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-rw-r--r--src/3rdparty/sqlite/shell.c2093
-rw-r--r--src/3rdparty/sqlite/sqlite3.c110646
-rw-r--r--src/3rdparty/sqlite/sqlite3.h5763
3 files changed, 118502 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/src/3rdparty/sqlite/shell.c b/src/3rdparty/sqlite/shell.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..99f8f95adc
--- /dev/null
+++ b/src/3rdparty/sqlite/shell.c
@@ -0,0 +1,2093 @@
+/*
+** 2001 September 15
+**
+** The author disclaims copyright to this source code. In place of
+** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
+**
+** May you do good and not evil.
+** May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
+** May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
+**
+*************************************************************************
+** This file contains code to implement the "sqlite" command line
+** utility for accessing SQLite databases.
+**
+** $Id: shell.c,v 1.178 2008/05/05 16:27:24 drh Exp $
+*/
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <assert.h>
+#include "sqlite3.h"
+#include <ctype.h>
+#include <stdarg.h>
+
+#if !defined(_WIN32) && !defined(WIN32) && !defined(__OS2__)
+# include <signal.h>
+# include <pwd.h>
+# include <unistd.h>
+# include <sys/types.h>
+#endif
+
+#ifdef __OS2__
+# include <unistd.h>
+#endif
+
+#if defined(HAVE_READLINE) && HAVE_READLINE==1
+# include <readline/readline.h>
+# include <readline/history.h>
+#else
+# define readline(p) local_getline(p,stdin)
+# define add_history(X)
+# define read_history(X)
+# define write_history(X)
+# define stifle_history(X)
+#endif
+
+#if defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32)
+# include <io.h>
+#else
+/* Make sure isatty() has a prototype.
+*/
+extern int isatty();
+#endif
+
+#if defined(_WIN32_WCE)
+/* Windows CE (arm-wince-mingw32ce-gcc) does not provide isatty()
+ * thus we always assume that we have a console. That can be
+ * overridden with the -batch command line option.
+ */
+#define isatty(x) 1
+#endif
+
+#if !defined(_WIN32) && !defined(WIN32) && !defined(__OS2__)
+#include <sys/time.h>
+#include <sys/resource.h>
+
+/* Saved resource information for the beginning of an operation */
+static struct rusage sBegin;
+
+/* True if the timer is enabled */
+static int enableTimer = 0;
+
+/*
+** Begin timing an operation
+*/
+static void beginTimer(void){
+ if( enableTimer ){
+ getrusage(RUSAGE_SELF, &sBegin);
+ }
+}
+
+/* Return the difference of two time_structs in microseconds */
+static int timeDiff(struct timeval *pStart, struct timeval *pEnd){
+ return (pEnd->tv_usec - pStart->tv_usec) +
+ 1000000*(pEnd->tv_sec - pStart->tv_sec);
+}
+
+/*
+** Print the timing results.
+*/
+static void endTimer(void){
+ if( enableTimer ){
+ struct rusage sEnd;
+ getrusage(RUSAGE_SELF, &sEnd);
+ printf("CPU Time: user %f sys %f\n",
+ 0.000001*timeDiff(&sBegin.ru_utime, &sEnd.ru_utime),
+ 0.000001*timeDiff(&sBegin.ru_stime, &sEnd.ru_stime));
+ }
+}
+#define BEGIN_TIMER beginTimer()
+#define END_TIMER endTimer()
+#define HAS_TIMER 1
+#else
+#define BEGIN_TIMER
+#define END_TIMER
+#define HAS_TIMER 0
+#endif
+
+
+/*
+** If the following flag is set, then command execution stops
+** at an error if we are not interactive.
+*/
+static int bail_on_error = 0;
+
+/*
+** Threat stdin as an interactive input if the following variable
+** is true. Otherwise, assume stdin is connected to a file or pipe.
+*/
+static int stdin_is_interactive = 1;
+
+/*
+** The following is the open SQLite database. We make a pointer
+** to this database a static variable so that it can be accessed
+** by the SIGINT handler to interrupt database processing.
+*/
+static sqlite3 *db = 0;
+
+/*
+** True if an interrupt (Control-C) has been received.
+*/
+static volatile int seenInterrupt = 0;
+
+/*
+** This is the name of our program. It is set in main(), used
+** in a number of other places, mostly for error messages.
+*/
+static char *Argv0;
+
+/*
+** Prompt strings. Initialized in main. Settable with
+** .prompt main continue
+*/
+static char mainPrompt[20]; /* First line prompt. default: "sqlite> "*/
+static char continuePrompt[20]; /* Continuation prompt. default: " ...> " */
+
+/*
+** Write I/O traces to the following stream.
+*/
+#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_IOTRACE
+static FILE *iotrace = 0;
+#endif
+
+/*
+** This routine works like printf in that its first argument is a
+** format string and subsequent arguments are values to be substituted
+** in place of % fields. The result of formatting this string
+** is written to iotrace.
+*/
+#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_IOTRACE
+static void iotracePrintf(const char *zFormat, ...){
+ va_list ap;
+ char *z;
+ if( iotrace==0 ) return;
+ va_start(ap, zFormat);
+ z = sqlite3_vmprintf(zFormat, ap);
+ va_end(ap);
+ fprintf(iotrace, "%s", z);
+ sqlite3_free(z);
+}
+#endif
+
+
+/*
+** Determines if a string is a number of not.
+*/
+static int isNumber(const char *z, int *realnum){
+ if( *z=='-' || *z=='+' ) z++;
+ if( !isdigit(*z) ){
+ return 0;
+ }
+ z++;
+ if( realnum ) *realnum = 0;
+ while( isdigit(*z) ){ z++; }
+ if( *z=='.' ){
+ z++;
+ if( !isdigit(*z) ) return 0;
+ while( isdigit(*z) ){ z++; }
+ if( realnum ) *realnum = 1;
+ }
+ if( *z=='e' || *z=='E' ){
+ z++;
+ if( *z=='+' || *z=='-' ) z++;
+ if( !isdigit(*z) ) return 0;
+ while( isdigit(*z) ){ z++; }
+ if( realnum ) *realnum = 1;
+ }
+ return *z==0;
+}
+
+/*
+** A global char* and an SQL function to access its current value
+** from within an SQL statement. This program used to use the
+** sqlite_exec_printf() API to substitue a string into an SQL statement.
+** The correct way to do this with sqlite3 is to use the bind API, but
+** since the shell is built around the callback paradigm it would be a lot
+** of work. Instead just use this hack, which is quite harmless.
+*/
+static const char *zShellStatic = 0;
+static void shellstaticFunc(
+ sqlite3_context *context,
+ int argc,
+ sqlite3_value **argv
+){
+ assert( 0==argc );
+ assert( zShellStatic );
+ sqlite3_result_text(context, zShellStatic, -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
+}
+
+
+/*
+** This routine reads a line of text from FILE in, stores
+** the text in memory obtained from malloc() and returns a pointer
+** to the text. NULL is returned at end of file, or if malloc()
+** fails.
+**
+** The interface is like "readline" but no command-line editing
+** is done.
+*/
+static char *local_getline(char *zPrompt, FILE *in){
+ char *zLine;
+ int nLine;
+ int n;
+ int eol;
+
+ if( zPrompt && *zPrompt ){
+ printf("%s",zPrompt);
+ fflush(stdout);
+ }
+ nLine = 100;
+ zLine = malloc( nLine );
+ if( zLine==0 ) return 0;
+ n = 0;
+ eol = 0;
+ while( !eol ){
+ if( n+100>nLine ){
+ nLine = nLine*2 + 100;
+ zLine = realloc(zLine, nLine);
+ if( zLine==0 ) return 0;
+ }
+ if( fgets(&zLine[n], nLine - n, in)==0 ){
+ if( n==0 ){
+ free(zLine);
+ return 0;
+ }
+ zLine[n] = 0;
+ eol = 1;
+ break;
+ }
+ while( zLine[n] ){ n++; }
+ if( n>0 && zLine[n-1]=='\n' ){
+ n--;
+ zLine[n] = 0;
+ eol = 1;
+ }
+ }
+ zLine = realloc( zLine, n+1 );
+ return zLine;
+}
+
+/*
+** Retrieve a single line of input text.
+**
+** zPrior is a string of prior text retrieved. If not the empty
+** string, then issue a continuation prompt.
+*/
+static char *one_input_line(const char *zPrior, FILE *in){
+ char *zPrompt;
+ char *zResult;
+ if( in!=0 ){
+ return local_getline(0, in);
+ }
+ if( zPrior && zPrior[0] ){
+ zPrompt = continuePrompt;
+ }else{
+ zPrompt = mainPrompt;
+ }
+ zResult = readline(zPrompt);
+#if defined(HAVE_READLINE) && HAVE_READLINE==1
+ if( zResult && *zResult ) add_history(zResult);
+#endif
+ return zResult;
+}
+
+struct previous_mode_data {
+ int valid; /* Is there legit data in here? */
+ int mode;
+ int showHeader;
+ int colWidth[100];
+};
+
+/*
+** An pointer to an instance of this structure is passed from
+** the main program to the callback. This is used to communicate
+** state and mode information.
+*/
+struct callback_data {
+ sqlite3 *db; /* The database */
+ int echoOn; /* True to echo input commands */
+ int cnt; /* Number of records displayed so far */
+ FILE *out; /* Write results here */
+ int mode; /* An output mode setting */
+ int writableSchema; /* True if PRAGMA writable_schema=ON */
+ int showHeader; /* True to show column names in List or Column mode */
+ char *zDestTable; /* Name of destination table when MODE_Insert */
+ char separator[20]; /* Separator character for MODE_List */
+ int colWidth[100]; /* Requested width of each column when in column mode*/
+ int actualWidth[100]; /* Actual width of each column */
+ char nullvalue[20]; /* The text to print when a NULL comes back from
+ ** the database */
+ struct previous_mode_data explainPrev;
+ /* Holds the mode information just before
+ ** .explain ON */
+ char outfile[FILENAME_MAX]; /* Filename for *out */
+ const char *zDbFilename; /* name of the database file */
+};
+
+/*
+** These are the allowed modes.
+*/
+#define MODE_Line 0 /* One column per line. Blank line between records */
+#define MODE_Column 1 /* One record per line in neat columns */
+#define MODE_List 2 /* One record per line with a separator */
+#define MODE_Semi 3 /* Same as MODE_List but append ";" to each line */
+#define MODE_Html 4 /* Generate an XHTML table */
+#define MODE_Insert 5 /* Generate SQL "insert" statements */
+#define MODE_Tcl 6 /* Generate ANSI-C or TCL quoted elements */
+#define MODE_Csv 7 /* Quote strings, numbers are plain */
+#define MODE_Explain 8 /* Like MODE_Column, but do not truncate data */
+
+static const char *modeDescr[] = {
+ "line",
+ "column",
+ "list",
+ "semi",
+ "html",
+ "insert",
+ "tcl",
+ "csv",
+ "explain",
+};
+
+/*
+** Number of elements in an array
+*/
+#define ArraySize(X) (sizeof(X)/sizeof(X[0]))
+
+/*
+** Output the given string as a quoted string using SQL quoting conventions.
+*/
+static void output_quoted_string(FILE *out, const char *z){
+ int i;
+ int nSingle = 0;
+ for(i=0; z[i]; i++){
+ if( z[i]=='\'' ) nSingle++;
+ }
+ if( nSingle==0 ){
+ fprintf(out,"'%s'",z);
+ }else{
+ fprintf(out,"'");
+ while( *z ){
+ for(i=0; z[i] && z[i]!='\''; i++){}
+ if( i==0 ){
+ fprintf(out,"''");
+ z++;
+ }else if( z[i]=='\'' ){
+ fprintf(out,"%.*s''",i,z);
+ z += i+1;
+ }else{
+ fprintf(out,"%s",z);
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ fprintf(out,"'");
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+** Output the given string as a quoted according to C or TCL quoting rules.
+*/
+static void output_c_string(FILE *out, const char *z){
+ unsigned int c;
+ fputc('"', out);
+ while( (c = *(z++))!=0 ){
+ if( c=='\\' ){
+ fputc(c, out);
+ fputc(c, out);
+ }else if( c=='\t' ){
+ fputc('\\', out);
+ fputc('t', out);
+ }else if( c=='\n' ){
+ fputc('\\', out);
+ fputc('n', out);
+ }else if( c=='\r' ){
+ fputc('\\', out);
+ fputc('r', out);
+ }else if( !isprint(c) ){
+ fprintf(out, "\\%03o", c&0xff);
+ }else{
+ fputc(c, out);
+ }
+ }
+ fputc('"', out);
+}
+
+/*
+** Output the given string with characters that are special to
+** HTML escaped.
+*/
+static void output_html_string(FILE *out, const char *z){
+ int i;
+ while( *z ){
+ for(i=0; z[i] && z[i]!='<' && z[i]!='&'; i++){}
+ if( i>0 ){
+ fprintf(out,"%.*s",i,z);
+ }
+ if( z[i]=='<' ){
+ fprintf(out,"&lt;");
+ }else if( z[i]=='&' ){
+ fprintf(out,"&amp;");
+ }else{
+ break;
+ }
+ z += i + 1;
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+** If a field contains any character identified by a 1 in the following
+** array, then the string must be quoted for CSV.
+*/
+static const char needCsvQuote[] = {
+ 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,
+ 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,
+ 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
+ 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
+ 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
+ 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
+ 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
+ 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1,
+ 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,
+ 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,
+ 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,
+ 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,
+ 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,
+ 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,
+ 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,
+ 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,
+};
+
+/*
+** Output a single term of CSV. Actually, p->separator is used for
+** the separator, which may or may not be a comma. p->nullvalue is
+** the null value. Strings are quoted using ANSI-C rules. Numbers
+** appear outside of quotes.
+*/
+static void output_csv(struct callback_data *p, const char *z, int bSep){
+ FILE *out = p->out;
+ if( z==0 ){
+ fprintf(out,"%s",p->nullvalue);
+ }else{
+ int i;
+ int nSep = strlen(p->separator);
+ for(i=0; z[i]; i++){
+ if( needCsvQuote[((unsigned char*)z)[i]]
+ || (z[i]==p->separator[0] &&
+ (nSep==1 || memcmp(z, p->separator, nSep)==0)) ){
+ i = 0;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ if( i==0 ){
+ putc('"', out);
+ for(i=0; z[i]; i++){
+ if( z[i]=='"' ) putc('"', out);
+ putc(z[i], out);
+ }
+ putc('"', out);
+ }else{
+ fprintf(out, "%s", z);
+ }
+ }
+ if( bSep ){
+ fprintf(p->out, "%s", p->separator);
+ }
+}
+
+#ifdef SIGINT
+/*
+** This routine runs when the user presses Ctrl-C
+*/
+static void interrupt_handler(int NotUsed){
+ seenInterrupt = 1;
+ if( db ) sqlite3_interrupt(db);
+}
+#endif
+
+/*
+** This is the callback routine that the SQLite library
+** invokes for each row of a query result.
+*/
+static int callback(void *pArg, int nArg, char **azArg, char **azCol){
+ int i;
+ struct callback_data *p = (struct callback_data*)pArg;
+ switch( p->mode ){
+ case MODE_Line: {
+ int w = 5;
+ if( azArg==0 ) break;
+ for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
+ int len = strlen(azCol[i] ? azCol[i] : "");
+ if( len>w ) w = len;
+ }
+ if( p->cnt++>0 ) fprintf(p->out,"\n");
+ for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
+ fprintf(p->out,"%*s = %s\n", w, azCol[i],
+ azArg[i] ? azArg[i] : p->nullvalue);
+ }
+ break;
+ }
+ case MODE_Explain:
+ case MODE_Column: {
+ if( p->cnt++==0 ){
+ for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
+ int w, n;
+ if( i<ArraySize(p->colWidth) ){
+ w = p->colWidth[i];
+ }else{
+ w = 0;
+ }
+ if( w<=0 ){
+ w = strlen(azCol[i] ? azCol[i] : "");
+ if( w<10 ) w = 10;
+ n = strlen(azArg && azArg[i] ? azArg[i] : p->nullvalue);
+ if( w<n ) w = n;
+ }
+ if( i<ArraySize(p->actualWidth) ){
+ p->actualWidth[i] = w;
+ }
+ if( p->showHeader ){
+ fprintf(p->out,"%-*.*s%s",w,w,azCol[i], i==nArg-1 ? "\n": " ");
+ }
+ }
+ if( p->showHeader ){
+ for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
+ int w;
+ if( i<ArraySize(p->actualWidth) ){
+ w = p->actualWidth[i];
+ }else{
+ w = 10;
+ }
+ fprintf(p->out,"%-*.*s%s",w,w,"-----------------------------------"
+ "----------------------------------------------------------",
+ i==nArg-1 ? "\n": " ");
+ }
+ }
+ }
+ if( azArg==0 ) break;
+ for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
+ int w;
+ if( i<ArraySize(p->actualWidth) ){
+ w = p->actualWidth[i];
+ }else{
+ w = 10;
+ }
+ if( p->mode==MODE_Explain && azArg[i] && strlen(azArg[i])>w ){
+ w = strlen(azArg[i]);
+ }
+ fprintf(p->out,"%-*.*s%s",w,w,
+ azArg[i] ? azArg[i] : p->nullvalue, i==nArg-1 ? "\n": " ");
+ }
+ break;
+ }
+ case MODE_Semi:
+ case MODE_List: {
+ if( p->cnt++==0 && p->showHeader ){
+ for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
+ fprintf(p->out,"%s%s",azCol[i], i==nArg-1 ? "\n" : p->separator);
+ }
+ }
+ if( azArg==0 ) break;
+ for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
+ char *z = azArg[i];
+ if( z==0 ) z = p->nullvalue;
+ fprintf(p->out, "%s", z);
+ if( i<nArg-1 ){
+ fprintf(p->out, "%s", p->separator);
+ }else if( p->mode==MODE_Semi ){
+ fprintf(p->out, ";\n");
+ }else{
+ fprintf(p->out, "\n");
+ }
+ }
+ break;
+ }
+ case MODE_Html: {
+ if( p->cnt++==0 && p->showHeader ){
+ fprintf(p->out,"<TR>");
+ for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
+ fprintf(p->out,"<TH>%s</TH>",azCol[i]);
+ }
+ fprintf(p->out,"</TR>\n");
+ }
+ if( azArg==0 ) break;
+ fprintf(p->out,"<TR>");
+ for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
+ fprintf(p->out,"<TD>");
+ output_html_string(p->out, azArg[i] ? azArg[i] : p->nullvalue);
+ fprintf(p->out,"</TD>\n");
+ }
+ fprintf(p->out,"</TR>\n");
+ break;
+ }
+ case MODE_Tcl: {
+ if( p->cnt++==0 && p->showHeader ){
+ for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
+ output_c_string(p->out,azCol[i] ? azCol[i] : "");
+ fprintf(p->out, "%s", p->separator);
+ }
+ fprintf(p->out,"\n");
+ }
+ if( azArg==0 ) break;
+ for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
+ output_c_string(p->out, azArg[i] ? azArg[i] : p->nullvalue);
+ fprintf(p->out, "%s", p->separator);
+ }
+ fprintf(p->out,"\n");
+ break;
+ }
+ case MODE_Csv: {
+ if( p->cnt++==0 && p->showHeader ){
+ for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
+ output_csv(p, azCol[i] ? azCol[i] : "", i<nArg-1);
+ }
+ fprintf(p->out,"\n");
+ }
+ if( azArg==0 ) break;
+ for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
+ output_csv(p, azArg[i], i<nArg-1);
+ }
+ fprintf(p->out,"\n");
+ break;
+ }
+ case MODE_Insert: {
+ if( azArg==0 ) break;
+ fprintf(p->out,"INSERT INTO %s VALUES(",p->zDestTable);
+ for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
+ char *zSep = i>0 ? ",": "";
+ if( azArg[i]==0 ){
+ fprintf(p->out,"%sNULL",zSep);
+ }else if( isNumber(azArg[i], 0) ){
+ fprintf(p->out,"%s%s",zSep, azArg[i]);
+ }else{
+ if( zSep[0] ) fprintf(p->out,"%s",zSep);
+ output_quoted_string(p->out, azArg[i]);
+ }
+ }
+ fprintf(p->out,");\n");
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+** Set the destination table field of the callback_data structure to
+** the name of the table given. Escape any quote characters in the
+** table name.
+*/
+static void set_table_name(struct callback_data *p, const char *zName){
+ int i, n;
+ int needQuote;
+ char *z;
+
+ if( p->zDestTable ){
+ free(p->zDestTable);
+ p->zDestTable = 0;
+ }
+ if( zName==0 ) return;
+ needQuote = !isalpha((unsigned char)*zName) && *zName!='_';
+ for(i=n=0; zName[i]; i++, n++){
+ if( !isalnum((unsigned char)zName[i]) && zName[i]!='_' ){
+ needQuote = 1;
+ if( zName[i]=='\'' ) n++;
+ }
+ }
+ if( needQuote ) n += 2;
+ z = p->zDestTable = malloc( n+1 );
+ if( z==0 ){
+ fprintf(stderr,"Out of memory!\n");
+ exit(1);
+ }
+ n = 0;
+ if( needQuote ) z[n++] = '\'';
+ for(i=0; zName[i]; i++){
+ z[n++] = zName[i];
+ if( zName[i]=='\'' ) z[n++] = '\'';
+ }
+ if( needQuote ) z[n++] = '\'';
+ z[n] = 0;
+}
+
+/* zIn is either a pointer to a NULL-terminated string in memory obtained
+** from malloc(), or a NULL pointer. The string pointed to by zAppend is
+** added to zIn, and the result returned in memory obtained from malloc().
+** zIn, if it was not NULL, is freed.
+**
+** If the third argument, quote, is not '\0', then it is used as a
+** quote character for zAppend.
+*/
+static char *appendText(char *zIn, char const *zAppend, char quote){
+ int len;
+ int i;
+ int nAppend = strlen(zAppend);
+ int nIn = (zIn?strlen(zIn):0);
+
+ len = nAppend+nIn+1;
+ if( quote ){
+ len += 2;
+ for(i=0; i<nAppend; i++){
+ if( zAppend[i]==quote ) len++;
+ }
+ }
+
+ zIn = (char *)realloc(zIn, len);
+ if( !zIn ){
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ if( quote ){
+ char *zCsr = &zIn[nIn];
+ *zCsr++ = quote;
+ for(i=0; i<nAppend; i++){
+ *zCsr++ = zAppend[i];
+ if( zAppend[i]==quote ) *zCsr++ = quote;
+ }
+ *zCsr++ = quote;
+ *zCsr++ = '\0';
+ assert( (zCsr-zIn)==len );
+ }else{
+ memcpy(&zIn[nIn], zAppend, nAppend);
+ zIn[len-1] = '\0';
+ }
+
+ return zIn;
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Execute a query statement that has a single result column. Print
+** that result column on a line by itself with a semicolon terminator.
+**
+** This is used, for example, to show the schema of the database by
+** querying the SQLITE_MASTER table.
+*/
+static int run_table_dump_query(FILE *out, sqlite3 *db, const char *zSelect){
+ sqlite3_stmt *pSelect;
+ int rc;
+ rc = sqlite3_prepare(db, zSelect, -1, &pSelect, 0);
+ if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || !pSelect ){
+ return rc;
+ }
+ rc = sqlite3_step(pSelect);
+ while( rc==SQLITE_ROW ){
+ fprintf(out, "%s;\n", sqlite3_column_text(pSelect, 0));
+ rc = sqlite3_step(pSelect);
+ }
+ return sqlite3_finalize(pSelect);
+}
+
+
+/*
+** This is a different callback routine used for dumping the database.
+** Each row received by this callback consists of a table name,
+** the table type ("index" or "table") and SQL to create the table.
+** This routine should print text sufficient to recreate the table.
+*/
+static int dump_callback(void *pArg, int nArg, char **azArg, char **azCol){
+ int rc;
+ const char *zTable;
+ const char *zType;
+ const char *zSql;
+ struct callback_data *p = (struct callback_data *)pArg;
+
+ if( nArg!=3 ) return 1;
+ zTable = azArg[0];
+ zType = azArg[1];
+ zSql = azArg[2];
+
+ if( strcmp(zTable, "sqlite_sequence")==0 ){
+ fprintf(p->out, "DELETE FROM sqlite_sequence;\n");
+ }else if( strcmp(zTable, "sqlite_stat1")==0 ){
+ fprintf(p->out, "ANALYZE sqlite_master;\n");
+ }else if( strncmp(zTable, "sqlite_", 7)==0 ){
+ return 0;
+ }else if( strncmp(zSql, "CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE", 20)==0 ){
+ char *zIns;
+ if( !p->writableSchema ){
+ fprintf(p->out, "PRAGMA writable_schema=ON;\n");
+ p->writableSchema = 1;
+ }
+ zIns = sqlite3_mprintf(
+ "INSERT INTO sqlite_master(type,name,tbl_name,rootpage,sql)"
+ "VALUES('table','%q','%q',0,'%q');",
+ zTable, zTable, zSql);
+ fprintf(p->out, "%s\n", zIns);
+ sqlite3_free(zIns);
+ return 0;
+ }else{
+ fprintf(p->out, "%s;\n", zSql);
+ }
+
+ if( strcmp(zType, "table")==0 ){
+ sqlite3_stmt *pTableInfo = 0;
+ char *zSelect = 0;
+ char *zTableInfo = 0;
+ char *zTmp = 0;
+
+ zTableInfo = appendText(zTableInfo, "PRAGMA table_info(", 0);
+ zTableInfo = appendText(zTableInfo, zTable, '"');
+ zTableInfo = appendText(zTableInfo, ");", 0);
+
+ rc = sqlite3_prepare(p->db, zTableInfo, -1, &pTableInfo, 0);
+ if( zTableInfo ) free(zTableInfo);
+ if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || !pTableInfo ){
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ zSelect = appendText(zSelect, "SELECT 'INSERT INTO ' || ", 0);
+ zTmp = appendText(zTmp, zTable, '"');
+ if( zTmp ){
+ zSelect = appendText(zSelect, zTmp, '\'');
+ }
+ zSelect = appendText(zSelect, " || ' VALUES(' || ", 0);
+ rc = sqlite3_step(pTableInfo);
+ while( rc==SQLITE_ROW ){
+ const char *zText = (const char *)sqlite3_column_text(pTableInfo, 1);
+ zSelect = appendText(zSelect, "quote(", 0);
+ zSelect = appendText(zSelect, zText, '"');
+ rc = sqlite3_step(pTableInfo);
+ if( rc==SQLITE_ROW ){
+ zSelect = appendText(zSelect, ") || ',' || ", 0);
+ }else{
+ zSelect = appendText(zSelect, ") ", 0);
+ }
+ }
+ rc = sqlite3_finalize(pTableInfo);
+ if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
+ if( zSelect ) free(zSelect);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ zSelect = appendText(zSelect, "|| ')' FROM ", 0);
+ zSelect = appendText(zSelect, zTable, '"');
+
+ rc = run_table_dump_query(p->out, p->db, zSelect);
+ if( rc==SQLITE_CORRUPT ){
+ zSelect = appendText(zSelect, " ORDER BY rowid DESC", 0);
+ rc = run_table_dump_query(p->out, p->db, zSelect);
+ }
+ if( zSelect ) free(zSelect);
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+** Run zQuery. Use dump_callback() as the callback routine so that
+** the contents of the query are output as SQL statements.
+**
+** If we get a SQLITE_CORRUPT error, rerun the query after appending
+** "ORDER BY rowid DESC" to the end.
+*/
+static int run_schema_dump_query(
+ struct callback_data *p,
+ const char *zQuery,
+ char **pzErrMsg
+){
+ int rc;
+ rc = sqlite3_exec(p->db, zQuery, dump_callback, p, pzErrMsg);
+ if( rc==SQLITE_CORRUPT ){
+ char *zQ2;
+ int len = strlen(zQuery);
+ if( pzErrMsg ) sqlite3_free(*pzErrMsg);
+ zQ2 = malloc( len+100 );
+ if( zQ2==0 ) return rc;
+ sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zQ2), zQ2, "%s ORDER BY rowid DESC", zQuery);
+ rc = sqlite3_exec(p->db, zQ2, dump_callback, p, pzErrMsg);
+ free(zQ2);
+ }
+ return rc;
+}
+
+/*
+** Text of a help message
+*/
+static char zHelp[] =
+ ".bail ON|OFF Stop after hitting an error. Default OFF\n"
+ ".databases List names and files of attached databases\n"
+ ".dump ?TABLE? ... Dump the database in an SQL text format\n"
+ ".echo ON|OFF Turn command echo on or off\n"
+ ".exit Exit this program\n"
+ ".explain ON|OFF Turn output mode suitable for EXPLAIN on or off.\n"
+ ".header(s) ON|OFF Turn display of headers on or off\n"
+ ".help Show this message\n"
+ ".import FILE TABLE Import data from FILE into TABLE\n"
+ ".indices TABLE Show names of all indices on TABLE\n"
+#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_IOTRACE
+ ".iotrace FILE Enable I/O diagnostic logging to FILE\n"
+#endif
+#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
+ ".load FILE ?ENTRY? Load an extension library\n"
+#endif
+ ".mode MODE ?TABLE? Set output mode where MODE is one of:\n"
+ " csv Comma-separated values\n"
+ " column Left-aligned columns. (See .width)\n"
+ " html HTML <table> code\n"
+ " insert SQL insert statements for TABLE\n"
+ " line One value per line\n"
+ " list Values delimited by .separator string\n"
+ " tabs Tab-separated values\n"
+ " tcl TCL list elements\n"
+ ".nullvalue STRING Print STRING in place of NULL values\n"
+ ".output FILENAME Send output to FILENAME\n"
+ ".output stdout Send output to the screen\n"
+ ".prompt MAIN CONTINUE Replace the standard prompts\n"
+ ".quit Exit this program\n"
+ ".read FILENAME Execute SQL in FILENAME\n"
+ ".schema ?TABLE? Show the CREATE statements\n"
+ ".separator STRING Change separator used by output mode and .import\n"
+ ".show Show the current values for various settings\n"
+ ".tables ?PATTERN? List names of tables matching a LIKE pattern\n"
+ ".timeout MS Try opening locked tables for MS milliseconds\n"
+#if HAS_TIMER
+ ".timer ON|OFF Turn the CPU timer measurement on or off\n"
+#endif
+ ".width NUM NUM ... Set column widths for \"column\" mode\n"
+;
+
+/* Forward reference */
+static int process_input(struct callback_data *p, FILE *in);
+
+/*
+** Make sure the database is open. If it is not, then open it. If
+** the database fails to open, print an error message and exit.
+*/
+static void open_db(struct callback_data *p){
+ if( p->db==0 ){
+ sqlite3_open(p->zDbFilename, &p->db);
+ db = p->db;
+ if( db && sqlite3_errcode(db)==SQLITE_OK ){
+ sqlite3_create_function(db, "shellstatic", 0, SQLITE_UTF8, 0,
+ shellstaticFunc, 0, 0);
+ }
+ if( db==0 || SQLITE_OK!=sqlite3_errcode(db) ){
+ fprintf(stderr,"Unable to open database \"%s\": %s\n",
+ p->zDbFilename, sqlite3_errmsg(db));
+ exit(1);
+ }
+#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
+ sqlite3_enable_load_extension(p->db, 1);
+#endif
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+** Do C-language style dequoting.
+**
+** \t -> tab
+** \n -> newline
+** \r -> carriage return
+** \NNN -> ascii character NNN in octal
+** \\ -> backslash
+*/
+static void resolve_backslashes(char *z){
+ int i, j, c;
+ for(i=j=0; (c = z[i])!=0; i++, j++){
+ if( c=='\\' ){
+ c = z[++i];
+ if( c=='n' ){
+ c = '\n';
+ }else if( c=='t' ){
+ c = '\t';
+ }else if( c=='r' ){
+ c = '\r';
+ }else if( c>='0' && c<='7' ){
+ c -= '0';
+ if( z[i+1]>='0' && z[i+1]<='7' ){
+ i++;
+ c = (c<<3) + z[i] - '0';
+ if( z[i+1]>='0' && z[i+1]<='7' ){
+ i++;
+ c = (c<<3) + z[i] - '0';
+ }
+ }
+ }
+ }
+ z[j] = c;
+ }
+ z[j] = 0;
+}
+
+/*
+** Interpret zArg as a boolean value. Return either 0 or 1.
+*/
+static int booleanValue(char *zArg){
+ int val = atoi(zArg);
+ int j;
+ for(j=0; zArg[j]; j++){
+ zArg[j] = tolower(zArg[j]);
+ }
+ if( strcmp(zArg,"on")==0 ){
+ val = 1;
+ }else if( strcmp(zArg,"yes")==0 ){
+ val = 1;
+ }
+ return val;
+}
+
+/*
+** If an input line begins with "." then invoke this routine to
+** process that line.
+**
+** Return 1 on error, 2 to exit, and 0 otherwise.
+*/
+static int do_meta_command(char *zLine, struct callback_data *p){
+ int i = 1;
+ int nArg = 0;
+ int n, c;
+ int rc = 0;
+ char *azArg[50];
+
+ /* Parse the input line into tokens.
+ */
+ while( zLine[i] && nArg<ArraySize(azArg) ){
+ while( isspace((unsigned char)zLine[i]) ){ i++; }
+ if( zLine[i]==0 ) break;
+ if( zLine[i]=='\'' || zLine[i]=='"' ){
+ int delim = zLine[i++];
+ azArg[nArg++] = &zLine[i];
+ while( zLine[i] && zLine[i]!=delim ){ i++; }
+ if( zLine[i]==delim ){
+ zLine[i++] = 0;
+ }
+ if( delim=='"' ) resolve_backslashes(azArg[nArg-1]);
+ }else{
+ azArg[nArg++] = &zLine[i];
+ while( zLine[i] && !isspace((unsigned char)zLine[i]) ){ i++; }
+ if( zLine[i] ) zLine[i++] = 0;
+ resolve_backslashes(azArg[nArg-1]);
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* Process the input line.
+ */
+ if( nArg==0 ) return rc;
+ n = strlen(azArg[0]);
+ c = azArg[0][0];
+ if( c=='b' && n>1 && strncmp(azArg[0], "bail", n)==0 && nArg>1 ){
+ bail_on_error = booleanValue(azArg[1]);
+ }else
+
+ if( c=='d' && n>1 && strncmp(azArg[0], "databases", n)==0 ){
+ struct callback_data data;
+ char *zErrMsg = 0;
+ open_db(p);
+ memcpy(&data, p, sizeof(data));
+ data.showHeader = 1;
+ data.mode = MODE_Column;
+ data.colWidth[0] = 3;
+ data.colWidth[1] = 15;
+ data.colWidth[2] = 58;
+ data.cnt = 0;
+ sqlite3_exec(p->db, "PRAGMA database_list; ", callback, &data, &zErrMsg);
+ if( zErrMsg ){
+ fprintf(stderr,"Error: %s\n", zErrMsg);
+ sqlite3_free(zErrMsg);
+ }
+ }else
+
+ if( c=='d' && strncmp(azArg[0], "dump", n)==0 ){
+ char *zErrMsg = 0;
+ open_db(p);
+ fprintf(p->out, "BEGIN TRANSACTION;\n");
+ p->writableSchema = 0;
+ if( nArg==1 ){
+ run_schema_dump_query(p,
+ "SELECT name, type, sql FROM sqlite_master "
+ "WHERE sql NOT NULL AND type=='table'", 0
+ );
+ run_table_dump_query(p->out, p->db,
+ "SELECT sql FROM sqlite_master "
+ "WHERE sql NOT NULL AND type IN ('index','trigger','view')"
+ );
+ }else{
+ int i;
+ for(i=1; i<nArg; i++){
+ zShellStatic = azArg[i];
+ run_schema_dump_query(p,
+ "SELECT name, type, sql FROM sqlite_master "
+ "WHERE tbl_name LIKE shellstatic() AND type=='table'"
+ " AND sql NOT NULL", 0);
+ run_table_dump_query(p->out, p->db,
+ "SELECT sql FROM sqlite_master "
+ "WHERE sql NOT NULL"
+ " AND type IN ('index','trigger','view')"
+ " AND tbl_name LIKE shellstatic()"
+ );
+ zShellStatic = 0;
+ }
+ }
+ if( p->writableSchema ){
+ fprintf(p->out, "PRAGMA writable_schema=OFF;\n");
+ p->writableSchema = 0;
+ }
+ if( zErrMsg ){
+ fprintf(stderr,"Error: %s\n", zErrMsg);
+ sqlite3_free(zErrMsg);
+ }else{
+ fprintf(p->out, "COMMIT;\n");
+ }
+ }else
+
+ if( c=='e' && strncmp(azArg[0], "echo", n)==0 && nArg>1 ){
+ p->echoOn = booleanValue(azArg[1]);
+ }else
+
+ if( c=='e' && strncmp(azArg[0], "exit", n)==0 ){
+ rc = 2;
+ }else
+
+ if( c=='e' && strncmp(azArg[0], "explain", n)==0 ){
+ int val = nArg>=2 ? booleanValue(azArg[1]) : 1;
+ if(val == 1) {
+ if(!p->explainPrev.valid) {
+ p->explainPrev.valid = 1;
+ p->explainPrev.mode = p->mode;
+ p->explainPrev.showHeader = p->showHeader;
+ memcpy(p->explainPrev.colWidth,p->colWidth,sizeof(p->colWidth));
+ }
+ /* We could put this code under the !p->explainValid
+ ** condition so that it does not execute if we are already in
+ ** explain mode. However, always executing it allows us an easy
+ ** was to reset to explain mode in case the user previously
+ ** did an .explain followed by a .width, .mode or .header
+ ** command.
