return QNetworkReply::bytesAvailable();
}

bool QNetworkReplyHttpImpl::isSequential () const
{
    // FIXME In the cache of a cached load or the zero-copy buffer we could actually be non-sequential.
    // FIXME however this requires us to implement stuff like seek() too.
    return true;
}

qint64 QNetworkReplyHttpImpl::size() const
{
    // FIXME At some point, this could return a proper value, e.g. if we're non-sequential.
    return QNetworkReply::size();
}

qint64 QNetworkReplyHttpImpl::readData(char* data, qint64 maxlen)
{
    Q_D(QNetworkReplyHttpImpl);

    // cacheload device
    if (d->cacheLoadDevice) {
        // FIXME bytesdownloaded, position etc?

        qint64 ret = d->cacheLoadDevice->read(data, maxlen);
        return ret;
    }

    // zerocopy buffer
    if (d->downloadZerocopyBuffer) {
        // FIXME bytesdownloaded, position etc?

        qint64 howMuch = qMin(maxlen, (d->downloadBufferCurrentSize - d->downloadBufferReadPosition));
        memcpy(data, d->downloadZerocopyBuffer + d->downloadBufferReadPosition, howMuch);
        d->downloadBufferReadPosition += howMuch;
        return howMuch;

    }

    // normal buffer
    if (d->state == d->Finished || d->state == d->Aborted)
        return -1;

    qint64 wasBuffered = d->bytesBuffered;
    d->bytesBuffered = 0;
    if (readBufferSize())
        emit readBufferFreed(wasBuffered);
    return 0;
}

void QNetworkReplyHttpImpl::setReadBufferSize(qint64 size)
{
    QNetworkReply::setReadBufferSize(size);
    emit readBufferSizeChanged(size);
    return;
}

bool QNetworkReplyHttpImpl::canReadLine () const
{
    Q_D(const QNetworkReplyHttpImpl);

    if (QNetworkReply::canReadLine())
        return true;

    if (d->cacheLoadDevice)
        return d->cacheLoadDevice->canReadLine();

    if (d->downloadZerocopyBuffer)
        return memchr(d->downloadZerocopyBuffer + d->downloadBufferReadPosition, '\n', d->downloadBufferCurrentSize - d->downloadBufferReadPosition);

    return false;
}

#ifndef QT_NO_SSL
void QNetworkReplyHttpImpl::ignoreSslErrors()
{
    Q_D(QNetworkReplyHttpImpl);

    if (d->managerPrivate && d->managerPrivate->stsEnabled
        && d->managerPrivate->stsCache.isKnownHost(url())) {
        // We cannot ignore any Security Transport-related errors for this host.
        return;
    }

    d->pendingIgnoreAllSslErrors = true;
}

void QNetworkReplyHttpImpl::ignoreSslErrorsImplementation(const QList<QSslError> &errors)
{
    Q_D(QNetworkReplyHttpImpl);

    if (d->managerPrivate && d->managerPrivate->stsEnabled
        && d->managerPrivate->stsCache.isKnownHost(url())) {
        // We cannot ignore any Security Transport-related errors for this host.
        return;
    }

    // the pending list is set if QNetworkReply::ignoreSslErrors(const QList<QSslError> &errors)
    // is called before QNetworkAccessManager::get() (or post(), etc.)
    d->pendingIgnoreSslErrorsList = errors;
}

void QNetworkReplyHttpImpl::setSslConfigurationImplementation(const QSslConfiguration &newconfig)
{
    // Setting a SSL configuration on a reply is not supported. The user needs to set
    // her/his QSslConfiguration on the QNetworkRequest.
    Q_UNUSED(newconfig);
}

void QNetworkReplyHttpImpl::sslConfigurationImplementation(QSslConfiguration &configuration) const
{
    Q_D(const QNetworkReplyHttpImpl);
    if (d->sslConfiguration.data())
        configuration = *d->sslConfiguration;
    else
        configuration = request().sslConfiguration();
}
#endif

QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate()
    : QNetworkReplyPrivate()
    , manager(0)
    , managerPrivate(0)
    , synchronous(false)
    , state(Idle)
    , statusCode(0)
    , uploadByteDevicePosition(false)
    , uploadDeviceChoking(false)
    , outgoingData(0)
    , bytesUploaded(-1)
    , cacheLoadDevice(0)
    , loadingFromCache(false)
    , cacheSaveDevice(0)
    , cacheEnabled(false)
    , resumeOffset(0)
    , preMigrationDownloaded(-1)
    , bytesDownloaded(0)
    , bytesBuffered(0)
    , downloadBufferReadPosition(0)
    , downloadBufferCurrentSize(0)
    , downloadZerocopyBuffer(0)
    , pendingDownloadDataEmissions(QSharedPointer<QAtomicInt>::create())
    , pendingDownloadProgressEmissions(QSharedPointer<QAtomicInt>::create())
    #ifndef QT_NO_SSL
    , pendingIgnoreAllSslErrors(false)
    #endif

{
}

QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::~QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate()
{
}

/*
    For a given httpRequest
    1) If AlwaysNetwork, return
    2) If we have a cache entry for this url populate headers so the server can return 304
    3) Calculate if response_is_fresh and if so send the cache and set loadedFromCache to true
 */
bool QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::loadFromCacheIfAllowed(QHttpNetworkRequest &httpRequest)
{
    QNetworkRequest::CacheLoadControl CacheLoadControlAttribute =
        (QNetworkRequest::CacheLoadControl)request.attribute(QNetworkRequest::CacheLoadControlAttribute, QNetworkRequest::PreferNetwork).toInt();
    if (CacheLoadControlAttribute == QNetworkRequest::AlwaysNetwork) {
        // If the request does not already specify preferred cache-control
        // force reload from the network and tell any caching proxy servers to reload too
        if (!request.rawHeaderList().contains("Cache-Control")) {
            httpRequest.setHeaderField("Cache-Control", "no-cache");
            httpRequest.setHeaderField("Pragma", "no-cache");
        }
        return false;
    }

    // The disk cache API does not currently support partial content retrieval.
    // That is why we don't use the disk cache for any such requests.
    if (request.hasRawHeader("Range"))
        return false;

    QAbstractNetworkCache *nc = managerPrivate->networkCache;
    if (!nc)
        return false;                 // no local cache

    QNetworkCacheMetaData metaData = nc->metaData(httpRequest.url());
    if (!metaData.isValid())
        return false;                 // not in cache

    if (!metaData.saveToDisk())
        return false;

    QNetworkHeadersPrivate cacheHeaders;
    QNetworkHeadersPrivate::RawHeadersList::ConstIterator it;
    cacheHeaders.setAllRawHeaders(metaData.rawHeaders());

    it = cacheHeaders.findRawHeader("etag");
    if (it != cacheHeaders.rawHeaders.constEnd())
        httpRequest.setHeaderField("If-None-Match", it->second);

    QDateTime lastModified = metaData.lastModified();
    if (lastModified.isValid())
        httpRequest.setHeaderField("If-Modified-Since", QNetworkHeadersPrivate::toHttpDate(lastModified));

    it = cacheHeaders.findRawHeader("Cache-Control");
    if (it != cacheHeaders.rawHeaders.constEnd()) {
        QHash<QByteArray, QByteArray> cacheControl = parseHttpOptionHeader(it->second);
        if (cacheControl.contains("must-revalidate"))
            return false;
    }

    QDateTime currentDateTime = QDateTime::currentDateTimeUtc();
    QDateTime expirationDate = metaData.expirationDate();

    bool response_is_fresh;
    if (!expirationDate.isValid()) {
        /*
         * age_value
         *      is the value of Age: header received by the cache with
         *              this response.
         * date_value
         *      is the value of the origin server's Date: header
         * request_time
         *      is the (local) time when the cache made the request
         *              that resulted in this cached response
         * response_time
         *      is the (local) time when the cache received the
         *              response
         * now
         *      is the current (local) time
         */
        qint64 age_value = 0;
        it = cacheHeaders.findRawHeader("age");
        if (it != cacheHeaders.rawHeaders.constEnd())
            age_value = it->second.toLongLong();

        QDateTime dateHeader;
        qint64 date_value = 0;
        it = cacheHeaders.findRawHeader("date");
        if (it != cacheHeaders.rawHeaders.constEnd()) {
            dateHeader = QNetworkHeadersPrivate::fromHttpDate(it->second);
            date_value = dateHeader.toSecsSinceEpoch();
        }

        qint64 now = currentDateTime.toSecsSinceEpoch();
        qint64 request_time = now;
        qint64 response_time = now;

        // Algorithm from RFC 2616 section 13.2.3
        qint64 apparent_age = qMax<qint64>(0, response_time - date_value);
        qint64 corrected_received_age = qMax(apparent_age, age_value);
        qint64 response_delay = response_time - request_time;
        qint64 corrected_initial_age = corrected_received_age + response_delay;
        qint64 resident_time = now - response_time;
        qint64 current_age   = corrected_initial_age + resident_time;

        qint64 freshness_lifetime = 0;

        // RFC 2616 13.2.4 Expiration Calculations
        if (lastModified.isValid() && dateHeader.isValid()) {
            qint64 diff = lastModified.secsTo(dateHeader);
            freshness_lifetime = diff / 10;
            if (httpRequest.headerField("Warning").isEmpty()) {
                QDateTime dt = currentDateTime.addSecs(current_age);
                if (currentDateTime.daysTo(dt) > 1)
                    httpRequest.setHeaderField("Warning", "113");
            }
        }

        // the cache-saving code below sets the freshness_lifetime with (dateHeader - last_modified) / 10
        // if "last-modified" is present, or to Expires otherwise
        response_is_fresh = (freshness_lifetime > current_age);
    } else {
        // expiration date was calculated earlier (e.g. when storing object to the cache)
        response_is_fresh = currentDateTime.secsTo(expirationDate) >= 0;
    }

    if (!response_is_fresh)
        return false;