+ */
+ p->mode = MODE_Explain;
+ p->showHeader = 1;
+ memset(p->colWidth,0,ArraySize(p->colWidth));
+ p->colWidth[0] = 4; /* addr */
+ p->colWidth[1] = 13; /* opcode */
+ p->colWidth[2] = 4; /* P1 */
+ p->colWidth[3] = 4; /* P2 */
+ p->colWidth[4] = 4; /* P3 */
+ p->colWidth[5] = 13; /* P4 */
+ p->colWidth[6] = 2; /* P5 */
+ p->colWidth[7] = 13; /* Comment */
+ }else if (p->explainPrev.valid) {
+ p->explainPrev.valid = 0;
+ p->mode = p->explainPrev.mode;
+ p->showHeader = p->explainPrev.showHeader;
+ memcpy(p->colWidth,p->explainPrev.colWidth,sizeof(p->colWidth));
+ }
+ }else
+
+ if( c=='h' && (strncmp(azArg[0], "header", n)==0 ||
+ strncmp(azArg[0], "headers", n)==0 )&& nArg>1 ){
+ p->showHeader = booleanValue(azArg[1]);
+ }else
+
+ if( c=='h' && strncmp(azArg[0], "help", n)==0 ){
+ fprintf(stderr,zHelp);
+ }else
+
+ if( c=='i' && strncmp(azArg[0], "import", n)==0 && nArg>=3 ){
+ char *zTable = azArg[2]; /* Insert data into this table */
+ char *zFile = azArg[1]; /* The file from which to extract data */
+ sqlite3_stmt *pStmt; /* A statement */
+ int rc; /* Result code */
+ int nCol; /* Number of columns in the table */
+ int nByte; /* Number of bytes in an SQL string */
+ int i, j; /* Loop counters */
+ int nSep; /* Number of bytes in p->separator[] */
+ char *zSql; /* An SQL statement */
+ char *zLine; /* A single line of input from the file */
+ char **azCol; /* zLine[] broken up into columns */
+ char *zCommit; /* How to commit changes */
+ FILE *in; /* The input file */
+ int lineno = 0; /* Line number of input file */
+
+ open_db(p);
+ nSep = strlen(p->separator);
+ if( nSep==0 ){
+ fprintf(stderr, "non-null separator required for import\n");
+ return 0;
+ }
+ zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT * FROM '%q'", zTable);
+ if( zSql==0 ) return 0;
+ nByte = strlen(zSql);
+ rc = sqlite3_prepare(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
+ sqlite3_free(zSql);
+ if( rc ){
+ fprintf(stderr,"Error: %s\n", sqlite3_errmsg(db));
+ nCol = 0;
+ rc = 1;
+ }else{
+ nCol = sqlite3_column_count(pStmt);
+ }
+ sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
+ if( nCol==0 ) return 0;
+ zSql = malloc( nByte + 20 + nCol*2 );
+ if( zSql==0 ) return 0;
+ sqlite3_snprintf(nByte+20, zSql, "INSERT INTO '%q' VALUES(?", zTable);
+ j = strlen(zSql);
+ for(i=1; i<nCol; i++){
+ zSql[j++] = ',';
+ zSql[j++] = '?';
+ }
+ zSql[j++] = ')';
+ zSql[j] = 0;
+ rc = sqlite3_prepare(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
+ free(zSql);
+ if( rc ){
+ fprintf(stderr, "Error: %s\n", sqlite3_errmsg(db));
+ sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ in = fopen(zFile, "rb");
+ if( in==0 ){
+ fprintf(stderr, "cannot open file: %s\n", zFile);
+ sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
+ return 0;
+ }
+ azCol = malloc( sizeof(azCol[0])*(nCol+1) );
+ if( azCol==0 ){
+ fclose(in);
+ return 0;
+ }
+ sqlite3_exec(p->db, "BEGIN", 0, 0, 0);
+ zCommit = "COMMIT";
+ while( (zLine = local_getline(0, in))!=0 ){
+ char *z;
+ i = 0;
+ lineno++;
+ azCol[0] = zLine;
+ for(i=0, z=zLine; *z && *z!='\n' && *z!='\r'; z++){
+ if( *z==p->separator[0] && strncmp(z, p->separator, nSep)==0 ){
+ *z = 0;
+ i++;
+ if( i<nCol ){
+ azCol[i] = &z[nSep];
+ z += nSep-1;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+ *z = 0;
+ if( i+1!=nCol ){
+ fprintf(stderr,"%s line %d: expected %d columns of data but found %d\n",
+ zFile, lineno, nCol, i+1);
+ zCommit = "ROLLBACK";
+ break;
+ }
+ for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
+ sqlite3_bind_text(pStmt, i+1, azCol[i], -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
+ }
+ sqlite3_step(pStmt);
+ rc = sqlite3_reset(pStmt);
+ free(zLine);
+ if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
+ fprintf(stderr,"Error: %s\n", sqlite3_errmsg(db));
+ zCommit = "ROLLBACK";
+ rc = 1;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ free(azCol);
+ fclose(in);
+ sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
+ sqlite3_exec(p->db, zCommit, 0, 0, 0);
+ }else
+
+ if( c=='i' && strncmp(azArg[0], "indices", n)==0 && nArg>1 ){
+ struct callback_data data;
+ char *zErrMsg = 0;
+ open_db(p);
+ memcpy(&data, p, sizeof(data));
+ data.showHeader = 0;
+ data.mode = MODE_List;
+ zShellStatic = azArg[1];
+ sqlite3_exec(p->db,
+ "SELECT name FROM sqlite_master "
+ "WHERE type='index' AND tbl_name LIKE shellstatic() "
+ "UNION ALL "
+ "SELECT name FROM sqlite_temp_master "
+ "WHERE type='index' AND tbl_name LIKE shellstatic() "
+ "ORDER BY 1",
+ callback, &data, &zErrMsg
+ );
+ zShellStatic = 0;
+ if( zErrMsg ){
+ fprintf(stderr,"Error: %s\n", zErrMsg);
+ sqlite3_free(zErrMsg);
+ }
+ }else
+
+#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_IOTRACE
+ if( c=='i' && strncmp(azArg[0], "iotrace", n)==0 ){
+ extern void (*sqlite3IoTrace)(const char*, ...);
+ if( iotrace && iotrace!=stdout ) fclose(iotrace);
+ iotrace = 0;
+ if( nArg<2 ){
+ sqlite3IoTrace = 0;
+ }else if( strcmp(azArg[1], "-")==0 ){
+ sqlite3IoTrace = iotracePrintf;
+ iotrace = stdout;
+ }else{
+ iotrace = fopen(azArg[1], "w");
+ if( iotrace==0 ){
+ fprintf(stderr, "cannot open \"%s\"\n", azArg[1]);
+ sqlite3IoTrace = 0;
+ }else{
+ sqlite3IoTrace = iotracePrintf;
+ }
+ }
+ }else
+#endif
+
+#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
+ if( c=='l' && strncmp(azArg[0], "load", n)==0 && nArg>=2 ){
+ const char *zFile, *zProc;
+ char *zErrMsg = 0;
+ int rc;
+ zFile = azArg[1];
+ zProc = nArg>=3 ? azArg[2] : 0;
+ open_db(p);
+ rc = sqlite3_load_extension(p->db, zFile, zProc, &zErrMsg);
+ if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
+ fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", zErrMsg);
+ sqlite3_free(zErrMsg);
+ rc = 1;
+ }
+ }else
+#endif
+
+ if( c=='m' && strncmp(azArg[0], "mode", n)==0 && nArg>=2 ){
+ int n2 = strlen(azArg[1]);
+ if( strncmp(azArg[1],"line",n2)==0
+ ||
+ strncmp(azArg[1],"lines",n2)==0 ){
+ p->mode = MODE_Line;
+ }else if( strncmp(azArg[1],"column",n2)==0
+ ||
+ strncmp(azArg[1],"columns",n2)==0 ){
+ p->mode = MODE_Column;
+ }else if( strncmp(azArg[1],"list",n2)==0 ){
+ p->mode = MODE_List;
+ }else if( strncmp(azArg[1],"html",n2)==0 ){
+ p->mode = MODE_Html;
+ }else if( strncmp(azArg[1],"tcl",n2)==0 ){
+ p->mode = MODE_Tcl;
+ }else if( strncmp(azArg[1],"csv",n2)==0 ){
+ p->mode = MODE_Csv;
+ sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->separator), p->separator, ",");
+ }else if( strncmp(azArg[1],"tabs",n2)==0 ){
+ p->mode = MODE_List;
+ sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->separator), p->separator, "\t");
+ }else if( strncmp(azArg[1],"insert",n2)==0 ){
+ p->mode = MODE_Insert;
+ if( nArg>=3 ){
+ set_table_name(p, azArg[2]);
+ }else{
+ set_table_name(p, "table");
+ }
+ }else {
+ fprintf(stderr,"mode should be one of: "
+ "column csv html insert line list tabs tcl\n");
+ }
+ }else
+
+ if( c=='n' && strncmp(azArg[0], "nullvalue", n)==0 && nArg==2 ) {
+ sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->nullvalue), p->nullvalue,
+ "%.*s", (int)ArraySize(p->nullvalue)-1, azArg[1]);
+ }else
+
+ if( c=='o' && strncmp(azArg[0], "output", n)==0 && nArg==2 ){
+ if( p->out!=stdout ){
+ fclose(p->out);
+ }
+ if( strcmp(azArg[1],"stdout")==0 ){
+ p->out = stdout;
+ sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->outfile), p->outfile, "stdout");
+ }else{
+ p->out = fopen(azArg[1], "wb");
+ if( p->out==0 ){
+ fprintf(stderr,"can't write to \"%s\"\n", azArg[1]);
+ p->out = stdout;
+ } else {
+ sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->outfile), p->outfile, "%s", azArg[1]);
+ }
+ }
+ }else
+
+ if( c=='p' && strncmp(azArg[0], "prompt", n)==0 && (nArg==2 || nArg==3)){
+ if( nArg >= 2) {
+ strncpy(mainPrompt,azArg[1],(int)ArraySize(mainPrompt)-1);
+ }
+ if( nArg >= 3) {
+ strncpy(continuePrompt,azArg[2],(int)ArraySize(continuePrompt)-1);
+ }
+ }else
+
+ if( c=='q' && strncmp(azArg[0], "quit", n)==0 ){
+ rc = 2;
+ }else
+
+ if( c=='r' && strncmp(azArg[0], "read", n)==0 && nArg==2 ){
+ FILE *alt = fopen(azArg[1], "rb");
+ if( alt==0 ){
+ fprintf(stderr,"can't open \"%s\"\n", azArg[1]);
+ }else{
+ process_input(p, alt);
+ fclose(alt);
+ }
+ }else
+
+ if( c=='s' && strncmp(azArg[0], "schema", n)==0 ){
+ struct callback_data data;
+ char *zErrMsg = 0;
+ open_db(p);
+ memcpy(&data, p, sizeof(data));
+ data.showHeader = 0;
+ data.mode = MODE_Semi;
+ if( nArg>1 ){
+ int i;
+ for(i=0; azArg[1][i]; i++) azArg[1][i] = tolower(azArg[1][i]);
+ if( strcmp(azArg[1],"sqlite_master")==0 ){
+ char *new_argv[2], *new_colv[2];
+ new_argv[0] = "CREATE TABLE sqlite_master (\n"
+ " type text,\n"
+ " name text,\n"
+ " tbl_name text,\n"
+ " rootpage integer,\n"
+ " sql text\n"
+ ")";
+ new_argv[1] = 0;
+ new_colv[0] = "sql";
+ new_colv[1] = 0;
+ callback(&data, 1, new_argv, new_colv);
+ }else if( strcmp(azArg[1],"sqlite_temp_master")==0 ){
+ char *new_argv[2], *new_colv[2];
+ new_argv[0] = "CREATE TEMP TABLE sqlite_temp_master (\n"
+ " type text,\n"
+ " name text,\n"
+ " tbl_name text,\n"
+ " rootpage integer,\n"
+ " sql text\n"
+ ")";
+ new_argv[1] = 0;
+ new_colv[0] = "sql";
+ new_colv[1] = 0;
+ callback(&data, 1, new_argv, new_colv);
+ }else{
+ zShellStatic = azArg[1];
+ sqlite3_exec(p->db,
+ "SELECT sql FROM "
+ " (SELECT * FROM sqlite_master UNION ALL"
+ " SELECT * FROM sqlite_temp_master) "
+ "WHERE tbl_name LIKE shellstatic() AND type!='meta' AND sql NOTNULL "
+ "ORDER BY substr(type,2,1), name",
+ callback, &data, &zErrMsg);
+ zShellStatic = 0;
+ }
+ }else{
+ sqlite3_exec(p->db,
+ "SELECT sql FROM "
+ " (SELECT * FROM sqlite_master UNION ALL"
+ " SELECT * FROM sqlite_temp_master) "
+ "WHERE type!='meta' AND sql NOTNULL AND name NOT LIKE 'sqlite_%'"
+ "ORDER BY substr(type,2,1), name",
+ callback, &data, &zErrMsg
+ );
+ }
+ if( zErrMsg ){
+ fprintf(stderr,"Error: %s\n", zErrMsg);
+ sqlite3_free(zErrMsg);
+ }
+ }else
+
+ if( c=='s' && strncmp(azArg[0], "separator", n)==0 && nArg==2 ){
+ sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->separator), p->separator,
+ "%.*s", (int)sizeof(p->separator)-1, azArg[1]);
+ }else
+
+ if( c=='s' && strncmp(azArg[0], "show", n)==0){
+ int i;
+ fprintf(p->out,"%9.9s: %s\n","echo", p->echoOn ? "on" : "off");
+ fprintf(p->out,"%9.9s: %s\n","explain", p->explainPrev.valid ? "on" :"off");
+ fprintf(p->out,"%9.9s: %s\n","headers", p->showHeader ? "on" : "off");
+ fprintf(p->out,"%9.9s: %s\n","mode", modeDescr[p->mode]);
+ fprintf(p->out,"%9.9s: ", "nullvalue");
+ output_c_string(p->out, p->nullvalue);
+ fprintf(p->out, "\n");
+ fprintf(p->out,"%9.9s: %s\n","output",
+ strlen(p->outfile) ? p->outfile : "stdout");
+ fprintf(p->out,"%9.9s: ", "separator");
+ output_c_string(p->out, p->separator);
+ fprintf(p->out, "\n");
+ fprintf(p->out,"%9.9s: ","width");
+ for (i=0;i<(int)ArraySize(p->colWidth) && p->colWidth[i] != 0;i++) {
+ fprintf(p->out,"%d ",p->colWidth[i]);
+ }
+ fprintf(p->out,"\n");
+ }else
+
+ if( c=='t' && n>1 && strncmp(azArg[0], "tables", n)==0 ){
+ char **azResult;
+ int nRow, rc;
+ char *zErrMsg;
+ open_db(p);
+ if( nArg==1 ){
+ rc = sqlite3_get_table(p->db,
+ "SELECT name FROM sqlite_master "
+ "WHERE type IN ('table','view') AND name NOT LIKE 'sqlite_%'"
+ "UNION ALL "
+ "SELECT name FROM sqlite_temp_master "
+ "WHERE type IN ('table','view') "
+ "ORDER BY 1",
+ &azResult, &nRow, 0, &zErrMsg
+ );
+ }else{
+ zShellStatic = azArg[1];
+ rc = sqlite3_get_table(p->db,
+ "SELECT name FROM sqlite_master "
+ "WHERE type IN ('table','view') AND name LIKE '%'||shellstatic()||'%' "
+ "UNION ALL "
+ "SELECT name FROM sqlite_temp_master "
+ "WHERE type IN ('table','view') AND name LIKE '%'||shellstatic()||'%' "
+ "ORDER BY 1",
+ &azResult, &nRow, 0, &zErrMsg
+ );
+ zShellStatic = 0;
+ }
+ if( zErrMsg ){
+ fprintf(stderr,"Error: %s\n", zErrMsg);
+ sqlite3_free(zErrMsg);
+ }
+ if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
+ int len, maxlen = 0;
+ int i, j;
+ int nPrintCol, nPrintRow;
+ for(i=1; i<=nRow; i++){
+ if( azResult[i]==0 ) continue;
+ len = strlen(azResult[i]);
+ if( len>maxlen ) maxlen = len;
+ }
+ nPrintCol = 80/(maxlen+2);
+ if( nPrintCol<1 ) nPrintCol = 1;
+ nPrintRow = (nRow + nPrintCol - 1)/nPrintCol;
+ for(i=0; i<nPrintRow; i++){
+ for(j=i+1; j<=nRow; j+=nPrintRow){
+ char *zSp = j<=nPrintRow ? "" : " ";
+ printf("%s%-*s", zSp, maxlen, azResult[j] ? azResult[j] : "");
+ }
+ printf("\n");
+ }
+ }else{
+ rc = 1;
+ }
+ sqlite3_free_table(azResult);
+ }else
+
+ if( c=='t' && n>4 && strncmp(azArg[0], "timeout", n)==0 && nArg>=2 ){
+ open_db(p);
+ sqlite3_busy_timeout(p->db, atoi(azArg[1]));
+ }else
+
+#if HAS_TIMER
+ if( c=='t' && n>=5 && strncmp(azArg[0], "timer", n)==0 && nArg>1 ){
+ enableTimer = booleanValue(azArg[1]);
+ }else
+#endif
+
+ if( c=='w' && strncmp(azArg[0], "width", n)==0 ){
+ int j;
+ assert( nArg<=ArraySize(azArg) );
+ for(j=1; j<nArg && j<ArraySize(p->colWidth); j++){
+ p->colWidth[j-1] = atoi(azArg[j]);
+ }
+ }else
+
+
+ {
+ fprintf(stderr, "unknown command or invalid arguments: "
+ " \"%s\". Enter \".help\" for help\n", azArg[0]);
+ }
+
+ return rc;
+}
+
+/*
+** Return TRUE if a semicolon occurs anywhere in the first N characters
+** of string z[].
+*/
+static int _contains_semicolon(const char *z, int N){
+ int i;
+ for(i=0; i<N; i++){ if( z[i]==';' ) return 1; }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+** Test to see if a line consists entirely of whitespace.
+*/
+static int _all_whitespace(const char *z){
+ for(; *z; z++){
+ if( isspace(*(unsigned char*)z) ) continue;
+ if( *z=='/' && z[1]=='*' ){
+ z += 2;
+ while( *z && (*z!='*' || z[1]!='/') ){ z++; }
+ if( *z==0 ) return 0;
+ z++;
+ continue;
+ }
+ if( *z=='-' && z[1]=='-' ){
+ z += 2;
+ while( *z && *z!='\n' ){ z++; }
+ if( *z==0 ) return 1;
+ continue;
+ }
+ return 0;
+ }
+ return 1;
+}
+
+/*
+** Return TRUE if the line typed in is an SQL command terminator other
+** than a semi-colon. The SQL Server style "go" command is understood
+** as is the Oracle "/".
+*/
+static int _is_command_terminator(const char *zLine){
+ while( isspace(*(unsigned char*)zLine) ){ zLine++; };
+ if( zLine[0]=='/' && _all_whitespace(&zLine[1]) ) return 1; /* Oracle */
+ if( tolower(zLine[0])=='g' && tolower(zLine[1])=='o'
+ && _all_whitespace(&zLine[2]) ){
+ return 1; /* SQL Server */
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+** Read input from *in and process it. If *in==0 then input
+** is interactive - the user is typing it it. Otherwise, input
+** is coming from a file or device. A prompt is issued and history
+** is saved only if input is interactive. An interrupt signal will
+** cause this routine to exit immediately, unless input is interactive.
+**
+** Return the number of errors.
+*/
+static int process_input(struct callback_data *p, FILE *in){
+ char *zLine = 0;
+ char *zSql = 0;
+ int nSql = 0;
+ int nSqlPrior = 0;
+ char *zErrMsg;
+ int rc;
+ int errCnt = 0;
+ int lineno = 0;
+ int startline = 0;
+
+ while( errCnt==0 || !bail_on_error || (in==0 && stdin_is_interactive) ){
+ fflush(p->out);
+ free(zLine);
+ zLine = one_input_line(zSql, in);
+ if( zLine==0 ){
+ break; /* We have reached EOF */
+ }
+ if( seenInterrupt ){
+ if( in!=0 ) break;
+ seenInterrupt = 0;
+ }
+ lineno++;
+ if( p->echoOn ) printf("%s\n", zLine);
+ if( (zSql==0 || zSql[0]==0) && _all_whitespace(zLine) ) continue;
+ if( zLine && zLine[0]=='.' && nSql==0 ){
+ rc = do_meta_command(zLine, p);
+ if( rc==2 ){
+ break;
+ }else if( rc ){
+ errCnt++;
+ }
+ continue;
+ }
+ if( _is_command_terminator(zLine) ){
+ memcpy(zLine,";",2);
+ }
+ nSqlPrior = nSql;
+ if( zSql==0 ){
+ int i;
+ for(i=0; zLine[i] && isspace((unsigned char)zLine[i]); i++){}
+ if( zLine[i]!=0 ){
+ nSql = strlen(zLine);
+ zSql = malloc( nSql+1 );
+ if( zSql==0 ){
+ fprintf(stderr, "out of memory\n");
+ exit(1);
+ }
+ memcpy(zSql, zLine, nSql+1);
+ startline = lineno;
+ }
+ }else{
+ int len = strlen(zLine);
+ zSql = realloc( zSql, nSql + len + 2 );
+ if( zSql==0 ){
+ fprintf(stderr,"%s: out of memory!\n", Argv0);
+ exit(1);
+ }
+ zSql[nSql++] = '\n';
+ memcpy(&zSql[nSql], zLine, len+1);
+ nSql += len;
+ }
+ if( zSql && _contains_semicolon(&zSql[nSqlPrior], nSql-nSqlPrior)
+ && sqlite3_complete(zSql) ){
+ p->cnt = 0;
+ open_db(p);
+ BEGIN_TIMER;
+ rc = sqlite3_exec(p->db, zSql, callback, p, &zErrMsg);
+ END_TIMER;
+ if( rc || zErrMsg ){
+ char zPrefix[100];
+ if( in!=0 || !stdin_is_interactive ){
+ sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zPrefix), zPrefix,
+ "SQL error near line %d:", startline);
+ }else{
+ sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zPrefix), zPrefix, "SQL error:");
+ }
+ if( zErrMsg!=0 ){
+ printf("%s %s\n", zPrefix, zErrMsg);
+ sqlite3_free(zErrMsg);
+ zErrMsg = 0;
+ }else{
+ printf("%s %s\n", zPrefix, sqlite3_errmsg(p->db));
+ }
+ errCnt++;
+ }
+ free(zSql);
+ zSql = 0;
+ nSql = 0;
+ }
+ }
+ if( zSql ){
+ if( !_all_whitespace(zSql) ) printf("Incomplete SQL: %s\n", zSql);
+ free(zSql);
+ }
+ free(zLine);
+ return errCnt;
+}
+
+/*
+** Return a pathname which is the user's home directory. A
+** 0 return indicates an error of some kind. Space to hold the
+** resulting string is obtained from malloc(). The calling
+** function should free the result.
+*/
+static char *find_home_dir(void){
+ char *home_dir = NULL;
+
+#if !defined(_WIN32) && !defined(WIN32) && !defined(__OS2__) && !defined(_WIN32_WCE)
+ struct passwd *pwent;
+ uid_t uid = getuid();
+ if( (pwent=getpwuid(uid)) != NULL) {
+ home_dir = pwent->pw_dir;
+ }
+#endif
+
+#if defined(_WIN32_WCE)
+ /* Windows CE (arm-wince-mingw32ce-gcc) does not provide getenv()
+ */
+ home_dir = strdup("/");
+#else
+
+#if defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32) || defined(__OS2__)
+ if (!home_dir) {
+ home_dir = getenv("USERPROFILE");
+ }
+#endif
+
+ if (!home_dir) {
+ home_dir = getenv("HOME");
+ }
+
+#if defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32) || defined(__OS2__)
+ if (!home_dir) {
+ char *zDrive, *zPath;
+ int n;
+ zDrive = getenv("HOMEDRIVE");
+ zPath = getenv("HOMEPATH");
+ if( zDrive && zPath ){
+ n = strlen(zDrive) + strlen(zPath) + 1;
+ home_dir = malloc( n );
+ if( home_dir==0 ) return 0;
+ sqlite3_snprintf(n, home_dir, "%s%s", zDrive, zPath);
+ return home_dir;
+ }
+ home_dir = "c:\\";
+ }
+#endif
+
+#endif /* !_WIN32_WCE */
+
+ if( home_dir ){
+ int n = strlen(home_dir) + 1;
+ char *z = malloc( n );
+ if( z ) memcpy(z, home_dir, n);
+ home_dir = z;
+ }
+
+ return home_dir;
+}
+
+/*
+** Read input from the file given by sqliterc_override. Or if that
+** parameter is NULL, take input from ~/.sqliterc
+*/
+static void process_sqliterc(
+ struct callback_data *p, /* Configuration data */
+ const char *sqliterc_override /* Name of config file. NULL to use default */
+){
+ char *home_dir = NULL;
+ const char *sqliterc = sqliterc_override;
+ char *zBuf = 0;
+ FILE *in = NULL;
+ int nBuf;
+
+ if (sqliterc == NULL) {
+ home_dir = find_home_dir();
+ if( home_dir==0 ){
+ fprintf(stderr,"%s: cannot locate your home directory!\n", Argv0);
+ return;
+ }
+ nBuf = strlen(home_dir) + 16;
+ zBuf = malloc( nBuf );
+ if( zBuf==0 ){
+ fprintf(stderr,"%s: out of memory!\n", Argv0);
+ exit(1);
+ }
+ sqlite3_snprintf(nBuf, zBuf,"%s/.sqliterc",home_dir);
+ free(home_dir);
+ sqliterc = (const char*)zBuf;
+ }
+ in = fopen(sqliterc,"rb");
+ if( in ){
+ if( stdin_is_interactive ){
+ printf("-- Loading resources from %s\n",sqliterc);
+ }
+ process_input(p,in);
+ fclose(in);
+ }
+ free(zBuf);
+ return;
+}
+
+/*
+** Show available command line options
+*/
+static const char zOptions[] =
+ " -init filename read/process named file\n"
+ " -echo print commands before execution\n"
+ " -[no]header turn headers on or off\n"
+ " -bail stop after hitting an error\n"
+ " -interactive force interactive I/O\n"
+ " -batch force batch I/O\n"
+ " -column set output mode to 'column'\n"
+ " -csv set output mode to 'csv'\n"
+ " -html set output mode to HTML\n"
+ " -line set output mode to 'line'\n"
+ " -list set output mode to 'list'\n"
+ " -separator 'x' set output field separator (|)\n"
+ " -nullvalue 'text' set text string for NULL values\n"
+ " -version show SQLite version\n"
+;
+static void usage(int showDetail){
+ fprintf(stderr,
+ "Usage: %s [OPTIONS] FILENAME [SQL]\n"
+ "FILENAME is the name of an SQLite database. A new database is created\n"
+ "if the file does not previously exist.\n", Argv0);
+ if( showDetail ){
+ fprintf(stderr, "OPTIONS include:\n%s", zOptions);
+ }else{
+ fprintf(stderr, "Use the -help option for additional information\n");
+ }
+ exit(1);
+}
+
+/*
+** Initialize the state information in data
+*/
+static void main_init(struct callback_data *data) {
+ memset(data, 0, sizeof(*data));
+ data->mode = MODE_List;
+ memcpy(data->separator,"|", 2);
+ data->showHeader = 0;
+ sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(mainPrompt), mainPrompt,"sqlite> ");
+ sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(continuePrompt), continuePrompt," ...> ");
+}
+
+int main(int argc, char **argv){
+ char *zErrMsg = 0;
+ struct callback_data data;
+ const char *zInitFile = 0;
+ char *zFirstCmd = 0;
+ int i;
+ int rc = 0;
+
+ Argv0 = argv[0];
+ main_init(&data);
+ stdin_is_interactive = isatty(0);
+
+ /* Make sure we have a valid signal handler early, before anything
+ ** else is done.
+ */
+#ifdef SIGINT
+ signal(SIGINT, interrupt_handler);
+#endif
+
+ /* Do an initial pass through the command-line argument to locate
+ ** the name of the database file, the name of the initialization file,
+ ** and the first command to execute.
+ */
+ for(i=1; i<argc-1; i++){
+ char *z;
+ if( argv[i][0]!='-' ) break;
+ z = argv[i];
+ if( z[0]=='-' && z[1]=='-' ) z++;
+ if( strcmp(argv[i],"-separator")==0 || strcmp(argv[i],"-nullvalue")==0 ){
+ i++;
+ }else if( strcmp(argv[i],"-init")==0 ){
+ i++;
+ zInitFile = argv[i];
+ }
+ }
+ if( i<argc ){
+#ifdef OS_OS2
+ data.zDbFilename = (const char *)convertCpPathToUtf8( argv[i++] );
+#else
+ data.zDbFilename = argv[i++];
+#endif
+ }else{
+#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_MEMORYDB
+ data.zDbFilename = ":memory:";
+#else
+ data.zDbFilename = 0;
+#endif
+ }
+ if( i<argc ){
+ zFirstCmd = argv[i++];
+ }
+ data.out = stdout;
+
+#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_MEMORYDB
+ if( data.zDbFilename==0 ){
+ fprintf(stderr,"%s: no database filename specified\n", argv[0]);
+ exit(1);
+ }
+#endif
+
+ /* Go ahead and open the database file if it already exists. If the
+ ** file does not exist, delay opening it. This prevents empty database
+ ** files from being created if a user mistypes the database name argument
+ ** to the sqlite command-line tool.
+ */
+ if( access(data.zDbFilename, 0)==0 ){
+ open_db(&data);
+ }
+
+ /* Process the initialization file if there is one. If no -init option
+ ** is given on the command line, look for a file named ~/.sqliterc and
+ ** try to process it.
+ */
+ process_sqliterc(&data,zInitFile);
+
+ /* Make a second pass through the command-line argument and set
+ ** options. This second pass is delayed until after the initialization
+ ** file is processed so that the command-line arguments will override
+ ** settings in the initialization file.
+ */
+ for(i=1; i<argc && argv[i][0]=='-'; i++){
+ char *z = argv[i];
+ if( z[1]=='-' ){ z++; }
+ if( strcmp(z,"-init")==0 ){
+ i++;
+ }else if( strcmp(z,"-html")==0 ){
+ data.mode = MODE_Html;
+ }else if( strcmp(z,"-list")==0 ){
+ data.mode = MODE_List;
+ }else if( strcmp(z,"-line")==0 ){
+ data.mode = MODE_Line;
+ }else if( strcmp(z,"-column")==0 ){
+ data.mode = MODE_Column;
+ }else if( strcmp(z,"-csv")==0 ){
+ data.mode = MODE_Csv;
+ memcpy(data.separator,",",2);
+ }else if( strcmp(z,"-separator")==0 ){
+ i++;
+ sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(data.separator), data.separator,
+ "%.*s",(int)sizeof(data.separator)-1,argv[i]);
+ }else if( strcmp(z,"-nullvalue")==0 ){
+ i++;
+ sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(data.nullvalue), data.nullvalue,
+ "%.*s",(int)sizeof(data.nullvalue)-1,argv[i]);
+ }else if( strcmp(z,"-header")==0 ){
+ data.showHeader = 1;
+ }else if( strcmp(z,"-noheader")==0 ){
+ data.showHeader = 0;
+ }else if( strcmp(z,"-echo")==0 ){
+ data.echoOn = 1;
+ }else if( strcmp(z,"-bail")==0 ){
+ bail_on_error = 1;
+ }else if( strcmp(z,"-version")==0 ){
+ printf("%s\n", sqlite3_libversion());
+ return 0;
+ }else if( strcmp(z,"-interactive")==0 ){
+ stdin_is_interactive = 1;
+ }else if( strcmp(z,"-batch")==0 ){
+ stdin_is_interactive = 0;
+ }else if( strcmp(z,"-help")==0 || strcmp(z, "--help")==0 ){
+ usage(1);
+ }else{
+ fprintf(stderr,"%s: unknown option: %s\n", Argv0, z);
+ fprintf(stderr,"Use -help for a list of options.\n");
+ return 1;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if( zFirstCmd ){
+ /* Run just the command that follows the database name
+ */
+ if( zFirstCmd[0]=='.' ){
+ do_meta_command(zFirstCmd, &data);
+ exit(0);
+ }else{
+ int rc;
+ open_db(&data);
+ rc = sqlite3_exec(data.db, zFirstCmd, callback, &data, &zErrMsg);
+ if( rc!=0 && zErrMsg!=0 ){
+ fprintf(stderr,"SQL error: %s\n", zErrMsg);
+ exit(1);
+ }
+ }
+ }else{
+ /* Run commands received from standard input
+ */
+ if( stdin_is_interactive ){
+ char *zHome;
+ char *zHistory = 0;
+ int nHistory;
+ printf(
+ "SQLite version %s\n"
+ "Enter \".help\" for instructions\n",
+ sqlite3_libversion()
+ );
+ zHome = find_home_dir();
+ if( zHome && (zHistory = malloc(nHistory = strlen(zHome)+20))!=0 ){
+ sqlite3_snprintf(nHistory, zHistory,"%s/.sqlite_history", zHome);
+ }
+#if defined(HAVE_READLINE) && HAVE_READLINE==1
+ if( zHistory ) read_history(zHistory);
+#endif
+ rc = process_input(&data, 0);
+ if( zHistory ){
+ stifle_history(100);
+ write_history(zHistory);
+ free(zHistory);
+ }
+ free(zHome);
+ }else{
+ rc = process_input(&data, stdin);
+ }
+ }
+ set_table_name(&data, 0);
+ if( db ){
+ if( sqlite3_close(db)!=SQLITE_OK ){
+ fprintf(stderr,"error closing database: %s\n", sqlite3_errmsg(db));
+ }
+ }
+ return rc;
+}
diff --git a/src/3rdparty/sqlite/sqlite3.c b/src/3rdparty/sqlite/sqlite3.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..27a8d1853f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/src/3rdparty/sqlite/sqlite3.c
@@ -0,0 +1,110646 @@
+/******************************************************************************
+** This file is an amalgamation of many separate C source files from SQLite
+** version 3.6.19. By combining all the individual C code files into this
+** single large file, the entire code can be compiled as a one translation
+** unit. This allows many compilers to do optimizations that would not be
+** possible if the files were compiled separately. Performance improvements
+** of 5% are more are commonly seen when SQLite is compiled as a single
+** translation unit.
+**
+** This file is all you need to compile SQLite. To use SQLite in other
+** programs, you need this file and the "sqlite3.h" header file that defines
+** the programming interface to the SQLite library. (If you do not have
+** the "sqlite3.h" header file at hand, you will find a copy embedded within
+** the text of this file. Search for "Begin file sqlite3.h" to find the start
+** of the embedded sqlite3.h header file.) Additional code files may be needed
+** if you want a wrapper to interface SQLite with your choice of programming
+** language. The code for the "sqlite3" command-line shell is also in a
+** separate file. This file contains only code for the core SQLite library.
+**
+** This amalgamation was generated on 2009-10-14 11:35:02 UTC.
+*/
+#define SQLITE_CORE 1
+#define SQLITE_AMALGAMATION 1
+#ifndef SQLITE_PRIVATE
+# define SQLITE_PRIVATE static
+#endif
+#ifndef SQLITE_API
+# define SQLITE_API
+#endif
+/************** Begin file sqliteInt.h ***************************************/
+/*
+** 2001 September 15
+**
+** The author disclaims copyright to this source code. In place of
+** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
+**
+** May you do good and not evil.
+** May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
+** May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
+**
+*************************************************************************
+** Internal interface definitions for SQLite.
+**
+*/
+#ifndef _SQLITEINT_H_
+#define _SQLITEINT_H_
+
+/*
+** These #defines should enable >2GB file support on POSIX if the
+** underlying operating system supports it. If the OS lacks
+** large file support, or if the OS is windows, these should be no-ops.
+**
+** Ticket #2739: The _LARGEFILE_SOURCE macro must appear before any
+** system #includes. Hence, this block of code must be the very first
+** code in all source files.
+**
+** Large file support can be disabled using the -DSQLITE_DISABLE_LFS switch
+** on the compiler command line. This is necessary if you are compiling
+** on a recent machine (ex: Red Hat 7.2) but you want your code to work
+** on an older machine (ex: Red Hat 6.0). If you compile on Red Hat 7.2
+** without this option, LFS is enable. But LFS does not exist in the kernel
+** in Red Hat 6.0, so the code won't work. Hence, for maximum binary
+** portability you should omit LFS.
+**
+** Similar is true for Mac OS X. LFS is only supported on Mac OS X 9 and later.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_DISABLE_LFS
+# define _LARGE_FILE 1
+# ifndef _FILE_OFFSET_BITS
+# define _FILE_OFFSET_BITS 64
+# endif
+# define _LARGEFILE_SOURCE 1
+#endif
+
+/*
+** Include the configuration header output by 'configure' if we're using the
+** autoconf-based build
+*/
+#ifdef _HAVE_SQLITE_CONFIG_H
+#include "config.h"
+#endif
+
+/************** Include sqliteLimit.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ***********/
+/************** Begin file sqliteLimit.h *************************************/
+/*
+** 2007 May 7
+**
+** The author disclaims copyright to this source code. In place of
+** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
+**
+** May you do good and not evil.
+** May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
+** May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
+**
+*************************************************************************
+**
+** This file defines various limits of what SQLite can process.
+**
+** @(#) $Id: sqliteLimit.h,v 1.10 2009/01/10 16:15:09 danielk1977 Exp $
+*/
+
+/*
+** The maximum length of a TEXT or BLOB in bytes. This also
+** limits the size of a row in a table or index.
+**
+** The hard limit is the ability of a 32-bit signed integer
+** to count the size: 2^31-1 or 2147483647.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH
+# define SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH 1000000000
+#endif
+
+/*
+** This is the maximum number of
+**
+** * Columns in a table
+** * Columns in an index
+** * Columns in a view
+** * Terms in the SET clause of an UPDATE statement
+** * Terms in the result set of a SELECT statement
+** * Terms in the GROUP BY or ORDER BY clauses of a SELECT statement.
+** * Terms in the VALUES clause of an INSERT statement
+**
+** The hard upper limit here is 32676. Most database people will
+** tell you that in a well-normalized database, you usually should
+** not have more than a dozen or so columns in any table. And if
+** that is the case, there is no point in having more than a few
+** dozen values in any of the other situations described above.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN
+# define SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN 2000
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The maximum length of a single SQL statement in bytes.
+**
+** It used to be the case that setting this value to zero would
+** turn the limit off. That is no longer true. It is not possible
+** to turn this limit off.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_SQL_LENGTH
+# define SQLITE_MAX_SQL_LENGTH 1000000000
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The maximum depth of an expression tree. This is limited to
+** some extent by SQLITE_MAX_SQL_LENGTH. But sometime you might
+** want to place more severe limits on the complexity of an
+** expression.
+**
+** A value of 0 used to mean that the limit was not enforced.
+** But that is no longer true. The limit is now strictly enforced
+** at all times.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH
+# define SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH 1000
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The maximum number of terms in a compound SELECT statement.
+** The code generator for compound SELECT statements does one
+** level of recursion for each term. A stack overflow can result
+** if the number of terms is too large. In practice, most SQL
+** never has more than 3 or 4 terms. Use a value of 0 to disable
+** any limit on the number of terms in a compount SELECT.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_COMPOUND_SELECT
+# define SQLITE_MAX_COMPOUND_SELECT 500
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The maximum number of opcodes in a VDBE program.
+** Not currently enforced.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_VDBE_OP
+# define SQLITE_MAX_VDBE_OP 25000
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The maximum number of arguments to an SQL function.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_FUNCTION_ARG
+# define SQLITE_MAX_FUNCTION_ARG 127
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The maximum number of in-memory pages to use for the main database
+** table and for temporary tables. The SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE
+# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE 2000
+#endif
+#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_TEMP_CACHE_SIZE
+# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_TEMP_CACHE_SIZE 500
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The maximum number of attached databases. This must be between 0
+** and 30. The upper bound on 30 is because a 32-bit integer bitmap
+** is used internally to track attached databases.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED
+# define SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED 10
+#endif
+
+
+/*
+** The maximum value of a ?nnn wildcard that the parser will accept.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER
+# define SQLITE_MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER 999
+#endif
+
+/* Maximum page size. The upper bound on this value is 32768. This a limit
+** imposed by the necessity of storing the value in a 2-byte unsigned integer
+** and the fact that the page size must be a power of 2.
+**
+** If this limit is changed, then the compiled library is technically
+** incompatible with an SQLite library compiled with a different limit. If
+** a process operating on a database with a page-size of 65536 bytes
+** crashes, then an instance of SQLite compiled with the default page-size
+** limit will not be able to rollback the aborted transaction. This could
+** lead to database corruption.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
+# define SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE 32768
+#endif
+
+
+/*
+** The default size of a database page.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
+# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE 1024
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
+# undef SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
+# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
+#endif
+
+/*
+** Ordinarily, if no value is explicitly provided, SQLite creates databases
+** with page size SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE. However, based on certain
+** device characteristics (sector-size and atomic write() support),
+** SQLite may choose a larger value. This constant is the maximum value
+** SQLite will choose on its own.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
+# define SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE 8192
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
+# undef SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
+# define SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
+#endif
+
+
+/*
+** Maximum number of pages in one database file.
+**
+** This is really just the default value for the max_page_count pragma.
+** This value can be lowered (or raised) at run-time using that the
+** max_page_count macro.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_COUNT
+# define SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_COUNT 1073741823
+#endif
+
+/*
+** Maximum length (in bytes) of the pattern in a LIKE or GLOB
+** operator.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH
+# define SQLITE_MAX_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH 50000
+#endif
+
+/*
+** Maximum depth of recursion for triggers.
+**
+** A value of 1 means that a trigger program will not be able to itself
+** fire any triggers. A value of 0 means that no trigger programs at all
+** may be executed.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_TRIGGER_DEPTH
+#if defined(SQLITE_SMALL_STACK)
+# define SQLITE_MAX_TRIGGER_DEPTH 10
+#else
+# define SQLITE_MAX_TRIGGER_DEPTH 1000
+#endif
+#endif
+
+/************** End of sqliteLimit.h *****************************************/
+/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/
+
+/* Disable nuisance warnings on Borland compilers */
+#if defined(__BORLANDC__)
+#pragma warn -rch /* unreachable code */
+#pragma warn -ccc /* Condition is always true or false */
+#pragma warn -aus /* Assigned value is never used */
+#pragma warn -csu /* Comparing signed and unsigned */
+#pragma warn -spa /* Suspicious pointer arithmetic */
+#endif
+
+/* Needed for various definitions... */
+#ifndef _GNU_SOURCE
+# define _GNU_SOURCE
+#endif
+
+/*
+** Include standard header files as necessary
+*/
+#ifdef HAVE_STDINT_H
+#include <stdint.h>
+#endif
+#ifdef HAVE_INTTYPES_H
+#include <inttypes.h>
+#endif
+
+#define SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES 10
+
+/*
+** This macro is used to "hide" some ugliness in casting an int
+** value to a ptr value under the MSVC 64-bit compiler. Casting
+** non 64-bit values to ptr types results in a "hard" error with
+** the MSVC 64-bit compiler which this attempts to avoid.
+**
+** A simple compiler pragma or casting sequence could not be found
+** to correct this in all situations, so this macro was introduced.
+**
+** It could be argued that the intptr_t type could be used in this
+** case, but that type is not available on all compilers, or
+** requires the #include of specific headers which differs between
+** platforms.
+**
+** Ticket #3860: The llvm-gcc-4.2 compiler from Apple chokes on
+** the ((void*)&((char*)0)[X]) construct. But MSVC chokes on ((void*)(X)).
+** So we have to define the macros in different ways depending on the
+** compiler.
+*/
+#if defined(__GNUC__)
+# if defined(HAVE_STDINT_H)
+# define SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(X) ((void*)(intptr_t)(X))
+# define SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(X) ((int)(intptr_t)(X))
+# else
+# define SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(X) ((void*)(X))
+# define SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(X) ((int)(X))
+# endif
+#else
+# define SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(X) ((void*)&((char*)0)[X])
+# define SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(X) ((int)(((char*)X)-(char*)0))
+#endif
+
+
+/*
+** The SQLITE_THREADSAFE macro must be defined as either 0 or 1.
+** Older versions of SQLite used an optional THREADSAFE macro.
+** We support that for legacy
+*/
+#if !defined(SQLITE_THREADSAFE)
+#if defined(THREADSAFE)
+# define SQLITE_THREADSAFE THREADSAFE
+#else
+# define SQLITE_THREADSAFE 1
+#endif
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS macro must be defined as either 0 or 1.
+** It determines whether or not the features related to
+** SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS are available by default or not. This value can
+** be overridden at runtime using the sqlite3_config() API.
+*/
+#if !defined(SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS)
+# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS 1
+#endif
+
+/*
+** Exactly one of the following macros must be defined in order to
+** specify which memory allocation subsystem to use.
+**
+** SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC // Use normal system malloc()
+** SQLITE_MEMDEBUG // Debugging version of system malloc()
+** SQLITE_MEMORY_SIZE // internal allocator #1
+** SQLITE_MMAP_HEAP_SIZE // internal mmap() allocator
+** SQLITE_POW2_MEMORY_SIZE // internal power-of-two allocator
+**
+** If none of the above are defined, then set SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC as
+** the default.
+*/
+#if defined(SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC)+defined(SQLITE_MEMDEBUG)+\
+ defined(SQLITE_MEMORY_SIZE)+defined(SQLITE_MMAP_HEAP_SIZE)+\
+ defined(SQLITE_POW2_MEMORY_SIZE)>1
+# error "At most one of the following compile-time configuration options\
+ is allows: SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC, SQLITE_MEMDEBUG, SQLITE_MEMORY_SIZE,\
+ SQLITE_MMAP_HEAP_SIZE, SQLITE_POW2_MEMORY_SIZE"
+#endif
+#if defined(SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC)+defined(SQLITE_MEMDEBUG)+\
+ defined(SQLITE_MEMORY_SIZE)+defined(SQLITE_MMAP_HEAP_SIZE)+\
+ defined(SQLITE_POW2_MEMORY_SIZE)==0
+# define SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC 1
+#endif
+
+/*
+** If SQLITE_MALLOC_SOFT_LIMIT is not zero, then try to keep the
+** sizes of memory allocations below this value where possible.
+*/
+#if !defined(SQLITE_MALLOC_SOFT_LIMIT)
+# define SQLITE_MALLOC_SOFT_LIMIT 1024
+#endif
+
+/*
+** We need to define _XOPEN_SOURCE as follows in order to enable
+** recursive mutexes on most Unix systems. But Mac OS X is different.
+** The _XOPEN_SOURCE define causes problems for Mac OS X we are told,
+** so it is omitted there. See ticket #2673.
+**
+** Later we learn that _XOPEN_SOURCE is poorly or incorrectly
+** implemented on some systems. So we avoid defining it at all
+** if it is already defined or if it is unneeded because we are
+** not doing a threadsafe build. Ticket #2681.
+**
+** See also ticket #2741.
+*/
+#if !defined(_XOPEN_SOURCE) && !defined(__DARWIN__) && !defined(__APPLE__) && SQLITE_THREADSAFE && !defined(VXWORKS)
+# define _XOPEN_SOURCE 500 /* Needed to enable pthread recursive mutexes */
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The TCL headers are only needed when compiling the TCL bindings.
+*/
+#if defined(SQLITE_TCL) || defined(TCLSH)
+# include <tcl.h>
+#endif
+
+/*
+** Many people are failing to set -DNDEBUG=1 when compiling SQLite.
+** Setting NDEBUG makes the code smaller and run faster. So the following
+** lines are added to automatically set NDEBUG unless the -DSQLITE_DEBUG=1
+** option is set. Thus NDEBUG becomes an opt-in rather than an opt-out
+** feature.
+*/
+#if !defined(NDEBUG) && !defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
+# define NDEBUG 1
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The testcase() macro is used to aid in coverage testing. When
+** doing coverage testing, the condition inside the argument to
+** testcase() must be evaluated both true and false in order to
+** get full branch coverage. The testcase() macro is inserted
+** to help ensure adequate test coverage in places where simple
+** condition/decision coverage is inadequate. For example, testcase()
+** can be used to make sure boundary values are tested. For
+** bitmask tests, testcase() can be used to make sure each bit
+** is significant and used at least once. On switch statements
+** where multiple cases go to the same block of code, testcase()
+** can insure that all cases are evaluated.
+**
+*/
+#ifdef SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Coverage(int);
+# define testcase(X) if( X ){ sqlite3Coverage(__LINE__); }
+#else
+# define testcase(X)
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The TESTONLY macro is used to enclose variable declarations or
+** other bits of code that are needed to support the arguments
+** within testcase() and assert() macros.
+*/
+#if !defined(NDEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST)
+# define TESTONLY(X) X
+#else
+# define TESTONLY(X)
+#endif
+
+/*
+** Sometimes we need a small amount of code such as a variable initialization
+** to setup for a later assert() statement. We do not want this code to
+** appear when assert() is disabled. The following macro is therefore
+** used to contain that setup code. The "VVA" acronym stands for
+** "Verification, Validation, and Accreditation". In other words, the
+** code within VVA_ONLY() will only run during verification processes.
+*/
+#ifndef NDEBUG
+# define VVA_ONLY(X) X
+#else
+# define VVA_ONLY(X)
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The ALWAYS and NEVER macros surround boolean expressions which
+** are intended to always be true or false, respectively. Such
+** expressions could be omitted from the code completely. But they
+** are included in a few cases in order to enhance the resilience
+** of SQLite to unexpected behavior - to make the code "self-healing"
+** or "ductile" rather than being "brittle" and crashing at the first
+** hint of unplanned behavior.
+**
+** In other words, ALWAYS and NEVER are added for defensive code.
+**
+** When doing coverage testing ALWAYS and NEVER are hard-coded to
+** be true and false so that the unreachable code then specify will
+** not be counted as untested code.
+*/
+#if defined(SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST)
+# define ALWAYS(X) (1)
+# define NEVER(X) (0)
+#elif !defined(NDEBUG)
+# define ALWAYS(X) ((X)?1:(assert(0),0))
+# define NEVER(X) ((X)?(assert(0),1):0)
+#else
+# define ALWAYS(X) (X)
+# define NEVER(X) (X)
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The macro unlikely() is a hint that surrounds a boolean
+** expression that is usually false. Macro likely() surrounds
+** a boolean expression that is usually true. GCC is able to
+** use these hints to generate better code, sometimes.
+*/
+#if defined(__GNUC__) && 0
+# define likely(X) __builtin_expect((X),1)
+# define unlikely(X) __builtin_expect((X),0)
+#else
+# define likely(X) !!(X)
+# define unlikely(X) !!(X)
+#endif
+
+/************** Include sqlite3.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ***************/
+/************** Begin file sqlite3.h *****************************************/
+/*
+** 2001 September 15
+**
+** The author disclaims copyright to this source code. In place of
+** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
+**
+** May you do good and not evil.
+** May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
+** May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
+**
+*************************************************************************
+** This header file defines the interface that the SQLite library
+** presents to client programs. If a C-function, structure, datatype,
+** or constant definition does not appear in this file, then it is
+** not a published API of SQLite, is subject to change without
+** notice, and should not be referenced by programs that use SQLite.
+**
+** Some of the definitions that are in this file are marked as
+** "experimental". Experimental interfaces are normally new
+** features recently added to SQLite. We do not anticipate changes
+** to experimental interfaces but reserve the right to make minor changes
+** if experience from use "in the wild" suggest such changes are prudent.
+**
+** The official C-language API documentation for SQLite is derived
+** from comments in this file. This file is the authoritative source
+** on how SQLite interfaces are suppose to operate.
+**
+** The name of this file under configuration management is "sqlite.h.in".
+** The makefile makes some minor changes to this file (such as inserting
+** the version number) and changes its name to "sqlite3.h" as
+** part of the build process.
+*/
+#ifndef _SQLITE3_H_
+#define _SQLITE3_H_
+
+#ifdef VXWORKS
+# define SQLITE_HOMEGROWN_RECURSIVE_MUTEX
+# define NO_GETTOD
+# include <ioLib.h>
+#endif
+
+#include <stdarg.h> /* Needed for the definition of va_list */
+
+/*
+** Make sure we can call this stuff from C++.
+*/
+#if 0
+extern "C" {
+#endif
+
+
+/*
+** Add the ability to override 'extern'
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_EXTERN
+# define SQLITE_EXTERN extern
+#endif
+
+#ifndef SQLITE_API
+# define SQLITE_API
+#endif
+
+
+/*
+** These no-op macros are used in front of interfaces to mark those
+** interfaces as either deprecated or experimental. New applications
+** should not use deprecated interfaces - they are support for backwards
+** compatibility only. Application writers should be aware that
+** experimental interfaces are subject to change in point releases.
+**
+** These macros used to resolve to various kinds of compiler magic that
+** would generate warning messages when they were used. But that
+** compiler magic ended up generating such a flurry of bug reports
+** that we have taken it all out and gone back to using simple
+** noop macros.
+*/
+#define SQLITE_DEPRECATED
+#define SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL
+
+/*
+** Ensure these symbols were not defined by some previous header file.
+*/
+#ifdef SQLITE_VERSION
+# undef SQLITE_VERSION
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER
+# undef SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER
+#endif
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Compile-Time Library Version Numbers {H10010} <S60100>
+**
+** The SQLITE_VERSION and SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER #defines in
+** the sqlite3.h file specify the version of SQLite with which
+** that header file is associated.
+**
+** The "version" of SQLite is a string of the form "W.X.Y" or "W.X.Y.Z".
+** The W value is major version number and is always 3 in SQLite3.
+** The W value only changes when backwards compatibility is
+** broken and we intend to never break backwards compatibility.
+** The X value is the minor version number and only changes when
+** there are major feature enhancements that are forwards compatible
+** but not backwards compatible.
+** The Y value is the release number and is incremented with
+** each release but resets back to 0 whenever X is incremented.
+** The Z value only appears on branch releases.
+**
+** The SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER is an integer that is computed as
+** follows:
+**
+** <blockquote><pre>
+** SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER = W*1000000 + X*1000 + Y
+** </pre></blockquote>
+**
+** Since version 3.6.18, SQLite source code has been stored in the
+** <a href="http://www.fossil-scm.org/">fossil configuration management
+** system</a>. The SQLITE_SOURCE_ID
+** macro is a string which identifies a particular check-in of SQLite
+** within its configuration management system. The string contains the
+** date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1 hash of the entire
+** source tree.
+**
+** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
+** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
+** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
+**
+** Requirements: [H10011] [H10014]
+*/
+#define SQLITE_VERSION "3.6.19"
+#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3006019
+#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID "2009-10-14 11:33:55 c1d499afc50d54b376945b4efb65c56c787a073d"
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers {H10020} <S60100>
+** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version
+**
+** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
+** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] #defines in the header,
+** but are associated with the library instead of the header file. Cautious
+** programmers might include assert() statements in their application to
+** verify that values returned by these interfaces match the macros in
+** the header, and thus insure that the application is
+** compiled with matching library and header files.
+**
+** <blockquote><pre>
+** assert( sqlite3_libversion_number()==SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER );
+** assert( strcmp(sqlite3_sourceid(),SQLITE_SOURCE_ID)==0 );
+** assert( strcmp(sqlite3_libversion,SQLITE_VERSION)==0 );
+** </pre></blockquote>
+**
+** The sqlite3_libversion() function returns the same information as is
+** in the sqlite3_version[] string constant. The function is provided
+** for use in DLLs since DLL users usually do not have direct access to string
+** constants within the DLL. Similarly, the sqlite3_sourceid() function
+** returns the same information as is in the [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] #define of
+** the header file.
+**
+** See also: [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
+**
+** Requirements: [H10021] [H10022] [H10023]
+*/
+SQLITE_API const char sqlite3_version[] = SQLITE_VERSION;
+SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_libversion(void);
+SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_sourceid(void);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_libversion_number(void);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Test To See If The Library Is Threadsafe {H10100} <S60100>
+**
+** SQLite can be compiled with or without mutexes. When
+** the [SQLITE_THREADSAFE] C preprocessor macro is 1 or 2, mutexes
+** are enabled and SQLite is threadsafe. When the
+** [SQLITE_THREADSAFE] macro is 0,
+** the mutexes are omitted. Without the mutexes, it is not safe
+** to use SQLite concurrently from more than one thread.
+**
+** Enabling mutexes incurs a measurable performance penalty.
+** So if speed is of utmost importance, it makes sense to disable
+** the mutexes. But for maximum safety, mutexes should be enabled.
+** The default behavior is for mutexes to be enabled.
+**
+** This interface can be used by an application to make sure that the
+** version of SQLite that it is linking against was compiled with
+** the desired setting of the [SQLITE_THREADSAFE] macro.
+**
+** This interface only reports on the compile-time mutex setting
+** of the [SQLITE_THREADSAFE] flag. If SQLite is compiled with
+** SQLITE_THREADSAFE=1 then mutexes are enabled by default but
+** can be fully or partially disabled using a call to [sqlite3_config()]
+** with the verbs [SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD], [SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD],
+** or [SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX]. The return value of this function shows
+** only the default compile-time setting, not any run-time changes
+** to that setting.
+**
+** See the [threading mode] documentation for additional information.
+**
+** Requirements: [H10101] [H10102]
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_threadsafe(void);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Database Connection Handle {H12000} <S40200>
+** KEYWORDS: {database connection} {database connections}
+**
+** Each open SQLite database is represented by a pointer to an instance of
+** the opaque structure named "sqlite3". It is useful to think of an sqlite3
+** pointer as an object. The [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open16()], and
+** [sqlite3_open_v2()] interfaces are its constructors, and [sqlite3_close()]
+** is its destructor. There are many other interfaces (such as
+** [sqlite3_prepare_v2()], [sqlite3_create_function()], and
+** [sqlite3_busy_timeout()] to name but three) that are methods on an
+** sqlite3 object.
+*/
+typedef struct sqlite3 sqlite3;
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: 64-Bit Integer Types {H10200} <S10110>
+** KEYWORDS: sqlite_int64 sqlite_uint64
+**
+** Because there is no cross-platform way to specify 64-bit integer types
+** SQLite includes typedefs for 64-bit signed and unsigned integers.
+**
+** The sqlite3_int64 and sqlite3_uint64 are the preferred type definitions.
+** The sqlite_int64 and sqlite_uint64 types are supported for backwards
+** compatibility only.
+**
+** Requirements: [H10201] [H10202]
+*/
+#ifdef SQLITE_INT64_TYPE
+ typedef SQLITE_INT64_TYPE sqlite_int64;
+ typedef unsigned SQLITE_INT64_TYPE sqlite_uint64;
+#elif defined(_MSC_VER) || defined(__BORLANDC__)
+ typedef __int64 sqlite_int64;
+ typedef unsigned __int64 sqlite_uint64;
+#else
+ typedef long long int sqlite_int64;
+ typedef unsigned long long int sqlite_uint64;
+#endif
+typedef sqlite_int64 sqlite3_int64;
+typedef sqlite_uint64 sqlite3_uint64;
+
+/*
+** If compiling for a processor that lacks floating point support,
+** substitute integer for floating-point.
+*/
+#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
+# define double sqlite3_int64
+#endif
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Closing A Database Connection {H12010} <S30100><S40200>
+**
+** This routine is the destructor for the [sqlite3] object.
+**
+** Applications should [sqlite3_finalize | finalize] all [prepared statements]
+** and [sqlite3_blob_close | close] all [BLOB handles] associated with
+** the [sqlite3] object prior to attempting to close the object.
+** The [sqlite3_next_stmt()] interface can be used to locate all
+** [prepared statements] associated with a [database connection] if desired.
+** Typical code might look like this:
+**
+** <blockquote><pre>
+** sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;
+** while( (pStmt = sqlite3_next_stmt(db, 0))!=0 ){
+** &nbsp; sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
+** }
+** </pre></blockquote>
+**
+** If [sqlite3_close()] is invoked while a transaction is open,
+** the transaction is automatically rolled back.
+**
+** The C parameter to [sqlite3_close(C)] must be either a NULL
+** pointer or an [sqlite3] object pointer obtained
+** from [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open16()], or
+** [sqlite3_open_v2()], and not previously closed.
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H12011] [H12012] [H12013] [H12014] [H12015] [H12019]
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_close(sqlite3 *);
+
+/*
+** The type for a callback function.
+** This is legacy and deprecated. It is included for historical
+** compatibility and is not documented.
+*/
+typedef int (*sqlite3_callback)(void*,int,char**, char**);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: One-Step Query Execution Interface {H12100} <S10000>
+**
+** The sqlite3_exec() interface is a convenient way of running one or more
+** SQL statements without having to write a lot of C code. The UTF-8 encoded
+** SQL statements are passed in as the second parameter to sqlite3_exec().
+** The statements are evaluated one by one until either an error or
+** an interrupt is encountered, or until they are all done. The 3rd parameter
+** is an optional callback that is invoked once for each row of any query
+** results produced by the SQL statements. The 5th parameter tells where
+** to write any error messages.
+**
+** The error message passed back through the 5th parameter is held
+** in memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc()]. To avoid a memory leak,
+** the calling application should call [sqlite3_free()] on any error
+** message returned through the 5th parameter when it has finished using
+** the error message.
+**
+** If the SQL statement in the 2nd parameter is NULL or an empty string
+** or a string containing only whitespace and comments, then no SQL
+** statements are evaluated and the database is not changed.
+**
+** The sqlite3_exec() interface is implemented in terms of
+** [sqlite3_prepare_v2()], [sqlite3_step()], and [sqlite3_finalize()].
+** The sqlite3_exec() routine does nothing to the database that cannot be done
+** by [sqlite3_prepare_v2()], [sqlite3_step()], and [sqlite3_finalize()].
+**
+** The first parameter to [sqlite3_exec()] must be an valid and open
+** [database connection].
+**
+** The database connection must not be closed while
+** [sqlite3_exec()] is running.
+**
+** The calling function should use [sqlite3_free()] to free
+** the memory that *errmsg is left pointing at once the error
+** message is no longer needed.
+**
+** The SQL statement text in the 2nd parameter to [sqlite3_exec()]
+** must remain unchanged while [sqlite3_exec()] is running.
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H12101] [H12102] [H12104] [H12105] [H12107] [H12110] [H12113] [H12116]
+** [H12119] [H12122] [H12125] [H12131] [H12134] [H12137] [H12138]
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_exec(
+ sqlite3*, /* An open database */
+ const char *sql, /* SQL to be evaluated */
+ int (*callback)(void*,int,char**,char**), /* Callback function */
+ void *, /* 1st argument to callback */
+ char **errmsg /* Error msg written here */
+);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Result Codes {H10210} <S10700>
+** KEYWORDS: SQLITE_OK {error code} {error codes}
+** KEYWORDS: {result code} {result codes}
+**
+** Many SQLite functions return an integer result code from the set shown
+** here in order to indicates success or failure.
+**
+** New error codes may be added in future versions of SQLite.
+**
+** See also: [SQLITE_IOERR_READ | extended result codes]
+*/
+#define SQLITE_OK 0 /* Successful result */
+/* beginning-of-error-codes */
+#define SQLITE_ERROR 1 /* SQL error or missing database */
+#define SQLITE_INTERNAL 2 /* Internal logic error in SQLite */
+#define SQLITE_PERM 3 /* Access permission denied */
+#define SQLITE_ABORT 4 /* Callback routine requested an abort */
+#define SQLITE_BUSY 5 /* The database file is locked */
+#define SQLITE_LOCKED 6 /* A table in the database is locked */
+#define SQLITE_NOMEM 7 /* A malloc() failed */
+#define SQLITE_READONLY 8 /* Attempt to write a readonly database */
+#define SQLITE_INTERRUPT 9 /* Operation terminated by sqlite3_interrupt()*/
+#define SQLITE_IOERR 10 /* Some kind of disk I/O error occurred */
+#define SQLITE_CORRUPT 11 /* The database disk image is malformed */
+#define SQLITE_NOTFOUND 12 /* NOT USED. Table or record not found */
+#define SQLITE_FULL 13 /* Insertion failed because database is full */
+#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN 14 /* Unable to open the database file */
+#define SQLITE_PROTOCOL 15 /* NOT USED. Database lock protocol error */
+#define SQLITE_EMPTY 16 /* Database is empty */
+#define SQLITE_SCHEMA 17 /* The database schema changed */
+#define SQLITE_TOOBIG 18 /* String or BLOB exceeds size limit */
+#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT 19 /* Abort due to constraint violation */
+#define SQLITE_MISMATCH 20 /* Data type mismatch */
+#define SQLITE_MISUSE 21 /* Library used incorrectly */
+#define SQLITE_NOLFS 22 /* Uses OS features not supported on host */
+#define SQLITE_AUTH 23 /* Authorization denied */
+#define SQLITE_FORMAT 24 /* Auxiliary database format error */
+#define SQLITE_RANGE 25 /* 2nd parameter to sqlite3_bind out of range */
+#define SQLITE_NOTADB 26 /* File opened that is not a database file */
+#define SQLITE_ROW 100 /* sqlite3_step() has another row ready */
+#define SQLITE_DONE 101 /* sqlite3_step() has finished executing */
+/* end-of-error-codes */
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Extended Result Codes {H10220} <S10700>
+** KEYWORDS: {extended error code} {extended error codes}
+** KEYWORDS: {extended result code} {extended result codes}
+**
+** In its default configuration, SQLite API routines return one of 26 integer
+** [SQLITE_OK | result codes]. However, experience has shown that many of
+** these result codes are too coarse-grained. They do not provide as
+** much information about problems as programmers might like. In an effort to
+** address this, newer versions of SQLite (version 3.3.8 and later) include
+** support for additional result codes that provide more detailed information
+** about errors. The extended result codes are enabled or disabled
+** on a per database connection basis using the
+** [sqlite3_extended_result_codes()] API.
+**
+** Some of the available extended result codes are listed here.
+** One may expect the number of extended result codes will be expand
+** over time. Software that uses extended result codes should expect
+** to see new result codes in future releases of SQLite.
+**
+** The SQLITE_OK result code will never be extended. It will always
+** be exactly zero.
+*/
+#define SQLITE_IOERR_READ (SQLITE_IOERR | (1<<8))
+#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ (SQLITE_IOERR | (2<<8))
+#define SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE (SQLITE_IOERR | (3<<8))
+#define SQLITE_IOERR_FSYNC (SQLITE_IOERR | (4<<8))
+#define SQLITE_IOERR_DIR_FSYNC (SQLITE_IOERR | (5<<8))
+#define SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE (SQLITE_IOERR | (6<<8))
+#define SQLITE_IOERR_FSTAT (SQLITE_IOERR | (7<<8))
+#define SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK (SQLITE_IOERR | (8<<8))
+#define SQLITE_IOERR_RDLOCK (SQLITE_IOERR | (9<<8))
+#define SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE (SQLITE_IOERR | (10<<8))
+#define SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED (SQLITE_IOERR | (11<<8))
+#define SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM (SQLITE_IOERR | (12<<8))
+#define SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS (SQLITE_IOERR | (13<<8))
+#define SQLITE_IOERR_CHECKRESERVEDLOCK (SQLITE_IOERR | (14<<8))
+#define SQLITE_IOERR_LOCK (SQLITE_IOERR | (15<<8))
+#define SQLITE_IOERR_CLOSE (SQLITE_IOERR | (16<<8))
+#define SQLITE_IOERR_DIR_CLOSE (SQLITE_IOERR | (17<<8))
+#define SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE (SQLITE_LOCKED | (1<<8) )
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Flags For File Open Operations {H10230} <H11120> <H12700>
+**
+** These bit values are intended for use in the
+** 3rd parameter to the [sqlite3_open_v2()] interface and
+** in the 4th parameter to the xOpen method of the
+** [sqlite3_vfs] object.
+*/
+#define SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY 0x00000001 /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
+#define SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE 0x00000002 /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
+#define SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE 0x00000004 /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
+#define SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE 0x00000008 /* VFS only */
+#define SQLITE_OPEN_EXCLUSIVE 0x00000010 /* VFS only */
+#define SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB 0x00000100 /* VFS only */
+#define SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB 0x00000200 /* VFS only */
+#define SQLITE_OPEN_TRANSIENT_DB 0x00000400 /* VFS only */
+#define SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL 0x00000800 /* VFS only */
+#define SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_JOURNAL 0x00001000 /* VFS only */
+#define SQLITE_OPEN_SUBJOURNAL 0x00002000 /* VFS only */
+#define SQLITE_OPEN_MASTER_JOURNAL 0x00004000 /* VFS only */
+#define SQLITE_OPEN_NOMUTEX 0x00008000 /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
+#define SQLITE_OPEN_FULLMUTEX 0x00010000 /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
+#define SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE 0x00020000 /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
+#define SQLITE_OPEN_PRIVATECACHE 0x00040000 /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Device Characteristics {H10240} <H11120>
+**
+** The xDeviceCapabilities method of the [sqlite3_io_methods]
+** object returns an integer which is a vector of the these
+** bit values expressing I/O characteristics of the mass storage
+** device that holds the file that the [sqlite3_io_methods]
+** refers to.
+**
+** The SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC property means that all writes of
+** any size are atomic. The SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMICnnn values
+** mean that writes of blocks that are nnn bytes in size and
+** are aligned to an address which is an integer multiple of
+** nnn are atomic. The SQLITE_IOCAP_SAFE_APPEND value means
+** that when data is appended to a file, the data is appended
+** first then the size of the file is extended, never the other
+** way around. The SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL property means that
+** information is written to disk in the same order as calls
+** to xWrite().
+*/
+#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC 0x00000001
+#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC512 0x00000002
+#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC1K 0x00000004
+#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC2K 0x00000008
+#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC4K 0x00000010
+#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC8K 0x00000020
+#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC16K 0x00000040
+#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC32K 0x00000080
+#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC64K 0x00000100
+#define SQLITE_IOCAP_SAFE_APPEND 0x00000200
+#define SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL 0x00000400
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: File Locking Levels {H10250} <H11120> <H11310>
+**
+** SQLite uses one of these integer values as the second
+** argument to calls it makes to the xLock() and xUnlock() methods
+** of an [sqlite3_io_methods] object.
+*/
+#define SQLITE_LOCK_NONE 0
+#define SQLITE_LOCK_SHARED 1
+#define SQLITE_LOCK_RESERVED 2
+#define SQLITE_LOCK_PENDING 3
+#define SQLITE_LOCK_EXCLUSIVE 4
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Synchronization Type Flags {H10260} <H11120>
+**
+** When SQLite invokes the xSync() method of an
+** [sqlite3_io_methods] object it uses a combination of
+** these integer values as the second argument.
+**
+** When the SQLITE_SYNC_DATAONLY flag is used, it means that the
+** sync operation only needs to flush data to mass storage. Inode
+** information need not be flushed. If the lower four bits of the flag
+** equal SQLITE_SYNC_NORMAL, that means to use normal fsync() semantics.
+** If the lower four bits equal SQLITE_SYNC_FULL, that means
+** to use Mac OS X style fullsync instead of fsync().
+*/
+#define SQLITE_SYNC_NORMAL 0x00002
+#define SQLITE_SYNC_FULL 0x00003
+#define SQLITE_SYNC_DATAONLY 0x00010
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: OS Interface Open File Handle {H11110} <S20110>
+**
+** An [sqlite3_file] object represents an open file in the
+** [sqlite3_vfs | OS interface layer]. Individual OS interface
+** implementations will
+** want to subclass this object by appending additional fields
+** for their own use. The pMethods entry is a pointer to an
+** [sqlite3_io_methods] object that defines methods for performing
+** I/O operations on the open file.
+*/
+typedef struct sqlite3_file sqlite3_file;
+struct sqlite3_file {
+ const struct sqlite3_io_methods *pMethods; /* Methods for an open file */
+};
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: OS Interface File Virtual Methods Object {H11120} <S20110>
+**
+** Every file opened by the [sqlite3_vfs] xOpen method populates an
+** [sqlite3_file] object (or, more commonly, a subclass of the
+** [sqlite3_file] object) with a pointer to an instance of this object.
+** This object defines the methods used to perform various operations
+** against the open file represented by the [sqlite3_file] object.
+**
+** If the xOpen method sets the sqlite3_file.pMethods element
+** to a non-NULL pointer, then the sqlite3_io_methods.xClose method
+** may be invoked even if the xOpen reported that it failed. The
+** only way to prevent a call to xClose following a failed xOpen
+** is for the xOpen to set the sqlite3_file.pMethods element to NULL.
+**
+** The flags argument to xSync may be one of [SQLITE_SYNC_NORMAL] or
+** [SQLITE_SYNC_FULL]. The first choice is the normal fsync().
+** The second choice is a Mac OS X style fullsync. The [SQLITE_SYNC_DATAONLY]
+** flag may be ORed in to indicate that only the data of the file
+** and not its inode needs to be synced.
+**
+** The integer values to xLock() and xUnlock() are one of
+** <ul>
+** <li> [SQLITE_LOCK_NONE],
+** <li> [SQLITE_LOCK_SHARED],
+** <li> [SQLITE_LOCK_RESERVED],
+** <li> [SQLITE_LOCK_PENDING], or
+** <li> [SQLITE_LOCK_EXCLUSIVE].
+** </ul>
+** xLock() increases the lock. xUnlock() decreases the lock.
+** The xCheckReservedLock() method checks whether any database connection,
+** either in this process or in some other process, is holding a RESERVED,
+** PENDING, or EXCLUSIVE lock on the file. It returns true
+** if such a lock exists and false otherwise.
+**
+** The xFileControl() method is a generic interface that allows custom
+** VFS implementations to directly control an open file using the
+** [sqlite3_file_control()] interface. The second "op" argument is an
+** integer opcode. The third argument is a generic pointer intended to
+** point to a structure that may contain arguments or space in which to
+** write return values. Potential uses for xFileControl() might be
+** functions to enable blocking locks with timeouts, to change the
+** locking strategy (for example to use dot-file locks), to inquire
+** about the status of a lock, or to break stale locks. The SQLite
+** core reserves all opcodes less than 100 for its own use.
+** A [SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE | list of opcodes] less than 100 is available.
+** Applications that define a custom xFileControl method should use opcodes
+** greater than 100 to avoid conflicts.
+**
+** The xSectorSize() method returns the sector size of the
+** device that underlies the file. The sector size is the
+** minimum write that can be performed without disturbing
+** other bytes in the file. The xDeviceCharacteristics()
+** method returns a bit vector describing behaviors of the
+** underlying device:
+**
+** <ul>
+** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC]
+** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC512]
+** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC1K]
+** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC2K]
+** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC4K]
+** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC8K]
+** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC16K]
+** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC32K]
+** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC64K]
+** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_SAFE_APPEND]
+** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL]
+** </ul>
+**
+** The SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC property means that all writes of
+** any size are atomic. The SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMICnnn values
+** mean that writes of blocks that are nnn bytes in size and
+** are aligned to an address which is an integer multiple of
+** nnn are atomic. The SQLITE_IOCAP_SAFE_APPEND value means
+** that when data is appended to a file, the data is appended
+** first then the size of the file is extended, never the other
+** way around. The SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL property means that
+** information is written to disk in the same order as calls
+** to xWrite().
+**
+** If xRead() returns SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ it must also fill
+** in the unread portions of the buffer with zeros. A VFS that
+** fails to zero-fill short reads might seem to work. However,
+** failure to zero-fill short reads will eventually lead to
+** database corruption.
+*/
+typedef struct sqlite3_io_methods sqlite3_io_methods;
+struct sqlite3_io_methods {
+ int iVersion;
+ int (*xClose)(sqlite3_file*);
+ int (*xRead)(sqlite3_file*, void*, int iAmt, sqlite3_int64 iOfst);
+ int (*xWrite)(sqlite3_file*, const void*, int iAmt, sqlite3_int64 iOfst);
+ int (*xTruncate)(sqlite3_file*, sqlite3_int64 size);
+ int (*xSync)(sqlite3_file*, int flags);
+ int (*xFileSize)(sqlite3_file*, sqlite3_int64 *pSize);
+ int (*xLock)(sqlite3_file*, int);
+ int (*xUnlock)(sqlite3_file*, int);
+ int (*xCheckReservedLock)(sqlite3_file*, int *pResOut);
+ int (*xFileControl)(sqlite3_file*, int op, void *pArg);
+ int (*xSectorSize)(sqlite3_file*);
+ int (*xDeviceCharacteristics)(sqlite3_file*);
+ /* Additional methods may be added in future releases */
+};
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Standard File Control Opcodes {H11310} <S30800>
+**
+** These integer constants are opcodes for the xFileControl method
+** of the [sqlite3_io_methods] object and for the [sqlite3_file_control()]
+** interface.
+**
+** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE] opcode is used for debugging. This
+** opcode causes the xFileControl method to write the current state of
+** the lock (one of [SQLITE_LOCK_NONE], [SQLITE_LOCK_SHARED],
+** [SQLITE_LOCK_RESERVED], [SQLITE_LOCK_PENDING], or [SQLITE_LOCK_EXCLUSIVE])
+** into an integer that the pArg argument points to. This capability
+** is used during testing and only needs to be supported when SQLITE_TEST
+** is defined.
+*/
+#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE 1
+#define SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE 2
+#define SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE 3
+#define SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO 4
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Mutex Handle {H17110} <S20130>
+**
+** The mutex module within SQLite defines [sqlite3_mutex] to be an
+** abstract type for a mutex object. The SQLite core never looks
+** at the internal representation of an [sqlite3_mutex]. It only
+** deals with pointers to the [sqlite3_mutex] object.
+**
+** Mutexes are created using [sqlite3_mutex_alloc()].
+*/
+typedef struct sqlite3_mutex sqlite3_mutex;
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: OS Interface Object {H11140} <S20100>
+**
+** An instance of the sqlite3_vfs object defines the interface between
+** the SQLite core and the underlying operating system. The "vfs"
+** in the name of the object stands for "virtual file system".
+**
+** The value of the iVersion field is initially 1 but may be larger in
+** future versions of SQLite. Additional fields may be appended to this
+** object when the iVersion value is increased. Note that the structure
+** of the sqlite3_vfs object changes in the transaction between
+** SQLite version 3.5.9 and 3.6.0 and yet the iVersion field was not
+** modified.
+**
+** The szOsFile field is the size of the subclassed [sqlite3_file]
+** structure used by this VFS. mxPathname is the maximum length of
+** a pathname in this VFS.
+**
+** Registered sqlite3_vfs objects are kept on a linked list formed by
+** the pNext pointer. The [sqlite3_vfs_register()]
+** and [sqlite3_vfs_unregister()] interfaces manage this list
+** in a thread-safe way. The [sqlite3_vfs_find()] interface
+** searches the list. Neither the application code nor the VFS
+** implementation should use the pNext pointer.
+**
+** The pNext field is the only field in the sqlite3_vfs
+** structure that SQLite will ever modify. SQLite will only access
+** or modify this field while holding a particular static mutex.
+** The application should never modify anything within the sqlite3_vfs
+** object once the object has been registered.
+**
+** The zName field holds the name of the VFS module. The name must
+** be unique across all VFS modules.
+**
+** SQLite will guarantee that the zFilename parameter to xOpen
+** is either a NULL pointer or string obtained
+** from xFullPathname(). SQLite further guarantees that
+** the string will be valid and unchanged until xClose() is
+** called. Because of the previous sentence,
+** the [sqlite3_file] can safely store a pointer to the
+** filename if it needs to remember the filename for some reason.
+** If the zFilename parameter is xOpen is a NULL pointer then xOpen
+** must invent its own temporary name for the file. Whenever the
+** xFilename parameter is NULL it will also be the case that the
+** flags parameter will include [SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE].
+**
+** The flags argument to xOpen() includes all bits set in
+** the flags argument to [sqlite3_open_v2()]. Or if [sqlite3_open()]
+** or [sqlite3_open16()] is used, then flags includes at least
+** [SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE] | [SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE].
+** If xOpen() opens a file read-only then it sets *pOutFlags to
+** include [SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY]. Other bits in *pOutFlags may be set.
+**
+** SQLite will also add one of the following flags to the xOpen()
+** call, depending on the object being opened:
+**
+** <ul>
+** <li> [SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB]
+** <li> [SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL]
+** <li> [SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB]
+** <li> [SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_JOURNAL]
+** <li> [SQLITE_OPEN_TRANSIENT_DB]
+** <li> [SQLITE_OPEN_SUBJOURNAL]
+** <li> [SQLITE_OPEN_MASTER_JOURNAL]
+** </ul>
+**
+** The file I/O implementation can use the object type flags to
+** change the way it deals with files. For example, an application
+** that does not care about crash recovery or rollback might make
+** the open of a journal file a no-op. Writes to this journal would
+** also be no-ops, and any attempt to read the journal would return
+** SQLITE_IOERR. Or the implementation might recognize that a database
+** file will be doing page-aligned sector reads and writes in a random
+** order and set up its I/O subsystem accordingly.
+**
+** SQLite might also add one of the following flags to the xOpen method:
+**
+** <ul>
+** <li> [SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE]
+** <li> [SQLITE_OPEN_EXCLUSIVE]
+** </ul>
+**
+** The [SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE] flag means the file should be
+** deleted when it is closed. The [SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE]
+** will be set for TEMP databases, journals and for subjournals.
+**
+** The [SQLITE_OPEN_EXCLUSIVE] flag is always used in conjunction
+** with the [SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE] flag, which are both directly
+** analogous to the O_EXCL and O_CREAT flags of the POSIX open()
+** API. The SQLITE_OPEN_EXCLUSIVE flag, when paired with the
+** SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE, is used to indicate that file should always
+** be created, and that it is an error if it already exists.
+** It is <i>not</i> used to indicate the file should be opened
+** for exclusive access.
+**
+** At least szOsFile bytes of memory are allocated by SQLite
+** to hold the [sqlite3_file] structure passed as the third
+** argument to xOpen. The xOpen method does not have to
+** allocate the structure; it should just fill it in. Note that
+** the xOpen method must set the sqlite3_file.pMethods to either
+** a valid [sqlite3_io_methods] object or to NULL. xOpen must do
+** this even if the open fails. SQLite expects that the sqlite3_file.pMethods
+** element will be valid after xOpen returns regardless of the success
+** or failure of the xOpen call.
+**
+** The flags argument to xAccess() may be [SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS]
+** to test for the existence of a file, or [SQLITE_ACCESS_READWRITE] to
+** test whether a file is readable and writable, or [SQLITE_ACCESS_READ]
+** to test whether a file is at least readable. The file can be a
+** directory.
+**
+** SQLite will always allocate at least mxPathname+1 bytes for the
+** output buffer xFullPathname. The exact size of the output buffer
+** is also passed as a parameter to both methods. If the output buffer
+** is not large enough, [SQLITE_CANTOPEN] should be returned. Since this is
+** handled as a fatal error by SQLite, vfs implementations should endeavor
+** to prevent this by setting mxPathname to a sufficiently large value.
+**
+** The xRandomness(), xSleep(), and xCurrentTime() interfaces
+** are not strictly a part of the filesystem, but they are
+** included in the VFS structure for completeness.