#if defined(QNETWORKACCESSHTTPBACKEND_DEBUG)
    qDebug() << "response_is_fresh" << CacheLoadControlAttribute;
#endif
    return sendCacheContents(metaData);
}

QHttpNetworkRequest::Priority QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::convert(const QNetworkRequest::Priority& prio)
{
    switch (prio) {
    case QNetworkRequest::LowPriority:
        return QHttpNetworkRequest::LowPriority;
    case QNetworkRequest::HighPriority:
        return QHttpNetworkRequest::HighPriority;
    case QNetworkRequest::NormalPriority:
    default:
        return QHttpNetworkRequest::NormalPriority;
    }
}

void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::postRequest(const QNetworkRequest &newHttpRequest)
{
    Q_Q(QNetworkReplyHttpImpl);

    QThread *thread = 0;
    if (synchronous) {
        // A synchronous HTTP request uses its own thread
        thread = new QThread();
        thread->setObjectName(QStringLiteral("Qt HTTP synchronous thread"));
        QObject::connect(thread, SIGNAL(finished()), thread, SLOT(deleteLater()));
        thread->start();
    } else {
        // We use the manager-global thread.
        // At some point we could switch to having multiple threads if it makes sense.
        thread = managerPrivate->createThread();
    }

    QUrl url = newHttpRequest.url();
    httpRequest.setUrl(url);
    httpRequest.setRedirectCount(newHttpRequest.maximumRedirectsAllowed());

    QString scheme = url.scheme();
    bool ssl = (scheme == QLatin1String("https")
                || scheme == QLatin1String("preconnect-https"));
    q->setAttribute(QNetworkRequest::ConnectionEncryptedAttribute, ssl);
    httpRequest.setSsl(ssl);

    bool preConnect = (scheme == QLatin1String("preconnect-http")
                       || scheme == QLatin1String("preconnect-https"));
    httpRequest.setPreConnect(preConnect);

#ifndef QT_NO_NETWORKPROXY
    QNetworkProxy transparentProxy, cacheProxy;

    // FIXME the proxy stuff should be done in the HTTP thread
    const auto proxies = managerPrivate->queryProxy(QNetworkProxyQuery(newHttpRequest.url()));
    for (const QNetworkProxy &p : proxies) {
        // use the first proxy that works
        // for non-encrypted connections, any transparent or HTTP proxy
        // for encrypted, only transparent proxies
        if (!ssl
            && (p.capabilities() & QNetworkProxy::CachingCapability)
            && (p.type() == QNetworkProxy::HttpProxy ||
                p.type() == QNetworkProxy::HttpCachingProxy)) {
            cacheProxy = p;
            transparentProxy = QNetworkProxy::NoProxy;
            break;
        }
        if (p.isTransparentProxy()) {
            transparentProxy = p;
            cacheProxy = QNetworkProxy::NoProxy;
            break;
        }
    }

    // check if at least one of the proxies
    if (transparentProxy.type() == QNetworkProxy::DefaultProxy &&
        cacheProxy.type() == QNetworkProxy::DefaultProxy) {
        // unsuitable proxies
        QMetaObject::invokeMethod(q, "_q_error", synchronous ? Qt::DirectConnection : Qt::QueuedConnection,
                                  Q_ARG(QNetworkReply::NetworkError, QNetworkReply::ProxyNotFoundError),
                                  Q_ARG(QString, QNetworkReplyHttpImpl::tr("No suitable proxy found")));
        QMetaObject::invokeMethod(q, "_q_finished", synchronous ? Qt::DirectConnection : Qt::QueuedConnection);
        return;
    }
#endif

    auto redirectPolicy = QNetworkRequest::ManualRedirectPolicy;
    const QVariant value = newHttpRequest.attribute(QNetworkRequest::RedirectPolicyAttribute);
    if (value.isValid())
        redirectPolicy = value.value<QNetworkRequest::RedirectPolicy>();
    else if (newHttpRequest.attribute(QNetworkRequest::FollowRedirectsAttribute).toBool())
        redirectPolicy = QNetworkRequest::NoLessSafeRedirectPolicy;

    httpRequest.setRedirectPolicy(redirectPolicy);

    httpRequest.setPriority(convert(newHttpRequest.priority()));

    switch (operation) {
    case QNetworkAccessManager::GetOperation:
        httpRequest.setOperation(QHttpNetworkRequest::Get);
        if (loadFromCacheIfAllowed(httpRequest))
            return; // no need to send the request! :)
        break;

    case QNetworkAccessManager::HeadOperation:
        httpRequest.setOperation(QHttpNetworkRequest::Head);
        if (loadFromCacheIfAllowed(httpRequest))
            return; // no need to send the request! :)
        break;

    case QNetworkAccessManager::PostOperation:
        invalidateCache();
        httpRequest.setOperation(QHttpNetworkRequest::Post);
        createUploadByteDevice();
        break;

    case QNetworkAccessManager::PutOperation:
        invalidateCache();
        httpRequest.setOperation(QHttpNetworkRequest::Put);
        createUploadByteDevice();
        break;

    case QNetworkAccessManager::DeleteOperation:
        invalidateCache();
        httpRequest.setOperation(QHttpNetworkRequest::Delete);
        break;

    case QNetworkAccessManager::CustomOperation:
        invalidateCache(); // for safety reasons, we don't know what the operation does
        httpRequest.setOperation(QHttpNetworkRequest::Custom);
        createUploadByteDevice();
        httpRequest.setCustomVerb(newHttpRequest.attribute(
                QNetworkRequest::CustomVerbAttribute).toByteArray());
        break;

    default:
        break;                  // can't happen
    }

    QList<QByteArray> headers = newHttpRequest.rawHeaderList();
    if (resumeOffset != 0) {
        const int rangeIndex = headers.indexOf("Range");
        if (rangeIndex != -1) {
            // Need to adjust resume offset for user specified range

            headers.removeAt(rangeIndex);

            // We've already verified that requestRange starts with "bytes=", see canResume.
            QByteArray requestRange = newHttpRequest.rawHeader("Range").mid(6);

            int index = requestRange.indexOf('-');

            quint64 requestStartOffset = requestRange.left(index).toULongLong();
            quint64 requestEndOffset = requestRange.mid(index + 1).toULongLong();

            requestRange = "bytes=" + QByteArray::number(resumeOffset + requestStartOffset) +
                           '-' + QByteArray::number(requestEndOffset);

            httpRequest.setHeaderField("Range", requestRange);
        } else {
            httpRequest.setHeaderField("Range", "bytes=" + QByteArray::number(resumeOffset) + '-');
        }
    }

    for (const QByteArray &header : qAsConst(headers))
        httpRequest.setHeaderField(header, newHttpRequest.rawHeader(header));

    if (newHttpRequest.attribute(QNetworkRequest::HttpPipeliningAllowedAttribute).toBool())
        httpRequest.setPipeliningAllowed(true);

    if (request.attribute(QNetworkRequest::SpdyAllowedAttribute).toBool())
        httpRequest.setSPDYAllowed(true);

    if (request.attribute(QNetworkRequest::HTTP2AllowedAttribute).toBool())
        httpRequest.setHTTP2Allowed(true);

    if (request.attribute(QNetworkRequest::Http2DirectAttribute).toBool()) {
        // Intentionally mutually exclusive - cannot be both direct and 'allowed'
        httpRequest.setHTTP2Direct(true);
        httpRequest.setHTTP2Allowed(false);
    }

    if (static_cast<QNetworkRequest::LoadControl>
        (newHttpRequest.attribute(QNetworkRequest::AuthenticationReuseAttribute,
                             QNetworkRequest::Automatic).toInt()) == QNetworkRequest::Manual)
        httpRequest.setWithCredentials(false);

    if (request.attribute(QNetworkRequest::EmitAllUploadProgressSignalsAttribute).toBool())
        emitAllUploadProgressSignals = true;


    // Create the HTTP thread delegate
    QHttpThreadDelegate *delegate = new QHttpThreadDelegate;
    // Propagate Http/2 settings if any
    const QVariant blob(manager->property(Http2::http2ParametersPropertyName));
    if (blob.isValid() && blob.canConvert<Http2::ProtocolParameters>())
        delegate->http2Parameters = blob.value<Http2::ProtocolParameters>();
#ifndef QT_NO_BEARERMANAGEMENT
    delegate->networkSession = managerPrivate->getNetworkSession();
#endif

    // For the synchronous HTTP, this is the normal way the delegate gets deleted
    // For the asynchronous HTTP this is a safety measure, the delegate deletes itself when HTTP is finished
    QObject::connect(thread, SIGNAL(finished()), delegate, SLOT(deleteLater()));

    // Set the properties it needs
    delegate->httpRequest = httpRequest;
#ifndef QT_NO_NETWORKPROXY
    delegate->cacheProxy = cacheProxy;
    delegate->transparentProxy = transparentProxy;
#endif
    delegate->ssl = ssl;
#ifndef QT_NO_SSL
    if (ssl)
        delegate->incomingSslConfiguration.reset(new QSslConfiguration(newHttpRequest.sslConfiguration()));
#endif

    // Do we use synchronous HTTP?
    delegate->synchronous = synchronous;

    // The authentication manager is used to avoid the BlockingQueuedConnection communication
    // from HTTP thread to user thread in some cases.
    delegate->authenticationManager = managerPrivate->authenticationManager;

    if (!synchronous) {
        // Tell our zerocopy policy to the delegate
        QVariant downloadBufferMaximumSizeAttribute = newHttpRequest.attribute(QNetworkRequest::MaximumDownloadBufferSizeAttribute);
        if (downloadBufferMaximumSizeAttribute.isValid()) {
            delegate->downloadBufferMaximumSize = downloadBufferMaximumSizeAttribute.toLongLong();
        } else {
            // If there is no MaximumDownloadBufferSizeAttribute set (which is for the majority
            // of QNetworkRequest) then we can assume we'll do it anyway for small HTTP replies.
            // This helps with performance and memory fragmentation.
            delegate->downloadBufferMaximumSize = 128*1024;
        }