+** The xRandomness() function attempts to return nBytes bytes
+** of good-quality randomness into zOut. The return value is
+** the actual number of bytes of randomness obtained.
+** The xSleep() method causes the calling thread to sleep for at
+** least the number of microseconds given. The xCurrentTime()
+** method returns a Julian Day Number for the current date and time.
+**
+*/
+typedef struct sqlite3_vfs sqlite3_vfs;
+struct sqlite3_vfs {
+ int iVersion; /* Structure version number */
+ int szOsFile; /* Size of subclassed sqlite3_file */
+ int mxPathname; /* Maximum file pathname length */
+ sqlite3_vfs *pNext; /* Next registered VFS */
+ const char *zName; /* Name of this virtual file system */
+ void *pAppData; /* Pointer to application-specific data */
+ int (*xOpen)(sqlite3_vfs*, const char *zName, sqlite3_file*,
+ int flags, int *pOutFlags);
+ int (*xDelete)(sqlite3_vfs*, const char *zName, int syncDir);
+ int (*xAccess)(sqlite3_vfs*, const char *zName, int flags, int *pResOut);
+ int (*xFullPathname)(sqlite3_vfs*, const char *zName, int nOut, char *zOut);
+ void *(*xDlOpen)(sqlite3_vfs*, const char *zFilename);
+ void (*xDlError)(sqlite3_vfs*, int nByte, char *zErrMsg);
+ void (*(*xDlSym)(sqlite3_vfs*,void*, const char *zSymbol))(void);
+ void (*xDlClose)(sqlite3_vfs*, void*);
+ int (*xRandomness)(sqlite3_vfs*, int nByte, char *zOut);
+ int (*xSleep)(sqlite3_vfs*, int microseconds);
+ int (*xCurrentTime)(sqlite3_vfs*, double*);
+ int (*xGetLastError)(sqlite3_vfs*, int, char *);
+ /* New fields may be appended in figure versions. The iVersion
+ ** value will increment whenever this happens. */
+};
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Flags for the xAccess VFS method {H11190} <H11140>
+**
+** These integer constants can be used as the third parameter to
+** the xAccess method of an [sqlite3_vfs] object. {END} They determine
+** what kind of permissions the xAccess method is looking for.
+** With SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS, the xAccess method
+** simply checks whether the file exists.
+** With SQLITE_ACCESS_READWRITE, the xAccess method
+** checks whether the file is both readable and writable.
+** With SQLITE_ACCESS_READ, the xAccess method
+** checks whether the file is readable.
+*/
+#define SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS 0
+#define SQLITE_ACCESS_READWRITE 1
+#define SQLITE_ACCESS_READ 2
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Initialize The SQLite Library {H10130} <S20000><S30100>
+**
+** The sqlite3_initialize() routine initializes the
+** SQLite library. The sqlite3_shutdown() routine
+** deallocates any resources that were allocated by sqlite3_initialize().
+**
+** A call to sqlite3_initialize() is an "effective" call if it is
+** the first time sqlite3_initialize() is invoked during the lifetime of
+** the process, or if it is the first time sqlite3_initialize() is invoked
+** following a call to sqlite3_shutdown(). Only an effective call
+** of sqlite3_initialize() does any initialization. All other calls
+** are harmless no-ops.
+**
+** A call to sqlite3_shutdown() is an "effective" call if it is the first
+** call to sqlite3_shutdown() since the last sqlite3_initialize(). Only
+** an effective call to sqlite3_shutdown() does any deinitialization.
+** All other calls to sqlite3_shutdown() are harmless no-ops.
+**
+** Among other things, sqlite3_initialize() shall invoke
+** sqlite3_os_init(). Similarly, sqlite3_shutdown()
+** shall invoke sqlite3_os_end().
+**
+** The sqlite3_initialize() routine returns [SQLITE_OK] on success.
+** If for some reason, sqlite3_initialize() is unable to initialize
+** the library (perhaps it is unable to allocate a needed resource such
+** as a mutex) it returns an [error code] other than [SQLITE_OK].
+**
+** The sqlite3_initialize() routine is called internally by many other
+** SQLite interfaces so that an application usually does not need to
+** invoke sqlite3_initialize() directly. For example, [sqlite3_open()]
+** calls sqlite3_initialize() so the SQLite library will be automatically
+** initialized when [sqlite3_open()] is called if it has not be initialized
+** already. However, if SQLite is compiled with the [SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT]
+** compile-time option, then the automatic calls to sqlite3_initialize()
+** are omitted and the application must call sqlite3_initialize() directly
+** prior to using any other SQLite interface. For maximum portability,
+** it is recommended that applications always invoke sqlite3_initialize()
+** directly prior to using any other SQLite interface. Future releases
+** of SQLite may require this. In other words, the behavior exhibited
+** when SQLite is compiled with [SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT] might become the
+** default behavior in some future release of SQLite.
+**
+** The sqlite3_os_init() routine does operating-system specific
+** initialization of the SQLite library. The sqlite3_os_end()
+** routine undoes the effect of sqlite3_os_init(). Typical tasks
+** performed by these routines include allocation or deallocation
+** of static resources, initialization of global variables,
+** setting up a default [sqlite3_vfs] module, or setting up
+** a default configuration using [sqlite3_config()].
+**
+** The application should never invoke either sqlite3_os_init()
+** or sqlite3_os_end() directly. The application should only invoke
+** sqlite3_initialize() and sqlite3_shutdown(). The sqlite3_os_init()
+** interface is called automatically by sqlite3_initialize() and
+** sqlite3_os_end() is called by sqlite3_shutdown(). Appropriate
+** implementations for sqlite3_os_init() and sqlite3_os_end()
+** are built into SQLite when it is compiled for Unix, Windows, or OS/2.
+** When [custom builds | built for other platforms]
+** (using the [SQLITE_OS_OTHER=1] compile-time
+** option) the application must supply a suitable implementation for
+** sqlite3_os_init() and sqlite3_os_end(). An application-supplied
+** implementation of sqlite3_os_init() or sqlite3_os_end()
+** must return [SQLITE_OK] on success and some other [error code] upon
+** failure.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_initialize(void);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_shutdown(void);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_os_init(void);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_os_end(void);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Configuring The SQLite Library {H14100} <S20000><S30200>
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** The sqlite3_config() interface is used to make global configuration
+** changes to SQLite in order to tune SQLite to the specific needs of
+** the application. The default configuration is recommended for most
+** applications and so this routine is usually not necessary. It is
+** provided to support rare applications with unusual needs.
+**
+** The sqlite3_config() interface is not threadsafe. The application
+** must insure that no other SQLite interfaces are invoked by other
+** threads while sqlite3_config() is running. Furthermore, sqlite3_config()
+** may only be invoked prior to library initialization using
+** [sqlite3_initialize()] or after shutdown by [sqlite3_shutdown()].
+** Note, however, that sqlite3_config() can be called as part of the
+** implementation of an application-defined [sqlite3_os_init()].
+**
+** The first argument to sqlite3_config() is an integer
+** [SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD | configuration option] that determines
+** what property of SQLite is to be configured. Subsequent arguments
+** vary depending on the [SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD | configuration option]
+** in the first argument.
+**
+** When a configuration option is set, sqlite3_config() returns [SQLITE_OK].
+** If the option is unknown or SQLite is unable to set the option
+** then this routine returns a non-zero [error code].
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H14103] [H14106] [H14120] [H14123] [H14126] [H14129] [H14132] [H14135]
+** [H14138] [H14141] [H14144] [H14147] [H14150] [H14153] [H14156] [H14159]
+** [H14162] [H14165] [H14168]
+*/
+SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_config(int, ...);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Configure database connections {H14200} <S20000>
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** The sqlite3_db_config() interface is used to make configuration
+** changes to a [database connection]. The interface is similar to
+** [sqlite3_config()] except that the changes apply to a single
+** [database connection] (specified in the first argument). The
+** sqlite3_db_config() interface can only be used immediately after
+** the database connection is created using [sqlite3_open()],
+** [sqlite3_open16()], or [sqlite3_open_v2()].
+**
+** The second argument to sqlite3_db_config(D,V,...) is the
+** configuration verb - an integer code that indicates what
+** aspect of the [database connection] is being configured.
+** The only choice for this value is [SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE].
+** New verbs are likely to be added in future releases of SQLite.
+** Additional arguments depend on the verb.
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H14203] [H14206] [H14209] [H14212] [H14215]
+*/
+SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_db_config(sqlite3*, int op, ...);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Memory Allocation Routines {H10155} <S20120>
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** An instance of this object defines the interface between SQLite
+** and low-level memory allocation routines.
+**
+** This object is used in only one place in the SQLite interface.
+** A pointer to an instance of this object is the argument to
+** [sqlite3_config()] when the configuration option is
+** [SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC] or [SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMALLOC].
+** By creating an instance of this object
+** and passing it to [sqlite3_config]([SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC])
+** during configuration, an application can specify an alternative
+** memory allocation subsystem for SQLite to use for all of its
+** dynamic memory needs.
+**
+** Note that SQLite comes with several [built-in memory allocators]
+** that are perfectly adequate for the overwhelming majority of applications
+** and that this object is only useful to a tiny minority of applications
+** with specialized memory allocation requirements. This object is
+** also used during testing of SQLite in order to specify an alternative
+** memory allocator that simulates memory out-of-memory conditions in
+** order to verify that SQLite recovers gracefully from such
+** conditions.
+**
+** The xMalloc and xFree methods must work like the
+** malloc() and free() functions from the standard C library.
+** The xRealloc method must work like realloc() from the standard C library
+** with the exception that if the second argument to xRealloc is zero,
+** xRealloc must be a no-op - it must not perform any allocation or
+** deallocation. SQLite guaranteeds that the second argument to
+** xRealloc is always a value returned by a prior call to xRoundup.
+** And so in cases where xRoundup always returns a positive number,
+** xRealloc can perform exactly as the standard library realloc() and
+** still be in compliance with this specification.
+**
+** xSize should return the allocated size of a memory allocation
+** previously obtained from xMalloc or xRealloc. The allocated size
+** is always at least as big as the requested size but may be larger.
+**
+** The xRoundup method returns what would be the allocated size of
+** a memory allocation given a particular requested size. Most memory
+** allocators round up memory allocations at least to the next multiple
+** of 8. Some allocators round up to a larger multiple or to a power of 2.
+** Every memory allocation request coming in through [sqlite3_malloc()]
+** or [sqlite3_realloc()] first calls xRoundup. If xRoundup returns 0,
+** that causes the corresponding memory allocation to fail.
+**
+** The xInit method initializes the memory allocator. (For example,
+** it might allocate any require mutexes or initialize internal data
+** structures. The xShutdown method is invoked (indirectly) by
+** [sqlite3_shutdown()] and should deallocate any resources acquired
+** by xInit. The pAppData pointer is used as the only parameter to
+** xInit and xShutdown.
+**
+** SQLite holds the [SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER] mutex when it invokes
+** the xInit method, so the xInit method need not be threadsafe. The
+** xShutdown method is only called from [sqlite3_shutdown()] so it does
+** not need to be threadsafe either. For all other methods, SQLite
+** holds the [SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM] mutex as long as the
+** [SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS] configuration option is turned on (which
+** it is by default) and so the methods are automatically serialized.
+** However, if [SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS] is disabled, then the other
+** methods must be threadsafe or else make their own arrangements for
+** serialization.
+**
+** SQLite will never invoke xInit() more than once without an intervening
+** call to xShutdown().
+*/
+typedef struct sqlite3_mem_methods sqlite3_mem_methods;
+struct sqlite3_mem_methods {
+ void *(*xMalloc)(int); /* Memory allocation function */
+ void (*xFree)(void*); /* Free a prior allocation */
+ void *(*xRealloc)(void*,int); /* Resize an allocation */
+ int (*xSize)(void*); /* Return the size of an allocation */
+ int (*xRoundup)(int); /* Round up request size to allocation size */
+ int (*xInit)(void*); /* Initialize the memory allocator */
+ void (*xShutdown)(void*); /* Deinitialize the memory allocator */
+ void *pAppData; /* Argument to xInit() and xShutdown() */
+};
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Configuration Options {H10160} <S20000>
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** These constants are the available integer configuration options that
+** can be passed as the first argument to the [sqlite3_config()] interface.
+**
+** New configuration options may be added in future releases of SQLite.
+** Existing configuration options might be discontinued. Applications
+** should check the return code from [sqlite3_config()] to make sure that
+** the call worked. The [sqlite3_config()] interface will return a
+** non-zero [error code] if a discontinued or unsupported configuration option
+** is invoked.
+**
+** <dl>
+** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD</dt>
+** <dd>There are no arguments to this option. This option disables
+** all mutexing and puts SQLite into a mode where it can only be used
+** by a single thread.</dd>
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD</dt>
+** <dd>There are no arguments to this option. This option disables
+** mutexing on [database connection] and [prepared statement] objects.
+** The application is responsible for serializing access to
+** [database connections] and [prepared statements]. But other mutexes
+** are enabled so that SQLite will be safe to use in a multi-threaded
+** environment as long as no two threads attempt to use the same
+** [database connection] at the same time. See the [threading mode]
+** documentation for additional information.</dd>
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_SERIALIZED</dt>
+** <dd>There are no arguments to this option. This option enables
+** all mutexes including the recursive
+** mutexes on [database connection] and [prepared statement] objects.
+** In this mode (which is the default when SQLite is compiled with
+** [SQLITE_THREADSAFE=1]) the SQLite library will itself serialize access
+** to [database connections] and [prepared statements] so that the
+** application is free to use the same [database connection] or the
+** same [prepared statement] in different threads at the same time.
+** See the [threading mode] documentation for additional information.</dd>
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC</dt>
+** <dd>This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an
+** instance of the [sqlite3_mem_methods] structure. The argument specifies
+** alternative low-level memory allocation routines to be used in place of
+** the memory allocation routines built into SQLite.</dd>
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMALLOC</dt>
+** <dd>This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an
+** instance of the [sqlite3_mem_methods] structure. The [sqlite3_mem_methods]
+** structure is filled with the currently defined memory allocation routines.
+** This option can be used to overload the default memory allocation
+** routines with a wrapper that simulations memory allocation failure or
+** tracks memory usage, for example.</dd>
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS</dt>
+** <dd>This option takes single argument of type int, interpreted as a
+** boolean, which enables or disables the collection of memory allocation
+** statistics. When disabled, the following SQLite interfaces become
+** non-operational:
+** <ul>
+** <li> [sqlite3_memory_used()]
+** <li> [sqlite3_memory_highwater()]
+** <li> [sqlite3_soft_heap_limit()]
+** <li> [sqlite3_status()]
+** </ul>
+** </dd>
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH</dt>
+** <dd>This option specifies a static memory buffer that SQLite can use for
+** scratch memory. There are three arguments: A pointer an 8-byte
+** aligned memory buffer from which the scrach allocations will be
+** drawn, the size of each scratch allocation (sz),
+** and the maximum number of scratch allocations (N). The sz
+** argument must be a multiple of 16. The sz parameter should be a few bytes
+** larger than the actual scratch space required due to internal overhead.
+** The first argument should pointer to an 8-byte aligned buffer
+** of at least sz*N bytes of memory.
+** SQLite will use no more than one scratch buffer at once per thread, so
+** N should be set to the expected maximum number of threads. The sz
+** parameter should be 6 times the size of the largest database page size.
+** Scratch buffers are used as part of the btree balance operation. If
+** The btree balancer needs additional memory beyond what is provided by
+** scratch buffers or if no scratch buffer space is specified, then SQLite
+** goes to [sqlite3_malloc()] to obtain the memory it needs.</dd>
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE</dt>
+** <dd>This option specifies a static memory buffer that SQLite can use for
+** the database page cache with the default page cache implemenation.
+** This configuration should not be used if an application-define page
+** cache implementation is loaded using the SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE option.
+** There are three arguments to this option: A pointer to 8-byte aligned
+** memory, the size of each page buffer (sz), and the number of pages (N).
+** The sz argument should be the size of the largest database page
+** (a power of two between 512 and 32768) plus a little extra for each
+** page header. The page header size is 20 to 40 bytes depending on
+** the host architecture. It is harmless, apart from the wasted memory,
+** to make sz a little too large. The first
+** argument should point to an allocation of at least sz*N bytes of memory.
+** SQLite will use the memory provided by the first argument to satisfy its
+** memory needs for the first N pages that it adds to cache. If additional
+** page cache memory is needed beyond what is provided by this option, then
+** SQLite goes to [sqlite3_malloc()] for the additional storage space.
+** The implementation might use one or more of the N buffers to hold
+** memory accounting information. The pointer in the first argument must
+** be aligned to an 8-byte boundary or subsequent behavior of SQLite
+** will be undefined.</dd>
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP</dt>
+** <dd>This option specifies a static memory buffer that SQLite will use
+** for all of its dynamic memory allocation needs beyond those provided
+** for by [SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH] and [SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE].
+** There are three arguments: An 8-byte aligned pointer to the memory,
+** the number of bytes in the memory buffer, and the minimum allocation size.
+** If the first pointer (the memory pointer) is NULL, then SQLite reverts
+** to using its default memory allocator (the system malloc() implementation),
+** undoing any prior invocation of [SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC]. If the
+** memory pointer is not NULL and either [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS3] or
+** [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5] are defined, then the alternative memory
+** allocator is engaged to handle all of SQLites memory allocation needs.
+** The first pointer (the memory pointer) must be aligned to an 8-byte
+** boundary or subsequent behavior of SQLite will be undefined.</dd>
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX</dt>
+** <dd>This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an
+** instance of the [sqlite3_mutex_methods] structure. The argument specifies
+** alternative low-level mutex routines to be used in place
+** the mutex routines built into SQLite.</dd>
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMUTEX</dt>
+** <dd>This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an
+** instance of the [sqlite3_mutex_methods] structure. The
+** [sqlite3_mutex_methods]
+** structure is filled with the currently defined mutex routines.
+** This option can be used to overload the default mutex allocation
+** routines with a wrapper used to track mutex usage for performance
+** profiling or testing, for example.</dd>
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_LOOKASIDE</dt>
+** <dd>This option takes two arguments that determine the default
+** memory allocation lookaside optimization. The first argument is the
+** size of each lookaside buffer slot and the second is the number of
+** slots allocated to each database connection. This option sets the
+** <i>default</i> lookaside size. The [SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE]
+** verb to [sqlite3_db_config()] can be used to change the lookaside
+** configuration on individual connections.</dd>
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE</dt>
+** <dd>This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to
+** an [sqlite3_pcache_methods] object. This object specifies the interface
+** to a custom page cache implementation. SQLite makes a copy of the
+** object and uses it for page cache memory allocations.</dd>
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE</dt>
+** <dd>This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an
+** [sqlite3_pcache_methods] object. SQLite copies of the current
+** page cache implementation into that object.</dd>
+**
+** </dl>
+*/
+#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD 1 /* nil */
+#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD 2 /* nil */
+#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SERIALIZED 3 /* nil */
+#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC 4 /* sqlite3_mem_methods* */
+#define SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMALLOC 5 /* sqlite3_mem_methods* */
+#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH 6 /* void*, int sz, int N */
+#define SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE 7 /* void*, int sz, int N */
+#define SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP 8 /* void*, int nByte, int min */
+#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS 9 /* boolean */
+#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX 10 /* sqlite3_mutex_methods* */
+#define SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMUTEX 11 /* sqlite3_mutex_methods* */
+/* previously SQLITE_CONFIG_CHUNKALLOC 12 which is now unused. */
+#define SQLITE_CONFIG_LOOKASIDE 13 /* int int */
+#define SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE 14 /* sqlite3_pcache_methods* */
+#define SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE 15 /* sqlite3_pcache_methods* */
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Configuration Options {H10170} <S20000>
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** These constants are the available integer configuration options that
+** can be passed as the second argument to the [sqlite3_db_config()] interface.
+**
+** New configuration options may be added in future releases of SQLite.
+** Existing configuration options might be discontinued. Applications
+** should check the return code from [sqlite3_db_config()] to make sure that
+** the call worked. The [sqlite3_db_config()] interface will return a
+** non-zero [error code] if a discontinued or unsupported configuration option
+** is invoked.
+**
+** <dl>
+** <dt>SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE</dt>
+** <dd>This option takes three additional arguments that determine the
+** [lookaside memory allocator] configuration for the [database connection].
+** The first argument (the third parameter to [sqlite3_db_config()] is a
+** pointer to an memory buffer to use for lookaside memory.
+** The first argument may be NULL in which case SQLite will allocate the
+** lookaside buffer itself using [sqlite3_malloc()]. The second argument is the
+** size of each lookaside buffer slot and the third argument is the number of
+** slots. The size of the buffer in the first argument must be greater than
+** or equal to the product of the second and third arguments. The buffer
+** must be aligned to an 8-byte boundary. If the second argument is not
+** a multiple of 8, it is internally rounded down to the next smaller
+** multiple of 8. See also: [SQLITE_CONFIG_LOOKASIDE]</dd>
+**
+** </dl>
+*/
+#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE 1001 /* void* int int */
+
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Enable Or Disable Extended Result Codes {H12200} <S10700>
+**
+** The sqlite3_extended_result_codes() routine enables or disables the
+** [extended result codes] feature of SQLite. The extended result
+** codes are disabled by default for historical compatibility considerations.
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H12201] [H12202]
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_extended_result_codes(sqlite3*, int onoff);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Last Insert Rowid {H12220} <S10700>
+**
+** Each entry in an SQLite table has a unique 64-bit signed
+** integer key called the [ROWID | "rowid"]. The rowid is always available
+** as an undeclared column named ROWID, OID, or _ROWID_ as long as those
+** names are not also used by explicitly declared columns. If
+** the table has a column of type [INTEGER PRIMARY KEY] then that column
+** is another alias for the rowid.
+**
+** This routine returns the [rowid] of the most recent
+** successful [INSERT] into the database from the [database connection]
+** in the first argument. If no successful [INSERT]s
+** have ever occurred on that database connection, zero is returned.
+**
+** If an [INSERT] occurs within a trigger, then the [rowid] of the inserted
+** row is returned by this routine as long as the trigger is running.
+** But once the trigger terminates, the value returned by this routine
+** reverts to the last value inserted before the trigger fired.
+**
+** An [INSERT] that fails due to a constraint violation is not a
+** successful [INSERT] and does not change the value returned by this
+** routine. Thus INSERT OR FAIL, INSERT OR IGNORE, INSERT OR ROLLBACK,
+** and INSERT OR ABORT make no changes to the return value of this
+** routine when their insertion fails. When INSERT OR REPLACE
+** encounters a constraint violation, it does not fail. The
+** INSERT continues to completion after deleting rows that caused
+** the constraint problem so INSERT OR REPLACE will always change
+** the return value of this interface.
+**
+** For the purposes of this routine, an [INSERT] is considered to
+** be successful even if it is subsequently rolled back.
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H12221] [H12223]
+**
+** If a separate thread performs a new [INSERT] on the same
+** database connection while the [sqlite3_last_insert_rowid()]
+** function is running and thus changes the last insert [rowid],
+** then the value returned by [sqlite3_last_insert_rowid()] is
+** unpredictable and might not equal either the old or the new
+** last insert [rowid].
+*/
+SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(sqlite3*);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Count The Number Of Rows Modified {H12240} <S10600>
+**
+** This function returns the number of database rows that were changed
+** or inserted or deleted by the most recently completed SQL statement
+** on the [database connection] specified by the first parameter.
+** Only changes that are directly specified by the [INSERT], [UPDATE],
+** or [DELETE] statement are counted. Auxiliary changes caused by
+** triggers or [foreign key actions] are not counted. Use the
+** [sqlite3_total_changes()] function to find the total number of changes
+** including changes caused by triggers and foreign key actions.
+**
+** Changes to a view that are simulated by an [INSTEAD OF trigger]
+** are not counted. Only real table changes are counted.
+**
+** A "row change" is a change to a single row of a single table
+** caused by an INSERT, DELETE, or UPDATE statement. Rows that
+** are changed as side effects of [REPLACE] constraint resolution,
+** rollback, ABORT processing, [DROP TABLE], or by any other
+** mechanisms do not count as direct row changes.
+**
+** A "trigger context" is a scope of execution that begins and
+** ends with the script of a [CREATE TRIGGER | trigger].
+** Most SQL statements are
+** evaluated outside of any trigger. This is the "top level"
+** trigger context. If a trigger fires from the top level, a
+** new trigger context is entered for the duration of that one
+** trigger. Subtriggers create subcontexts for their duration.
+**
+** Calling [sqlite3_exec()] or [sqlite3_step()] recursively does
+** not create a new trigger context.
+**
+** This function returns the number of direct row changes in the
+** most recent INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE statement within the same
+** trigger context.
+**
+** Thus, when called from the top level, this function returns the
+** number of changes in the most recent INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE
+** that also occurred at the top level. Within the body of a trigger,
+** the sqlite3_changes() interface can be called to find the number of
+** changes in the most recently completed INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE
+** statement within the body of the same trigger.
+** However, the number returned does not include changes
+** caused by subtriggers since those have their own context.
+**
+** See also the [sqlite3_total_changes()] interface and the
+** [count_changes pragma].
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H12241] [H12243]
+**
+** If a separate thread makes changes on the same database connection
+** while [sqlite3_changes()] is running then the value returned
+** is unpredictable and not meaningful.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_changes(sqlite3*);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Total Number Of Rows Modified {H12260} <S10600>
+**
+** This function returns the number of row changes caused by [INSERT],
+** [UPDATE] or [DELETE] statements since the [database connection] was opened.
+** The count includes all changes from all [CREATE TRIGGER | trigger]
+** contexts and changes made by [foreign key actions]. However,
+** the count does not include changes used to implement [REPLACE] constraints,
+** do rollbacks or ABORT processing, or [DROP TABLE] processing. The
+** count does not include rows of views that fire an [INSTEAD OF trigger],
+** though if the INSTEAD OF trigger makes changes of its own, those changes
+** are counted.
+** The changes are counted as soon as the statement that makes them is
+** completed (when the statement handle is passed to [sqlite3_reset()] or
+** [sqlite3_finalize()]).
+**
+** See also the [sqlite3_changes()] interface and the
+** [count_changes pragma].
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H12261] [H12263]
+**
+** If a separate thread makes changes on the same database connection
+** while [sqlite3_total_changes()] is running then the value
+** returned is unpredictable and not meaningful.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_total_changes(sqlite3*);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Interrupt A Long-Running Query {H12270} <S30500>
+**
+** This function causes any pending database operation to abort and
+** return at its earliest opportunity. This routine is typically
+** called in response to a user action such as pressing "Cancel"
+** or Ctrl-C where the user wants a long query operation to halt
+** immediately.
+**
+** It is safe to call this routine from a thread different from the
+** thread that is currently running the database operation. But it
+** is not safe to call this routine with a [database connection] that
+** is closed or might close before sqlite3_interrupt() returns.
+**
+** If an SQL operation is very nearly finished at the time when
+** sqlite3_interrupt() is called, then it might not have an opportunity
+** to be interrupted and might continue to completion.
+**
+** An SQL operation that is interrupted will return [SQLITE_INTERRUPT].
+** If the interrupted SQL operation is an INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE
+** that is inside an explicit transaction, then the entire transaction
+** will be rolled back automatically.
+**
+** The sqlite3_interrupt(D) call is in effect until all currently running
+** SQL statements on [database connection] D complete. Any new SQL statements
+** that are started after the sqlite3_interrupt() call and before the
+** running statements reaches zero are interrupted as if they had been
+** running prior to the sqlite3_interrupt() call. New SQL statements
+** that are started after the running statement count reaches zero are
+** not effected by the sqlite3_interrupt().
+** A call to sqlite3_interrupt(D) that occurs when there are no running
+** SQL statements is a no-op and has no effect on SQL statements
+** that are started after the sqlite3_interrupt() call returns.
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H12271] [H12272]
+**
+** If the database connection closes while [sqlite3_interrupt()]
+** is running then bad things will likely happen.
+*/
+SQLITE_API void sqlite3_interrupt(sqlite3*);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Determine If An SQL Statement Is Complete {H10510} <S70200>
+**
+** These routines are useful during command-line input to determine if the
+** currently entered text seems to form a complete SQL statement or
+** if additional input is needed before sending the text into
+** SQLite for parsing. These routines return 1 if the input string
+** appears to be a complete SQL statement. A statement is judged to be
+** complete if it ends with a semicolon token and is not a prefix of a
+** well-formed CREATE TRIGGER statement. Semicolons that are embedded within
+** string literals or quoted identifier names or comments are not
+** independent tokens (they are part of the token in which they are
+** embedded) and thus do not count as a statement terminator. Whitespace
+** and comments that follow the final semicolon are ignored.
+**
+** These routines return 0 if the statement is incomplete. If a
+** memory allocation fails, then SQLITE_NOMEM is returned.
+**
+** These routines do not parse the SQL statements thus
+** will not detect syntactically incorrect SQL.
+**
+** If SQLite has not been initialized using [sqlite3_initialize()] prior
+** to invoking sqlite3_complete16() then sqlite3_initialize() is invoked
+** automatically by sqlite3_complete16(). If that initialization fails,
+** then the return value from sqlite3_complete16() will be non-zero
+** regardless of whether or not the input SQL is complete.
+**
+** Requirements: [H10511] [H10512]
+**
+** The input to [sqlite3_complete()] must be a zero-terminated
+** UTF-8 string.
+**
+** The input to [sqlite3_complete16()] must be a zero-terminated
+** UTF-16 string in native byte order.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_complete(const char *sql);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_complete16(const void *sql);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Register A Callback To Handle SQLITE_BUSY Errors {H12310} <S40400>
+**
+** This routine sets a callback function that might be invoked whenever
+** an attempt is made to open a database table that another thread
+** or process has locked.
+**
+** If the busy callback is NULL, then [SQLITE_BUSY] or [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED]
+** is returned immediately upon encountering the lock. If the busy callback
+** is not NULL, then the callback will be invoked with two arguments.
+**
+** The first argument to the handler is a copy of the void* pointer which
+** is the third argument to sqlite3_busy_handler(). The second argument to
+** the handler callback is the number of times that the busy handler has
+** been invoked for this locking event. If the
+** busy callback returns 0, then no additional attempts are made to
+** access the database and [SQLITE_BUSY] or [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED] is returned.
+** If the callback returns non-zero, then another attempt
+** is made to open the database for reading and the cycle repeats.
+**
+** The presence of a busy handler does not guarantee that it will be invoked
+** when there is lock contention. If SQLite determines that invoking the busy
+** handler could result in a deadlock, it will go ahead and return [SQLITE_BUSY]
+** or [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED] instead of invoking the busy handler.
+** Consider a scenario where one process is holding a read lock that
+** it is trying to promote to a reserved lock and
+** a second process is holding a reserved lock that it is trying
+** to promote to an exclusive lock. The first process cannot proceed
+** because it is blocked by the second and the second process cannot
+** proceed because it is blocked by the first. If both processes
+** invoke the busy handlers, neither will make any progress. Therefore,
+** SQLite returns [SQLITE_BUSY] for the first process, hoping that this
+** will induce the first process to release its read lock and allow
+** the second process to proceed.
+**
+** The default busy callback is NULL.
+**
+** The [SQLITE_BUSY] error is converted to [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED]
+** when SQLite is in the middle of a large transaction where all the
+** changes will not fit into the in-memory cache. SQLite will
+** already hold a RESERVED lock on the database file, but it needs
+** to promote this lock to EXCLUSIVE so that it can spill cache
+** pages into the database file without harm to concurrent
+** readers. If it is unable to promote the lock, then the in-memory
+** cache will be left in an inconsistent state and so the error
+** code is promoted from the relatively benign [SQLITE_BUSY] to
+** the more severe [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED]. This error code promotion
+** forces an automatic rollback of the changes. See the
+** <a href="/cvstrac/wiki?p=CorruptionFollowingBusyError">
+** CorruptionFollowingBusyError</a> wiki page for a discussion of why
+** this is important.
+**
+** There can only be a single busy handler defined for each
+** [database connection]. Setting a new busy handler clears any
+** previously set handler. Note that calling [sqlite3_busy_timeout()]
+** will also set or clear the busy handler.
+**
+** The busy callback should not take any actions which modify the
+** database connection that invoked the busy handler. Any such actions
+** result in undefined behavior.
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H12311] [H12312] [H12314] [H12316] [H12318]
+**
+** A busy handler must not close the database connection
+** or [prepared statement] that invoked the busy handler.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_busy_handler(sqlite3*, int(*)(void*,int), void*);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Set A Busy Timeout {H12340} <S40410>
+**
+** This routine sets a [sqlite3_busy_handler | busy handler] that sleeps
+** for a specified amount of time when a table is locked. The handler
+** will sleep multiple times until at least "ms" milliseconds of sleeping
+** have accumulated. {H12343} After "ms" milliseconds of sleeping,
+** the handler returns 0 which causes [sqlite3_step()] to return
+** [SQLITE_BUSY] or [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED].
+**
+** Calling this routine with an argument less than or equal to zero
+** turns off all busy handlers.
+**
+** There can only be a single busy handler for a particular
+** [database connection] any any given moment. If another busy handler
+** was defined (using [sqlite3_busy_handler()]) prior to calling
+** this routine, that other busy handler is cleared.
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H12341] [H12343] [H12344]
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_busy_timeout(sqlite3*, int ms);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Convenience Routines For Running Queries {H12370} <S10000>
+**
+** Definition: A <b>result table</b> is memory data structure created by the
+** [sqlite3_get_table()] interface. A result table records the
+** complete query results from one or more queries.
+**
+** The table conceptually has a number of rows and columns. But
+** these numbers are not part of the result table itself. These
+** numbers are obtained separately. Let N be the number of rows
+** and M be the number of columns.
+**
+** A result table is an array of pointers to zero-terminated UTF-8 strings.
+** There are (N+1)*M elements in the array. The first M pointers point
+** to zero-terminated strings that contain the names of the columns.
+** The remaining entries all point to query results. NULL values result
+** in NULL pointers. All other values are in their UTF-8 zero-terminated
+** string representation as returned by [sqlite3_column_text()].
+**
+** A result table might consist of one or more memory allocations.
+** It is not safe to pass a result table directly to [sqlite3_free()].
+** A result table should be deallocated using [sqlite3_free_table()].
+**
+** As an example of the result table format, suppose a query result
+** is as follows:
+**
+** <blockquote><pre>
+** Name | Age
+** -----------------------
+** Alice | 43
+** Bob | 28
+** Cindy | 21
+** </pre></blockquote>
+**
+** There are two column (M==2) and three rows (N==3). Thus the
+** result table has 8 entries. Suppose the result table is stored
+** in an array names azResult. Then azResult holds this content:
+**
+** <blockquote><pre>
+** azResult&#91;0] = "Name";
+** azResult&#91;1] = "Age";
+** azResult&#91;2] = "Alice";
+** azResult&#91;3] = "43";
+** azResult&#91;4] = "Bob";
+** azResult&#91;5] = "28";
+** azResult&#91;6] = "Cindy";
+** azResult&#91;7] = "21";
+** </pre></blockquote>
+**
+** The sqlite3_get_table() function evaluates one or more
+** semicolon-separated SQL statements in the zero-terminated UTF-8
+** string of its 2nd parameter. It returns a result table to the
+** pointer given in its 3rd parameter.
+**
+** After the calling function has finished using the result, it should
+** pass the pointer to the result table to sqlite3_free_table() in order to
+** release the memory that was malloced. Because of the way the
+** [sqlite3_malloc()] happens within sqlite3_get_table(), the calling
+** function must not try to call [sqlite3_free()] directly. Only
+** [sqlite3_free_table()] is able to release the memory properly and safely.
+**
+** The sqlite3_get_table() interface is implemented as a wrapper around
+** [sqlite3_exec()]. The sqlite3_get_table() routine does not have access
+** to any internal data structures of SQLite. It uses only the public
+** interface defined here. As a consequence, errors that occur in the
+** wrapper layer outside of the internal [sqlite3_exec()] call are not
+** reflected in subsequent calls to [sqlite3_errcode()] or [sqlite3_errmsg()].
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H12371] [H12373] [H12374] [H12376] [H12379] [H12382]
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_get_table(
+ sqlite3 *db, /* An open database */
+ const char *zSql, /* SQL to be evaluated */
+ char ***pazResult, /* Results of the query */
+ int *pnRow, /* Number of result rows written here */
+ int *pnColumn, /* Number of result columns written here */
+ char **pzErrmsg /* Error msg written here */
+);
+SQLITE_API void sqlite3_free_table(char **result);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Formatted String Printing Functions {H17400} <S70000><S20000>
+**
+** These routines are work-alikes of the "printf()" family of functions
+** from the standard C library.
+**
+** The sqlite3_mprintf() and sqlite3_vmprintf() routines write their
+** results into memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc()].
+** The strings returned by these two routines should be
+** released by [sqlite3_free()]. Both routines return a
+** NULL pointer if [sqlite3_malloc()] is unable to allocate enough
+** memory to hold the resulting string.
+**
+** In sqlite3_snprintf() routine is similar to "snprintf()" from
+** the standard C library. The result is written into the
+** buffer supplied as the second parameter whose size is given by
+** the first parameter. Note that the order of the
+** first two parameters is reversed from snprintf(). This is an
+** historical accident that cannot be fixed without breaking
+** backwards compatibility. Note also that sqlite3_snprintf()
+** returns a pointer to its buffer instead of the number of
+** characters actually written into the buffer. We admit that
+** the number of characters written would be a more useful return
+** value but we cannot change the implementation of sqlite3_snprintf()
+** now without breaking compatibility.
+**
+** As long as the buffer size is greater than zero, sqlite3_snprintf()
+** guarantees that the buffer is always zero-terminated. The first
+** parameter "n" is the total size of the buffer, including space for
+** the zero terminator. So the longest string that can be completely
+** written will be n-1 characters.
+**
+** These routines all implement some additional formatting
+** options that are useful for constructing SQL statements.
+** All of the usual printf() formatting options apply. In addition, there
+** is are "%q", "%Q", and "%z" options.
+**
+** The %q option works like %s in that it substitutes a null-terminated
+** string from the argument list. But %q also doubles every '\'' character.
+** %q is designed for use inside a string literal. By doubling each '\''
+** character it escapes that character and allows it to be inserted into
+** the string.
+**
+** For example, assume the string variable zText contains text as follows:
+**
+** <blockquote><pre>
+** char *zText = "It's a happy day!";
+** </pre></blockquote>
+**
+** One can use this text in an SQL statement as follows:
+**
+** <blockquote><pre>
+** char *zSQL = sqlite3_mprintf("INSERT INTO table VALUES('%q')", zText);
+** sqlite3_exec(db, zSQL, 0, 0, 0);
+** sqlite3_free(zSQL);
+** </pre></blockquote>
+**
+** Because the %q format string is used, the '\'' character in zText
+** is escaped and the SQL generated is as follows:
+**
+** <blockquote><pre>
+** INSERT INTO table1 VALUES('It''s a happy day!')
+** </pre></blockquote>
+**
+** This is correct. Had we used %s instead of %q, the generated SQL
+** would have looked like this:
+**
+** <blockquote><pre>
+** INSERT INTO table1 VALUES('It's a happy day!');
+** </pre></blockquote>
+**
+** This second example is an SQL syntax error. As a general rule you should
+** always use %q instead of %s when inserting text into a string literal.
+**
+** The %Q option works like %q except it also adds single quotes around
+** the outside of the total string. Additionally, if the parameter in the
+** argument list is a NULL pointer, %Q substitutes the text "NULL" (without
+** single quotes) in place of the %Q option. So, for example, one could say:
+**
+** <blockquote><pre>
+** char *zSQL = sqlite3_mprintf("INSERT INTO table VALUES(%Q)", zText);
+** sqlite3_exec(db, zSQL, 0, 0, 0);
+** sqlite3_free(zSQL);
+** </pre></blockquote>
+**
+** The code above will render a correct SQL statement in the zSQL
+** variable even if the zText variable is a NULL pointer.
+**
+** The "%z" formatting option works exactly like "%s" with the
+** addition that after the string has been read and copied into
+** the result, [sqlite3_free()] is called on the input string. {END}
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H17403] [H17406] [H17407]
+*/
+SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_mprintf(const char*,...);
+SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_vmprintf(const char*, va_list);
+SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_snprintf(int,char*,const char*, ...);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Memory Allocation Subsystem {H17300} <S20000>
+**
+** The SQLite core uses these three routines for all of its own
+** internal memory allocation needs. "Core" in the previous sentence
+** does not include operating-system specific VFS implementation. The
+** Windows VFS uses native malloc() and free() for some operations.
+**
+** The sqlite3_malloc() routine returns a pointer to a block
+** of memory at least N bytes in length, where N is the parameter.
+** If sqlite3_malloc() is unable to obtain sufficient free
+** memory, it returns a NULL pointer. If the parameter N to
+** sqlite3_malloc() is zero or negative then sqlite3_malloc() returns
+** a NULL pointer.
+**
+** Calling sqlite3_free() with a pointer previously returned
+** by sqlite3_malloc() or sqlite3_realloc() releases that memory so
+** that it might be reused. The sqlite3_free() routine is
+** a no-op if is called with a NULL pointer. Passing a NULL pointer
+** to sqlite3_free() is harmless. After being freed, memory
+** should neither be read nor written. Even reading previously freed
+** memory might result in a segmentation fault or other severe error.
+** Memory corruption, a segmentation fault, or other severe error
+** might result if sqlite3_free() is called with a non-NULL pointer that
+** was not obtained from sqlite3_malloc() or sqlite3_realloc().
+**
+** The sqlite3_realloc() interface attempts to resize a
+** prior memory allocation to be at least N bytes, where N is the
+** second parameter. The memory allocation to be resized is the first
+** parameter. If the first parameter to sqlite3_realloc()
+** is a NULL pointer then its behavior is identical to calling
+** sqlite3_malloc(N) where N is the second parameter to sqlite3_realloc().
+** If the second parameter to sqlite3_realloc() is zero or
+** negative then the behavior is exactly the same as calling
+** sqlite3_free(P) where P is the first parameter to sqlite3_realloc().
+** sqlite3_realloc() returns a pointer to a memory allocation
+** of at least N bytes in size or NULL if sufficient memory is unavailable.
+** If M is the size of the prior allocation, then min(N,M) bytes
+** of the prior allocation are copied into the beginning of buffer returned
+** by sqlite3_realloc() and the prior allocation is freed.
+** If sqlite3_realloc() returns NULL, then the prior allocation
+** is not freed.
+**
+** The memory returned by sqlite3_malloc() and sqlite3_realloc()
+** is always aligned to at least an 8 byte boundary. {END}
+**
+** The default implementation of the memory allocation subsystem uses
+** the malloc(), realloc() and free() provided by the standard C library.
+** {H17382} However, if SQLite is compiled with the
+** SQLITE_MEMORY_SIZE=<i>NNN</i> C preprocessor macro (where <i>NNN</i>
+** is an integer), then SQLite create a static array of at least
+** <i>NNN</i> bytes in size and uses that array for all of its dynamic
+** memory allocation needs. {END} Additional memory allocator options
+** may be added in future releases.
+**
+** In SQLite version 3.5.0 and 3.5.1, it was possible to define
+** the SQLITE_OMIT_MEMORY_ALLOCATION which would cause the built-in
+** implementation of these routines to be omitted. That capability
+** is no longer provided. Only built-in memory allocators can be used.
+**
+** The Windows OS interface layer calls
+** the system malloc() and free() directly when converting
+** filenames between the UTF-8 encoding used by SQLite
+** and whatever filename encoding is used by the particular Windows
+** installation. Memory allocation errors are detected, but
+** they are reported back as [SQLITE_CANTOPEN] or
+** [SQLITE_IOERR] rather than [SQLITE_NOMEM].
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H17303] [H17304] [H17305] [H17306] [H17310] [H17312] [H17315] [H17318]
+** [H17321] [H17322] [H17323]
+**
+** The pointer arguments to [sqlite3_free()] and [sqlite3_realloc()]
+** must be either NULL or else pointers obtained from a prior
+** invocation of [sqlite3_malloc()] or [sqlite3_realloc()] that have
+** not yet been released.
+**
+** The application must not read or write any part of
+** a block of memory after it has been released using
+** [sqlite3_free()] or [sqlite3_realloc()].
+*/
+SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_malloc(int);
+SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_realloc(void*, int);
+SQLITE_API void sqlite3_free(void*);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Memory Allocator Statistics {H17370} <S30210>
+**
+** SQLite provides these two interfaces for reporting on the status
+** of the [sqlite3_malloc()], [sqlite3_free()], and [sqlite3_realloc()]
+** routines, which form the built-in memory allocation subsystem.
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H17371] [H17373] [H17374] [H17375]
+*/
+SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_memory_used(void);
+SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_memory_highwater(int resetFlag);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Pseudo-Random Number Generator {H17390} <S20000>
+**
+** SQLite contains a high-quality pseudo-random number generator (PRNG) used to
+** select random [ROWID | ROWIDs] when inserting new records into a table that
+** already uses the largest possible [ROWID]. The PRNG is also used for
+** the build-in random() and randomblob() SQL functions. This interface allows
+** applications to access the same PRNG for other purposes.
+**
+** A call to this routine stores N bytes of randomness into buffer P.
+**
+** The first time this routine is invoked (either internally or by
+** the application) the PRNG is seeded using randomness obtained
+** from the xRandomness method of the default [sqlite3_vfs] object.
+** On all subsequent invocations, the pseudo-randomness is generated
+** internally and without recourse to the [sqlite3_vfs] xRandomness
+** method.
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H17392]
+*/
+SQLITE_API void sqlite3_randomness(int N, void *P);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Compile-Time Authorization Callbacks {H12500} <S70100>
+**
+** This routine registers a authorizer callback with a particular
+** [database connection], supplied in the first argument.
+** The authorizer callback is invoked as SQL statements are being compiled
+** by [sqlite3_prepare()] or its variants [sqlite3_prepare_v2()],
+** [sqlite3_prepare16()] and [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()]. At various
+** points during the compilation process, as logic is being created
+** to perform various actions, the authorizer callback is invoked to
+** see if those actions are allowed. The authorizer callback should
+** return [SQLITE_OK] to allow the action, [SQLITE_IGNORE] to disallow the
+** specific action but allow the SQL statement to continue to be
+** compiled, or [SQLITE_DENY] to cause the entire SQL statement to be
+** rejected with an error. If the authorizer callback returns
+** any value other than [SQLITE_IGNORE], [SQLITE_OK], or [SQLITE_DENY]
+** then the [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or equivalent call that triggered
+** the authorizer will fail with an error message.
+**
+** When the callback returns [SQLITE_OK], that means the operation
+** requested is ok. When the callback returns [SQLITE_DENY], the
+** [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or equivalent call that triggered the
+** authorizer will fail with an error message explaining that
+** access is denied.
+**
+** The first parameter to the authorizer callback is a copy of the third
+** parameter to the sqlite3_set_authorizer() interface. The second parameter
+** to the callback is an integer [SQLITE_COPY | action code] that specifies
+** the particular action to be authorized. The third through sixth parameters
+** to the callback are zero-terminated strings that contain additional
+** details about the action to be authorized.
+**
+** If the action code is [SQLITE_READ]
+** and the callback returns [SQLITE_IGNORE] then the
+** [prepared statement] statement is constructed to substitute
+** a NULL value in place of the table column that would have
+** been read if [SQLITE_OK] had been returned. The [SQLITE_IGNORE]
+** return can be used to deny an untrusted user access to individual
+** columns of a table.
+** If the action code is [SQLITE_DELETE] and the callback returns
+** [SQLITE_IGNORE] then the [DELETE] operation proceeds but the
+** [truncate optimization] is disabled and all rows are deleted individually.
+**
+** An authorizer is used when [sqlite3_prepare | preparing]
+** SQL statements from an untrusted source, to ensure that the SQL statements
+** do not try to access data they are not allowed to see, or that they do not
+** try to execute malicious statements that damage the database. For
+** example, an application may allow a user to enter arbitrary
+** SQL queries for evaluation by a database. But the application does
+** not want the user to be able to make arbitrary changes to the
+** database. An authorizer could then be put in place while the
+** user-entered SQL is being [sqlite3_prepare | prepared] that
+** disallows everything except [SELECT] statements.
+**
+** Applications that need to process SQL from untrusted sources
+** might also consider lowering resource limits using [sqlite3_limit()]
+** and limiting database size using the [max_page_count] [PRAGMA]
+** in addition to using an authorizer.
+**
+** Only a single authorizer can be in place on a database connection
+** at a time. Each call to sqlite3_set_authorizer overrides the
+** previous call. Disable the authorizer by installing a NULL callback.
+** The authorizer is disabled by default.
+**
+** The authorizer callback must not do anything that will modify
+** the database connection that invoked the authorizer callback.
+** Note that [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] and [sqlite3_step()] both modify their
+** database connections for the meaning of "modify" in this paragraph.
+**
+** When [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] is used to prepare a statement, the
+** statement might be re-prepared during [sqlite3_step()] due to a
+** schema change. Hence, the application should ensure that the
+** correct authorizer callback remains in place during the [sqlite3_step()].
+**
+** Note that the authorizer callback is invoked only during
+** [sqlite3_prepare()] or its variants. Authorization is not
+** performed during statement evaluation in [sqlite3_step()], unless
+** as stated in the previous paragraph, sqlite3_step() invokes
+** sqlite3_prepare_v2() to reprepare a statement after a schema change.
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H12501] [H12502] [H12503] [H12504] [H12505] [H12506] [H12507] [H12510]
+** [H12511] [H12512] [H12520] [H12521] [H12522]
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_set_authorizer(
+ sqlite3*,
+ int (*xAuth)(void*,int,const char*,const char*,const char*,const char*),
+ void *pUserData
+);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Authorizer Return Codes {H12590} <H12500>
+**
+** The [sqlite3_set_authorizer | authorizer callback function] must
+** return either [SQLITE_OK] or one of these two constants in order
+** to signal SQLite whether or not the action is permitted. See the
+** [sqlite3_set_authorizer | authorizer documentation] for additional
+** information.
+*/
+#define SQLITE_DENY 1 /* Abort the SQL statement with an error */
+#define SQLITE_IGNORE 2 /* Don't allow access, but don't generate an error */
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Authorizer Action Codes {H12550} <H12500>
+**
+** The [sqlite3_set_authorizer()] interface registers a callback function
+** that is invoked to authorize certain SQL statement actions. The
+** second parameter to the callback is an integer code that specifies
+** what action is being authorized. These are the integer action codes that
+** the authorizer callback may be passed.
+**
+** These action code values signify what kind of operation is to be
+** authorized. The 3rd and 4th parameters to the authorization
+** callback function will be parameters or NULL depending on which of these
+** codes is used as the second parameter. The 5th parameter to the
+** authorizer callback is the name of the database ("main", "temp",
+** etc.) if applicable. The 6th parameter to the authorizer callback
+** is the name of the inner-most trigger or view that is responsible for
+** the access attempt or NULL if this access attempt is directly from
+** top-level SQL code.
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H12551] [H12552] [H12553] [H12554]
+*/
+/******************************************* 3rd ************ 4th ***********/
+#define SQLITE_CREATE_INDEX 1 /* Index Name Table Name */
+#define SQLITE_CREATE_TABLE 2 /* Table Name NULL */
+#define SQLITE_CREATE_TEMP_INDEX 3 /* Index Name Table Name */
+#define SQLITE_CREATE_TEMP_TABLE 4 /* Table Name NULL */
+#define SQLITE_CREATE_TEMP_TRIGGER 5 /* Trigger Name Table Name */
+#define SQLITE_CREATE_TEMP_VIEW 6 /* View Name NULL */
+#define SQLITE_CREATE_TRIGGER 7 /* Trigger Name Table Name */
+#define SQLITE_CREATE_VIEW 8 /* View Name NULL */
+#define SQLITE_DELETE 9 /* Table Name NULL */
+#define SQLITE_DROP_INDEX 10 /* Index Name Table Name */
+#define SQLITE_DROP_TABLE 11 /* Table Name NULL */
+#define SQLITE_DROP_TEMP_INDEX 12 /* Index Name Table Name */
+#define SQLITE_DROP_TEMP_TABLE 13 /* Table Name NULL */
+#define SQLITE_DROP_TEMP_TRIGGER 14 /* Trigger Name Table Name */
+#define SQLITE_DROP_TEMP_VIEW 15 /* View Name NULL */
+#define SQLITE_DROP_TRIGGER 16 /* Trigger Name Table Name */
+#define SQLITE_DROP_VIEW 17 /* View Name NULL */
+#define SQLITE_INSERT 18 /* Table Name NULL */
+#define SQLITE_PRAGMA 19 /* Pragma Name 1st arg or NULL */
+#define SQLITE_READ 20 /* Table Name Column Name */
+#define SQLITE_SELECT 21 /* NULL NULL */
+#define SQLITE_TRANSACTION 22 /* Operation NULL */
+#define SQLITE_UPDATE 23 /* Table Name Column Name */
+#define SQLITE_ATTACH 24 /* Filename NULL */
+#define SQLITE_DETACH 25 /* Database Name NULL */
+#define SQLITE_ALTER_TABLE 26 /* Database Name Table Name */
+#define SQLITE_REINDEX 27 /* Index Name NULL */
+#define SQLITE_ANALYZE 28 /* Table Name NULL */
+#define SQLITE_CREATE_VTABLE 29 /* Table Name Module Name */
+#define SQLITE_DROP_VTABLE 30 /* Table Name Module Name */
+#define SQLITE_FUNCTION 31 /* NULL Function Name */
+#define SQLITE_SAVEPOINT 32 /* Operation Savepoint Name */
+#define SQLITE_COPY 0 /* No longer used */
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Tracing And Profiling Functions {H12280} <S60400>
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** These routines register callback functions that can be used for
+** tracing and profiling the execution of SQL statements.
+**
+** The callback function registered by sqlite3_trace() is invoked at
+** various times when an SQL statement is being run by [sqlite3_step()].
+** The callback returns a UTF-8 rendering of the SQL statement text
+** as the statement first begins executing. Additional callbacks occur
+** as each triggered subprogram is entered. The callbacks for triggers
+** contain a UTF-8 SQL comment that identifies the trigger.
+**
+** The callback function registered by sqlite3_profile() is invoked
+** as each SQL statement finishes. The profile callback contains
+** the original statement text and an estimate of wall-clock time
+** of how long that statement took to run.
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H12281] [H12282] [H12283] [H12284] [H12285] [H12287] [H12288] [H12289]
+** [H12290]
+*/
+SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL void *sqlite3_trace(sqlite3*, void(*xTrace)(void*,const char*), void*);
+SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL void *sqlite3_profile(sqlite3*,
+ void(*xProfile)(void*,const char*,sqlite3_uint64), void*);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Query Progress Callbacks {H12910} <S60400>
+**
+** This routine configures a callback function - the
+** progress callback - that is invoked periodically during long
+** running calls to [sqlite3_exec()], [sqlite3_step()] and
+** [sqlite3_get_table()]. An example use for this
+** interface is to keep a GUI updated during a large query.
+**
+** If the progress callback returns non-zero, the operation is
+** interrupted. This feature can be used to implement a
+** "Cancel" button on a GUI progress dialog box.
+**
+** The progress handler must not do anything that will modify
+** the database connection that invoked the progress handler.
+** Note that [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] and [sqlite3_step()] both modify their
+** database connections for the meaning of "modify" in this paragraph.
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H12911] [H12912] [H12913] [H12914] [H12915] [H12916] [H12917] [H12918]
+**
+*/
+SQLITE_API void sqlite3_progress_handler(sqlite3*, int, int(*)(void*), void*);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Opening A New Database Connection {H12700} <S40200>
+**
+** These routines open an SQLite database file whose name is given by the
+** filename argument. The filename argument is interpreted as UTF-8 for
+** sqlite3_open() and sqlite3_open_v2() and as UTF-16 in the native byte
+** order for sqlite3_open16(). A [database connection] handle is usually
+** returned in *ppDb, even if an error occurs. The only exception is that
+** if SQLite is unable to allocate memory to hold the [sqlite3] object,
+** a NULL will be written into *ppDb instead of a pointer to the [sqlite3]
+** object. If the database is opened (and/or created) successfully, then
+** [SQLITE_OK] is returned. Otherwise an [error code] is returned. The
+** [sqlite3_errmsg()] or [sqlite3_errmsg16()] routines can be used to obtain
+** an English language description of the error.
+**
+** The default encoding for the database will be UTF-8 if
+** sqlite3_open() or sqlite3_open_v2() is called and
+** UTF-16 in the native byte order if sqlite3_open16() is used.
+**
+** Whether or not an error occurs when it is opened, resources
+** associated with the [database connection] handle should be released by
+** passing it to [sqlite3_close()] when it is no longer required.
+**
+** The sqlite3_open_v2() interface works like sqlite3_open()
+** except that it accepts two additional parameters for additional control
+** over the new database connection. The flags parameter can take one of
+** the following three values, optionally combined with the
+** [SQLITE_OPEN_NOMUTEX], [SQLITE_OPEN_FULLMUTEX], [SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE],
+** and/or [SQLITE_OPEN_PRIVATECACHE] flags:
+**
+** <dl>
+** <dt>[SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY]</dt>
+** <dd>The database is opened in read-only mode. If the database does not
+** already exist, an error is returned.</dd>
+**
+** <dt>[SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE]</dt>
+** <dd>The database is opened for reading and writing if possible, or reading
+** only if the file is write protected by the operating system. In either
+** case the database must already exist, otherwise an error is returned.</dd>
+**
+** <dt>[SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE] | [SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE]</dt>
+** <dd>The database is opened for reading and writing, and is creates it if
+** it does not already exist. This is the behavior that is always used for
+** sqlite3_open() and sqlite3_open16().</dd>
+** </dl>
+**
+** If the 3rd parameter to sqlite3_open_v2() is not one of the
+** combinations shown above or one of the combinations shown above combined
+** with the [SQLITE_OPEN_NOMUTEX], [SQLITE_OPEN_FULLMUTEX],
+** [SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE] and/or [SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE] flags,
+** then the behavior is undefined.
+**
+** If the [SQLITE_OPEN_NOMUTEX] flag is set, then the database connection
+** opens in the multi-thread [threading mode] as long as the single-thread
+** mode has not been set at compile-time or start-time. If the
+** [SQLITE_OPEN_FULLMUTEX] flag is set then the database connection opens
+** in the serialized [threading mode] unless single-thread was
+** previously selected at compile-time or start-time.
+** The [SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE] flag causes the database connection to be
+** eligible to use [shared cache mode], regardless of whether or not shared
+** cache is enabled using [sqlite3_enable_shared_cache()]. The
+** [SQLITE_OPEN_PRIVATECACHE] flag causes the database connection to not
+** participate in [shared cache mode] even if it is enabled.
+**
+** If the filename is ":memory:", then a private, temporary in-memory database
+** is created for the connection. This in-memory database will vanish when
+** the database connection is closed. Future versions of SQLite might
+** make use of additional special filenames that begin with the ":" character.
+** It is recommended that when a database filename actually does begin with
+** a ":" character you should prefix the filename with a pathname such as
+** "./" to avoid ambiguity.
+**
+** If the filename is an empty string, then a private, temporary
+** on-disk database will be created. This private database will be
+** automatically deleted as soon as the database connection is closed.
+**
+** The fourth parameter to sqlite3_open_v2() is the name of the
+** [sqlite3_vfs] object that defines the operating system interface that
+** the new database connection should use. If the fourth parameter is
+** a NULL pointer then the default [sqlite3_vfs] object is used.
+**
+** <b>Note to Windows users:</b> The encoding used for the filename argument
+** of sqlite3_open() and sqlite3_open_v2() must be UTF-8, not whatever
+** codepage is currently defined. Filenames containing international
+** characters must be converted to UTF-8 prior to passing them into
+** sqlite3_open() or sqlite3_open_v2().
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H12701] [H12702] [H12703] [H12704] [H12706] [H12707] [H12709] [H12711]
+** [H12712] [H12713] [H12714] [H12717] [H12719] [H12721] [H12723]
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_open(
+ const char *filename, /* Database filename (UTF-8) */
+ sqlite3 **ppDb /* OUT: SQLite db handle */
+);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_open16(
+ const void *filename, /* Database filename (UTF-16) */
+ sqlite3 **ppDb /* OUT: SQLite db handle */
+);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_open_v2(
+ const char *filename, /* Database filename (UTF-8) */
+ sqlite3 **ppDb, /* OUT: SQLite db handle */
+ int flags, /* Flags */
+ const char *zVfs /* Name of VFS module to use */
+);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Error Codes And Messages {H12800} <S60200>
+**
+** The sqlite3_errcode() interface returns the numeric [result code] or
+** [extended result code] for the most recent failed sqlite3_* API call
+** associated with a [database connection]. If a prior API call failed
+** but the most recent API call succeeded, the return value from
+** sqlite3_errcode() is undefined. The sqlite3_extended_errcode()
+** interface is the same except that it always returns the
+** [extended result code] even when extended result codes are
+** disabled.
+**
+** The sqlite3_errmsg() and sqlite3_errmsg16() return English-language
+** text that describes the error, as either UTF-8 or UTF-16 respectively.
+** Memory to hold the error message string is managed internally.
+** The application does not need to worry about freeing the result.
+** However, the error string might be overwritten or deallocated by
+** subsequent calls to other SQLite interface functions.
+**
+** When the serialized [threading mode] is in use, it might be the
+** case that a second error occurs on a separate thread in between
+** the time of the first error and the call to these interfaces.
+** When that happens, the second error will be reported since these
+** interfaces always report the most recent result. To avoid
+** this, each thread can obtain exclusive use of the [database connection] D
+** by invoking [sqlite3_mutex_enter]([sqlite3_db_mutex](D)) before beginning
+** to use D and invoking [sqlite3_mutex_leave]([sqlite3_db_mutex](D)) after
+** all calls to the interfaces listed here are completed.
+**
+** If an interface fails with SQLITE_MISUSE, that means the interface
+** was invoked incorrectly by the application. In that case, the
+** error code and message may or may not be set.
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H12801] [H12802] [H12803] [H12807] [H12808] [H12809]
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_errcode(sqlite3 *db);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_extended_errcode(sqlite3 *db);
+SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_errmsg(sqlite3*);
+SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_errmsg16(sqlite3*);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: SQL Statement Object {H13000} <H13010>
+** KEYWORDS: {prepared statement} {prepared statements}
+**
+** An instance of this object represents a single SQL statement.
+** This object is variously known as a "prepared statement" or a
+** "compiled SQL statement" or simply as a "statement".
+**
+** The life of a statement object goes something like this:
+**
+** <ol>
+** <li> Create the object using [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or a related
+** function.
+** <li> Bind values to [host parameters] using the sqlite3_bind_*()
+** interfaces.
+** <li> Run the SQL by calling [sqlite3_step()] one or more times.
+** <li> Reset the statement using [sqlite3_reset()] then go back
+** to step 2. Do this zero or more times.
+** <li> Destroy the object using [sqlite3_finalize()].
+** </ol>
+**
+** Refer to documentation on individual methods above for additional
+** information.
+*/
+typedef struct sqlite3_stmt sqlite3_stmt;
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Run-time Limits {H12760} <S20600>
+**
+** This interface allows the size of various constructs to be limited
+** on a connection by connection basis. The first parameter is the
+** [database connection] whose limit is to be set or queried. The
+** second parameter is one of the [limit categories] that define a
+** class of constructs to be size limited. The third parameter is the
+** new limit for that construct. The function returns the old limit.
+**
+** If the new limit is a negative number, the limit is unchanged.
+** For the limit category of SQLITE_LIMIT_XYZ there is a
+** [limits | hard upper bound]
+** set by a compile-time C preprocessor macro named
+** [limits | SQLITE_MAX_XYZ].
+** (The "_LIMIT_" in the name is changed to "_MAX_".)
+** Attempts to increase a limit above its hard upper bound are
+** silently truncated to the hard upper limit.
+**
+** Run time limits are intended for use in applications that manage
+** both their own internal database and also databases that are controlled
+** by untrusted external sources. An example application might be a
+** web browser that has its own databases for storing history and
+** separate databases controlled by JavaScript applications downloaded
+** off the Internet. The internal databases can be given the
+** large, default limits. Databases managed by external sources can
+** be given much smaller limits designed to prevent a denial of service
+** attack. Developers might also want to use the [sqlite3_set_authorizer()]
+** interface to further control untrusted SQL. The size of the database
+** created by an untrusted script can be contained using the
+** [max_page_count] [PRAGMA].
+**
+** New run-time limit categories may be added in future releases.
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H12762] [H12766] [H12769]
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_limit(sqlite3*, int id, int newVal);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Limit Categories {H12790} <H12760>
+** KEYWORDS: {limit category} {limit categories}
+**
+** These constants define various performance limits
+** that can be lowered at run-time using [sqlite3_limit()].
+** The synopsis of the meanings of the various limits is shown below.
+** Additional information is available at [limits | Limits in SQLite].
+**
+** <dl>
+** <dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH</dt>
+** <dd>The maximum size of any string or BLOB or table row.<dd>
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_SQL_LENGTH</dt>
+** <dd>The maximum length of an SQL statement.</dd>
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_COLUMN</dt>
+** <dd>The maximum number of columns in a table definition or in the
+** result set of a [SELECT] or the maximum number of columns in an index
+** or in an ORDER BY or GROUP BY clause.</dd>
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_EXPR_DEPTH</dt>
+** <dd>The maximum depth of the parse tree on any expression.</dd>
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT</dt>
+** <dd>The maximum number of terms in a compound SELECT statement.</dd>
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_VDBE_OP</dt>
+** <dd>The maximum number of instructions in a virtual machine program
+** used to implement an SQL statement.</dd>
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG</dt>
+** <dd>The maximum number of arguments on a function.</dd>
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_ATTACHED</dt>
+** <dd>The maximum number of [ATTACH | attached databases].</dd>
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH</dt>
+** <dd>The maximum length of the pattern argument to the [LIKE] or
+** [GLOB] operators.</dd>
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER</dt>
+** <dd>The maximum number of variables in an SQL statement that can
+** be bound.</dd>
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_TRIGGER_DEPTH</dt>
+** <dd>The maximum depth of recursion for triggers.</dd>
+** </dl>
+*/
+#define SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH 0
+#define SQLITE_LIMIT_SQL_LENGTH 1
+#define SQLITE_LIMIT_COLUMN 2
+#define SQLITE_LIMIT_EXPR_DEPTH 3
+#define SQLITE_LIMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT 4
+#define SQLITE_LIMIT_VDBE_OP 5
+#define SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG 6
+#define SQLITE_LIMIT_ATTACHED 7
+#define SQLITE_LIMIT_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH 8
+#define SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER 9
+#define SQLITE_LIMIT_TRIGGER_DEPTH 10
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Compiling An SQL Statement {H13010} <S10000>
+** KEYWORDS: {SQL statement compiler}
+**
+** To execute an SQL query, it must first be compiled into a byte-code
+** program using one of these routines.
+**
+** The first argument, "db", is a [database connection] obtained from a
+** prior successful call to [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open_v2()] or
+** [sqlite3_open16()]. The database connection must not have been closed.
+**
+** The second argument, "zSql", is the statement to be compiled, encoded
+** as either UTF-8 or UTF-16. The sqlite3_prepare() and sqlite3_prepare_v2()
+** interfaces use UTF-8, and sqlite3_prepare16() and sqlite3_prepare16_v2()
+** use UTF-16.
+**
+** If the nByte argument is less than zero, then zSql is read up to the
+** first zero terminator. If nByte is non-negative, then it is the maximum
+** number of bytes read from zSql. When nByte is non-negative, the
+** zSql string ends at either the first '\000' or '\u0000' character or
+** the nByte-th byte, whichever comes first. If the caller knows
+** that the supplied string is nul-terminated, then there is a small
+** performance advantage to be gained by passing an nByte parameter that
+** is equal to the number of bytes in the input string <i>including</i>
+** the nul-terminator bytes.
+**
+** If pzTail is not NULL then *pzTail is made to point to the first byte
+** past the end of the first SQL statement in zSql. These routines only
+** compile the first statement in zSql, so *pzTail is left pointing to
+** what remains uncompiled.
+**
+** *ppStmt is left pointing to a compiled [prepared statement] that can be
+** executed using [sqlite3_step()]. If there is an error, *ppStmt is set
+** to NULL. If the input text contains no SQL (if the input is an empty
+** string or a comment) then *ppStmt is set to NULL.
+** The calling procedure is responsible for deleting the compiled
+** SQL statement using [sqlite3_finalize()] after it has finished with it.
+** ppStmt may not be NULL.
+**
+** On success, [SQLITE_OK] is returned, otherwise an [error code] is returned.
+**
+** The sqlite3_prepare_v2() and sqlite3_prepare16_v2() interfaces are
+** recommended for all new programs. The two older interfaces are retained
+** for backwards compatibility, but their use is discouraged.
+** In the "v2" interfaces, the prepared statement
+** that is returned (the [sqlite3_stmt] object) contains a copy of the
+** original SQL text. This causes the [sqlite3_step()] interface to
+** behave a differently in two ways:
+**
+** <ol>
+** <li>
+** If the database schema changes, instead of returning [SQLITE_SCHEMA] as it
+** always used to do, [sqlite3_step()] will automatically recompile the SQL
+** statement and try to run it again. If the schema has changed in
+** a way that makes the statement no longer valid, [sqlite3_step()] will still
+** return [SQLITE_SCHEMA]. But unlike the legacy behavior, [SQLITE_SCHEMA] is
+** now a fatal error. Calling [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] again will not make the
+** error go away. Note: use [sqlite3_errmsg()] to find the text
+** of the parsing error that results in an [SQLITE_SCHEMA] return.
+** </li>
+**
+** <li>
+** When an error occurs, [sqlite3_step()] will return one of the detailed
+** [error codes] or [extended error codes]. The legacy behavior was that
+** [sqlite3_step()] would only return a generic [SQLITE_ERROR] result code
+** and you would have to make a second call to [sqlite3_reset()] in order
+** to find the underlying cause of the problem. With the "v2" prepare
+** interfaces, the underlying reason for the error is returned immediately.
+** </li>
+** </ol>
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H13011] [H13012] [H13013] [H13014] [H13015] [H13016] [H13019] [H13021]
+**
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare(
+ sqlite3 *db, /* Database handle */
+ const char *zSql, /* SQL statement, UTF-8 encoded */
+ int nByte, /* Maximum length of zSql in bytes. */
+ sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt, /* OUT: Statement handle */
+ const char **pzTail /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
+);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare_v2(
+ sqlite3 *db, /* Database handle */
+ const char *zSql, /* SQL statement, UTF-8 encoded */
+ int nByte, /* Maximum length of zSql in bytes. */
+ sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt, /* OUT: Statement handle */
+ const char **pzTail /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
+);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare16(
+ sqlite3 *db, /* Database handle */
+ const void *zSql, /* SQL statement, UTF-16 encoded */
+ int nByte, /* Maximum length of zSql in bytes. */
+ sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt, /* OUT: Statement handle */
+ const void **pzTail /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
+);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare16_v2(
+ sqlite3 *db, /* Database handle */
+ const void *zSql, /* SQL statement, UTF-16 encoded */
+ int nByte, /* Maximum length of zSql in bytes. */
+ sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt, /* OUT: Statement handle */
+ const void **pzTail /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
+);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Retrieving Statement SQL {H13100} <H13000>
+**
+** This interface can be used to retrieve a saved copy of the original
+** SQL text used to create a [prepared statement] if that statement was
+** compiled using either [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()].
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H13101] [H13102] [H13103]
+*/
+SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_sql(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Dynamically Typed Value Object {H15000} <S20200>
+** KEYWORDS: {protected sqlite3_value} {unprotected sqlite3_value}
+**
+** SQLite uses the sqlite3_value object to represent all values
+** that can be stored in a database table. SQLite uses dynamic typing
+** for the values it stores. Values stored in sqlite3_value objects
+** can be integers, floating point values, strings, BLOBs, or NULL.
+**
+** An sqlite3_value object may be either "protected" or "unprotected".
+** Some interfaces require a protected sqlite3_value. Other interfaces
+** will accept either a protected or an unprotected sqlite3_value.
+** Every interface that accepts sqlite3_value arguments specifies
+** whether or not it requires a protected sqlite3_value.
+**
+** The terms "protected" and "unprotected" refer to whether or not
+** a mutex is held. A internal mutex is held for a protected
+** sqlite3_value object but no mutex is held for an unprotected
+** sqlite3_value object. If SQLite is compiled to be single-threaded
+** (with [SQLITE_THREADSAFE=0] and with [sqlite3_threadsafe()] returning 0)
+** or if SQLite is run in one of reduced mutex modes
+** [SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD] or [SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD]
+** then there is no distinction between protected and unprotected
+** sqlite3_value objects and they can be used interchangeably. However,
+** for maximum code portability it is recommended that applications
+** still make the distinction between between protected and unprotected
+** sqlite3_value objects even when not strictly required.
+**
+** The sqlite3_value objects that are passed as parameters into the
+** implementation of [application-defined SQL functions] are protected.
+** The sqlite3_value object returned by
+** [sqlite3_column_value()] is unprotected.
+** Unprotected sqlite3_value objects may only be used with
+** [sqlite3_result_value()] and [sqlite3_bind_value()].
+** The [sqlite3_value_blob | sqlite3_value_type()] family of
+** interfaces require protected sqlite3_value objects.
+*/
+typedef struct Mem sqlite3_value;
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: SQL Function Context Object {H16001} <S20200>
+**
+** The context in which an SQL function executes is stored in an
+** sqlite3_context object. A pointer to an sqlite3_context object
+** is always first parameter to [application-defined SQL functions].
+** The application-defined SQL function implementation will pass this
+** pointer through into calls to [sqlite3_result_int | sqlite3_result()],
+** [sqlite3_aggregate_context()], [sqlite3_user_data()],
+** [sqlite3_context_db_handle()], [sqlite3_get_auxdata()],
+** and/or [sqlite3_set_auxdata()].
+*/
+typedef struct sqlite3_context sqlite3_context;
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Binding Values To Prepared Statements {H13500} <S70300>
+** KEYWORDS: {host parameter} {host parameters} {host parameter name}
+** KEYWORDS: {SQL parameter} {SQL parameters} {parameter binding}
+**
+** In the SQL strings input to [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] and its variants,
+** literals may be replaced by a [parameter] that matches one of following
+** templates:
+**
+** <ul>
+** <li> ?
+** <li> ?NNN
+** <li> :VVV
+** <li> @VVV
+** <li> $VVV
+** </ul>
+**
+** In the templates above, NNN represents an integer literal,
+** and VVV represents an alphanumeric identifer. The values of these
+** parameters (also called "host parameter names" or "SQL parameters")
+** can be set using the sqlite3_bind_*() routines defined here.
+**
+** The first argument to the sqlite3_bind_*() routines is always
+** a pointer to the [sqlite3_stmt] object returned from
+** [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or its variants.
+**
+** The second argument is the index of the SQL parameter to be set.
+** The leftmost SQL parameter has an index of 1. When the same named
+** SQL parameter is used more than once, second and subsequent
+** occurrences have the same index as the first occurrence.
+** The index for named parameters can be looked up using the
+** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_index()] API if desired. The index
+** for "?NNN" parameters is the value of NNN.
+** The NNN value must be between 1 and the [sqlite3_limit()]
+** parameter [SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER] (default value: 999).
+**
+** The third argument is the value to bind to the parameter.
+**
+** In those routines that have a fourth argument, its value is the
+** number of bytes in the parameter. To be clear: the value is the
+** number of <u>bytes</u> in the value, not the number of characters.
+** If the fourth parameter is negative, the length of the string is
+** the number of bytes up to the first zero terminator.
+**
+** The fifth argument to sqlite3_bind_blob(), sqlite3_bind_text(), and
+** sqlite3_bind_text16() is a destructor used to dispose of the BLOB or
+** string after SQLite has finished with it. If the fifth argument is
+** the special value [SQLITE_STATIC], then SQLite assumes that the
+** information is in static, unmanaged space and does not need to be freed.
+** If the fifth argument has the value [SQLITE_TRANSIENT], then
+** SQLite makes its own private copy of the data immediately, before
+** the sqlite3_bind_*() routine returns.
+**
+** The sqlite3_bind_zeroblob() routine binds a BLOB of length N that
+** is filled with zeroes. A zeroblob uses a fixed amount of memory
+** (just an integer to hold its size) while it is being processed.
+** Zeroblobs are intended to serve as placeholders for BLOBs whose
+** content is later written using
+** [sqlite3_blob_open | incremental BLOB I/O] routines.
+** A negative value for the zeroblob results in a zero-length BLOB.
+**
+** The sqlite3_bind_*() routines must be called after
+** [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] (and its variants) or [sqlite3_reset()] and
+** before [sqlite3_step()].
+** Bindings are not cleared by the [sqlite3_reset()] routine.
+** Unbound parameters are interpreted as NULL.
+**
+** These routines return [SQLITE_OK] on success or an error code if
+** anything goes wrong. [SQLITE_RANGE] is returned if the parameter
+** index is out of range. [SQLITE_NOMEM] is returned if malloc() fails.
+** [SQLITE_MISUSE] might be returned if these routines are called on a
+** virtual machine that is the wrong state or which has already been finalized.
+** Detection of misuse is unreliable. Applications should not depend
+** on SQLITE_MISUSE returns. SQLITE_MISUSE is intended to indicate a
+** a logic error in the application. Future versions of SQLite might
+** panic rather than return SQLITE_MISUSE.
+**
+** See also: [sqlite3_bind_parameter_count()],
+** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_name()], and [sqlite3_bind_parameter_index()].
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H13506] [H13509] [H13512] [H13515] [H13518] [H13521] [H13524] [H13527]
+** [H13530] [H13533] [H13536] [H13539] [H13542] [H13545] [H13548] [H13551]
+**
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_blob(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const void*, int n, void(*)(void*));
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_double(sqlite3_stmt*, int, double);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_int(sqlite3_stmt*, int, int);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_int64(sqlite3_stmt*, int, sqlite3_int64);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_null(sqlite3_stmt*, int);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_text(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const char*, int n, void(*)(void*));
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_text16(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_value(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const sqlite3_value*);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_zeroblob(sqlite3_stmt*, int, int n);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Number Of SQL Parameters {H13600} <S70300>
+**
+** This routine can be used to find the number of [SQL parameters]
+** in a [prepared statement]. SQL parameters are tokens of the
+** form "?", "?NNN", ":AAA", "$AAA", or "@AAA" that serve as
+** placeholders for values that are [sqlite3_bind_blob | bound]
+** to the parameters at a later time.
+**
+** This routine actually returns the index of the largest (rightmost)
+** parameter. For all forms except ?NNN, this will correspond to the
+** number of unique parameters. If parameters of the ?NNN are used,
+** there may be gaps in the list.
+**
+** See also: [sqlite3_bind_blob|sqlite3_bind()],
+** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_name()], and
+** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_index()].
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H13601]
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_parameter_count(sqlite3_stmt*);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Name Of A Host Parameter {H13620} <S70300>
+**
+** This routine returns a pointer to the name of the n-th
+** [SQL parameter] in a [prepared statement].
+** SQL parameters of the form "?NNN" or ":AAA" or "@AAA" or "$AAA"
+** have a name which is the string "?NNN" or ":AAA" or "@AAA" or "$AAA"
+** respectively.
+** In other words, the initial ":" or "$" or "@" or "?"
+** is included as part of the name.
+** Parameters of the form "?" without a following integer have no name
+** and are also referred to as "anonymous parameters".
+**
+** The first host parameter has an index of 1, not 0.
+**
+** If the value n is out of range or if the n-th parameter is
+** nameless, then NULL is returned. The returned string is
+** always in UTF-8 encoding even if the named parameter was
+** originally specified as UTF-16 in [sqlite3_prepare16()] or
+** [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()].
+**
+** See also: [sqlite3_bind_blob|sqlite3_bind()],
+** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_count()], and
+** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_index()].
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H13621]
+*/
+SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_bind_parameter_name(sqlite3_stmt*, int);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Index Of A Parameter With A Given Name {H13640} <S70300>
+**
+** Return the index of an SQL parameter given its name. The
+** index value returned is suitable for use as the second
+** parameter to [sqlite3_bind_blob|sqlite3_bind()]. A zero
+** is returned if no matching parameter is found. The parameter
+** name must be given in UTF-8 even if the original statement
+** was prepared from UTF-16 text using [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()].