        // These atomic integers are used for signal compression
        delegate->pendingDownloadData = pendingDownloadDataEmissions;
        delegate->pendingDownloadProgress = pendingDownloadProgressEmissions;

        // Connect the signals of the delegate to us
        QObject::connect(delegate, SIGNAL(downloadData(QByteArray)),
                q, SLOT(replyDownloadData(QByteArray)),
                Qt::QueuedConnection);
        QObject::connect(delegate, SIGNAL(downloadFinished()),
                q, SLOT(replyFinished()),
                Qt::QueuedConnection);
        QObject::connect(delegate, SIGNAL(downloadMetaData(QList<QPair<QByteArray,QByteArray> >,
                                                           int, QString, bool,
                                                           QSharedPointer<char>, qint64, qint64,
                                                           bool)),
                q, SLOT(replyDownloadMetaData(QList<QPair<QByteArray,QByteArray> >,
                                              int, QString, bool,
                                              QSharedPointer<char>, qint64, qint64, bool)),
                Qt::QueuedConnection);
        QObject::connect(delegate, SIGNAL(downloadProgress(qint64,qint64)),
                q, SLOT(replyDownloadProgressSlot(qint64,qint64)),
                Qt::QueuedConnection);
        QObject::connect(delegate, SIGNAL(error(QNetworkReply::NetworkError,QString)),
                q, SLOT(httpError(QNetworkReply::NetworkError,QString)),
                Qt::QueuedConnection);
        QObject::connect(delegate, SIGNAL(redirected(QUrl,int,int)),
                q, SLOT(onRedirected(QUrl,int,int)),
                Qt::QueuedConnection);

        QObject::connect(q, SIGNAL(redirectAllowed()), q, SLOT(followRedirect()),
                         Qt::QueuedConnection);

#ifndef QT_NO_SSL
        QObject::connect(delegate, SIGNAL(sslConfigurationChanged(QSslConfiguration)),
                q, SLOT(replySslConfigurationChanged(QSslConfiguration)),
                Qt::QueuedConnection);
#endif
        // Those need to report back, therefore BlockingQueuedConnection
        QObject::connect(delegate, SIGNAL(authenticationRequired(QHttpNetworkRequest,QAuthenticator*)),
                q, SLOT(httpAuthenticationRequired(QHttpNetworkRequest,QAuthenticator*)),
                Qt::BlockingQueuedConnection);
#ifndef QT_NO_NETWORKPROXY
        QObject::connect(delegate, SIGNAL(proxyAuthenticationRequired(QNetworkProxy,QAuthenticator*)),
                 q, SLOT(proxyAuthenticationRequired(QNetworkProxy,QAuthenticator*)),
                 Qt::BlockingQueuedConnection);
#endif
#ifndef QT_NO_SSL
        QObject::connect(delegate, SIGNAL(encrypted()), q, SLOT(replyEncrypted()),
                Qt::BlockingQueuedConnection);
        QObject::connect(delegate, SIGNAL(sslErrors(QList<QSslError>,bool*,QList<QSslError>*)),
                q, SLOT(replySslErrors(QList<QSslError>,bool*,QList<QSslError>*)),
                Qt::BlockingQueuedConnection);
        QObject::connect(delegate, SIGNAL(preSharedKeyAuthenticationRequired(QSslPreSharedKeyAuthenticator*)),
                         q, SLOT(replyPreSharedKeyAuthenticationRequiredSlot(QSslPreSharedKeyAuthenticator*)),
                         Qt::BlockingQueuedConnection);
#endif
        // This signal we will use to start the request.
        QObject::connect(q, SIGNAL(startHttpRequest()), delegate, SLOT(startRequest()));
        QObject::connect(q, SIGNAL(abortHttpRequest()), delegate, SLOT(abortRequest()));

        // To throttle the connection.
        QObject::connect(q, SIGNAL(readBufferSizeChanged(qint64)), delegate, SLOT(readBufferSizeChanged(qint64)));
        QObject::connect(q, SIGNAL(readBufferFreed(qint64)), delegate, SLOT(readBufferFreed(qint64)));

        if (uploadByteDevice) {
            QNonContiguousByteDeviceThreadForwardImpl *forwardUploadDevice =
                    new QNonContiguousByteDeviceThreadForwardImpl(uploadByteDevice->atEnd(), uploadByteDevice->size());
            forwardUploadDevice->setParent(delegate); // needed to make sure it is moved on moveToThread()
            delegate->httpRequest.setUploadByteDevice(forwardUploadDevice);

            // If the device in the user thread claims it has more data, keep the flow to HTTP thread going
            QObject::connect(uploadByteDevice.data(), SIGNAL(readyRead()),
                             q, SLOT(uploadByteDeviceReadyReadSlot()),
                             Qt::QueuedConnection);

            // From user thread to http thread:
            QObject::connect(q, SIGNAL(haveUploadData(qint64,QByteArray,bool,qint64)),
                             forwardUploadDevice, SLOT(haveDataSlot(qint64,QByteArray,bool,qint64)), Qt::QueuedConnection);
            QObject::connect(uploadByteDevice.data(), SIGNAL(readyRead()),
                             forwardUploadDevice, SIGNAL(readyRead()),
                             Qt::QueuedConnection);

            // From http thread to user thread:
            QObject::connect(forwardUploadDevice, SIGNAL(wantData(qint64)),
                             q, SLOT(wantUploadDataSlot(qint64)));
            QObject::connect(forwardUploadDevice,SIGNAL(processedData(qint64, qint64)),
                             q, SLOT(sentUploadDataSlot(qint64,qint64)));
            QObject::connect(forwardUploadDevice, SIGNAL(resetData(bool*)),
                    q, SLOT(resetUploadDataSlot(bool*)),
                    Qt::BlockingQueuedConnection); // this is the only one with BlockingQueued!
        }
    } else if (synchronous) {
        QObject::connect(q, SIGNAL(startHttpRequestSynchronously()), delegate, SLOT(startRequestSynchronously()), Qt::BlockingQueuedConnection);

        if (uploadByteDevice) {
            // For the synchronous HTTP use case the use thread (this one here) is blocked
            // so we cannot use the asynchronous upload architecture.
            // We therefore won't use the QNonContiguousByteDeviceThreadForwardImpl but directly
            // use the uploadByteDevice provided to us by the QNetworkReplyImpl.
            // The code that is in start() makes sure it is safe to use from a thread
            // since it only wraps a QRingBuffer
            delegate->httpRequest.setUploadByteDevice(uploadByteDevice.data());
        }
    }


    // Move the delegate to the http thread
    delegate->moveToThread(thread);
    // This call automatically moves the uploadDevice too for the asynchronous case.

    // Prepare timers for progress notifications
    downloadProgressSignalChoke.start();
    uploadProgressSignalChoke.invalidate();

    // Send an signal to the delegate so it starts working in the other thread
    if (synchronous) {
        emit q->startHttpRequestSynchronously(); // This one is BlockingQueuedConnection, so it will return when all work is done

        if (delegate->incomingErrorCode != QNetworkReply::NoError) {
            replyDownloadMetaData
                    (delegate->incomingHeaders,
                     delegate->incomingStatusCode,
                     delegate->incomingReasonPhrase,
                     delegate->isPipeliningUsed,
                     QSharedPointer<char>(),
                     delegate->incomingContentLength,
                     delegate->removedContentLength,
                     delegate->isSpdyUsed);
            replyDownloadData(delegate->synchronousDownloadData);
            httpError(delegate->incomingErrorCode, delegate->incomingErrorDetail);
        } else {
            replyDownloadMetaData
                    (delegate->incomingHeaders,
                     delegate->incomingStatusCode,
                     delegate->incomingReasonPhrase,
                     delegate->isPipeliningUsed,
                     QSharedPointer<char>(),
                     delegate->incomingContentLength,
                     delegate->removedContentLength,
                     delegate->isSpdyUsed);
            replyDownloadData(delegate->synchronousDownloadData);
        }

        thread->quit();
        thread->wait(5000);
        if (thread->isFinished())
            delete thread;
        else
            QObject::connect(thread, SIGNAL(finished()), thread, SLOT(deleteLater()));

        finished();
    } else {
        emit q->startHttpRequest(); // Signal to the HTTP thread and go back to user.
    }
}

void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::invalidateCache()
{
    QAbstractNetworkCache *nc = managerPrivate->networkCache;
    if (nc)
        nc->remove(httpRequest.url());
}

void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::initCacheSaveDevice()
{
    Q_Q(QNetworkReplyHttpImpl);

    // The disk cache does not support partial content, so don't even try to
    // save any such content into the cache.
    if (q->attribute(QNetworkRequest::HttpStatusCodeAttribute).toInt() == 206) {
        cacheEnabled = false;
        return;
    }

    // save the meta data
    QNetworkCacheMetaData metaData;
    metaData.setUrl(url);
    metaData = fetchCacheMetaData(metaData);

    // save the redirect request also in the cache
    QVariant redirectionTarget = q->attribute(QNetworkRequest::RedirectionTargetAttribute);
    if (redirectionTarget.isValid()) {
        QNetworkCacheMetaData::AttributesMap attributes = metaData.attributes();
        attributes.insert(QNetworkRequest::RedirectionTargetAttribute, redirectionTarget);
        metaData.setAttributes(attributes);
    }

    cacheSaveDevice = managerPrivate->networkCache->prepare(metaData);

    if (cacheSaveDevice)
        q->connect(cacheSaveDevice, SIGNAL(aboutToClose()), SLOT(_q_cacheSaveDeviceAboutToClose()));

    if (!cacheSaveDevice || (cacheSaveDevice && !cacheSaveDevice->isOpen())) {
        if (Q_UNLIKELY(cacheSaveDevice && !cacheSaveDevice->isOpen()))
            qCritical("QNetworkReplyImpl: network cache returned a device that is not open -- "
                  "class %s probably needs to be fixed",
                  managerPrivate->networkCache->metaObject()->className());

        managerPrivate->networkCache->remove(url);
        cacheSaveDevice = 0;
        cacheEnabled = false;
    }
}

void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::replyDownloadData(QByteArray d)
{
    Q_Q(QNetworkReplyHttpImpl);