+**
+** See also: [sqlite3_bind_blob|sqlite3_bind()],
+** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_count()], and
+** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_index()].
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H13641]
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_parameter_index(sqlite3_stmt*, const char *zName);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Reset All Bindings On A Prepared Statement {H13660} <S70300>
+**
+** Contrary to the intuition of many, [sqlite3_reset()] does not reset
+** the [sqlite3_bind_blob | bindings] on a [prepared statement].
+** Use this routine to reset all host parameters to NULL.
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H13661]
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_clear_bindings(sqlite3_stmt*);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Number Of Columns In A Result Set {H13710} <S10700>
+**
+** Return the number of columns in the result set returned by the
+** [prepared statement]. This routine returns 0 if pStmt is an SQL
+** statement that does not return data (for example an [UPDATE]).
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H13711]
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_count(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Column Names In A Result Set {H13720} <S10700>
+**
+** These routines return the name assigned to a particular column
+** in the result set of a [SELECT] statement. The sqlite3_column_name()
+** interface returns a pointer to a zero-terminated UTF-8 string
+** and sqlite3_column_name16() returns a pointer to a zero-terminated
+** UTF-16 string. The first parameter is the [prepared statement]
+** that implements the [SELECT] statement. The second parameter is the
+** column number. The leftmost column is number 0.
+**
+** The returned string pointer is valid until either the [prepared statement]
+** is destroyed by [sqlite3_finalize()] or until the next call to
+** sqlite3_column_name() or sqlite3_column_name16() on the same column.
+**
+** If sqlite3_malloc() fails during the processing of either routine
+** (for example during a conversion from UTF-8 to UTF-16) then a
+** NULL pointer is returned.
+**
+** The name of a result column is the value of the "AS" clause for
+** that column, if there is an AS clause. If there is no AS clause
+** then the name of the column is unspecified and may change from
+** one release of SQLite to the next.
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H13721] [H13723] [H13724] [H13725] [H13726] [H13727]
+*/
+SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_column_name(sqlite3_stmt*, int N);
+SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_name16(sqlite3_stmt*, int N);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Source Of Data In A Query Result {H13740} <S10700>
+**
+** These routines provide a means to determine what column of what
+** table in which database a result of a [SELECT] statement comes from.
+** The name of the database or table or column can be returned as
+** either a UTF-8 or UTF-16 string. The _database_ routines return
+** the database name, the _table_ routines return the table name, and
+** the origin_ routines return the column name.
+** The returned string is valid until the [prepared statement] is destroyed
+** using [sqlite3_finalize()] or until the same information is requested
+** again in a different encoding.
+**
+** The names returned are the original un-aliased names of the
+** database, table, and column.
+**
+** The first argument to the following calls is a [prepared statement].
+** These functions return information about the Nth column returned by
+** the statement, where N is the second function argument.
+**
+** If the Nth column returned by the statement is an expression or
+** subquery and is not a column value, then all of these functions return
+** NULL. These routine might also return NULL if a memory allocation error
+** occurs. Otherwise, they return the name of the attached database, table
+** and column that query result column was extracted from.
+**
+** As with all other SQLite APIs, those postfixed with "16" return
+** UTF-16 encoded strings, the other functions return UTF-8. {END}
+**
+** These APIs are only available if the library was compiled with the
+** [SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA] C-preprocessor symbol defined.
+**
+** {A13751}
+** If two or more threads call one or more of these routines against the same
+** prepared statement and column at the same time then the results are
+** undefined.
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H13741] [H13742] [H13743] [H13744] [H13745] [H13746] [H13748]
+**
+** If two or more threads call one or more
+** [sqlite3_column_database_name | column metadata interfaces]
+** for the same [prepared statement] and result column
+** at the same time then the results are undefined.
+*/
+SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_column_database_name(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
+SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_database_name16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
+SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_column_table_name(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
+SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_table_name16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
+SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_column_origin_name(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
+SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_origin_name16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Declared Datatype Of A Query Result {H13760} <S10700>
+**
+** The first parameter is a [prepared statement].
+** If this statement is a [SELECT] statement and the Nth column of the
+** returned result set of that [SELECT] is a table column (not an
+** expression or subquery) then the declared type of the table
+** column is returned. If the Nth column of the result set is an
+** expression or subquery, then a NULL pointer is returned.
+** The returned string is always UTF-8 encoded. {END}
+**
+** For example, given the database schema:
+**
+** CREATE TABLE t1(c1 VARIANT);
+**
+** and the following statement to be compiled:
+**
+** SELECT c1 + 1, c1 FROM t1;
+**
+** this routine would return the string "VARIANT" for the second result
+** column (i==1), and a NULL pointer for the first result column (i==0).
+**
+** SQLite uses dynamic run-time typing. So just because a column
+** is declared to contain a particular type does not mean that the
+** data stored in that column is of the declared type. SQLite is
+** strongly typed, but the typing is dynamic not static. Type
+** is associated with individual values, not with the containers
+** used to hold those values.
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H13761] [H13762] [H13763]
+*/
+SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_column_decltype(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
+SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_decltype16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Evaluate An SQL Statement {H13200} <S10000>
+**
+** After a [prepared statement] has been prepared using either
+** [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()] or one of the legacy
+** interfaces [sqlite3_prepare()] or [sqlite3_prepare16()], this function
+** must be called one or more times to evaluate the statement.
+**
+** The details of the behavior of the sqlite3_step() interface depend
+** on whether the statement was prepared using the newer "v2" interface
+** [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] and [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()] or the older legacy
+** interface [sqlite3_prepare()] and [sqlite3_prepare16()]. The use of the
+** new "v2" interface is recommended for new applications but the legacy
+** interface will continue to be supported.
+**
+** In the legacy interface, the return value will be either [SQLITE_BUSY],
+** [SQLITE_DONE], [SQLITE_ROW], [SQLITE_ERROR], or [SQLITE_MISUSE].
+** With the "v2" interface, any of the other [result codes] or
+** [extended result codes] might be returned as well.
+**
+** [SQLITE_BUSY] means that the database engine was unable to acquire the
+** database locks it needs to do its job. If the statement is a [COMMIT]
+** or occurs outside of an explicit transaction, then you can retry the
+** statement. If the statement is not a [COMMIT] and occurs within a
+** explicit transaction then you should rollback the transaction before
+** continuing.
+**
+** [SQLITE_DONE] means that the statement has finished executing
+** successfully. sqlite3_step() should not be called again on this virtual
+** machine without first calling [sqlite3_reset()] to reset the virtual
+** machine back to its initial state.
+**
+** If the SQL statement being executed returns any data, then [SQLITE_ROW]
+** is returned each time a new row of data is ready for processing by the
+** caller. The values may be accessed using the [column access functions].
+** sqlite3_step() is called again to retrieve the next row of data.
+**
+** [SQLITE_ERROR] means that a run-time error (such as a constraint
+** violation) has occurred. sqlite3_step() should not be called again on
+** the VM. More information may be found by calling [sqlite3_errmsg()].
+** With the legacy interface, a more specific error code (for example,
+** [SQLITE_INTERRUPT], [SQLITE_SCHEMA], [SQLITE_CORRUPT], and so forth)
+** can be obtained by calling [sqlite3_reset()] on the
+** [prepared statement]. In the "v2" interface,
+** the more specific error code is returned directly by sqlite3_step().
+**
+** [SQLITE_MISUSE] means that the this routine was called inappropriately.
+** Perhaps it was called on a [prepared statement] that has
+** already been [sqlite3_finalize | finalized] or on one that had
+** previously returned [SQLITE_ERROR] or [SQLITE_DONE]. Or it could
+** be the case that the same database connection is being used by two or
+** more threads at the same moment in time.
+**
+** <b>Goofy Interface Alert:</b> In the legacy interface, the sqlite3_step()
+** API always returns a generic error code, [SQLITE_ERROR], following any
+** error other than [SQLITE_BUSY] and [SQLITE_MISUSE]. You must call
+** [sqlite3_reset()] or [sqlite3_finalize()] in order to find one of the
+** specific [error codes] that better describes the error.
+** We admit that this is a goofy design. The problem has been fixed
+** with the "v2" interface. If you prepare all of your SQL statements
+** using either [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()] instead
+** of the legacy [sqlite3_prepare()] and [sqlite3_prepare16()] interfaces,
+** then the more specific [error codes] are returned directly
+** by sqlite3_step(). The use of the "v2" interface is recommended.
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H13202] [H15304] [H15306] [H15308] [H15310]
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_step(sqlite3_stmt*);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Number of columns in a result set {H13770} <S10700>
+**
+** Returns the number of values in the current row of the result set.
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H13771] [H13772]
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_data_count(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Fundamental Datatypes {H10265} <S10110><S10120>
+** KEYWORDS: SQLITE_TEXT
+**
+** {H10266} Every value in SQLite has one of five fundamental datatypes:
+**
+** <ul>
+** <li> 64-bit signed integer
+** <li> 64-bit IEEE floating point number
+** <li> string
+** <li> BLOB
+** <li> NULL
+** </ul> {END}
+**
+** These constants are codes for each of those types.
+**
+** Note that the SQLITE_TEXT constant was also used in SQLite version 2
+** for a completely different meaning. Software that links against both
+** SQLite version 2 and SQLite version 3 should use SQLITE3_TEXT, not
+** SQLITE_TEXT.
+*/
+#define SQLITE_INTEGER 1
+#define SQLITE_FLOAT 2
+#define SQLITE_BLOB 4
+#define SQLITE_NULL 5
+#ifdef SQLITE_TEXT
+# undef SQLITE_TEXT
+#else
+# define SQLITE_TEXT 3
+#endif
+#define SQLITE3_TEXT 3
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Result Values From A Query {H13800} <S10700>
+** KEYWORDS: {column access functions}
+**
+** These routines form the "result set query" interface.
+**
+** These routines return information about a single column of the current
+** result row of a query. In every case the first argument is a pointer
+** to the [prepared statement] that is being evaluated (the [sqlite3_stmt*]
+** that was returned from [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or one of its variants)
+** and the second argument is the index of the column for which information
+** should be returned. The leftmost column of the result set has the index 0.
+**
+** If the SQL statement does not currently point to a valid row, or if the
+** column index is out of range, the result is undefined.
+** These routines may only be called when the most recent call to
+** [sqlite3_step()] has returned [SQLITE_ROW] and neither
+** [sqlite3_reset()] nor [sqlite3_finalize()] have been called subsequently.
+** If any of these routines are called after [sqlite3_reset()] or
+** [sqlite3_finalize()] or after [sqlite3_step()] has returned
+** something other than [SQLITE_ROW], the results are undefined.
+** If [sqlite3_step()] or [sqlite3_reset()] or [sqlite3_finalize()]
+** are called from a different thread while any of these routines
+** are pending, then the results are undefined.
+**
+** The sqlite3_column_type() routine returns the
+** [SQLITE_INTEGER | datatype code] for the initial data type
+** of the result column. The returned value is one of [SQLITE_INTEGER],
+** [SQLITE_FLOAT], [SQLITE_TEXT], [SQLITE_BLOB], or [SQLITE_NULL]. The value
+** returned by sqlite3_column_type() is only meaningful if no type
+** conversions have occurred as described below. After a type conversion,
+** the value returned by sqlite3_column_type() is undefined. Future
+** versions of SQLite may change the behavior of sqlite3_column_type()
+** following a type conversion.
+**
+** If the result is a BLOB or UTF-8 string then the sqlite3_column_bytes()
+** routine returns the number of bytes in that BLOB or string.
+** If the result is a UTF-16 string, then sqlite3_column_bytes() converts
+** the string to UTF-8 and then returns the number of bytes.
+** If the result is a numeric value then sqlite3_column_bytes() uses
+** [sqlite3_snprintf()] to convert that value to a UTF-8 string and returns
+** the number of bytes in that string.
+** The value returned does not include the zero terminator at the end
+** of the string. For clarity: the value returned is the number of
+** bytes in the string, not the number of characters.
+**
+** Strings returned by sqlite3_column_text() and sqlite3_column_text16(),
+** even empty strings, are always zero terminated. The return
+** value from sqlite3_column_blob() for a zero-length BLOB is an arbitrary
+** pointer, possibly even a NULL pointer.
+**
+** The sqlite3_column_bytes16() routine is similar to sqlite3_column_bytes()
+** but leaves the result in UTF-16 in native byte order instead of UTF-8.
+** The zero terminator is not included in this count.
+**
+** The object returned by [sqlite3_column_value()] is an
+** [unprotected sqlite3_value] object. An unprotected sqlite3_value object
+** may only be used with [sqlite3_bind_value()] and [sqlite3_result_value()].
+** If the [unprotected sqlite3_value] object returned by
+** [sqlite3_column_value()] is used in any other way, including calls
+** to routines like [sqlite3_value_int()], [sqlite3_value_text()],
+** or [sqlite3_value_bytes()], then the behavior is undefined.
+**
+** These routines attempt to convert the value where appropriate. For
+** example, if the internal representation is FLOAT and a text result
+** is requested, [sqlite3_snprintf()] is used internally to perform the
+** conversion automatically. The following table details the conversions
+** that are applied:
+**
+** <blockquote>
+** <table border="1">
+** <tr><th> Internal<br>Type <th> Requested<br>Type <th> Conversion
+**
+** <tr><td> NULL <td> INTEGER <td> Result is 0
+** <tr><td> NULL <td> FLOAT <td> Result is 0.0
+** <tr><td> NULL <td> TEXT <td> Result is NULL pointer
+** <tr><td> NULL <td> BLOB <td> Result is NULL pointer
+** <tr><td> INTEGER <td> FLOAT <td> Convert from integer to float
+** <tr><td> INTEGER <td> TEXT <td> ASCII rendering of the integer
+** <tr><td> INTEGER <td> BLOB <td> Same as INTEGER->TEXT
+** <tr><td> FLOAT <td> INTEGER <td> Convert from float to integer
+** <tr><td> FLOAT <td> TEXT <td> ASCII rendering of the float
+** <tr><td> FLOAT <td> BLOB <td> Same as FLOAT->TEXT
+** <tr><td> TEXT <td> INTEGER <td> Use atoi()
+** <tr><td> TEXT <td> FLOAT <td> Use atof()
+** <tr><td> TEXT <td> BLOB <td> No change
+** <tr><td> BLOB <td> INTEGER <td> Convert to TEXT then use atoi()
+** <tr><td> BLOB <td> FLOAT <td> Convert to TEXT then use atof()
+** <tr><td> BLOB <td> TEXT <td> Add a zero terminator if needed
+** </table>
+** </blockquote>
+**
+** The table above makes reference to standard C library functions atoi()
+** and atof(). SQLite does not really use these functions. It has its
+** own equivalent internal routines. The atoi() and atof() names are
+** used in the table for brevity and because they are familiar to most
+** C programmers.
+**
+** Note that when type conversions occur, pointers returned by prior
+** calls to sqlite3_column_blob(), sqlite3_column_text(), and/or
+** sqlite3_column_text16() may be invalidated.
+** Type conversions and pointer invalidations might occur
+** in the following cases:
+**
+** <ul>
+** <li> The initial content is a BLOB and sqlite3_column_text() or
+** sqlite3_column_text16() is called. A zero-terminator might
+** need to be added to the string.</li>
+** <li> The initial content is UTF-8 text and sqlite3_column_bytes16() or
+** sqlite3_column_text16() is called. The content must be converted
+** to UTF-16.</li>
+** <li> The initial content is UTF-16 text and sqlite3_column_bytes() or
+** sqlite3_column_text() is called. The content must be converted
+** to UTF-8.</li>
+** </ul>
+**
+** Conversions between UTF-16be and UTF-16le are always done in place and do
+** not invalidate a prior pointer, though of course the content of the buffer
+** that the prior pointer points to will have been modified. Other kinds
+** of conversion are done in place when it is possible, but sometimes they
+** are not possible and in those cases prior pointers are invalidated.
+**
+** The safest and easiest to remember policy is to invoke these routines
+** in one of the following ways:
+**
+** <ul>
+** <li>sqlite3_column_text() followed by sqlite3_column_bytes()</li>
+** <li>sqlite3_column_blob() followed by sqlite3_column_bytes()</li>
+** <li>sqlite3_column_text16() followed by sqlite3_column_bytes16()</li>
+** </ul>
+**
+** In other words, you should call sqlite3_column_text(),
+** sqlite3_column_blob(), or sqlite3_column_text16() first to force the result
+** into the desired format, then invoke sqlite3_column_bytes() or
+** sqlite3_column_bytes16() to find the size of the result. Do not mix calls
+** to sqlite3_column_text() or sqlite3_column_blob() with calls to
+** sqlite3_column_bytes16(), and do not mix calls to sqlite3_column_text16()
+** with calls to sqlite3_column_bytes().
+**
+** The pointers returned are valid until a type conversion occurs as
+** described above, or until [sqlite3_step()] or [sqlite3_reset()] or
+** [sqlite3_finalize()] is called. The memory space used to hold strings
+** and BLOBs is freed automatically. Do <b>not</b> pass the pointers returned
+** [sqlite3_column_blob()], [sqlite3_column_text()], etc. into
+** [sqlite3_free()].
+**
+** If a memory allocation error occurs during the evaluation of any
+** of these routines, a default value is returned. The default value
+** is either the integer 0, the floating point number 0.0, or a NULL
+** pointer. Subsequent calls to [sqlite3_errcode()] will return
+** [SQLITE_NOMEM].
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H13803] [H13806] [H13809] [H13812] [H13815] [H13818] [H13821] [H13824]
+** [H13827] [H13830]
+*/
+SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_blob(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_bytes(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_bytes16(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
+SQLITE_API double sqlite3_column_double(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_int(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
+SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_column_int64(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
+SQLITE_API const unsigned char *sqlite3_column_text(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
+SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_text16(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_type(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
+SQLITE_API sqlite3_value *sqlite3_column_value(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Destroy A Prepared Statement Object {H13300} <S70300><S30100>
+**
+** The sqlite3_finalize() function is called to delete a [prepared statement].
+** If the statement was executed successfully or not executed at all, then
+** SQLITE_OK is returned. If execution of the statement failed then an
+** [error code] or [extended error code] is returned.
+**
+** This routine can be called at any point during the execution of the
+** [prepared statement]. If the virtual machine has not
+** completed execution when this routine is called, that is like
+** encountering an error or an [sqlite3_interrupt | interrupt].
+** Incomplete updates may be rolled back and transactions canceled,
+** depending on the circumstances, and the
+** [error code] returned will be [SQLITE_ABORT].
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H11302] [H11304]
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_finalize(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Reset A Prepared Statement Object {H13330} <S70300>
+**
+** The sqlite3_reset() function is called to reset a [prepared statement]
+** object back to its initial state, ready to be re-executed.
+** Any SQL statement variables that had values bound to them using
+** the [sqlite3_bind_blob | sqlite3_bind_*() API] retain their values.
+** Use [sqlite3_clear_bindings()] to reset the bindings.
+**
+** {H11332} The [sqlite3_reset(S)] interface resets the [prepared statement] S
+** back to the beginning of its program.
+**
+** {H11334} If the most recent call to [sqlite3_step(S)] for the
+** [prepared statement] S returned [SQLITE_ROW] or [SQLITE_DONE],
+** or if [sqlite3_step(S)] has never before been called on S,
+** then [sqlite3_reset(S)] returns [SQLITE_OK].
+**
+** {H11336} If the most recent call to [sqlite3_step(S)] for the
+** [prepared statement] S indicated an error, then
+** [sqlite3_reset(S)] returns an appropriate [error code].
+**
+** {H11338} The [sqlite3_reset(S)] interface does not change the values
+** of any [sqlite3_bind_blob|bindings] on the [prepared statement] S.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_reset(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Create Or Redefine SQL Functions {H16100} <S20200>
+** KEYWORDS: {function creation routines}
+** KEYWORDS: {application-defined SQL function}
+** KEYWORDS: {application-defined SQL functions}
+**
+** These two functions (collectively known as "function creation routines")
+** are used to add SQL functions or aggregates or to redefine the behavior
+** of existing SQL functions or aggregates. The only difference between the
+** two is that the second parameter, the name of the (scalar) function or
+** aggregate, is encoded in UTF-8 for sqlite3_create_function() and UTF-16
+** for sqlite3_create_function16().
+**
+** The first parameter is the [database connection] to which the SQL
+** function is to be added. If a single program uses more than one database
+** connection internally, then SQL functions must be added individually to
+** each database connection.
+**
+** The second parameter is the name of the SQL function to be created or
+** redefined. The length of the name is limited to 255 bytes, exclusive of
+** the zero-terminator. Note that the name length limit is in bytes, not
+** characters. Any attempt to create a function with a longer name
+** will result in [SQLITE_ERROR] being returned.
+**
+** The third parameter (nArg)
+** is the number of arguments that the SQL function or
+** aggregate takes. If this parameter is -1, then the SQL function or
+** aggregate may take any number of arguments between 0 and the limit
+** set by [sqlite3_limit]([SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG]). If the third
+** parameter is less than -1 or greater than 127 then the behavior is
+** undefined.
+**
+** The fourth parameter, eTextRep, specifies what
+** [SQLITE_UTF8 | text encoding] this SQL function prefers for
+** its parameters. Any SQL function implementation should be able to work
+** work with UTF-8, UTF-16le, or UTF-16be. But some implementations may be
+** more efficient with one encoding than another. An application may
+** invoke sqlite3_create_function() or sqlite3_create_function16() multiple
+** times with the same function but with different values of eTextRep.
+** When multiple implementations of the same function are available, SQLite
+** will pick the one that involves the least amount of data conversion.
+** If there is only a single implementation which does not care what text
+** encoding is used, then the fourth argument should be [SQLITE_ANY].
+**
+** The fifth parameter is an arbitrary pointer. The implementation of the
+** function can gain access to this pointer using [sqlite3_user_data()].
+**
+** The seventh, eighth and ninth parameters, xFunc, xStep and xFinal, are
+** pointers to C-language functions that implement the SQL function or
+** aggregate. A scalar SQL function requires an implementation of the xFunc
+** callback only, NULL pointers should be passed as the xStep and xFinal
+** parameters. An aggregate SQL function requires an implementation of xStep
+** and xFinal and NULL should be passed for xFunc. To delete an existing
+** SQL function or aggregate, pass NULL for all three function callbacks.
+**
+** It is permitted to register multiple implementations of the same
+** functions with the same name but with either differing numbers of
+** arguments or differing preferred text encodings. SQLite will use
+** the implementation that most closely matches the way in which the
+** SQL function is used. A function implementation with a non-negative
+** nArg parameter is a better match than a function implementation with
+** a negative nArg. A function where the preferred text encoding
+** matches the database encoding is a better
+** match than a function where the encoding is different.
+** A function where the encoding difference is between UTF16le and UTF16be
+** is a closer match than a function where the encoding difference is
+** between UTF8 and UTF16.
+**
+** Built-in functions may be overloaded by new application-defined functions.
+** The first application-defined function with a given name overrides all
+** built-in functions in the same [database connection] with the same name.
+** Subsequent application-defined functions of the same name only override
+** prior application-defined functions that are an exact match for the
+** number of parameters and preferred encoding.
+**
+** An application-defined function is permitted to call other
+** SQLite interfaces. However, such calls must not
+** close the database connection nor finalize or reset the prepared
+** statement in which the function is running.
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H16103] [H16106] [H16109] [H16112] [H16118] [H16121] [H16127]
+** [H16130] [H16133] [H16136] [H16139] [H16142]
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_function(
+ sqlite3 *db,
+ const char *zFunctionName,
+ int nArg,
+ int eTextRep,
+ void *pApp,
+ void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
+ void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
+ void (*xFinal)(sqlite3_context*)
+);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_function16(
+ sqlite3 *db,
+ const void *zFunctionName,
+ int nArg,
+ int eTextRep,
+ void *pApp,
+ void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
+ void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
+ void (*xFinal)(sqlite3_context*)
+);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Text Encodings {H10267} <S50200> <H16100>
+**
+** These constant define integer codes that represent the various
+** text encodings supported by SQLite.
+*/
+#define SQLITE_UTF8 1
+#define SQLITE_UTF16LE 2
+#define SQLITE_UTF16BE 3
+#define SQLITE_UTF16 4 /* Use native byte order */
+#define SQLITE_ANY 5 /* sqlite3_create_function only */
+#define SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED 8 /* sqlite3_create_collation only */
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Deprecated Functions
+** DEPRECATED
+**
+** These functions are [deprecated]. In order to maintain
+** backwards compatibility with older code, these functions continue
+** to be supported. However, new applications should avoid
+** the use of these functions. To help encourage people to avoid
+** using these functions, we are not going to tell you what they do.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED
+SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED int sqlite3_aggregate_count(sqlite3_context*);
+SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED int sqlite3_expired(sqlite3_stmt*);
+SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED int sqlite3_transfer_bindings(sqlite3_stmt*, sqlite3_stmt*);
+SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED int sqlite3_global_recover(void);
+SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED void sqlite3_thread_cleanup(void);
+SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED int sqlite3_memory_alarm(void(*)(void*,sqlite3_int64,int),void*,sqlite3_int64);
+#endif
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Obtaining SQL Function Parameter Values {H15100} <S20200>
+**
+** The C-language implementation of SQL functions and aggregates uses
+** this set of interface routines to access the parameter values on
+** the function or aggregate.
+**
+** The xFunc (for scalar functions) or xStep (for aggregates) parameters
+** to [sqlite3_create_function()] and [sqlite3_create_function16()]
+** define callbacks that implement the SQL functions and aggregates.
+** The 4th parameter to these callbacks is an array of pointers to
+** [protected sqlite3_value] objects. There is one [sqlite3_value] object for
+** each parameter to the SQL function. These routines are used to
+** extract values from the [sqlite3_value] objects.
+**
+** These routines work only with [protected sqlite3_value] objects.
+** Any attempt to use these routines on an [unprotected sqlite3_value]
+** object results in undefined behavior.
+**
+** These routines work just like the corresponding [column access functions]
+** except that these routines take a single [protected sqlite3_value] object
+** pointer instead of a [sqlite3_stmt*] pointer and an integer column number.
+**
+** The sqlite3_value_text16() interface extracts a UTF-16 string
+** in the native byte-order of the host machine. The
+** sqlite3_value_text16be() and sqlite3_value_text16le() interfaces
+** extract UTF-16 strings as big-endian and little-endian respectively.
+**
+** The sqlite3_value_numeric_type() interface attempts to apply
+** numeric affinity to the value. This means that an attempt is
+** made to convert the value to an integer or floating point. If
+** such a conversion is possible without loss of information (in other
+** words, if the value is a string that looks like a number)
+** then the conversion is performed. Otherwise no conversion occurs.
+** The [SQLITE_INTEGER | datatype] after conversion is returned.
+**
+** Please pay particular attention to the fact that the pointer returned
+** from [sqlite3_value_blob()], [sqlite3_value_text()], or
+** [sqlite3_value_text16()] can be invalidated by a subsequent call to
+** [sqlite3_value_bytes()], [sqlite3_value_bytes16()], [sqlite3_value_text()],
+** or [sqlite3_value_text16()].
+**
+** These routines must be called from the same thread as
+** the SQL function that supplied the [sqlite3_value*] parameters.
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H15103] [H15106] [H15109] [H15112] [H15115] [H15118] [H15121] [H15124]
+** [H15127] [H15130] [H15133] [H15136]
+*/
+SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_value_blob(sqlite3_value*);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_bytes(sqlite3_value*);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_bytes16(sqlite3_value*);
+SQLITE_API double sqlite3_value_double(sqlite3_value*);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_int(sqlite3_value*);
+SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_value_int64(sqlite3_value*);
+SQLITE_API const unsigned char *sqlite3_value_text(sqlite3_value*);
+SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_value_text16(sqlite3_value*);
+SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_value_text16le(sqlite3_value*);
+SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_value_text16be(sqlite3_value*);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_type(sqlite3_value*);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_numeric_type(sqlite3_value*);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Obtain Aggregate Function Context {H16210} <S20200>
+**
+** The implementation of aggregate SQL functions use this routine to allocate
+** a structure for storing their state.
+**
+** The first time the sqlite3_aggregate_context() routine is called for a
+** particular aggregate, SQLite allocates nBytes of memory, zeroes out that
+** memory, and returns a pointer to it. On second and subsequent calls to
+** sqlite3_aggregate_context() for the same aggregate function index,
+** the same buffer is returned. The implementation of the aggregate can use
+** the returned buffer to accumulate data.
+**
+** SQLite automatically frees the allocated buffer when the aggregate
+** query concludes.
+**
+** The first parameter should be a copy of the
+** [sqlite3_context | SQL function context] that is the first parameter
+** to the callback routine that implements the aggregate function.
+**
+** This routine must be called from the same thread in which
+** the aggregate SQL function is running.
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H16211] [H16213] [H16215] [H16217]
+*/
+SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_aggregate_context(sqlite3_context*, int nBytes);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: User Data For Functions {H16240} <S20200>
+**
+** The sqlite3_user_data() interface returns a copy of
+** the pointer that was the pUserData parameter (the 5th parameter)
+** of the [sqlite3_create_function()]
+** and [sqlite3_create_function16()] routines that originally
+** registered the application defined function. {END}
+**
+** This routine must be called from the same thread in which
+** the application-defined function is running.
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H16243]
+*/
+SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_user_data(sqlite3_context*);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Database Connection For Functions {H16250} <S60600><S20200>
+**
+** The sqlite3_context_db_handle() interface returns a copy of
+** the pointer to the [database connection] (the 1st parameter)
+** of the [sqlite3_create_function()]
+** and [sqlite3_create_function16()] routines that originally
+** registered the application defined function.
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H16253]
+*/
+SQLITE_API sqlite3 *sqlite3_context_db_handle(sqlite3_context*);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Function Auxiliary Data {H16270} <S20200>
+**
+** The following two functions may be used by scalar SQL functions to
+** associate metadata with argument values. If the same value is passed to
+** multiple invocations of the same SQL function during query execution, under
+** some circumstances the associated metadata may be preserved. This may
+** be used, for example, to add a regular-expression matching scalar
+** function. The compiled version of the regular expression is stored as
+** metadata associated with the SQL value passed as the regular expression
+** pattern. The compiled regular expression can be reused on multiple
+** invocations of the same function so that the original pattern string
+** does not need to be recompiled on each invocation.
+**
+** The sqlite3_get_auxdata() interface returns a pointer to the metadata
+** associated by the sqlite3_set_auxdata() function with the Nth argument
+** value to the application-defined function. If no metadata has been ever
+** been set for the Nth argument of the function, or if the corresponding
+** function parameter has changed since the meta-data was set,
+** then sqlite3_get_auxdata() returns a NULL pointer.
+**
+** The sqlite3_set_auxdata() interface saves the metadata
+** pointed to by its 3rd parameter as the metadata for the N-th
+** argument of the application-defined function. Subsequent
+** calls to sqlite3_get_auxdata() might return this data, if it has
+** not been destroyed.
+** If it is not NULL, SQLite will invoke the destructor
+** function given by the 4th parameter to sqlite3_set_auxdata() on
+** the metadata when the corresponding function parameter changes
+** or when the SQL statement completes, whichever comes first.
+**
+** SQLite is free to call the destructor and drop metadata on any
+** parameter of any function at any time. The only guarantee is that
+** the destructor will be called before the metadata is dropped.
+**
+** In practice, metadata is preserved between function calls for
+** expressions that are constant at compile time. This includes literal
+** values and SQL variables.
+**
+** These routines must be called from the same thread in which
+** the SQL function is running.
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H16272] [H16274] [H16276] [H16277] [H16278] [H16279]
+*/
+SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_get_auxdata(sqlite3_context*, int N);
+SQLITE_API void sqlite3_set_auxdata(sqlite3_context*, int N, void*, void (*)(void*));
+
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Constants Defining Special Destructor Behavior {H10280} <S30100>
+**
+** These are special values for the destructor that is passed in as the
+** final argument to routines like [sqlite3_result_blob()]. If the destructor
+** argument is SQLITE_STATIC, it means that the content pointer is constant
+** and will never change. It does not need to be destroyed. The
+** SQLITE_TRANSIENT value means that the content will likely change in
+** the near future and that SQLite should make its own private copy of
+** the content before returning.
+**
+** The typedef is necessary to work around problems in certain
+** C++ compilers. See ticket #2191.
+*/
+typedef void (*sqlite3_destructor_type)(void*);
+#define SQLITE_STATIC ((sqlite3_destructor_type)0)
+#define SQLITE_TRANSIENT ((sqlite3_destructor_type)-1)
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Setting The Result Of An SQL Function {H16400} <S20200>
+**
+** These routines are used by the xFunc or xFinal callbacks that
+** implement SQL functions and aggregates. See
+** [sqlite3_create_function()] and [sqlite3_create_function16()]
+** for additional information.
+**
+** These functions work very much like the [parameter binding] family of
+** functions used to bind values to host parameters in prepared statements.
+** Refer to the [SQL parameter] documentation for additional information.
+**
+** The sqlite3_result_blob() interface sets the result from
+** an application-defined function to be the BLOB whose content is pointed
+** to by the second parameter and which is N bytes long where N is the
+** third parameter.
+**
+** The sqlite3_result_zeroblob() interfaces set the result of
+** the application-defined function to be a BLOB containing all zero
+** bytes and N bytes in size, where N is the value of the 2nd parameter.
+**
+** The sqlite3_result_double() interface sets the result from
+** an application-defined function to be a floating point value specified
+** by its 2nd argument.
+**
+** The sqlite3_result_error() and sqlite3_result_error16() functions
+** cause the implemented SQL function to throw an exception.
+** SQLite uses the string pointed to by the
+** 2nd parameter of sqlite3_result_error() or sqlite3_result_error16()
+** as the text of an error message. SQLite interprets the error
+** message string from sqlite3_result_error() as UTF-8. SQLite
+** interprets the string from sqlite3_result_error16() as UTF-16 in native
+** byte order. If the third parameter to sqlite3_result_error()
+** or sqlite3_result_error16() is negative then SQLite takes as the error
+** message all text up through the first zero character.
+** If the third parameter to sqlite3_result_error() or
+** sqlite3_result_error16() is non-negative then SQLite takes that many
+** bytes (not characters) from the 2nd parameter as the error message.
+** The sqlite3_result_error() and sqlite3_result_error16()
+** routines make a private copy of the error message text before
+** they return. Hence, the calling function can deallocate or
+** modify the text after they return without harm.
+** The sqlite3_result_error_code() function changes the error code
+** returned by SQLite as a result of an error in a function. By default,
+** the error code is SQLITE_ERROR. A subsequent call to sqlite3_result_error()
+** or sqlite3_result_error16() resets the error code to SQLITE_ERROR.
+**
+** The sqlite3_result_toobig() interface causes SQLite to throw an error
+** indicating that a string or BLOB is to long to represent.
+**
+** The sqlite3_result_nomem() interface causes SQLite to throw an error
+** indicating that a memory allocation failed.
+**
+** The sqlite3_result_int() interface sets the return value
+** of the application-defined function to be the 32-bit signed integer
+** value given in the 2nd argument.
+** The sqlite3_result_int64() interface sets the return value
+** of the application-defined function to be the 64-bit signed integer
+** value given in the 2nd argument.
+**
+** The sqlite3_result_null() interface sets the return value
+** of the application-defined function to be NULL.
+**
+** The sqlite3_result_text(), sqlite3_result_text16(),
+** sqlite3_result_text16le(), and sqlite3_result_text16be() interfaces
+** set the return value of the application-defined function to be
+** a text string which is represented as UTF-8, UTF-16 native byte order,
+** UTF-16 little endian, or UTF-16 big endian, respectively.
+** SQLite takes the text result from the application from
+** the 2nd parameter of the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces.
+** If the 3rd parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces
+** is negative, then SQLite takes result text from the 2nd parameter
+** through the first zero character.
+** If the 3rd parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces
+** is non-negative, then as many bytes (not characters) of the text
+** pointed to by the 2nd parameter are taken as the application-defined
+** function result.
+** If the 4th parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces
+** or sqlite3_result_blob is a non-NULL pointer, then SQLite calls that
+** function as the destructor on the text or BLOB result when it has
+** finished using that result.
+** If the 4th parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces or to
+** sqlite3_result_blob is the special constant SQLITE_STATIC, then SQLite
+** assumes that the text or BLOB result is in constant space and does not
+** copy the content of the parameter nor call a destructor on the content
+** when it has finished using that result.
+** If the 4th parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces
+** or sqlite3_result_blob is the special constant SQLITE_TRANSIENT
+** then SQLite makes a copy of the result into space obtained from
+** from [sqlite3_malloc()] before it returns.
+**
+** The sqlite3_result_value() interface sets the result of
+** the application-defined function to be a copy the
+** [unprotected sqlite3_value] object specified by the 2nd parameter. The
+** sqlite3_result_value() interface makes a copy of the [sqlite3_value]
+** so that the [sqlite3_value] specified in the parameter may change or
+** be deallocated after sqlite3_result_value() returns without harm.
+** A [protected sqlite3_value] object may always be used where an
+** [unprotected sqlite3_value] object is required, so either
+** kind of [sqlite3_value] object can be used with this interface.
+**
+** If these routines are called from within the different thread
+** than the one containing the application-defined function that received
+** the [sqlite3_context] pointer, the results are undefined.
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H16403] [H16406] [H16409] [H16412] [H16415] [H16418] [H16421] [H16424]
+** [H16427] [H16430] [H16433] [H16436] [H16439] [H16442] [H16445] [H16448]
+** [H16451] [H16454] [H16457] [H16460] [H16463]
+*/
+SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_blob(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
+SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_double(sqlite3_context*, double);
+SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error(sqlite3_context*, const char*, int);
+SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error16(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int);
+SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error_toobig(sqlite3_context*);
+SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error_nomem(sqlite3_context*);
+SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error_code(sqlite3_context*, int);
+SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_int(sqlite3_context*, int);
+SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_int64(sqlite3_context*, sqlite3_int64);
+SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_null(sqlite3_context*);
+SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text(sqlite3_context*, const char*, int, void(*)(void*));
+SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text16(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
+SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text16le(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int,void(*)(void*));
+SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text16be(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int,void(*)(void*));
+SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_value(sqlite3_context*, sqlite3_value*);
+SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_zeroblob(sqlite3_context*, int n);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Define New Collating Sequences {H16600} <S20300>
+**
+** These functions are used to add new collation sequences to the
+** [database connection] specified as the first argument.
+**
+** The name of the new collation sequence is specified as a UTF-8 string
+** for sqlite3_create_collation() and sqlite3_create_collation_v2()
+** and a UTF-16 string for sqlite3_create_collation16(). In all cases
+** the name is passed as the second function argument.
+**
+** The third argument may be one of the constants [SQLITE_UTF8],
+** [SQLITE_UTF16LE], or [SQLITE_UTF16BE], indicating that the user-supplied
+** routine expects to be passed pointers to strings encoded using UTF-8,
+** UTF-16 little-endian, or UTF-16 big-endian, respectively. The
+** third argument might also be [SQLITE_UTF16] to indicate that the routine
+** expects pointers to be UTF-16 strings in the native byte order, or the
+** argument can be [SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED] if the
+** the routine expects pointers to 16-bit word aligned strings
+** of UTF-16 in the native byte order.
+**
+** A pointer to the user supplied routine must be passed as the fifth
+** argument. If it is NULL, this is the same as deleting the collation
+** sequence (so that SQLite cannot call it anymore).
+** Each time the application supplied function is invoked, it is passed
+** as its first parameter a copy of the void* passed as the fourth argument
+** to sqlite3_create_collation() or sqlite3_create_collation16().
+**
+** The remaining arguments to the application-supplied routine are two strings,
+** each represented by a (length, data) pair and encoded in the encoding
+** that was passed as the third argument when the collation sequence was
+** registered. {END} The application defined collation routine should
+** return negative, zero or positive if the first string is less than,
+** equal to, or greater than the second string. i.e. (STRING1 - STRING2).
+**
+** The sqlite3_create_collation_v2() works like sqlite3_create_collation()
+** except that it takes an extra argument which is a destructor for
+** the collation. The destructor is called when the collation is
+** destroyed and is passed a copy of the fourth parameter void* pointer
+** of the sqlite3_create_collation_v2().
+** Collations are destroyed when they are overridden by later calls to the
+** collation creation functions or when the [database connection] is closed
+** using [sqlite3_close()].
+**
+** See also: [sqlite3_collation_needed()] and [sqlite3_collation_needed16()].
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H16603] [H16604] [H16606] [H16609] [H16612] [H16615] [H16618] [H16621]
+** [H16624] [H16627] [H16630]
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_collation(
+ sqlite3*,
+ const char *zName,
+ int eTextRep,
+ void*,
+ int(*xCompare)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*)
+);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_collation_v2(
+ sqlite3*,
+ const char *zName,
+ int eTextRep,
+ void*,
+ int(*xCompare)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*),
+ void(*xDestroy)(void*)
+);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_collation16(
+ sqlite3*,
+ const void *zName,
+ int eTextRep,
+ void*,
+ int(*xCompare)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*)
+);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Collation Needed Callbacks {H16700} <S20300>
+**
+** To avoid having to register all collation sequences before a database
+** can be used, a single callback function may be registered with the
+** [database connection] to be called whenever an undefined collation
+** sequence is required.
+**
+** If the function is registered using the sqlite3_collation_needed() API,
+** then it is passed the names of undefined collation sequences as strings
+** encoded in UTF-8. {H16703} If sqlite3_collation_needed16() is used,
+** the names are passed as UTF-16 in machine native byte order.
+** A call to either function replaces any existing callback.
+**
+** When the callback is invoked, the first argument passed is a copy
+** of the second argument to sqlite3_collation_needed() or
+** sqlite3_collation_needed16(). The second argument is the database
+** connection. The third argument is one of [SQLITE_UTF8], [SQLITE_UTF16BE],
+** or [SQLITE_UTF16LE], indicating the most desirable form of the collation
+** sequence function required. The fourth parameter is the name of the
+** required collation sequence.
+**
+** The callback function should register the desired collation using
+** [sqlite3_create_collation()], [sqlite3_create_collation16()], or
+** [sqlite3_create_collation_v2()].
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H16702] [H16704] [H16706]
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_collation_needed(
+ sqlite3*,
+ void*,
+ void(*)(void*,sqlite3*,int eTextRep,const char*)
+);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_collation_needed16(
+ sqlite3*,
+ void*,
+ void(*)(void*,sqlite3*,int eTextRep,const void*)
+);
+
+/*
+** Specify the key for an encrypted database. This routine should be
+** called right after sqlite3_open().
+**
+** The code to implement this API is not available in the public release
+** of SQLite.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_key(
+ sqlite3 *db, /* Database to be rekeyed */
+ const void *pKey, int nKey /* The key */
+);
+
+/*
+** Change the key on an open database. If the current database is not
+** encrypted, this routine will encrypt it. If pNew==0 or nNew==0, the
+** database is decrypted.
+**
+** The code to implement this API is not available in the public release
+** of SQLite.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_rekey(
+ sqlite3 *db, /* Database to be rekeyed */
+ const void *pKey, int nKey /* The new key */
+);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Suspend Execution For A Short Time {H10530} <S40410>
+**
+** The sqlite3_sleep() function causes the current thread to suspend execution
+** for at least a number of milliseconds specified in its parameter.
+**
+** If the operating system does not support sleep requests with
+** millisecond time resolution, then the time will be rounded up to
+** the nearest second. The number of milliseconds of sleep actually
+** requested from the operating system is returned.
+**
+** SQLite implements this interface by calling the xSleep()
+** method of the default [sqlite3_vfs] object.
+**
+** Requirements: [H10533] [H10536]
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_sleep(int);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Name Of The Folder Holding Temporary Files {H10310} <S20000>
+**
+** If this global variable is made to point to a string which is
+** the name of a folder (a.k.a. directory), then all temporary files
+** created by SQLite will be placed in that directory. If this variable
+** is a NULL pointer, then SQLite performs a search for an appropriate
+** temporary file directory.
+**
+** It is not safe to read or modify this variable in more than one
+** thread at a time. It is not safe to read or modify this variable
+** if a [database connection] is being used at the same time in a separate
+** thread.
+** It is intended that this variable be set once
+** as part of process initialization and before any SQLite interface
+** routines have been called and that this variable remain unchanged
+** thereafter.
+**
+** The [temp_store_directory pragma] may modify this variable and cause
+** it to point to memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc]. Furthermore,
+** the [temp_store_directory pragma] always assumes that any string
+** that this variable points to is held in memory obtained from
+** [sqlite3_malloc] and the pragma may attempt to free that memory
+** using [sqlite3_free].
+** Hence, if this variable is modified directly, either it should be
+** made NULL or made to point to memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc]
+** or else the use of the [temp_store_directory pragma] should be avoided.
+*/
+SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_temp_directory;
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Test For Auto-Commit Mode {H12930} <S60200>
+** KEYWORDS: {autocommit mode}
+**
+** The sqlite3_get_autocommit() interface returns non-zero or
+** zero if the given database connection is or is not in autocommit mode,
+** respectively. Autocommit mode is on by default.
+** Autocommit mode is disabled by a [BEGIN] statement.
+** Autocommit mode is re-enabled by a [COMMIT] or [ROLLBACK].
+**
+** If certain kinds of errors occur on a statement within a multi-statement
+** transaction (errors including [SQLITE_FULL], [SQLITE_IOERR],
+** [SQLITE_NOMEM], [SQLITE_BUSY], and [SQLITE_INTERRUPT]) then the
+** transaction might be rolled back automatically. The only way to
+** find out whether SQLite automatically rolled back the transaction after
+** an error is to use this function.
+**
+** If another thread changes the autocommit status of the database
+** connection while this routine is running, then the return value
+** is undefined.
+**
+** Requirements: [H12931] [H12932] [H12933] [H12934]
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_get_autocommit(sqlite3*);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Find The Database Handle Of A Prepared Statement {H13120} <S60600>
+**
+** The sqlite3_db_handle interface returns the [database connection] handle
+** to which a [prepared statement] belongs. The [database connection]
+** returned by sqlite3_db_handle is the same [database connection] that was the first argument
+** to the [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] call (or its variants) that was used to
+** create the statement in the first place.
+**
+** Requirements: [H13123]
+*/
+SQLITE_API sqlite3 *sqlite3_db_handle(sqlite3_stmt*);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Find the next prepared statement {H13140} <S60600>
+**
+** This interface returns a pointer to the next [prepared statement] after
+** pStmt associated with the [database connection] pDb. If pStmt is NULL
+** then this interface returns a pointer to the first prepared statement
+** associated with the database connection pDb. If no prepared statement
+** satisfies the conditions of this routine, it returns NULL.
+**
+** The [database connection] pointer D in a call to
+** [sqlite3_next_stmt(D,S)] must refer to an open database
+** connection and in particular must not be a NULL pointer.
+**
+** Requirements: [H13143] [H13146] [H13149] [H13152]
+*/
+SQLITE_API sqlite3_stmt *sqlite3_next_stmt(sqlite3 *pDb, sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Commit And Rollback Notification Callbacks {H12950} <S60400>
+**
+** The sqlite3_commit_hook() interface registers a callback
+** function to be invoked whenever a transaction is [COMMIT | committed].
+** Any callback set by a previous call to sqlite3_commit_hook()
+** for the same database connection is overridden.
+** The sqlite3_rollback_hook() interface registers a callback
+** function to be invoked whenever a transaction is [ROLLBACK | rolled back].
+** Any callback set by a previous call to sqlite3_commit_hook()
+** for the same database connection is overridden.
+** The pArg argument is passed through to the callback.
+** If the callback on a commit hook function returns non-zero,
+** then the commit is converted into a rollback.
+**
+** If another function was previously registered, its
+** pArg value is returned. Otherwise NULL is returned.
+**
+** The callback implementation must not do anything that will modify
+** the database connection that invoked the callback. Any actions
+** to modify the database connection must be deferred until after the
+** completion of the [sqlite3_step()] call that triggered the commit
+** or rollback hook in the first place.
+** Note that [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] and [sqlite3_step()] both modify their
+** database connections for the meaning of "modify" in this paragraph.
+**
+** Registering a NULL function disables the callback.
+**
+** When the commit hook callback routine returns zero, the [COMMIT]
+** operation is allowed to continue normally. If the commit hook
+** returns non-zero, then the [COMMIT] is converted into a [ROLLBACK].
+** The rollback hook is invoked on a rollback that results from a commit
+** hook returning non-zero, just as it would be with any other rollback.
+**
+** For the purposes of this API, a transaction is said to have been
+** rolled back if an explicit "ROLLBACK" statement is executed, or
+** an error or constraint causes an implicit rollback to occur.
+** The rollback callback is not invoked if a transaction is
+** automatically rolled back because the database connection is closed.
+** The rollback callback is not invoked if a transaction is
+** rolled back because a commit callback returned non-zero.
+** <todo> Check on this </todo>
+**
+** See also the [sqlite3_update_hook()] interface.
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H12951] [H12952] [H12953] [H12954] [H12955]
+** [H12961] [H12962] [H12963] [H12964]
+*/
+SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_commit_hook(sqlite3*, int(*)(void*), void*);
+SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_rollback_hook(sqlite3*, void(*)(void *), void*);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Data Change Notification Callbacks {H12970} <S60400>
+**
+** The sqlite3_update_hook() interface registers a callback function
+** with the [database connection] identified by the first argument
+** to be invoked whenever a row is updated, inserted or deleted.
+** Any callback set by a previous call to this function
+** for the same database connection is overridden.
+**
+** The second argument is a pointer to the function to invoke when a
+** row is updated, inserted or deleted.
+** The first argument to the callback is a copy of the third argument
+** to sqlite3_update_hook().
+** The second callback argument is one of [SQLITE_INSERT], [SQLITE_DELETE],
+** or [SQLITE_UPDATE], depending on the operation that caused the callback
+** to be invoked.
+** The third and fourth arguments to the callback contain pointers to the
+** database and table name containing the affected row.
+** The final callback parameter is the [rowid] of the row.
+** In the case of an update, this is the [rowid] after the update takes place.
+**
+** The update hook is not invoked when internal system tables are
+** modified (i.e. sqlite_master and sqlite_sequence).
+**
+** In the current implementation, the update hook
+** is not invoked when duplication rows are deleted because of an
+** [ON CONFLICT | ON CONFLICT REPLACE] clause. Nor is the update hook
+** invoked when rows are deleted using the [truncate optimization].
+** The exceptions defined in this paragraph might change in a future
+** release of SQLite.
+**
+** The update hook implementation must not do anything that will modify
+** the database connection that invoked the update hook. Any actions
+** to modify the database connection must be deferred until after the
+** completion of the [sqlite3_step()] call that triggered the update hook.
+** Note that [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] and [sqlite3_step()] both modify their
+** database connections for the meaning of "modify" in this paragraph.
+**
+** If another function was previously registered, its pArg value
+** is returned. Otherwise NULL is returned.
+**
+** See also the [sqlite3_commit_hook()] and [sqlite3_rollback_hook()]
+** interfaces.
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H12971] [H12973] [H12975] [H12977] [H12979] [H12981] [H12983] [H12986]
+*/
+SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_update_hook(
+ sqlite3*,
+ void(*)(void *,int ,char const *,char const *,sqlite3_int64),
+ void*
+);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Enable Or Disable Shared Pager Cache {H10330} <S30900>
+** KEYWORDS: {shared cache}
+**
+** This routine enables or disables the sharing of the database cache
+** and schema data structures between [database connection | connections]
+** to the same database. Sharing is enabled if the argument is true
+** and disabled if the argument is false.
+**
+** Cache sharing is enabled and disabled for an entire process.
+** This is a change as of SQLite version 3.5.0. In prior versions of SQLite,
+** sharing was enabled or disabled for each thread separately.
+**
+** The cache sharing mode set by this interface effects all subsequent
+** calls to [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open_v2()], and [sqlite3_open16()].
+** Existing database connections continue use the sharing mode
+** that was in effect at the time they were opened.
+**
+** Virtual tables cannot be used with a shared cache. When shared
+** cache is enabled, the [sqlite3_create_module()] API used to register
+** virtual tables will always return an error.
+**
+** This routine returns [SQLITE_OK] if shared cache was enabled or disabled
+** successfully. An [error code] is returned otherwise.
+**
+** Shared cache is disabled by default. But this might change in
+** future releases of SQLite. Applications that care about shared
+** cache setting should set it explicitly.
+**
+** See Also: [SQLite Shared-Cache Mode]
+**
+** Requirements: [H10331] [H10336] [H10337] [H10339]
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_enable_shared_cache(int);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Attempt To Free Heap Memory {H17340} <S30220>
+**
+** The sqlite3_release_memory() interface attempts to free N bytes
+** of heap memory by deallocating non-essential memory allocations
+** held by the database library. {END} Memory used to cache database
+** pages to improve performance is an example of non-essential memory.
+** sqlite3_release_memory() returns the number of bytes actually freed,
+** which might be more or less than the amount requested.
+**
+** Requirements: [H17341] [H17342]
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_release_memory(int);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Impose A Limit On Heap Size {H17350} <S30220>
+**
+** The sqlite3_soft_heap_limit() interface places a "soft" limit
+** on the amount of heap memory that may be allocated by SQLite.
+** If an internal allocation is requested that would exceed the
+** soft heap limit, [sqlite3_release_memory()] is invoked one or
+** more times to free up some space before the allocation is performed.
+**
+** The limit is called "soft", because if [sqlite3_release_memory()]
+** cannot free sufficient memory to prevent the limit from being exceeded,
+** the memory is allocated anyway and the current operation proceeds.
+**
+** A negative or zero value for N means that there is no soft heap limit and
+** [sqlite3_release_memory()] will only be called when memory is exhausted.
+** The default value for the soft heap limit is zero.
+**
+** SQLite makes a best effort to honor the soft heap limit.
+** But if the soft heap limit cannot be honored, execution will
+** continue without error or notification. This is why the limit is
+** called a "soft" limit. It is advisory only.
+**
+** Prior to SQLite version 3.5.0, this routine only constrained the memory
+** allocated by a single thread - the same thread in which this routine
+** runs. Beginning with SQLite version 3.5.0, the soft heap limit is
+** applied to all threads. The value specified for the soft heap limit
+** is an upper bound on the total memory allocation for all threads. In
+** version 3.5.0 there is no mechanism for limiting the heap usage for
+** individual threads.
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H16351] [H16352] [H16353] [H16354] [H16355] [H16358]
+*/
+SQLITE_API void sqlite3_soft_heap_limit(int);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Extract Metadata About A Column Of A Table {H12850} <S60300>
+**
+** This routine returns metadata about a specific column of a specific
+** database table accessible using the [database connection] handle
+** passed as the first function argument.
+**
+** The column is identified by the second, third and fourth parameters to
+** this function. The second parameter is either the name of the database
+** (i.e. "main", "temp" or an attached database) containing the specified
+** table or NULL. If it is NULL, then all attached databases are searched
+** for the table using the same algorithm used by the database engine to
+** resolve unqualified table references.
+**
+** The third and fourth parameters to this function are the table and column
+** name of the desired column, respectively. Neither of these parameters
+** may be NULL.
+**
+** Metadata is returned by writing to the memory locations passed as the 5th
+** and subsequent parameters to this function. Any of these arguments may be
+** NULL, in which case the corresponding element of metadata is omitted.
+**
+** <blockquote>
+** <table border="1">
+** <tr><th> Parameter <th> Output<br>Type <th> Description
+**
+** <tr><td> 5th <td> const char* <td> Data type
+** <tr><td> 6th <td> const char* <td> Name of default collation sequence
+** <tr><td> 7th <td> int <td> True if column has a NOT NULL constraint
+** <tr><td> 8th <td> int <td> True if column is part of the PRIMARY KEY
+** <tr><td> 9th <td> int <td> True if column is [AUTOINCREMENT]
+** </table>
+** </blockquote>
+**
+** The memory pointed to by the character pointers returned for the
+** declaration type and collation sequence is valid only until the next
+** call to any SQLite API function.
+**
+** If the specified table is actually a view, an [error code] is returned.
+**
+** If the specified column is "rowid", "oid" or "_rowid_" and an
+** [INTEGER PRIMARY KEY] column has been explicitly declared, then the output
+** parameters are set for the explicitly declared column. If there is no
+** explicitly declared [INTEGER PRIMARY KEY] column, then the output
+** parameters are set as follows:
+**
+** <pre>
+** data type: "INTEGER"
+** collation sequence: "BINARY"
+** not null: 0
+** primary key: 1
+** auto increment: 0
+** </pre>
+**
+** This function may load one or more schemas from database files. If an
+** error occurs during this process, or if the requested table or column
+** cannot be found, an [error code] is returned and an error message left
+** in the [database connection] (to be retrieved using sqlite3_errmsg()).
+**
+** This API is only available if the library was compiled with the
+** [SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA] C-preprocessor symbol defined.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_table_column_metadata(
+ sqlite3 *db, /* Connection handle */
+ const char *zDbName, /* Database name or NULL */
+ const char *zTableName, /* Table name */
+ const char *zColumnName, /* Column name */
+ char const **pzDataType, /* OUTPUT: Declared data type */
+ char const **pzCollSeq, /* OUTPUT: Collation sequence name */
+ int *pNotNull, /* OUTPUT: True if NOT NULL constraint exists */
+ int *pPrimaryKey, /* OUTPUT: True if column part of PK */
+ int *pAutoinc /* OUTPUT: True if column is auto-increment */
+);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Load An Extension {H12600} <S20500>
+**
+** This interface loads an SQLite extension library from the named file.
+**
+** {H12601} The sqlite3_load_extension() interface attempts to load an
+** SQLite extension library contained in the file zFile.
+**
+** {H12602} The entry point is zProc.
+**
+** {H12603} zProc may be 0, in which case the name of the entry point
+** defaults to "sqlite3_extension_init".
+**
+** {H12604} The sqlite3_load_extension() interface shall return
+** [SQLITE_OK] on success and [SQLITE_ERROR] if something goes wrong.
+**
+** {H12605} If an error occurs and pzErrMsg is not 0, then the
+** [sqlite3_load_extension()] interface shall attempt to
+** fill *pzErrMsg with error message text stored in memory
+** obtained from [sqlite3_malloc()]. {END} The calling function
+** should free this memory by calling [sqlite3_free()].
+**
+** {H12606} Extension loading must be enabled using
+** [sqlite3_enable_load_extension()] prior to calling this API,
+** otherwise an error will be returned.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_load_extension(
+ sqlite3 *db, /* Load the extension into this database connection */
+ const char *zFile, /* Name of the shared library containing extension */
+ const char *zProc, /* Entry point. Derived from zFile if 0 */
+ char **pzErrMsg /* Put error message here if not 0 */
+);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Enable Or Disable Extension Loading {H12620} <S20500>
+**
+** So as not to open security holes in older applications that are
+** unprepared to deal with extension loading, and as a means of disabling
+** extension loading while evaluating user-entered SQL, the following API
+** is provided to turn the [sqlite3_load_extension()] mechanism on and off.
+**
+** Extension loading is off by default. See ticket #1863.
+**
+** {H12621} Call the sqlite3_enable_load_extension() routine with onoff==1
+** to turn extension loading on and call it with onoff==0 to turn
+** it back off again.
+**
+** {H12622} Extension loading is off by default.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_enable_load_extension(sqlite3 *db, int onoff);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Automatically Load An Extensions {H12640} <S20500>
+**
+** This API can be invoked at program startup in order to register
+** one or more statically linked extensions that will be available
+** to all new [database connections]. {END}
+**
+** This routine stores a pointer to the extension in an array that is
+** obtained from [sqlite3_malloc()]. If you run a memory leak checker
+** on your program and it reports a leak because of this array, invoke
+** [sqlite3_reset_auto_extension()] prior to shutdown to free the memory.
+**
+** {H12641} This function registers an extension entry point that is
+** automatically invoked whenever a new [database connection]
+** is opened using [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open16()],
+** or [sqlite3_open_v2()].
+**
+** {H12642} Duplicate extensions are detected so calling this routine
+** multiple times with the same extension is harmless.
+**
+** {H12643} This routine stores a pointer to the extension in an array
+** that is obtained from [sqlite3_malloc()].
+**
+** {H12644} Automatic extensions apply across all threads.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_auto_extension(void (*xEntryPoint)(void));
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Reset Automatic Extension Loading {H12660} <S20500>
+**
+** This function disables all previously registered automatic
+** extensions. {END} It undoes the effect of all prior
+** [sqlite3_auto_extension()] calls.
+**
+** {H12661} This function disables all previously registered
+** automatic extensions.
+**
+** {H12662} This function disables automatic extensions in all threads.
+*/
+SQLITE_API void sqlite3_reset_auto_extension(void);
+
+/*
+****** EXPERIMENTAL - subject to change without notice **************
+**
+** The interface to the virtual-table mechanism is currently considered
+** to be experimental. The interface might change in incompatible ways.
+** If this is a problem for you, do not use the interface at this time.
+**
+** When the virtual-table mechanism stabilizes, we will declare the
+** interface fixed, support it indefinitely, and remove this comment.
+*/
+
+/*
+** Structures used by the virtual table interface
+*/
+typedef struct sqlite3_vtab sqlite3_vtab;
+typedef struct sqlite3_index_info sqlite3_index_info;
+typedef struct sqlite3_vtab_cursor sqlite3_vtab_cursor;
+typedef struct sqlite3_module sqlite3_module;
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Object {H18000} <S20400>
+** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_module {virtual table module}
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** This structure, sometimes called a a "virtual table module",
+** defines the implementation of a [virtual tables].
+** This structure consists mostly of methods for the module.
+**
+** A virtual table module is created by filling in a persistent
+** instance of this structure and passing a pointer to that instance
+** to [sqlite3_create_module()] or [sqlite3_create_module_v2()].
+** The registration remains valid until it is replaced by a different
+** module or until the [database connection] closes. The content
+** of this structure must not change while it is registered with
+** any database connection.
+*/
+struct sqlite3_module {
+ int iVersion;
+ int (*xCreate)(sqlite3*, void *pAux,
+ int argc, const char *const*argv,
+ sqlite3_vtab **ppVTab, char**);
+ int (*xConnect)(sqlite3*, void *pAux,
+ int argc, const char *const*argv,
+ sqlite3_vtab **ppVTab, char**);
+ int (*xBestIndex)(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab, sqlite3_index_info*);
+ int (*xDisconnect)(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab);
+ int (*xDestroy)(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab);
+ int (*xOpen)(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab, sqlite3_vtab_cursor **ppCursor);
+ int (*xClose)(sqlite3_vtab_cursor*);
+ int (*xFilter)(sqlite3_vtab_cursor*, int idxNum, const char *idxStr,
+ int argc, sqlite3_value **argv);
+ int (*xNext)(sqlite3_vtab_cursor*);
+ int (*xEof)(sqlite3_vtab_cursor*);
+ int (*xColumn)(sqlite3_vtab_cursor*, sqlite3_context*, int);
+ int (*xRowid)(sqlite3_vtab_cursor*, sqlite3_int64 *pRowid);
+ int (*xUpdate)(sqlite3_vtab *, int, sqlite3_value **, sqlite3_int64 *);
+ int (*xBegin)(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab);
+ int (*xSync)(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab);
+ int (*xCommit)(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab);
+ int (*xRollback)(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab);
+ int (*xFindFunction)(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab, int nArg, const char *zName,
+ void (**pxFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
+ void **ppArg);
+ int (*xRename)(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab, const char *zNew);
+};
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Indexing Information {H18100} <S20400>
+** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_index_info
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** The sqlite3_index_info structure and its substructures is used to
+** pass information into and receive the reply from the [xBestIndex]
+** method of a [virtual table module]. The fields under **Inputs** are the
+** inputs to xBestIndex and are read-only. xBestIndex inserts its
+** results into the **Outputs** fields.
+**
+** The aConstraint[] array records WHERE clause constraints of the form:
+**
+** <pre>column OP expr</pre>
+**
+** where OP is =, &lt;, &lt;=, &gt;, or &gt;=. The particular operator is
+** stored in aConstraint[].op. The index of the column is stored in
+** aConstraint[].iColumn. aConstraint[].usable is TRUE if the
+** expr on the right-hand side can be evaluated (and thus the constraint
+** is usable) and false if it cannot.
+**
+** The optimizer automatically inverts terms of the form "expr OP column"
+** and makes other simplifications to the WHERE clause in an attempt to
+** get as many WHERE clause terms into the form shown above as possible.
+** The aConstraint[] array only reports WHERE clause terms in the correct
+** form that refer to the particular virtual table being queried.
+**
+** Information about the ORDER BY clause is stored in aOrderBy[].
+** Each term of aOrderBy records a column of the ORDER BY clause.
+**
+** The [xBestIndex] method must fill aConstraintUsage[] with information
+** about what parameters to pass to xFilter. If argvIndex>0 then
+** the right-hand side of the corresponding aConstraint[] is evaluated
+** and becomes the argvIndex-th entry in argv. If aConstraintUsage[].omit
+** is true, then the constraint is assumed to be fully handled by the
+** virtual table and is not checked again by SQLite.
+**
+** The idxNum and idxPtr values are recorded and passed into the
+** [xFilter] method.
+** [sqlite3_free()] is used to free idxPtr if and only iff
+** needToFreeIdxPtr is true.
+**
+** The orderByConsumed means that output from [xFilter]/[xNext] will occur in
+** the correct order to satisfy the ORDER BY clause so that no separate
+** sorting step is required.
+**
+** The estimatedCost value is an estimate of the cost of doing the
+** particular lookup. A full scan of a table with N entries should have
+** a cost of N. A binary search of a table of N entries should have a
+** cost of approximately log(N).
+*/
+struct sqlite3_index_info {
+ /* Inputs */
+ int nConstraint; /* Number of entries in aConstraint */
+ struct sqlite3_index_constraint {
+ int iColumn; /* Column on left-hand side of constraint */
+ unsigned char op; /* Constraint operator */
+ unsigned char usable; /* True if this constraint is usable */
+ int iTermOffset; /* Used internally - xBestIndex should ignore */
+ } *aConstraint; /* Table of WHERE clause constraints */
+ int nOrderBy; /* Number of terms in the ORDER BY clause */
+ struct sqlite3_index_orderby {
+ int iColumn; /* Column number */
+ unsigned char desc; /* True for DESC. False for ASC. */
+ } *aOrderBy; /* The ORDER BY clause */
+ /* Outputs */
+ struct sqlite3_index_constraint_usage {
+ int argvIndex; /* if >0, constraint is part of argv to xFilter */
+ unsigned char omit; /* Do not code a test for this constraint */
+ } *aConstraintUsage;
+ int idxNum; /* Number used to identify the index */
+ char *idxStr; /* String, possibly obtained from sqlite3_malloc */
+ int needToFreeIdxStr; /* Free idxStr using sqlite3_free() if true */
+ int orderByConsumed; /* True if output is already ordered */
+ double estimatedCost; /* Estimated cost of using this index */
+};
+#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ 2
+#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GT 4
+#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LE 8
+#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LT 16
+#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GE 32
+#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_MATCH 64
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Register A Virtual Table Implementation {H18200} <S20400>
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** This routine is used to register a new [virtual table module] name.
+** Module names must be registered before
+** creating a new [virtual table] using the module, or before using a
+** preexisting [virtual table] for the module.
+**
+** The module name is registered on the [database connection] specified
+** by the first parameter. The name of the module is given by the
+** second parameter. The third parameter is a pointer to
+** the implementation of the [virtual table module]. The fourth
+** parameter is an arbitrary client data pointer that is passed through
+** into the [xCreate] and [xConnect] methods of the virtual table module
+** when a new virtual table is be being created or reinitialized.
+**
+** This interface has exactly the same effect as calling
+** [sqlite3_create_module_v2()] with a NULL client data destructor.
+*/
+SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_create_module(
+ sqlite3 *db, /* SQLite connection to register module with */
+ const char *zName, /* Name of the module */
+ const sqlite3_module *p, /* Methods for the module */
+ void *pClientData /* Client data for xCreate/xConnect */
+);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Register A Virtual Table Implementation {H18210} <S20400>
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** This routine is identical to the [sqlite3_create_module()] method,
+** except that it has an extra parameter to specify
+** a destructor function for the client data pointer. SQLite will
+** invoke the destructor function (if it is not NULL) when SQLite
+** no longer needs the pClientData pointer.
+*/
+SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_create_module_v2(
+ sqlite3 *db, /* SQLite connection to register module with */
+ const char *zName, /* Name of the module */
+ const sqlite3_module *p, /* Methods for the module */
+ void *pClientData, /* Client data for xCreate/xConnect */
+ void(*xDestroy)(void*) /* Module destructor function */
+);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Instance Object {H18010} <S20400>
+** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_vtab
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** Every [virtual table module] implementation uses a subclass
+** of the following structure to describe a particular instance
+** of the [virtual table]. Each subclass will
+** be tailored to the specific needs of the module implementation.
+** The purpose of this superclass is to define certain fields that are
+** common to all module implementations.
+**
+** Virtual tables methods can set an error message by assigning a
+** string obtained from [sqlite3_mprintf()] to zErrMsg. The method should
+** take care that any prior string is freed by a call to [sqlite3_free()]
+** prior to assigning a new string to zErrMsg. After the error message
+** is delivered up to the client application, the string will be automatically
+** freed by sqlite3_free() and the zErrMsg field will be zeroed.
+*/
+struct sqlite3_vtab {
+ const sqlite3_module *pModule; /* The module for this virtual table */
+ int nRef; /* NO LONGER USED */
+ char *zErrMsg; /* Error message from sqlite3_mprintf() */
+ /* Virtual table implementations will typically add additional fields */
+};
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Cursor Object {H18020} <S20400>
+** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_vtab_cursor {virtual table cursor}
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** Every [virtual table module] implementation uses a subclass of the
+** following structure to describe cursors that point into the
+** [virtual table] and are used
+** to loop through the virtual table. Cursors are created using the
+** [sqlite3_module.xOpen | xOpen] method of the module and are destroyed
+** by the [sqlite3_module.xClose | xClose] method. Cussors are used
+** by the [xFilter], [xNext], [xEof], [xColumn], and [xRowid] methods
+** of the module. Each module implementation will define
+** the content of a cursor structure to suit its own needs.
+**
+** This superclass exists in order to define fields of the cursor that
+** are common to all implementations.
+*/
+struct sqlite3_vtab_cursor {
+ sqlite3_vtab *pVtab; /* Virtual table of this cursor */
+ /* Virtual table implementations will typically add additional fields */
+};
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Declare The Schema Of A Virtual Table {H18280} <S20400>
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** The [xCreate] and [xConnect] methods of a
+** [virtual table module] call this interface
+** to declare the format (the names and datatypes of the columns) of
+** the virtual tables they implement.
+*/
+SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_declare_vtab(sqlite3*, const char *zSQL);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Overload A Function For A Virtual Table {H18300} <S20400>
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** Virtual tables can provide alternative implementations of functions
+** using the [xFindFunction] method of the [virtual table module].
+** But global versions of those functions
+** must exist in order to be overloaded.
+**
+** This API makes sure a global version of a function with a particular
+** name and number of parameters exists. If no such function exists
+** before this API is called, a new function is created. The implementation
+** of the new function always causes an exception to be thrown. So
+** the new function is not good for anything by itself. Its only
+** purpose is to be a placeholder function that can be overloaded
+** by a [virtual table].
+*/
+SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_overload_function(sqlite3*, const char *zFuncName, int nArg);
+
+/*
+** The interface to the virtual-table mechanism defined above (back up
+** to a comment remarkably similar to this one) is currently considered
+** to be experimental. The interface might change in incompatible ways.
+** If this is a problem for you, do not use the interface at this time.
+**
+** When the virtual-table mechanism stabilizes, we will declare the
+** interface fixed, support it indefinitely, and remove this comment.
+**
+****** EXPERIMENTAL - subject to change without notice **************
+*/
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: A Handle To An Open BLOB {H17800} <S30230>
+** KEYWORDS: {BLOB handle} {BLOB handles}
+**
+** An instance of this object represents an open BLOB on which
+** [sqlite3_blob_open | incremental BLOB I/O] can be performed.
+** Objects of this type are created by [sqlite3_blob_open()]
+** and destroyed by [sqlite3_blob_close()].
+** The [sqlite3_blob_read()] and [sqlite3_blob_write()] interfaces
+** can be used to read or write small subsections of the BLOB.
+** The [sqlite3_blob_bytes()] interface returns the size of the BLOB in bytes.
+*/
+typedef struct sqlite3_blob sqlite3_blob;
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Open A BLOB For Incremental I/O {H17810} <S30230>
+**
+** This interfaces opens a [BLOB handle | handle] to the BLOB located
+** in row iRow, column zColumn, table zTable in database zDb;
+** in other words, the same BLOB that would be selected by:
+**
+** <pre>
+** SELECT zColumn FROM zDb.zTable WHERE [rowid] = iRow;
+** </pre> {END}
+**
+** If the flags parameter is non-zero, then the BLOB is opened for read
+** and write access. If it is zero, the BLOB is opened for read access.
+** It is not possible to open a column that is part of an index or primary
+** key for writing. ^If [foreign key constraints] are enabled, it is
+** not possible to open a column that is part of a [child key] for writing.
+**
+** Note that the database name is not the filename that contains
+** the database but rather the symbolic name of the database that
+** is assigned when the database is connected using [ATTACH].
+** For the main database file, the database name is "main".
+** For TEMP tables, the database name is "temp".
+**
+** On success, [SQLITE_OK] is returned and the new [BLOB handle] is written
+** to *ppBlob. Otherwise an [error code] is returned and *ppBlob is set
+** to be a null pointer.
+** This function sets the [database connection] error code and message
+** accessible via [sqlite3_errcode()] and [sqlite3_errmsg()] and related
+** functions. Note that the *ppBlob variable is always initialized in a
+** way that makes it safe to invoke [sqlite3_blob_close()] on *ppBlob
+** regardless of the success or failure of this routine.
+**
+** If the row that a BLOB handle points to is modified by an
+** [UPDATE], [DELETE], or by [ON CONFLICT] side-effects
+** then the BLOB handle is marked as "expired".
+** This is true if any column of the row is changed, even a column
+** other than the one the BLOB handle is open on.
+** Calls to [sqlite3_blob_read()] and [sqlite3_blob_write()] for
+** a expired BLOB handle fail with an return code of [SQLITE_ABORT].
+** Changes written into a BLOB prior to the BLOB expiring are not
+** rollback by the expiration of the BLOB. Such changes will eventually
+** commit if the transaction continues to completion.
+**
+** Use the [sqlite3_blob_bytes()] interface to determine the size of
+** the opened blob. The size of a blob may not be changed by this
+** interface. Use the [UPDATE] SQL command to change the size of a
+** blob.
+**
+** The [sqlite3_bind_zeroblob()] and [sqlite3_result_zeroblob()] interfaces
+** and the built-in [zeroblob] SQL function can be used, if desired,
+** to create an empty, zero-filled blob in which to read or write using
+** this interface.
+**
+** To avoid a resource leak, every open [BLOB handle] should eventually
+** be released by a call to [sqlite3_blob_close()].
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H17813] [H17814] [H17816] [H17819] [H17821] [H17824]
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_open(
+ sqlite3*,
+ const char *zDb,
+ const char *zTable,
+ const char *zColumn,
+ sqlite3_int64 iRow,
+ int flags,
+ sqlite3_blob **ppBlob
+);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Close A BLOB Handle {H17830} <S30230>
+**
+** Closes an open [BLOB handle].
+**
+** Closing a BLOB shall cause the current transaction to commit
+** if there are no other BLOBs, no pending prepared statements, and the
+** database connection is in [autocommit mode].
+** If any writes were made to the BLOB, they might be held in cache
+** until the close operation if they will fit.
+**
+** Closing the BLOB often forces the changes
+** out to disk and so if any I/O errors occur, they will likely occur
+** at the time when the BLOB is closed. Any errors that occur during
+** closing are reported as a non-zero return value.
+**
+** The BLOB is closed unconditionally. Even if this routine returns
+** an error code, the BLOB is still closed.
+**
+** Calling this routine with a null pointer (which as would be returned
+** by failed call to [sqlite3_blob_open()]) is a harmless no-op.
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H17833] [H17836] [H17839]
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_close(sqlite3_blob *);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Return The Size Of An Open BLOB {H17840} <S30230>
+**
+** Returns the size in bytes of the BLOB accessible via the
+** successfully opened [BLOB handle] in its only argument. The
+** incremental blob I/O routines can only read or overwriting existing
+** blob content; they cannot change the size of a blob.
+**
+** This routine only works on a [BLOB handle] which has been created
+** by a prior successful call to [sqlite3_blob_open()] and which has not
+** been closed by [sqlite3_blob_close()]. Passing any other pointer in
+** to this routine results in undefined and probably undesirable behavior.
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H17843]
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_bytes(sqlite3_blob *);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Read Data From A BLOB Incrementally {H17850} <S30230>
+**
+** This function is used to read data from an open [BLOB handle] into a
+** caller-supplied buffer. N bytes of data are copied into buffer Z
+** from the open BLOB, starting at offset iOffset.
+**
+** If offset iOffset is less than N bytes from the end of the BLOB,
+** [SQLITE_ERROR] is returned and no data is read. If N or iOffset is
+** less than zero, [SQLITE_ERROR] is returned and no data is read.
+** The size of the blob (and hence the maximum value of N+iOffset)
+** can be determined using the [sqlite3_blob_bytes()] interface.
+**
+** An attempt to read from an expired [BLOB handle] fails with an
+** error code of [SQLITE_ABORT].
+**
+** On success, SQLITE_OK is returned.
+** Otherwise, an [error code] or an [extended error code] is returned.
+**
+** This routine only works on a [BLOB handle] which has been created
+** by a prior successful call to [sqlite3_blob_open()] and which has not
+** been closed by [sqlite3_blob_close()]. Passing any other pointer in
+** to this routine results in undefined and probably undesirable behavior.
+**
+** See also: [sqlite3_blob_write()].
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H17853] [H17856] [H17859] [H17862] [H17863] [H17865] [H17868]
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_read(sqlite3_blob *, void *Z, int N, int iOffset);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Write Data Into A BLOB Incrementally {H17870} <S30230>
+**
+** This function is used to write data into an open [BLOB handle] from a
+** caller-supplied buffer. N bytes of data are copied from the buffer Z
+** into the open BLOB, starting at offset iOffset.
+**
+** If the [BLOB handle] passed as the first argument was not opened for
+** writing (the flags parameter to [sqlite3_blob_open()] was zero),
+** this function returns [SQLITE_READONLY].
+**
+** This function may only modify the contents of the BLOB; it is
+** not possible to increase the size of a BLOB using this API.
+** If offset iOffset is less than N bytes from the end of the BLOB,
+** [SQLITE_ERROR] is returned and no data is written. If N is
+** less than zero [SQLITE_ERROR] is returned and no data is written.
+** The size of the BLOB (and hence the maximum value of N+iOffset)
+** can be determined using the [sqlite3_blob_bytes()] interface.
+**
+** An attempt to write to an expired [BLOB handle] fails with an
+** error code of [SQLITE_ABORT]. Writes to the BLOB that occurred
+** before the [BLOB handle] expired are not rolled back by the
+** expiration of the handle, though of course those changes might
+** have been overwritten by the statement that expired the BLOB handle
+** or by other independent statements.
+**
+** On success, SQLITE_OK is returned.
+** Otherwise, an [error code] or an [extended error code] is returned.
+**
+** This routine only works on a [BLOB handle] which has been created
+** by a prior successful call to [sqlite3_blob_open()] and which has not
+** been closed by [sqlite3_blob_close()]. Passing any other pointer in
+** to this routine results in undefined and probably undesirable behavior.
+**
+** See also: [sqlite3_blob_read()].
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H17873] [H17874] [H17875] [H17876] [H17877] [H17879] [H17882] [H17885]
+** [H17888]
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_write(sqlite3_blob *, const void *z, int n, int iOffset);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Virtual File System Objects {H11200} <S20100>
+**
+** A virtual filesystem (VFS) is an [sqlite3_vfs] object
+** that SQLite uses to interact
+** with the underlying operating system. Most SQLite builds come with a
+** single default VFS that is appropriate for the host computer.
+** New VFSes can be registered and existing VFSes can be unregistered.
+** The following interfaces are provided.
+**
+** The sqlite3_vfs_find() interface returns a pointer to a VFS given its name.
+** Names are case sensitive.
+** Names are zero-terminated UTF-8 strings.
+** If there is no match, a NULL pointer is returned.
+** If zVfsName is NULL then the default VFS is returned.