    // If we're closed just ignore this data
    if (!q->isOpen())
        return;

    int pendingSignals = (int)pendingDownloadDataEmissions->fetchAndAddAcquire(-1) - 1;

    if (pendingSignals > 0) {
        // Some more signal emissions to this slot are pending.
        // Instead of writing the downstream data, we wait
        // and do it in the next call we get
        // (signal comppression)
        pendingDownloadData.append(d);
        return;
    }

    pendingDownloadData.append(d);
    d.clear();
    // We need to usa a copy for calling writeDownstreamData as we could
    // possibly recurse into this this function when we call
    // appendDownstreamDataSignalEmissions because the user might call
    // processEvents() or spin an event loop when this occur.
    QByteDataBuffer pendingDownloadDataCopy = pendingDownloadData;
    pendingDownloadData.clear();

    if (cacheEnabled && isCachingAllowed() && !cacheSaveDevice) {
        initCacheSaveDevice();
    }

    qint64 bytesWritten = 0;
    for (int i = 0; i < pendingDownloadDataCopy.bufferCount(); i++) {
        QByteArray const &item = pendingDownloadDataCopy[i];

        // This is going to look a little strange. When downloading data while a
        // HTTP redirect is happening (and enabled), we write the redirect
        // response to the cache. However, we do not append it to our internal
        // buffer as that will contain the response data only for the final
        // response
        if (cacheSaveDevice)
            cacheSaveDevice->write(item.constData(), item.size());

        if (!isHttpRedirectResponse())
            buffer.append(item);

        bytesWritten += item.size();
    }
    bytesBuffered += bytesWritten;
    pendingDownloadDataCopy.clear();

    QVariant totalSize = cookedHeaders.value(QNetworkRequest::ContentLengthHeader);
    if (preMigrationDownloaded != Q_INT64_C(-1))
        totalSize = totalSize.toLongLong() + preMigrationDownloaded;

    if (isHttpRedirectResponse())
        return;

    bytesDownloaded += bytesWritten;

    emit q->readyRead();
    // emit readyRead before downloadProgress incase this will cause events to be
    // processed and we get into a recursive call (as in QProgressDialog).
    if (downloadProgressSignalChoke.elapsed() >= progressSignalInterval) {
        downloadProgressSignalChoke.restart();
        emit q->downloadProgress(bytesDownloaded,
                             totalSize.isNull() ? Q_INT64_C(-1) : totalSize.toLongLong());
    }

}

void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::replyFinished()
{
    // We are already loading from cache, we still however
    // got this signal because it was posted already
    if (loadingFromCache)
        return;

    finished();
}

QNetworkAccessManager::Operation QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::getRedirectOperation(QNetworkAccessManager::Operation currentOp, int httpStatus)
{
    // HTTP status code can be used to decide if we can redirect with a GET
    // operation or not. See http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2616.txt [Sec 10.3] for
    // more details
    Q_UNUSED(httpStatus);

    switch (currentOp) {
    case QNetworkAccessManager::HeadOperation:
        return QNetworkAccessManager::HeadOperation;
    case QNetworkAccessManager::PostOperation:
        // We MUST keep using POST when being redirected with 307 or 308.
        if (statusCode == 307 || statusCode == 308)
            return QNetworkAccessManager::PostOperation;
        break;
    default:
        break;
    }
    // Use GET for everything else.
    return QNetworkAccessManager::GetOperation;
}

bool QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::isHttpRedirectResponse() const
{
    return httpRequest.isFollowRedirects() && QHttpNetworkReply::isHttpRedirect(statusCode);
}

QNetworkRequest QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::createRedirectRequest(const QNetworkRequest &originalRequest,
                                                                    const QUrl &url,
                                                                    int maxRedirectsRemaining)
{
    QNetworkRequest newRequest(originalRequest);
    newRequest.setUrl(url);
    newRequest.setMaximumRedirectsAllowed(maxRedirectsRemaining);

    return newRequest;
}

void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::onRedirected(const QUrl &redirectUrl, int httpStatus, int maxRedirectsRemaining)
{
    Q_Q(QNetworkReplyHttpImpl);

    if (isFinished)
        return;

    const QString schemeBefore(url.scheme());
    if (httpRequest.isFollowRedirects()) // update the reply's url as it could've changed
        url = redirectUrl;

    if (managerPrivate->stsEnabled && managerPrivate->stsCache.isKnownHost(url)) {
        // RFC6797, 8.3:
        // The UA MUST replace the URI scheme with "https" [RFC2818],
        // and if the URI contains an explicit port component of "80",
        // then the UA MUST convert the port component to be "443", or
        // if the URI contains an explicit port component that is not
        // equal to "80", the port component value MUST be preserved;
        // otherwise, if the URI does not contain an explicit port
        // component, the UA MUST NOT add one.
        url.setScheme(QLatin1String("https"));
        if (url.port() == 80)
            url.setPort(443);
    }

    const bool isLessSafe = schemeBefore == QLatin1String("https")
                            && url.scheme() == QLatin1String("http");
    if (httpRequest.redirectPolicy() == QNetworkRequest::NoLessSafeRedirectPolicy
        && isLessSafe) {
        error(QNetworkReply::InsecureRedirectError,
              QCoreApplication::translate("QHttp", "Insecure redirect"));
        return;
    }

    redirectRequest = createRedirectRequest(originalRequest, url, maxRedirectsRemaining);
    operation = getRedirectOperation(operation, httpStatus);

    if (const QNetworkCookieJar *const cookieJar = (manager ? manager->cookieJar() : nullptr)) {
        auto cookies = cookieJar->cookiesForUrl(url);
        if (!cookies.empty()) {
            redirectRequest.setHeader(QNetworkRequest::KnownHeaders::CookieHeader,
                                      QVariant::fromValue(cookies));
        }
    }

    if (httpRequest.redirectPolicy() != QNetworkRequest::UserVerifiedRedirectPolicy)
        followRedirect();

    emit q->redirected(url);
}

void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::followRedirect()
{
    Q_Q(QNetworkReplyHttpImpl);

    rawHeaders.clear();
    cookedHeaders.clear();

    if (managerPrivate->thread)
        managerPrivate->thread->disconnect();

#if QT_CONFIG(bearermanagement)
    // If the original request didn't need a session (i.e. it was to localhost)
    // then we might not have a session open, to which to redirect, if the
    // new URL is remote.  When this happens, we need to open the session now:
    if (managerPrivate && isSessionNeeded(url)) {
        if (auto session = managerPrivate->getNetworkSession()) {
            if (session->state() != QNetworkSession::State::Connected || !session->isOpen()) {
                startWaitForSession(session);
                // Need to set 'request' to the redirectRequest so that when QNAM restarts
                // the request after the session starts it will not repeat the previous request.
                request = redirectRequest;
                // Return now, QNAM will start the request when the session has started.
                return;
            }
        }
    }
#endif // bearer management

    QMetaObject::invokeMethod(q, "start", Qt::QueuedConnection,
                              Q_ARG(QNetworkRequest, redirectRequest));
}

void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::checkForRedirect(const int statusCode)
{
    Q_Q(QNetworkReplyHttpImpl);
    switch (statusCode) {
    case 301:                   // Moved Permanently
    case 302:                   // Found
    case 303:                   // See Other
    case 307:                   // Temporary Redirect
    case 308:                   // Permanent Redirect
        // What do we do about the caching of the HTML note?
        // The response to a 303 MUST NOT be cached, while the response to
        // all of the others is cacheable if the headers indicate it to be
        QByteArray header = q->rawHeader("location");
        QUrl url = QUrl(QString::fromUtf8(header));
        if (!url.isValid())
            url = QUrl(QLatin1String(header));
        q->setAttribute(QNetworkRequest::RedirectionTargetAttribute, url);
    }
}

void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::replyDownloadMetaData(const QList<QPair<QByteArray,QByteArray> > &hm,
                                                         int sc, const QString &rp, bool pu,
                                                         QSharedPointer<char> db,
                                                         qint64 contentLength,
                                                         qint64 removedContentLength,
                                                         bool spdyWasUsed)
{
    Q_Q(QNetworkReplyHttpImpl);
    Q_UNUSED(contentLength);

    statusCode = sc;
    reasonPhrase = rp;

#ifndef QT_NO_SSL
    // We parse this header only if we're using secure transport:
    //
    // RFC6797, 8.1
    // If an HTTP response is received over insecure transport, the UA MUST
    // ignore any present STS header field(s).
    if (url.scheme() == QLatin1String("https") && managerPrivate->stsEnabled)
        managerPrivate->stsCache.updateFromHeaders(hm, url);
#endif
    // Download buffer
    if (!db.isNull()) {
        downloadBufferPointer = db;
        downloadZerocopyBuffer = downloadBufferPointer.data();
        downloadBufferCurrentSize = 0;
        q->setAttribute(QNetworkRequest::DownloadBufferAttribute, QVariant::fromValue<QSharedPointer<char> > (downloadBufferPointer));
    }

    q->setAttribute(QNetworkRequest::HttpPipeliningWasUsedAttribute, pu);
    const QVariant http2Allowed = request.attribute(QNetworkRequest::HTTP2AllowedAttribute);
    const QVariant http2Direct = request.attribute(QNetworkRequest::Http2DirectAttribute);
    if ((http2Allowed.isValid() && http2Allowed.toBool())
        || (http2Direct.isValid() && http2Direct.toBool())) {
        q->setAttribute(QNetworkRequest::HTTP2WasUsedAttribute, spdyWasUsed);
        q->setAttribute(QNetworkRequest::SpdyWasUsedAttribute, false);
    } else {
        q->setAttribute(QNetworkRequest::SpdyWasUsedAttribute, spdyWasUsed);
        q->setAttribute(QNetworkRequest::HTTP2WasUsedAttribute, false);
    }

    // reconstruct the HTTP header
    QList<QPair<QByteArray, QByteArray> > headerMap = hm;
    QList<QPair<QByteArray, QByteArray> >::ConstIterator it = headerMap.constBegin(),
                                                        end = headerMap.constEnd();
    for (; it != end; ++it) {
        QByteArray value = q->rawHeader(it->first);

        // Reset any previous "location" header set in the reply. In case of
        // redirects, we don't want to 'append' multiple location header values,
        // rather we keep only the latest one
        if (it->first.toLower() == "location")
            value.clear();

        if (!value.isEmpty()) {
            // Why are we appending values for headers which are already
            // present?
            if (qstricmp(it->first.constData(), "set-cookie") == 0)
                value += '\n';
            else
                value += ", ";
        }
        value += it->second;
        q->setRawHeader(it->first, value);
    }

    q->setAttribute(QNetworkRequest::HttpStatusCodeAttribute, statusCode);
    q->setAttribute(QNetworkRequest::HttpReasonPhraseAttribute, reasonPhrase);
    if (removedContentLength != -1)
        q->setAttribute(QNetworkRequest::OriginalContentLengthAttribute, removedContentLength);

    // is it a redirection?
    if (!isHttpRedirectResponse())
        checkForRedirect(statusCode);

    if (statusCode >= 500 && statusCode < 600) {
        QAbstractNetworkCache *nc = managerPrivate->networkCache;
        if (nc) {
            QNetworkCacheMetaData metaData = nc->metaData(httpRequest.url());
            QNetworkHeadersPrivate cacheHeaders;
            cacheHeaders.setAllRawHeaders(metaData.rawHeaders());
            QNetworkHeadersPrivate::RawHeadersList::ConstIterator it;
            it = cacheHeaders.findRawHeader("Cache-Control");
            bool mustReValidate = false;
            if (it != cacheHeaders.rawHeaders.constEnd()) {
                QHash<QByteArray, QByteArray> cacheControl = parseHttpOptionHeader(it->second);
                if (cacheControl.contains("must-revalidate"))
                    mustReValidate = true;
            }
            if (!mustReValidate && sendCacheContents(metaData))
                return;
        }
    }

    if (statusCode == 304) {
#if defined(QNETWORKACCESSHTTPBACKEND_DEBUG)
        qDebug() << "Received a 304 from" << request.url();
#endif
        QAbstractNetworkCache *nc = managerPrivate->networkCache;
        if (nc) {
            QNetworkCacheMetaData oldMetaData = nc->metaData(httpRequest.url());
            QNetworkCacheMetaData metaData = fetchCacheMetaData(oldMetaData);
            if (oldMetaData != metaData)
                nc->updateMetaData(metaData);
            if (sendCacheContents(metaData))
                return;
        }
    }


    if (statusCode != 304 && statusCode != 303) {
        if (!isCachingEnabled())
            setCachingEnabled(true);
    }

    _q_metaDataChanged();
}

void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::replyDownloadProgressSlot(qint64 bytesReceived,  qint64 bytesTotal)
{
    Q_Q(QNetworkReplyHttpImpl);

    // If we're closed just ignore this data
    if (!q->isOpen())
        return;

    // we can be sure here that there is a download buffer

    int pendingSignals = (int)pendingDownloadProgressEmissions->fetchAndAddAcquire(-1) - 1;
    if (pendingSignals > 0) {
        // Let's ignore this signal and look at the next one coming in
        // (signal comppression)
        return;
    }

    if (!q->isOpen())
        return;

    if (cacheEnabled && isCachingAllowed() && bytesReceived == bytesTotal) {
        // Write everything in one go if we use a download buffer. might be more performant.
        initCacheSaveDevice();
        // need to check again if cache enabled and device exists
        if (cacheSaveDevice && cacheEnabled)
            cacheSaveDevice->write(downloadZerocopyBuffer, bytesTotal);
        // FIXME where is it closed?
    }

    if (isHttpRedirectResponse())
        return;

    bytesDownloaded = bytesReceived;

    downloadBufferCurrentSize = bytesReceived;

    // Only emit readyRead when actual data is there
    // emit readyRead before downloadProgress incase this will cause events to be
    // processed and we get into a recursive call (as in QProgressDialog).
    if (bytesDownloaded > 0)
        emit q->readyRead();
    if (downloadProgressSignalChoke.elapsed() >= progressSignalInterval) {
        downloadProgressSignalChoke.restart();
        emit q->downloadProgress(bytesDownloaded, bytesTotal);
    }
}

void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::httpAuthenticationRequired(const QHttpNetworkRequest &request,
                                                           QAuthenticator *auth)
{
    managerPrivate->authenticationRequired(auth, q_func(), synchronous, url, &urlForLastAuthentication, request.withCredentials());
}

#ifndef QT_NO_NETWORKPROXY
void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::proxyAuthenticationRequired(const QNetworkProxy &proxy,
                                                        QAuthenticator *authenticator)
{
    managerPrivate->proxyAuthenticationRequired(request.url(), proxy, synchronous, authenticator, &lastProxyAuthentication);
}
#endif

void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::httpError(QNetworkReply::NetworkError errorCode,
                                          const QString &errorString)
{
#if defined(QNETWORKACCESSHTTPBACKEND_DEBUG)
    qDebug() << "http error!" << errorCode << errorString;
#endif

    // FIXME?
    error(errorCode, errorString);
}

#ifndef QT_NO_SSL
void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::replyEncrypted()
{
    Q_Q(QNetworkReplyHttpImpl);
    emit q->encrypted();
}

void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::replySslErrors(
        const QList<QSslError> &list, bool *ignoreAll, QList<QSslError> *toBeIgnored)
{
    Q_Q(QNetworkReplyHttpImpl);
    emit q->sslErrors(list);
    // Check if the callback set any ignore and return this here to http thread
    if (pendingIgnoreAllSslErrors)
        *ignoreAll = true;
    if (!pendingIgnoreSslErrorsList.isEmpty())
        *toBeIgnored = pendingIgnoreSslErrorsList;
}

void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::replySslConfigurationChanged(const QSslConfiguration &newSslConfiguration)
{
    // Receiving the used SSL configuration from the HTTP thread
    if (sslConfiguration.data())
        *sslConfiguration = newSslConfiguration;
    else
        sslConfiguration.reset(new QSslConfiguration(newSslConfiguration));
}

void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::replyPreSharedKeyAuthenticationRequiredSlot(QSslPreSharedKeyAuthenticator *authenticator)
{
    Q_Q(QNetworkReplyHttpImpl);
    emit q->preSharedKeyAuthenticationRequired(authenticator);
}
#endif

// Coming from QNonContiguousByteDeviceThreadForwardImpl in HTTP thread
void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::resetUploadDataSlot(bool *r)
{
    *r = uploadByteDevice->reset();
    if (*r) {
        // reset our own position which is used for the inter-thread communication
        uploadByteDevicePosition = 0;
    }
}

// Coming from QNonContiguousByteDeviceThreadForwardImpl in HTTP thread
void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::sentUploadDataSlot(qint64 pos, qint64 amount)
{
    if (uploadByteDevicePosition + amount != pos) {
        // Sanity check, should not happen.
        error(QNetworkReply::UnknownNetworkError, QString());
        return;
    }
    uploadByteDevice->advanceReadPointer(amount);
    uploadByteDevicePosition += amount;
}

// Coming from QNonContiguousByteDeviceThreadForwardImpl in HTTP thread
void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::wantUploadDataSlot(qint64 maxSize)
{
    Q_Q(QNetworkReplyHttpImpl);

    // call readPointer
    qint64 currentUploadDataLength = 0;
    char *data = const_cast<char*>(uploadByteDevice->readPointer(maxSize, currentUploadDataLength));

    if (currentUploadDataLength == 0) {
        uploadDeviceChoking = true;
        // No bytes from upload byte device. There will be bytes later, it will emit readyRead()
        // and our uploadByteDeviceReadyReadSlot() is called.
        return;
    } else {
        uploadDeviceChoking = false;
    }

    // Let's make a copy of this data
    QByteArray dataArray(data, currentUploadDataLength);

    // Communicate back to HTTP thread
    emit q->haveUploadData(uploadByteDevicePosition, dataArray, uploadByteDevice->atEnd(), uploadByteDevice->size());
}

void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::uploadByteDeviceReadyReadSlot()
{
    // Start the flow between this thread and the HTTP thread again by triggering a upload.
    // However only do this when we were choking before, else the state in
    // QNonContiguousByteDeviceThreadForwardImpl gets messed up.
    if (uploadDeviceChoking) {
        uploadDeviceChoking = false;
        wantUploadDataSlot(1024);
    }
}


/*
    A simple web page that can be used to test us: http://www.procata.com/cachetest/
 */
bool QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::sendCacheContents(const QNetworkCacheMetaData &metaData)
{
    Q_Q(QNetworkReplyHttpImpl);

    setCachingEnabled(false);
    if (!metaData.isValid())
        return false;

    QAbstractNetworkCache *nc = managerPrivate->networkCache;
    Q_ASSERT(nc);
    QIODevice *contents = nc->data(url);
    if (!contents) {
#if defined(QNETWORKACCESSHTTPBACKEND_DEBUG)
        qDebug() << "Can not send cache, the contents are 0" << url;
#endif
        return false;
    }
    contents->setParent(q);

    QNetworkCacheMetaData::AttributesMap attributes = metaData.attributes();
    int status = attributes.value(QNetworkRequest::HttpStatusCodeAttribute).toInt();
    if (status < 100)
        status = 200;           // fake it

    statusCode = status;

    q->setAttribute(QNetworkRequest::HttpStatusCodeAttribute, status);
    q->setAttribute(QNetworkRequest::HttpReasonPhraseAttribute, attributes.value(QNetworkRequest::HttpReasonPhraseAttribute));
    q->setAttribute(QNetworkRequest::SourceIsFromCacheAttribute, true);

    QNetworkCacheMetaData::RawHeaderList rawHeaders = metaData.rawHeaders();
    QNetworkCacheMetaData::RawHeaderList::ConstIterator it = rawHeaders.constBegin(),
                                                       end = rawHeaders.constEnd();
    QUrl redirectUrl;
    for ( ; it != end; ++it) {
        if (httpRequest.isFollowRedirects() &&
            !qstricmp(it->first.toLower().constData(), "location"))
            redirectUrl = QUrl::fromEncoded(it->second);
        setRawHeader(it->first, it->second);
    }

    if (!isHttpRedirectResponse())
        checkForRedirect(status);

    cacheLoadDevice = contents;
    q->connect(cacheLoadDevice, SIGNAL(readyRead()), SLOT(_q_cacheLoadReadyRead()));
    q->connect(cacheLoadDevice, SIGNAL(readChannelFinished()), SLOT(_q_cacheLoadReadyRead()));

    // This needs to be emitted in the event loop because it can be reached at
    // the direct code path of qnam.get(...) before the user has a chance
    // to connect any signals.
    QMetaObject::invokeMethod(q, "_q_metaDataChanged", Qt::QueuedConnection);
    QMetaObject::invokeMethod(q, "_q_cacheLoadReadyRead", Qt::QueuedConnection);


#if defined(QNETWORKACCESSHTTPBACKEND_DEBUG)
    qDebug() << "Successfully sent cache:" << url << contents->size() << "bytes";
#endif

    // Do redirect processing
    if (httpRequest.isFollowRedirects() && QHttpNetworkReply::isHttpRedirect(status)) {
        QMetaObject::invokeMethod(q, "onRedirected", Qt::QueuedConnection,
                                  Q_ARG(QUrl, redirectUrl),
                                  Q_ARG(int, status),
                                  Q_ARG(int, httpRequest.redirectCount() - 1));
    }

    // Set the following flag so we can ignore some signals from HTTP thread
    // that would still come
    loadingFromCache = true;
    return true;
}

QNetworkCacheMetaData QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::fetchCacheMetaData(const QNetworkCacheMetaData &oldMetaData) const
{
    Q_Q(const QNetworkReplyHttpImpl);

    QNetworkCacheMetaData metaData = oldMetaData;

    QNetworkHeadersPrivate cacheHeaders;
    cacheHeaders.setAllRawHeaders(metaData.rawHeaders());
    QNetworkHeadersPrivate::RawHeadersList::ConstIterator it;

    const QList<QByteArray> newHeaders = q->rawHeaderList();
    for (QByteArray header : newHeaders) {
        QByteArray originalHeader = header;
        header = header.toLower();
        bool hop_by_hop =
            (header == "connection"
             || header == "keep-alive"
             || header == "proxy-authenticate"
             || header == "proxy-authorization"
             || header == "te"
             || header == "trailers"
             || header == "transfer-encoding"
             || header ==  "upgrade");
        if (hop_by_hop)
            continue;

        if (header == "set-cookie")
            continue;

        // for 4.6.0, we were planning to not store the date header in the
        // cached resource; through that we planned to reduce the number
        // of writes to disk when using a QNetworkDiskCache (i.e. don't
        // write to disk when only the date changes).
        // However, without the date we cannot calculate the age of the page
        // anymore.
        //if (header == "date")
            //continue;

        // Don't store Warning 1xx headers
        if (header == "warning") {
            QByteArray v = q->rawHeader(header);
            if (v.length() == 3
                && v[0] == '1'
                && v[1] >= '0' && v[1] <= '9'
                && v[2] >= '0' && v[2] <= '9')
                continue;
        }

        it = cacheHeaders.findRawHeader(header);
        if (it != cacheHeaders.rawHeaders.constEnd()) {
            // Match the behavior of Firefox and assume Cache-Control: "no-transform"
            if (header == "content-encoding"
                || header == "content-range"
                || header == "content-type")
                continue;

            // For MS servers that send "Content-Length: 0" on 304 responses
            // ignore this too
            if (header == "content-length")
                continue;
        }

#if defined(QNETWORKACCESSHTTPBACKEND_DEBUG)
        QByteArray n = q->rawHeader(header);
        QByteArray o;
        if (it != cacheHeaders.rawHeaders.constEnd())
            o = (*it).second;
        if (n != o && header != "date") {
            qDebug() << "replacing" << header;
            qDebug() << "new" << n;
            qDebug() << "old" << o;
        }
#endif
        cacheHeaders.setRawHeader(originalHeader, q->rawHeader(header));
    }
    metaData.setRawHeaders(cacheHeaders.rawHeaders);

    bool checkExpired = true;

    QHash<QByteArray, QByteArray> cacheControl;
    it = cacheHeaders.findRawHeader("Cache-Control");
    if (it != cacheHeaders.rawHeaders.constEnd()) {
        cacheControl = parseHttpOptionHeader(it->second);
        QByteArray maxAge = cacheControl.value("max-age");
        if (!maxAge.isEmpty()) {
            checkExpired = false;
            QDateTime dt = QDateTime::currentDateTimeUtc();
            dt = dt.addSecs(maxAge.toInt());
            metaData.setExpirationDate(dt);
        }
    }
    if (checkExpired) {
        it = cacheHeaders.findRawHeader("expires");
        if (it != cacheHeaders.rawHeaders.constEnd()) {
            QDateTime expiredDateTime = QNetworkHeadersPrivate::fromHttpDate(it->second);
            metaData.setExpirationDate(expiredDateTime);
        }
    }

    it = cacheHeaders.findRawHeader("last-modified");
    if (it != cacheHeaders.rawHeaders.constEnd())
        metaData.setLastModified(QNetworkHeadersPrivate::fromHttpDate(it->second));

    bool canDiskCache;
    // only cache GET replies by default, all other replies (POST, PUT, DELETE)
    //  are not cacheable by default (according to RFC 2616 section 9)
    if (httpRequest.operation() == QHttpNetworkRequest::Get) {

        canDiskCache = true;
        // 14.32
        // HTTP/1.1 caches SHOULD treat "Pragma: no-cache" as if the client
        // had sent "Cache-Control: no-cache".
        it = cacheHeaders.findRawHeader("pragma");
        if (it != cacheHeaders.rawHeaders.constEnd()
            && it->second == "no-cache")
            canDiskCache = false;

        // HTTP/1.1. Check the Cache-Control header
        if (cacheControl.contains("no-cache"))
            canDiskCache = false;
        else if (cacheControl.contains("no-store"))
            canDiskCache = false;

    // responses to POST might be cacheable
    } else if (httpRequest.operation() == QHttpNetworkRequest::Post) {

        canDiskCache = false;
        // some pages contain "expires:" and "cache-control: no-cache" field,
        // so we only might cache POST requests if we get "cache-control: max-age ..."
        if (cacheControl.contains("max-age"))
            canDiskCache = true;

    // responses to PUT and DELETE are not cacheable
    } else {
        canDiskCache = false;
    }

    metaData.setSaveToDisk(canDiskCache);
    QNetworkCacheMetaData::AttributesMap attributes;
    if (statusCode != 304) {
        // update the status code
        attributes.insert(QNetworkRequest::HttpStatusCodeAttribute, statusCode);
        attributes.insert(QNetworkRequest::HttpReasonPhraseAttribute, reasonPhrase);
    } else {
        // this is a redirection, keep the attributes intact
        attributes = oldMetaData.attributes();
    }
    metaData.setAttributes(attributes);
    return metaData;
}

bool QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::canResume() const
{
    Q_Q(const QNetworkReplyHttpImpl);

    // Only GET operation supports resuming.
    if (operation != QNetworkAccessManager::GetOperation)
        return false;

    // Can only resume if server/resource supports Range header.
    QByteArray acceptRangesheaderName("Accept-Ranges");
    if (!q->hasRawHeader(acceptRangesheaderName) || q->rawHeader(acceptRangesheaderName) == "none")
        return false;

    // We only support resuming for byte ranges.
    if (request.hasRawHeader("Range")) {
        QByteArray range = request.rawHeader("Range");
        if (!range.startsWith("bytes="))
            return false;
    }

    // If we're using a download buffer then we don't support resuming/migration
    // right now. Too much trouble.
    if (downloadZerocopyBuffer)
        return false;

    return true;
}

void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::setResumeOffset(quint64 offset)
{
    resumeOffset = offset;
}

/*!
    Starts the backend.  Returns \c true if the backend is started.  Returns \c false if the backend
    could not be started due to an unopened or roaming session.  The caller should recall this
    function once the session has been opened or the roaming process has finished.
*/
bool QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::start(const QNetworkRequest &newHttpRequest)
{
#ifndef QT_NO_BEARERMANAGEMENT
    QSharedPointer<QNetworkSession> networkSession(managerPrivate->getNetworkSession());
    if (!networkSession) {
#endif
        postRequest(newHttpRequest);
        return true;
#ifndef QT_NO_BEARERMANAGEMENT
    }

    // This is not ideal.
    if (!isSessionNeeded(url)) {
        // Don't need to check for an open session if we don't need one.
        postRequest(newHttpRequest);
        return true;
    }

    if (networkSession->isOpen() &&
        networkSession->state() == QNetworkSession::Connected) {
        Q_Q(QNetworkReplyHttpImpl);
        QObject::connect(networkSession.data(), SIGNAL(usagePoliciesChanged(QNetworkSession::UsagePolicies)),
                            q, SLOT(_q_networkSessionUsagePoliciesChanged(QNetworkSession::UsagePolicies)));
        postRequest(newHttpRequest);
        return true;
    } else if (synchronous) {
        // Command line applications using the synchronous path such as xmlpatterns may need an extra push.
        networkSession->open();
        if (networkSession->waitForOpened()) {
            postRequest(newHttpRequest);
            return true;
        }
    }
    return false;
#endif
}

#if QT_CONFIG(bearermanagement)
bool QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::startWaitForSession(QSharedPointer<QNetworkSession> &session)
{
    Q_Q(QNetworkReplyHttpImpl);
    state = WaitingForSession;

    if (session) {
        QObject::connect(session.data(), SIGNAL(error(QNetworkSession::SessionError)),
                         q, SLOT(_q_networkSessionFailed()), Qt::QueuedConnection);

        if (!session->isOpen()) {
            QVariant isBackground = request.attribute(QNetworkRequest::BackgroundRequestAttribute,
                                                      QVariant::fromValue(false));
            session->setSessionProperty(QStringLiteral("ConnectInBackground"), isBackground);
            session->open();
        }
        return true;
    }
    const Qt::ConnectionType connection = synchronous ? Qt::DirectConnection : Qt::QueuedConnection;
    qWarning("Backend is waiting for QNetworkSession to connect, but there is none!");
    QMetaObject::invokeMethod(q, "_q_error", connection,
        Q_ARG(QNetworkReply::NetworkError, QNetworkReply::NetworkSessionFailedError),
        Q_ARG(QString, QCoreApplication::translate("QNetworkReply", "Network session error.")));
    QMetaObject::invokeMethod(q, "_q_finished", connection);
    return false;
}
#endif // QT_CONFIG(bearermanagement)

void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::_q_startOperation()
{
    Q_Q(QNetworkReplyHttpImpl);

    // ensure this function is only being called once
    if (state == Working) {
        qDebug() << "QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::_q_startOperation was called more than once" << url;
        return;
    }
    state = Working;

#ifndef QT_NO_BEARERMANAGEMENT
    // Do not start background requests if they are not allowed by session policy
    QSharedPointer<QNetworkSession> session(manager->d_func()->getNetworkSession());
    QVariant isBackground = request.attribute(QNetworkRequest::BackgroundRequestAttribute, QVariant::fromValue(false));
    if (isBackground.toBool() && session && session->usagePolicies().testFlag(QNetworkSession::NoBackgroundTrafficPolicy)) {
        QMetaObject::invokeMethod(q, "_q_error", synchronous ? Qt::DirectConnection : Qt::QueuedConnection,
            Q_ARG(QNetworkReply::NetworkError, QNetworkReply::BackgroundRequestNotAllowedError),
            Q_ARG(QString, QCoreApplication::translate("QNetworkReply", "Background request not allowed.")));
        QMetaObject::invokeMethod(q, "_q_finished", synchronous ? Qt::DirectConnection : Qt::QueuedConnection);
        return;
    }

    if (!start(request)) {
        // backend failed to start because the session state is not Connected.
        // QNetworkAccessManager will call reply->backend->start() again for us when the session
        // state changes.
        if (!startWaitForSession(session))
            return;
    } else if (session) {
        QObject::connect(session.data(), SIGNAL(stateChanged(QNetworkSession::State)),
                         q, SLOT(_q_networkSessionStateChanged(QNetworkSession::State)),
                         Qt::QueuedConnection);
    }
#else
    if (!start(request)) {
        qWarning("Backend start failed");
        QMetaObject::invokeMethod(q, "_q_error", synchronous ? Qt::DirectConnection : Qt::QueuedConnection,
            Q_ARG(QNetworkReply::NetworkError, QNetworkReply::UnknownNetworkError),
            Q_ARG(QString, QCoreApplication::translate("QNetworkReply", "backend start error.")));
        QMetaObject::invokeMethod(q, "_q_finished", synchronous ? Qt::DirectConnection : Qt::QueuedConnection);
        return;
    }
#endif // QT_NO_BEARERMANAGEMENT

    if (synchronous) {
        state = Finished;
        q_func()->setFinished(true);
    }
}

void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::_q_cacheLoadReadyRead()
{
    Q_Q(QNetworkReplyHttpImpl);

    if (state != Working)
        return;
    if (!cacheLoadDevice || !q->isOpen() || !cacheLoadDevice->bytesAvailable())
        return;

    // FIXME Optimize to use zerocopy download buffer if it is a QBuffer.
    // Needs to be done where sendCacheContents() (?) of HTTP is emitting
    // metaDataChanged ?


    QVariant totalSize = cookedHeaders.value(QNetworkRequest::ContentLengthHeader);

    // emit readyRead before downloadProgress incase this will cause events to be
    // processed and we get into a recursive call (as in QProgressDialog).

    if (!(isHttpRedirectResponse())) {
        // This readyRead() goes to the user. The user then may or may not read() anything.
        emit q->readyRead();

        if (downloadProgressSignalChoke.elapsed() >= progressSignalInterval) {
            downloadProgressSignalChoke.restart();
            emit q->downloadProgress(bytesDownloaded,
                                     totalSize.isNull() ? Q_INT64_C(-1) : totalSize.toLongLong());
        }
    }

    // A signal we've emitted might be handled by a slot that aborts,
    // so we need to check for that and bail out if it's happened:
    if (!q->isOpen())
        return;

    // If there are still bytes available in the cacheLoadDevice then the user did not read
    // in response to the readyRead() signal. This means we have to load from the cacheLoadDevice
    // and buffer that stuff. This is needed to be able to properly emit finished() later.
    while (cacheLoadDevice->bytesAvailable() && !isHttpRedirectResponse())
        buffer.append(cacheLoadDevice->readAll());

    if (cacheLoadDevice->isSequential()) {
        // check if end and we can read the EOF -1
        char c;
        qint64 actualCount = cacheLoadDevice->read(&c, 1);
        if (actualCount < 0) {
            cacheLoadDevice->deleteLater();
            cacheLoadDevice = 0;
            QMetaObject::invokeMethod(q, "_q_finished", Qt::QueuedConnection);
        } else if (actualCount == 1) {
            // This is most probably not happening since most QIODevice returned something proper for bytesAvailable()
            // and had already been "emptied".
            cacheLoadDevice->ungetChar(c);
        }
    } else if ((!cacheLoadDevice->isSequential() && cacheLoadDevice->atEnd())) {
        // This codepath is in case the cache device is a QBuffer, e.g. from QNetworkDiskCache.
        cacheLoadDevice->deleteLater();
        cacheLoadDevice = 0;
        QMetaObject::invokeMethod(q, "_q_finished", Qt::QueuedConnection);
    }
}


void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::_q_bufferOutgoingDataFinished()
{
    Q_Q(QNetworkReplyHttpImpl);

    // make sure this is only called once, ever.
    //_q_bufferOutgoingData may call it or the readChannelFinished emission
    if (state != Buffering)
        return;

    // disconnect signals
    QObject::disconnect(outgoingData, SIGNAL(readyRead()), q, SLOT(_q_bufferOutgoingData()));
    QObject::disconnect(outgoingData, SIGNAL(readChannelFinished()), q, SLOT(_q_bufferOutgoingDataFinished()));

    // finally, start the request
    QMetaObject::invokeMethod(q, "_q_startOperation", Qt::QueuedConnection);
}

void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::_q_cacheSaveDeviceAboutToClose()
{
    // do not keep a dangling pointer to the device around (device
    // is closing because e.g. QAbstractNetworkCache::remove() was called).
    cacheSaveDevice = 0;
}

void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::_q_bufferOutgoingData()
{
    Q_Q(QNetworkReplyHttpImpl);

    if (!outgoingDataBuffer) {
        // first call, create our buffer
        outgoingDataBuffer = QSharedPointer<QRingBuffer>::create();

        QObject::connect(outgoingData, SIGNAL(readyRead()), q, SLOT(_q_bufferOutgoingData()));
        QObject::connect(outgoingData, SIGNAL(readChannelFinished()), q, SLOT(_q_bufferOutgoingDataFinished()));
    }

    qint64 bytesBuffered = 0;
    qint64 bytesToBuffer = 0;

    // read data into our buffer
    forever {
        bytesToBuffer = outgoingData->bytesAvailable();
        // unknown? just try 2 kB, this also ensures we always try to read the EOF
        if (bytesToBuffer <= 0)
            bytesToBuffer = 2*1024;

        char *dst = outgoingDataBuffer->reserve(bytesToBuffer);
        bytesBuffered = outgoingData->read(dst, bytesToBuffer);

        if (bytesBuffered == -1) {
            // EOF has been reached.
            outgoingDataBuffer->chop(bytesToBuffer);

            _q_bufferOutgoingDataFinished();
            break;
        } else if (bytesBuffered == 0) {
            // nothing read right now, just wait until we get called again
            outgoingDataBuffer->chop(bytesToBuffer);

            break;
        } else {
            // don't break, try to read() again
            outgoingDataBuffer->chop(bytesToBuffer - bytesBuffered);
        }
    }
}

#ifndef QT_NO_BEARERMANAGEMENT
void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::_q_networkSessionConnected()
{
    Q_Q(QNetworkReplyHttpImpl);

    if (!manager)
        return;

    QSharedPointer<QNetworkSession> session = managerPrivate->getNetworkSession();
    if (!session)
        return;

    if (session->state() != QNetworkSession::Connected)
        return;

    switch (state) {
    case QNetworkReplyPrivate::Buffering:
    case QNetworkReplyPrivate::Working:
    case QNetworkReplyPrivate::Reconnecting:
        // Migrate existing downloads to new network connection.
        migrateBackend();
        break;
    case QNetworkReplyPrivate::WaitingForSession:
        // Start waiting requests.
        QMetaObject::invokeMethod(q, "_q_startOperation", Qt::QueuedConnection);
        break;
    default:
        ;
    }
}

void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::_q_networkSessionStateChanged(QNetworkSession::State sessionState)
{
    if (sessionState == QNetworkSession::Disconnected
        && state != Idle && state != Reconnecting) {
        error(QNetworkReplyImpl::NetworkSessionFailedError,
              QCoreApplication::translate("QNetworkReply", "Network session error."));
        finished();
    }
}

void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::_q_networkSessionFailed()
{
    // Abort waiting and working replies.
    if (state == WaitingForSession || state == Working) {
        state = Working;
        QSharedPointer<QNetworkSession> session(manager->d_func()->getNetworkSession());
        QString errorStr;
        if (session)
            errorStr = session->errorString();
        else
            errorStr = QCoreApplication::translate("QNetworkReply", "Network session error.");
        error(QNetworkReplyImpl::NetworkSessionFailedError, errorStr);
        finished();
    }
}

void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::_q_networkSessionUsagePoliciesChanged(QNetworkSession::UsagePolicies newPolicies)
{
    if (request.attribute(QNetworkRequest::BackgroundRequestAttribute).toBool()) {
        if (newPolicies & QNetworkSession::NoBackgroundTrafficPolicy) {
            // Abort waiting and working replies.
            if (state == WaitingForSession || state == Working) {
                state = Working;
                error(QNetworkReply::BackgroundRequestNotAllowedError,
                    QCoreApplication::translate("QNetworkReply", "Background request not allowed."));
                finished();
            }
            // ### if canResume(), then we could resume automatically
        }
    }

}
#endif


// need to have this function since the reply is a private member variable
// and the special backends need to access this.
void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::emitReplyUploadProgress(qint64 bytesSent, qint64 bytesTotal)
{
    Q_Q(QNetworkReplyHttpImpl);
    if (isFinished)
        return;

    if (!emitAllUploadProgressSignals) {
        //choke signal emissions, except the first and last signals which are unconditional
        if (uploadProgressSignalChoke.isValid()) {
            if (bytesSent != bytesTotal && uploadProgressSignalChoke.elapsed() < progressSignalInterval) {
                return;
            }
            uploadProgressSignalChoke.restart();
        } else {
            uploadProgressSignalChoke.start();
        }
    }

    emit q->uploadProgress(bytesSent, bytesTotal);
}

QNonContiguousByteDevice* QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::createUploadByteDevice()
{
    Q_Q(QNetworkReplyHttpImpl);

    if (outgoingDataBuffer)
        uploadByteDevice = QNonContiguousByteDeviceFactory::createShared(outgoingDataBuffer);
    else if (outgoingData) {
        uploadByteDevice = QNonContiguousByteDeviceFactory::createShared(outgoingData);
    } else {
        return 0;
    }

    // We want signal emissions only for normal asynchronous uploads
    if (!synchronous)
        QObject::connect(uploadByteDevice.data(), SIGNAL(readProgress(qint64,qint64)),
                         q, SLOT(emitReplyUploadProgress(qint64,qint64)));

    return uploadByteDevice.data();
}

void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::_q_finished()
{
    // This gets called queued, just forward to real call then
    finished();
}

void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::finished()
{
    Q_Q(QNetworkReplyHttpImpl);

    if (state == Finished || state == Aborted || state == WaitingForSession)
        return;

    QVariant totalSize = cookedHeaders.value(QNetworkRequest::ContentLengthHeader);
    if (preMigrationDownloaded != Q_INT64_C(-1))
        totalSize = totalSize.toLongLong() + preMigrationDownloaded;

    if (manager) {
#ifndef QT_NO_BEARERMANAGEMENT
        QSharedPointer<QNetworkSession> session = managerPrivate->getNetworkSession();
        if (session && session->state() == QNetworkSession::Roaming &&
            state == Working && errorCode != QNetworkReply::OperationCanceledError) {
            // only content with a known size will fail with a temporary network failure error
            if (!totalSize.isNull()) {
                if (bytesDownloaded != totalSize) {
                    if (migrateBackend()) {
                        // either we are migrating or the request is finished/aborted
                        if (state == Reconnecting || state == WaitingForSession) {
                            return; // exit early if we are migrating.
                        }
                    } else {
                        error(QNetworkReply::TemporaryNetworkFailureError,
                              QNetworkReply::tr("Temporary network failure."));
                    }
                }
            }
        }
#endif
    }

    // if we don't know the total size of or we received everything save the cache
    if (totalSize.isNull() || totalSize == -1 || bytesDownloaded == totalSize)
        completeCacheSave();

    // We check for errorCode too as in case of SSL handshake failure, we still
    // get the HTTP redirect status code (301, 303 etc)
    if (isHttpRedirectResponse() && errorCode == QNetworkReply::NoError)
        return;

    state = Finished;
    q->setFinished(true);

    if (totalSize.isNull() || totalSize == -1) {
        emit q->downloadProgress(bytesDownloaded, bytesDownloaded);
    } else {
        emit q->downloadProgress(bytesDownloaded, totalSize.toLongLong());
    }

    if (bytesUploaded == -1 && (outgoingData || outgoingDataBuffer))
        emit q->uploadProgress(0, 0);

    emit q->readChannelFinished();
    emit q->finished();
}

void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::_q_error(QNetworkReplyImpl::NetworkError code, const QString &errorMessage)
{
    this->error(code, errorMessage);
}


void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::error(QNetworkReplyImpl::NetworkError code, const QString &errorMessage)
{
    Q_Q(QNetworkReplyHttpImpl);
    // Can't set and emit multiple errors.
    if (errorCode != QNetworkReply::NoError) {
        qWarning("QNetworkReplyImplPrivate::error: Internal problem, this method must only be called once.");
        return;
    }

    errorCode = code;
    q->setErrorString(errorMessage);

    // note: might not be a good idea, since users could decide to delete us
    // which would delete the backend too...
    // maybe we should protect the backend
    emit q->error(code);
}

void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::_q_metaDataChanged()
{
    // FIXME merge this with replyDownloadMetaData(); ?

    Q_Q(QNetworkReplyHttpImpl);
    // 1. do we have cookies?
    // 2. are we allowed to set them?
    if (manager) {
        const auto it = cookedHeaders.constFind(QNetworkRequest::SetCookieHeader);
        if (it != cookedHeaders.cend()
            && request.attribute(QNetworkRequest::CookieSaveControlAttribute,
                                 QNetworkRequest::Automatic).toInt() == QNetworkRequest::Automatic) {
            QNetworkCookieJar *jar = manager->cookieJar();
            if (jar) {
                QList<QNetworkCookie> cookies =
                    qvariant_cast<QList<QNetworkCookie> >(it.value());
                jar->setCookiesFromUrl(cookies, url);
            }
        }
    }
    emit q->metaDataChanged();
}

/*
    Migrates the backend of the QNetworkReply to a new network connection if required.  Returns
    true if the reply is migrated or it is not required; otherwise returns \c false.
*/
bool QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::migrateBackend()
{
    Q_Q(QNetworkReplyHttpImpl);

    // Network reply is already finished or aborted, don't need to migrate.
    if (state == Finished || state == Aborted)
        return true;

    // Backend does not support resuming download.
    if (!canResume())
        return false;

    // Request has outgoing data, not migrating.
    if (outgoingData)
        return false;

    // Request is serviced from the cache, don't need to migrate.
    if (cacheLoadDevice)
        return true;

    state = Reconnecting;

    cookedHeaders.clear();
    rawHeaders.clear();

    preMigrationDownloaded = bytesDownloaded;

    setResumeOffset(bytesDownloaded);

    emit q->abortHttpRequest();

    QMetaObject::invokeMethod(q, "_q_startOperation", Qt::QueuedConnection);

    return true;
}


void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::createCache()
{
    // check if we can save and if we're allowed to
    if (!managerPrivate->networkCache
        || !request.attribute(QNetworkRequest::CacheSaveControlAttribute, true).toBool())
        return;
    cacheEnabled = true;
}

bool QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::isCachingEnabled() const
{
    return (cacheEnabled && managerPrivate->networkCache != 0);
}

void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::setCachingEnabled(bool enable)
{
    if (!enable && !cacheEnabled)
        return;                 // nothing to do
    if (enable && cacheEnabled)
        return;                 // nothing to do either!

    if (enable) {
        if (Q_UNLIKELY(bytesDownloaded)) {
            qDebug() << "setCachingEnabled: " << bytesDownloaded << " bytesDownloaded";
            // refuse to enable in this case
            qCritical("QNetworkReplyImpl: backend error: caching was enabled after some bytes had been written");
            return;
        }

        createCache();
    } else {
        // someone told us to turn on, then back off?
        // ok... but you should make up your mind
        qDebug("QNetworkReplyImpl: setCachingEnabled(true) called after setCachingEnabled(false)");
        managerPrivate->networkCache->remove(url);
        cacheSaveDevice = 0;
        cacheEnabled = false;
    }
}

bool QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::isCachingAllowed() const
{
    return operation == QNetworkAccessManager::GetOperation || operation == QNetworkAccessManager::HeadOperation;
}

void QNetworkReplyHttpImplPrivate::completeCacheSave()
{
    if (cacheEnabled && errorCode != QNetworkReplyImpl::NoError) {
        managerPrivate->networkCache->remove(url);
    } else if (cacheEnabled && cacheSaveDevice) {
        managerPrivate->networkCache->insert(cacheSaveDevice);
    }
    cacheSaveDevice = 0;
    cacheEnabled = false;
}

QT_END_NAMESPACE

#endif // QT_NO_HTTP