+**
+** New VFSes are registered with sqlite3_vfs_register().
+** Each new VFS becomes the default VFS if the makeDflt flag is set.
+** The same VFS can be registered multiple times without injury.
+** To make an existing VFS into the default VFS, register it again
+** with the makeDflt flag set. If two different VFSes with the
+** same name are registered, the behavior is undefined. If a
+** VFS is registered with a name that is NULL or an empty string,
+** then the behavior is undefined.
+**
+** Unregister a VFS with the sqlite3_vfs_unregister() interface.
+** If the default VFS is unregistered, another VFS is chosen as
+** the default. The choice for the new VFS is arbitrary.
+**
+** Requirements:
+** [H11203] [H11206] [H11209] [H11212] [H11215] [H11218]
+*/
+SQLITE_API sqlite3_vfs *sqlite3_vfs_find(const char *zVfsName);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vfs_register(sqlite3_vfs*, int makeDflt);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vfs_unregister(sqlite3_vfs*);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Mutexes {H17000} <S20000>
+**
+** The SQLite core uses these routines for thread
+** synchronization. Though they are intended for internal
+** use by SQLite, code that links against SQLite is
+** permitted to use any of these routines.
+**
+** The SQLite source code contains multiple implementations
+** of these mutex routines. An appropriate implementation
+** is selected automatically at compile-time. The following
+** implementations are available in the SQLite core:
+**
+** <ul>
+** <li> SQLITE_MUTEX_OS2
+** <li> SQLITE_MUTEX_PTHREAD
+** <li> SQLITE_MUTEX_W32
+** <li> SQLITE_MUTEX_NOOP
+** </ul>
+**
+** The SQLITE_MUTEX_NOOP implementation is a set of routines
+** that does no real locking and is appropriate for use in
+** a single-threaded application. The SQLITE_MUTEX_OS2,
+** SQLITE_MUTEX_PTHREAD, and SQLITE_MUTEX_W32 implementations
+** are appropriate for use on OS/2, Unix, and Windows.
+**
+** If SQLite is compiled with the SQLITE_MUTEX_APPDEF preprocessor
+** macro defined (with "-DSQLITE_MUTEX_APPDEF=1"), then no mutex
+** implementation is included with the library. In this case the
+** application must supply a custom mutex implementation using the
+** [SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX] option of the sqlite3_config() function
+** before calling sqlite3_initialize() or any other public sqlite3_
+** function that calls sqlite3_initialize().
+**
+** {H17011} The sqlite3_mutex_alloc() routine allocates a new
+** mutex and returns a pointer to it. {H17012} If it returns NULL
+** that means that a mutex could not be allocated. {H17013} SQLite
+** will unwind its stack and return an error. {H17014} The argument
+** to sqlite3_mutex_alloc() is one of these integer constants:
+**
+** <ul>
+** <li> SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST
+** <li> SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
+** <li> SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER
+** <li> SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM
+** <li> SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM2
+** <li> SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG
+** <li> SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU
+** <li> SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU2
+** </ul>
+**
+** {H17015} The first two constants cause sqlite3_mutex_alloc() to create
+** a new mutex. The new mutex is recursive when SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
+** is used but not necessarily so when SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST is used. {END}
+** The mutex implementation does not need to make a distinction
+** between SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE and SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST if it does
+** not want to. {H17016} But SQLite will only request a recursive mutex in
+** cases where it really needs one. {END} If a faster non-recursive mutex
+** implementation is available on the host platform, the mutex subsystem
+** might return such a mutex in response to SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST.
+**
+** {H17017} The other allowed parameters to sqlite3_mutex_alloc() each return
+** a pointer to a static preexisting mutex. {END} Six static mutexes are
+** used by the current version of SQLite. Future versions of SQLite
+** may add additional static mutexes. Static mutexes are for internal
+** use by SQLite only. Applications that use SQLite mutexes should
+** use only the dynamic mutexes returned by SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST or
+** SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE.
+**
+** {H17018} Note that if one of the dynamic mutex parameters (SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST
+** or SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE) is used then sqlite3_mutex_alloc()
+** returns a different mutex on every call. {H17034} But for the static
+** mutex types, the same mutex is returned on every call that has
+** the same type number.
+**
+** {H17019} The sqlite3_mutex_free() routine deallocates a previously
+** allocated dynamic mutex. {H17020} SQLite is careful to deallocate every
+** dynamic mutex that it allocates. {A17021} The dynamic mutexes must not be in
+** use when they are deallocated. {A17022} Attempting to deallocate a static
+** mutex results in undefined behavior. {H17023} SQLite never deallocates
+** a static mutex. {END}
+**
+** The sqlite3_mutex_enter() and sqlite3_mutex_try() routines attempt
+** to enter a mutex. {H17024} If another thread is already within the mutex,
+** sqlite3_mutex_enter() will block and sqlite3_mutex_try() will return
+** SQLITE_BUSY. {H17025} The sqlite3_mutex_try() interface returns [SQLITE_OK]
+** upon successful entry. {H17026} Mutexes created using
+** SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE can be entered multiple times by the same thread.
+** {H17027} In such cases the,
+** mutex must be exited an equal number of times before another thread
+** can enter. {A17028} If the same thread tries to enter any other
+** kind of mutex more than once, the behavior is undefined.
+** {H17029} SQLite will never exhibit
+** such behavior in its own use of mutexes.
+**
+** Some systems (for example, Windows 95) do not support the operation
+** implemented by sqlite3_mutex_try(). On those systems, sqlite3_mutex_try()
+** will always return SQLITE_BUSY. {H17030} The SQLite core only ever uses
+** sqlite3_mutex_try() as an optimization so this is acceptable behavior.
+**
+** {H17031} The sqlite3_mutex_leave() routine exits a mutex that was
+** previously entered by the same thread. {A17032} The behavior
+** is undefined if the mutex is not currently entered by the
+** calling thread or is not currently allocated. {H17033} SQLite will
+** never do either. {END}
+**
+** If the argument to sqlite3_mutex_enter(), sqlite3_mutex_try(), or
+** sqlite3_mutex_leave() is a NULL pointer, then all three routines
+** behave as no-ops.
+**
+** See also: [sqlite3_mutex_held()] and [sqlite3_mutex_notheld()].
+*/
+SQLITE_API sqlite3_mutex *sqlite3_mutex_alloc(int);
+SQLITE_API void sqlite3_mutex_free(sqlite3_mutex*);
+SQLITE_API void sqlite3_mutex_enter(sqlite3_mutex*);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_mutex_try(sqlite3_mutex*);
+SQLITE_API void sqlite3_mutex_leave(sqlite3_mutex*);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Mutex Methods Object {H17120} <S20130>
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** An instance of this structure defines the low-level routines
+** used to allocate and use mutexes.
+**
+** Usually, the default mutex implementations provided by SQLite are
+** sufficient, however the user has the option of substituting a custom
+** implementation for specialized deployments or systems for which SQLite
+** does not provide a suitable implementation. In this case, the user
+** creates and populates an instance of this structure to pass
+** to sqlite3_config() along with the [SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX] option.
+** Additionally, an instance of this structure can be used as an
+** output variable when querying the system for the current mutex
+** implementation, using the [SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMUTEX] option.
+**
+** The xMutexInit method defined by this structure is invoked as
+** part of system initialization by the sqlite3_initialize() function.
+** {H17001} The xMutexInit routine shall be called by SQLite once for each
+** effective call to [sqlite3_initialize()].
+**
+** The xMutexEnd method defined by this structure is invoked as
+** part of system shutdown by the sqlite3_shutdown() function. The
+** implementation of this method is expected to release all outstanding
+** resources obtained by the mutex methods implementation, especially
+** those obtained by the xMutexInit method. {H17003} The xMutexEnd()
+** interface shall be invoked once for each call to [sqlite3_shutdown()].
+**
+** The remaining seven methods defined by this structure (xMutexAlloc,
+** xMutexFree, xMutexEnter, xMutexTry, xMutexLeave, xMutexHeld and
+** xMutexNotheld) implement the following interfaces (respectively):
+**
+** <ul>
+** <li> [sqlite3_mutex_alloc()] </li>
+** <li> [sqlite3_mutex_free()] </li>
+** <li> [sqlite3_mutex_enter()] </li>
+** <li> [sqlite3_mutex_try()] </li>
+** <li> [sqlite3_mutex_leave()] </li>
+** <li> [sqlite3_mutex_held()] </li>
+** <li> [sqlite3_mutex_notheld()] </li>
+** </ul>
+**
+** The only difference is that the public sqlite3_XXX functions enumerated
+** above silently ignore any invocations that pass a NULL pointer instead
+** of a valid mutex handle. The implementations of the methods defined
+** by this structure are not required to handle this case, the results
+** of passing a NULL pointer instead of a valid mutex handle are undefined
+** (i.e. it is acceptable to provide an implementation that segfaults if
+** it is passed a NULL pointer).
+**
+** The xMutexInit() method must be threadsafe. It must be harmless to
+** invoke xMutexInit() mutiple times within the same process and without
+** intervening calls to xMutexEnd(). Second and subsequent calls to
+** xMutexInit() must be no-ops.
+**
+** xMutexInit() must not use SQLite memory allocation ([sqlite3_malloc()]
+** and its associates). Similarly, xMutexAlloc() must not use SQLite memory
+** allocation for a static mutex. However xMutexAlloc() may use SQLite
+** memory allocation for a fast or recursive mutex.
+**
+** SQLite will invoke the xMutexEnd() method when [sqlite3_shutdown()] is
+** called, but only if the prior call to xMutexInit returned SQLITE_OK.
+** If xMutexInit fails in any way, it is expected to clean up after itself
+** prior to returning.
+*/
+typedef struct sqlite3_mutex_methods sqlite3_mutex_methods;
+struct sqlite3_mutex_methods {
+ int (*xMutexInit)(void);
+ int (*xMutexEnd)(void);
+ sqlite3_mutex *(*xMutexAlloc)(int);
+ void (*xMutexFree)(sqlite3_mutex *);
+ void (*xMutexEnter)(sqlite3_mutex *);
+ int (*xMutexTry)(sqlite3_mutex *);
+ void (*xMutexLeave)(sqlite3_mutex *);
+ int (*xMutexHeld)(sqlite3_mutex *);
+ int (*xMutexNotheld)(sqlite3_mutex *);
+};
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Mutex Verification Routines {H17080} <S20130> <S30800>
+**
+** The sqlite3_mutex_held() and sqlite3_mutex_notheld() routines
+** are intended for use inside assert() statements. {H17081} The SQLite core
+** never uses these routines except inside an assert() and applications
+** are advised to follow the lead of the core. {H17082} The core only
+** provides implementations for these routines when it is compiled
+** with the SQLITE_DEBUG flag. {A17087} External mutex implementations
+** are only required to provide these routines if SQLITE_DEBUG is
+** defined and if NDEBUG is not defined.
+**
+** {H17083} These routines should return true if the mutex in their argument
+** is held or not held, respectively, by the calling thread.
+**
+** {X17084} The implementation is not required to provided versions of these
+** routines that actually work. If the implementation does not provide working
+** versions of these routines, it should at least provide stubs that always
+** return true so that one does not get spurious assertion failures.
+**
+** {H17085} If the argument to sqlite3_mutex_held() is a NULL pointer then
+** the routine should return 1. {END} This seems counter-intuitive since
+** clearly the mutex cannot be held if it does not exist. But the
+** the reason the mutex does not exist is because the build is not
+** using mutexes. And we do not want the assert() containing the
+** call to sqlite3_mutex_held() to fail, so a non-zero return is
+** the appropriate thing to do. {H17086} The sqlite3_mutex_notheld()
+** interface should also return 1 when given a NULL pointer.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_mutex_held(sqlite3_mutex*);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_mutex_notheld(sqlite3_mutex*);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Mutex Types {H17001} <H17000>
+**
+** The [sqlite3_mutex_alloc()] interface takes a single argument
+** which is one of these integer constants.
+**
+** The set of static mutexes may change from one SQLite release to the
+** next. Applications that override the built-in mutex logic must be
+** prepared to accommodate additional static mutexes.
+*/
+#define SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST 0
+#define SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE 1
+#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER 2
+#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM 3 /* sqlite3_malloc() */
+#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM2 4 /* NOT USED */
+#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_OPEN 4 /* sqlite3BtreeOpen() */
+#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG 5 /* sqlite3_random() */
+#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU 6 /* lru page list */
+#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU2 7 /* lru page list */
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Retrieve the mutex for a database connection {H17002} <H17000>
+**
+** This interface returns a pointer the [sqlite3_mutex] object that
+** serializes access to the [database connection] given in the argument
+** when the [threading mode] is Serialized.
+** If the [threading mode] is Single-thread or Multi-thread then this
+** routine returns a NULL pointer.
+*/
+SQLITE_API sqlite3_mutex *sqlite3_db_mutex(sqlite3*);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Low-Level Control Of Database Files {H11300} <S30800>
+**
+** {H11301} The [sqlite3_file_control()] interface makes a direct call to the
+** xFileControl method for the [sqlite3_io_methods] object associated
+** with a particular database identified by the second argument. {H11302} The
+** name of the database is the name assigned to the database by the
+** <a href="lang_attach.html">ATTACH</a> SQL command that opened the
+** database. {H11303} To control the main database file, use the name "main"
+** or a NULL pointer. {H11304} The third and fourth parameters to this routine
+** are passed directly through to the second and third parameters of
+** the xFileControl method. {H11305} The return value of the xFileControl
+** method becomes the return value of this routine.
+**
+** {H11306} If the second parameter (zDbName) does not match the name of any
+** open database file, then SQLITE_ERROR is returned. {H11307} This error
+** code is not remembered and will not be recalled by [sqlite3_errcode()]
+** or [sqlite3_errmsg()]. {A11308} The underlying xFileControl method might
+** also return SQLITE_ERROR. {A11309} There is no way to distinguish between
+** an incorrect zDbName and an SQLITE_ERROR return from the underlying
+** xFileControl method. {END}
+**
+** See also: [SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE]
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_file_control(sqlite3*, const char *zDbName, int op, void*);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Testing Interface {H11400} <S30800>
+**
+** The sqlite3_test_control() interface is used to read out internal
+** state of SQLite and to inject faults into SQLite for testing
+** purposes. The first parameter is an operation code that determines
+** the number, meaning, and operation of all subsequent parameters.
+**
+** This interface is not for use by applications. It exists solely
+** for verifying the correct operation of the SQLite library. Depending
+** on how the SQLite library is compiled, this interface might not exist.
+**
+** The details of the operation codes, their meanings, the parameters
+** they take, and what they do are all subject to change without notice.
+** Unlike most of the SQLite API, this function is not guaranteed to
+** operate consistently from one release to the next.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_test_control(int op, ...);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Testing Interface Operation Codes {H11410} <H11400>
+**
+** These constants are the valid operation code parameters used
+** as the first argument to [sqlite3_test_control()].
+**
+** These parameters and their meanings are subject to change
+** without notice. These values are for testing purposes only.
+** Applications should not use any of these parameters or the
+** [sqlite3_test_control()] interface.
+*/
+#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PRNG_SAVE 5
+#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PRNG_RESTORE 6
+#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PRNG_RESET 7
+#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BITVEC_TEST 8
+#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_FAULT_INSTALL 9
+#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BENIGN_MALLOC_HOOKS 10
+#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PENDING_BYTE 11
+#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ASSERT 12
+#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ALWAYS 13
+#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_RESERVE 14
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: SQLite Runtime Status {H17200} <S60200>
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** This interface is used to retrieve runtime status information
+** about the preformance of SQLite, and optionally to reset various
+** highwater marks. The first argument is an integer code for
+** the specific parameter to measure. Recognized integer codes
+** are of the form [SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED | SQLITE_STATUS_...].
+** The current value of the parameter is returned into *pCurrent.
+** The highest recorded value is returned in *pHighwater. If the
+** resetFlag is true, then the highest record value is reset after
+** *pHighwater is written. Some parameters do not record the highest
+** value. For those parameters
+** nothing is written into *pHighwater and the resetFlag is ignored.
+** Other parameters record only the highwater mark and not the current
+** value. For these latter parameters nothing is written into *pCurrent.
+**
+** This routine returns SQLITE_OK on success and a non-zero
+** [error code] on failure.
+**
+** This routine is threadsafe but is not atomic. This routine can be
+** called while other threads are running the same or different SQLite
+** interfaces. However the values returned in *pCurrent and
+** *pHighwater reflect the status of SQLite at different points in time
+** and it is possible that another thread might change the parameter
+** in between the times when *pCurrent and *pHighwater are written.
+**
+** See also: [sqlite3_db_status()]
+*/
+SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_status(int op, int *pCurrent, int *pHighwater, int resetFlag);
+
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Status Parameters {H17250} <H17200>
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** These integer constants designate various run-time status parameters
+** that can be returned by [sqlite3_status()].
+**
+** <dl>
+** <dt>SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED</dt>
+** <dd>This parameter is the current amount of memory checked out
+** using [sqlite3_malloc()], either directly or indirectly. The
+** figure includes calls made to [sqlite3_malloc()] by the application
+** and internal memory usage by the SQLite library. Scratch memory
+** controlled by [SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH] and auxiliary page-cache
+** memory controlled by [SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE] is not included in
+** this parameter. The amount returned is the sum of the allocation
+** sizes as reported by the xSize method in [sqlite3_mem_methods].</dd>
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_SIZE</dt>
+** <dd>This parameter records the largest memory allocation request
+** handed to [sqlite3_malloc()] or [sqlite3_realloc()] (or their
+** internal equivalents). Only the value returned in the
+** *pHighwater parameter to [sqlite3_status()] is of interest.
+** The value written into the *pCurrent parameter is undefined.</dd>
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_USED</dt>
+** <dd>This parameter returns the number of pages used out of the
+** [pagecache memory allocator] that was configured using
+** [SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE]. The
+** value returned is in pages, not in bytes.</dd>
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW</dt>
+** <dd>This parameter returns the number of bytes of page cache
+** allocation which could not be statisfied by the [SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE]
+** buffer and where forced to overflow to [sqlite3_malloc()]. The
+** returned value includes allocations that overflowed because they
+** where too large (they were larger than the "sz" parameter to
+** [SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE]) and allocations that overflowed because
+** no space was left in the page cache.</dd>
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_SIZE</dt>
+** <dd>This parameter records the largest memory allocation request
+** handed to [pagecache memory allocator]. Only the value returned in the
+** *pHighwater parameter to [sqlite3_status()] is of interest.
+** The value written into the *pCurrent parameter is undefined.</dd>
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_USED</dt>
+** <dd>This parameter returns the number of allocations used out of the
+** [scratch memory allocator] configured using
+** [SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH]. The value returned is in allocations, not
+** in bytes. Since a single thread may only have one scratch allocation
+** outstanding at time, this parameter also reports the number of threads
+** using scratch memory at the same time.</dd>
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_OVERFLOW</dt>
+** <dd>This parameter returns the number of bytes of scratch memory
+** allocation which could not be statisfied by the [SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH]
+** buffer and where forced to overflow to [sqlite3_malloc()]. The values
+** returned include overflows because the requested allocation was too
+** larger (that is, because the requested allocation was larger than the
+** "sz" parameter to [SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH]) and because no scratch buffer
+** slots were available.
+** </dd>
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_SIZE</dt>
+** <dd>This parameter records the largest memory allocation request
+** handed to [scratch memory allocator]. Only the value returned in the
+** *pHighwater parameter to [sqlite3_status()] is of interest.
+** The value written into the *pCurrent parameter is undefined.</dd>
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_STATUS_PARSER_STACK</dt>
+** <dd>This parameter records the deepest parser stack. It is only
+** meaningful if SQLite is compiled with [YYTRACKMAXSTACKDEPTH].</dd>
+** </dl>
+**
+** New status parameters may be added from time to time.
+*/
+#define SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED 0
+#define SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_USED 1
+#define SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW 2
+#define SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_USED 3
+#define SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_OVERFLOW 4
+#define SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_SIZE 5
+#define SQLITE_STATUS_PARSER_STACK 6
+#define SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_SIZE 7
+#define SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_SIZE 8
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Database Connection Status {H17500} <S60200>
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** This interface is used to retrieve runtime status information
+** about a single [database connection]. The first argument is the
+** database connection object to be interrogated. The second argument
+** is the parameter to interrogate. Currently, the only allowed value
+** for the second parameter is [SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED].
+** Additional options will likely appear in future releases of SQLite.
+**
+** The current value of the requested parameter is written into *pCur
+** and the highest instantaneous value is written into *pHiwtr. If
+** the resetFlg is true, then the highest instantaneous value is
+** reset back down to the current value.
+**
+** See also: [sqlite3_status()] and [sqlite3_stmt_status()].
+*/
+SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_db_status(sqlite3*, int op, int *pCur, int *pHiwtr, int resetFlg);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Status Parameters for database connections {H17520} <H17500>
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** These constants are the available integer "verbs" that can be passed as
+** the second argument to the [sqlite3_db_status()] interface.
+**
+** New verbs may be added in future releases of SQLite. Existing verbs
+** might be discontinued. Applications should check the return code from
+** [sqlite3_db_status()] to make sure that the call worked.
+** The [sqlite3_db_status()] interface will return a non-zero error code
+** if a discontinued or unsupported verb is invoked.
+**
+** <dl>
+** <dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED</dt>
+** <dd>This parameter returns the number of lookaside memory slots currently
+** checked out.</dd>
+** </dl>
+*/
+#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED 0
+
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Prepared Statement Status {H17550} <S60200>
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** Each prepared statement maintains various
+** [SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_SORT | counters] that measure the number
+** of times it has performed specific operations. These counters can
+** be used to monitor the performance characteristics of the prepared
+** statements. For example, if the number of table steps greatly exceeds
+** the number of table searches or result rows, that would tend to indicate
+** that the prepared statement is using a full table scan rather than
+** an index.
+**
+** This interface is used to retrieve and reset counter values from
+** a [prepared statement]. The first argument is the prepared statement
+** object to be interrogated. The second argument
+** is an integer code for a specific [SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_SORT | counter]
+** to be interrogated.
+** The current value of the requested counter is returned.
+** If the resetFlg is true, then the counter is reset to zero after this
+** interface call returns.
+**
+** See also: [sqlite3_status()] and [sqlite3_db_status()].
+*/
+SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_stmt_status(sqlite3_stmt*, int op,int resetFlg);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Status Parameters for prepared statements {H17570} <H17550>
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** These preprocessor macros define integer codes that name counter
+** values associated with the [sqlite3_stmt_status()] interface.
+** The meanings of the various counters are as follows:
+**
+** <dl>
+** <dt>SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP</dt>
+** <dd>This is the number of times that SQLite has stepped forward in
+** a table as part of a full table scan. Large numbers for this counter
+** may indicate opportunities for performance improvement through
+** careful use of indices.</dd>
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_SORT</dt>
+** <dd>This is the number of sort operations that have occurred.
+** A non-zero value in this counter may indicate an opportunity to
+** improvement performance through careful use of indices.</dd>
+**
+** </dl>
+*/
+#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP 1
+#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_SORT 2
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Custom Page Cache Object
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** The sqlite3_pcache type is opaque. It is implemented by
+** the pluggable module. The SQLite core has no knowledge of
+** its size or internal structure and never deals with the
+** sqlite3_pcache object except by holding and passing pointers
+** to the object.
+**
+** See [sqlite3_pcache_methods] for additional information.
+*/
+typedef struct sqlite3_pcache sqlite3_pcache;
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Application Defined Page Cache.
+** KEYWORDS: {page cache}
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** The [sqlite3_config]([SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE], ...) interface can
+** register an alternative page cache implementation by passing in an
+** instance of the sqlite3_pcache_methods structure. The majority of the
+** heap memory used by SQLite is used by the page cache to cache data read
+** from, or ready to be written to, the database file. By implementing a
+** custom page cache using this API, an application can control more
+** precisely the amount of memory consumed by SQLite, the way in which
+** that memory is allocated and released, and the policies used to
+** determine exactly which parts of a database file are cached and for
+** how long.
+**
+** The contents of the sqlite3_pcache_methods structure are copied to an
+** internal buffer by SQLite within the call to [sqlite3_config]. Hence
+** the application may discard the parameter after the call to
+** [sqlite3_config()] returns.
+**
+** The xInit() method is called once for each call to [sqlite3_initialize()]
+** (usually only once during the lifetime of the process). It is passed
+** a copy of the sqlite3_pcache_methods.pArg value. It can be used to set
+** up global structures and mutexes required by the custom page cache
+** implementation.
+**
+** The xShutdown() method is called from within [sqlite3_shutdown()],
+** if the application invokes this API. It can be used to clean up
+** any outstanding resources before process shutdown, if required.
+**
+** SQLite holds a [SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE] mutex when it invokes
+** the xInit method, so the xInit method need not be threadsafe. The
+** xShutdown method is only called from [sqlite3_shutdown()] so it does
+** not need to be threadsafe either. All other methods must be threadsafe
+** in multithreaded applications.
+**
+** SQLite will never invoke xInit() more than once without an intervening
+** call to xShutdown().
+**
+** The xCreate() method is used to construct a new cache instance. SQLite
+** will typically create one cache instance for each open database file,
+** though this is not guaranteed. The
+** first parameter, szPage, is the size in bytes of the pages that must
+** be allocated by the cache. szPage will not be a power of two. szPage
+** will the page size of the database file that is to be cached plus an
+** increment (here called "R") of about 100 or 200. SQLite will use the
+** extra R bytes on each page to store metadata about the underlying
+** database page on disk. The value of R depends
+** on the SQLite version, the target platform, and how SQLite was compiled.
+** R is constant for a particular build of SQLite. The second argument to
+** xCreate(), bPurgeable, is true if the cache being created will
+** be used to cache database pages of a file stored on disk, or
+** false if it is used for an in-memory database. The cache implementation
+** does not have to do anything special based with the value of bPurgeable;
+** it is purely advisory. On a cache where bPurgeable is false, SQLite will
+** never invoke xUnpin() except to deliberately delete a page.
+** In other words, a cache created with bPurgeable set to false will
+** never contain any unpinned pages.
+**
+** The xCachesize() method may be called at any time by SQLite to set the
+** suggested maximum cache-size (number of pages stored by) the cache
+** instance passed as the first argument. This is the value configured using
+** the SQLite "[PRAGMA cache_size]" command. As with the bPurgeable parameter,
+** the implementation is not required to do anything with this
+** value; it is advisory only.
+**
+** The xPagecount() method should return the number of pages currently
+** stored in the cache.
+**
+** The xFetch() method is used to fetch a page and return a pointer to it.
+** A 'page', in this context, is a buffer of szPage bytes aligned at an
+** 8-byte boundary. The page to be fetched is determined by the key. The
+** mimimum key value is 1. After it has been retrieved using xFetch, the page
+** is considered to be "pinned".
+**
+** If the requested page is already in the page cache, then the page cache
+** implementation must return a pointer to the page buffer with its content
+** intact. If the requested page is not already in the cache, then the
+** behavior of the cache implementation is determined by the value of the
+** createFlag parameter passed to xFetch, according to the following table:
+**
+** <table border=1 width=85% align=center>
+** <tr><th> createFlag <th> Behaviour when page is not already in cache
+** <tr><td> 0 <td> Do not allocate a new page. Return NULL.
+** <tr><td> 1 <td> Allocate a new page if it easy and convenient to do so.
+** Otherwise return NULL.
+** <tr><td> 2 <td> Make every effort to allocate a new page. Only return
+** NULL if allocating a new page is effectively impossible.
+** </table>
+**
+** SQLite will normally invoke xFetch() with a createFlag of 0 or 1. If
+** a call to xFetch() with createFlag==1 returns NULL, then SQLite will
+** attempt to unpin one or more cache pages by spilling the content of
+** pinned pages to disk and synching the operating system disk cache. After
+** attempting to unpin pages, the xFetch() method will be invoked again with
+** a createFlag of 2.
+**
+** xUnpin() is called by SQLite with a pointer to a currently pinned page
+** as its second argument. If the third parameter, discard, is non-zero,
+** then the page should be evicted from the cache. In this case SQLite
+** assumes that the next time the page is retrieved from the cache using
+** the xFetch() method, it will be zeroed. If the discard parameter is
+** zero, then the page is considered to be unpinned. The cache implementation
+** may choose to evict unpinned pages at any time.
+**
+** The cache is not required to perform any reference counting. A single
+** call to xUnpin() unpins the page regardless of the number of prior calls
+** to xFetch().
+**
+** The xRekey() method is used to change the key value associated with the
+** page passed as the second argument from oldKey to newKey. If the cache
+** previously contains an entry associated with newKey, it should be
+** discarded. Any prior cache entry associated with newKey is guaranteed not
+** to be pinned.
+**
+** When SQLite calls the xTruncate() method, the cache must discard all
+** existing cache entries with page numbers (keys) greater than or equal
+** to the value of the iLimit parameter passed to xTruncate(). If any
+** of these pages are pinned, they are implicitly unpinned, meaning that
+** they can be safely discarded.
+**
+** The xDestroy() method is used to delete a cache allocated by xCreate().
+** All resources associated with the specified cache should be freed. After
+** calling the xDestroy() method, SQLite considers the [sqlite3_pcache*]
+** handle invalid, and will not use it with any other sqlite3_pcache_methods
+** functions.
+*/
+typedef struct sqlite3_pcache_methods sqlite3_pcache_methods;
+struct sqlite3_pcache_methods {
+ void *pArg;
+ int (*xInit)(void*);
+ void (*xShutdown)(void*);
+ sqlite3_pcache *(*xCreate)(int szPage, int bPurgeable);
+ void (*xCachesize)(sqlite3_pcache*, int nCachesize);
+ int (*xPagecount)(sqlite3_pcache*);
+ void *(*xFetch)(sqlite3_pcache*, unsigned key, int createFlag);
+ void (*xUnpin)(sqlite3_pcache*, void*, int discard);
+ void (*xRekey)(sqlite3_pcache*, void*, unsigned oldKey, unsigned newKey);
+ void (*xTruncate)(sqlite3_pcache*, unsigned iLimit);
+ void (*xDestroy)(sqlite3_pcache*);
+};
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Online Backup Object
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** The sqlite3_backup object records state information about an ongoing
+** online backup operation. The sqlite3_backup object is created by
+** a call to [sqlite3_backup_init()] and is destroyed by a call to
+** [sqlite3_backup_finish()].
+**
+** See Also: [Using the SQLite Online Backup API]
+*/
+typedef struct sqlite3_backup sqlite3_backup;
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Online Backup API.
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** This API is used to overwrite the contents of one database with that
+** of another. It is useful either for creating backups of databases or
+** for copying in-memory databases to or from persistent files.
+**
+** See Also: [Using the SQLite Online Backup API]
+**
+** Exclusive access is required to the destination database for the
+** duration of the operation. However the source database is only
+** read-locked while it is actually being read, it is not locked
+** continuously for the entire operation. Thus, the backup may be
+** performed on a live database without preventing other users from
+** writing to the database for an extended period of time.
+**
+** To perform a backup operation:
+** <ol>
+** <li><b>sqlite3_backup_init()</b> is called once to initialize the
+** backup,
+** <li><b>sqlite3_backup_step()</b> is called one or more times to transfer
+** the data between the two databases, and finally
+** <li><b>sqlite3_backup_finish()</b> is called to release all resources
+** associated with the backup operation.
+** </ol>
+** There should be exactly one call to sqlite3_backup_finish() for each
+** successful call to sqlite3_backup_init().
+**
+** <b>sqlite3_backup_init()</b>
+**
+** The first two arguments passed to [sqlite3_backup_init()] are the database
+** handle associated with the destination database and the database name
+** used to attach the destination database to the handle. The database name
+** is "main" for the main database, "temp" for the temporary database, or
+** the name specified as part of the [ATTACH] statement if the destination is
+** an attached database. The third and fourth arguments passed to
+** sqlite3_backup_init() identify the [database connection]
+** and database name used
+** to access the source database. The values passed for the source and
+** destination [database connection] parameters must not be the same.
+**
+** If an error occurs within sqlite3_backup_init(), then NULL is returned
+** and an error code and error message written into the [database connection]
+** passed as the first argument. They may be retrieved using the
+** [sqlite3_errcode()], [sqlite3_errmsg()], and [sqlite3_errmsg16()] functions.
+** Otherwise, if successful, a pointer to an [sqlite3_backup] object is
+** returned. This pointer may be used with the sqlite3_backup_step() and
+** sqlite3_backup_finish() functions to perform the specified backup
+** operation.
+**
+** <b>sqlite3_backup_step()</b>
+**
+** Function [sqlite3_backup_step()] is used to copy up to nPage pages between
+** the source and destination databases, where nPage is the value of the
+** second parameter passed to sqlite3_backup_step(). If nPage is a negative
+** value, all remaining source pages are copied. If the required pages are
+** succesfully copied, but there are still more pages to copy before the
+** backup is complete, it returns [SQLITE_OK]. If no error occured and there
+** are no more pages to copy, then [SQLITE_DONE] is returned. If an error
+** occurs, then an SQLite error code is returned. As well as [SQLITE_OK] and
+** [SQLITE_DONE], a call to sqlite3_backup_step() may return [SQLITE_READONLY],
+** [SQLITE_NOMEM], [SQLITE_BUSY], [SQLITE_LOCKED], or an
+** [SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS | SQLITE_IOERR_XXX] extended error code.
+**
+** As well as the case where the destination database file was opened for
+** read-only access, sqlite3_backup_step() may return [SQLITE_READONLY] if
+** the destination is an in-memory database with a different page size
+** from the source database.
+**
+** If sqlite3_backup_step() cannot obtain a required file-system lock, then
+** the [sqlite3_busy_handler | busy-handler function]
+** is invoked (if one is specified). If the
+** busy-handler returns non-zero before the lock is available, then
+** [SQLITE_BUSY] is returned to the caller. In this case the call to
+** sqlite3_backup_step() can be retried later. If the source
+** [database connection]
+** is being used to write to the source database when sqlite3_backup_step()
+** is called, then [SQLITE_LOCKED] is returned immediately. Again, in this
+** case the call to sqlite3_backup_step() can be retried later on. If
+** [SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS | SQLITE_IOERR_XXX], [SQLITE_NOMEM], or
+** [SQLITE_READONLY] is returned, then
+** there is no point in retrying the call to sqlite3_backup_step(). These
+** errors are considered fatal. At this point the application must accept
+** that the backup operation has failed and pass the backup operation handle
+** to the sqlite3_backup_finish() to release associated resources.
+**
+** Following the first call to sqlite3_backup_step(), an exclusive lock is
+** obtained on the destination file. It is not released until either
+** sqlite3_backup_finish() is called or the backup operation is complete
+** and sqlite3_backup_step() returns [SQLITE_DONE]. Additionally, each time
+** a call to sqlite3_backup_step() is made a [shared lock] is obtained on
+** the source database file. This lock is released before the
+** sqlite3_backup_step() call returns. Because the source database is not
+** locked between calls to sqlite3_backup_step(), it may be modified mid-way
+** through the backup procedure. If the source database is modified by an
+** external process or via a database connection other than the one being
+** used by the backup operation, then the backup will be transparently
+** restarted by the next call to sqlite3_backup_step(). If the source
+** database is modified by the using the same database connection as is used
+** by the backup operation, then the backup database is transparently
+** updated at the same time.
+**
+** <b>sqlite3_backup_finish()</b>
+**
+** Once sqlite3_backup_step() has returned [SQLITE_DONE], or when the
+** application wishes to abandon the backup operation, the [sqlite3_backup]
+** object should be passed to sqlite3_backup_finish(). This releases all
+** resources associated with the backup operation. If sqlite3_backup_step()
+** has not yet returned [SQLITE_DONE], then any active write-transaction on the
+** destination database is rolled back. The [sqlite3_backup] object is invalid
+** and may not be used following a call to sqlite3_backup_finish().
+**
+** The value returned by sqlite3_backup_finish is [SQLITE_OK] if no error
+** occurred, regardless or whether or not sqlite3_backup_step() was called
+** a sufficient number of times to complete the backup operation. Or, if
+** an out-of-memory condition or IO error occured during a call to
+** sqlite3_backup_step() then [SQLITE_NOMEM] or an
+** [SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS | SQLITE_IOERR_XXX] error code
+** is returned. In this case the error code and an error message are
+** written to the destination [database connection].
+**
+** A return of [SQLITE_BUSY] or [SQLITE_LOCKED] from sqlite3_backup_step() is
+** not a permanent error and does not affect the return value of
+** sqlite3_backup_finish().
+**
+** <b>sqlite3_backup_remaining(), sqlite3_backup_pagecount()</b>
+**
+** Each call to sqlite3_backup_step() sets two values stored internally
+** by an [sqlite3_backup] object. The number of pages still to be backed
+** up, which may be queried by sqlite3_backup_remaining(), and the total
+** number of pages in the source database file, which may be queried by
+** sqlite3_backup_pagecount().
+**
+** The values returned by these functions are only updated by
+** sqlite3_backup_step(). If the source database is modified during a backup
+** operation, then the values are not updated to account for any extra
+** pages that need to be updated or the size of the source database file
+** changing.
+**
+** <b>Concurrent Usage of Database Handles</b>
+**
+** The source [database connection] may be used by the application for other
+** purposes while a backup operation is underway or being initialized.
+** If SQLite is compiled and configured to support threadsafe database
+** connections, then the source database connection may be used concurrently
+** from within other threads.
+**
+** However, the application must guarantee that the destination database
+** connection handle is not passed to any other API (by any thread) after
+** sqlite3_backup_init() is called and before the corresponding call to
+** sqlite3_backup_finish(). Unfortunately SQLite does not currently check
+** for this, if the application does use the destination [database connection]
+** for some other purpose during a backup operation, things may appear to
+** work correctly but in fact be subtly malfunctioning. Use of the
+** destination database connection while a backup is in progress might
+** also cause a mutex deadlock.
+**
+** Furthermore, if running in [shared cache mode], the application must
+** guarantee that the shared cache used by the destination database
+** is not accessed while the backup is running. In practice this means
+** that the application must guarantee that the file-system file being
+** backed up to is not accessed by any connection within the process,
+** not just the specific connection that was passed to sqlite3_backup_init().
+**
+** The [sqlite3_backup] object itself is partially threadsafe. Multiple
+** threads may safely make multiple concurrent calls to sqlite3_backup_step().
+** However, the sqlite3_backup_remaining() and sqlite3_backup_pagecount()
+** APIs are not strictly speaking threadsafe. If they are invoked at the
+** same time as another thread is invoking sqlite3_backup_step() it is
+** possible that they return invalid values.
+*/
+SQLITE_API sqlite3_backup *sqlite3_backup_init(
+ sqlite3 *pDest, /* Destination database handle */
+ const char *zDestName, /* Destination database name */
+ sqlite3 *pSource, /* Source database handle */
+ const char *zSourceName /* Source database name */
+);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_backup_step(sqlite3_backup *p, int nPage);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_backup_finish(sqlite3_backup *p);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_backup_remaining(sqlite3_backup *p);
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_backup_pagecount(sqlite3_backup *p);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Unlock Notification
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** When running in shared-cache mode, a database operation may fail with
+** an [SQLITE_LOCKED] error if the required locks on the shared-cache or
+** individual tables within the shared-cache cannot be obtained. See
+** [SQLite Shared-Cache Mode] for a description of shared-cache locking.
+** This API may be used to register a callback that SQLite will invoke
+** when the connection currently holding the required lock relinquishes it.
+** This API is only available if the library was compiled with the
+** [SQLITE_ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY] C-preprocessor symbol defined.
+**
+** See Also: [Using the SQLite Unlock Notification Feature].
+**
+** Shared-cache locks are released when a database connection concludes
+** its current transaction, either by committing it or rolling it back.
+**
+** When a connection (known as the blocked connection) fails to obtain a
+** shared-cache lock and SQLITE_LOCKED is returned to the caller, the
+** identity of the database connection (the blocking connection) that
+** has locked the required resource is stored internally. After an
+** application receives an SQLITE_LOCKED error, it may call the
+** sqlite3_unlock_notify() method with the blocked connection handle as
+** the first argument to register for a callback that will be invoked
+** when the blocking connections current transaction is concluded. The
+** callback is invoked from within the [sqlite3_step] or [sqlite3_close]
+** call that concludes the blocking connections transaction.
+**
+** If sqlite3_unlock_notify() is called in a multi-threaded application,
+** there is a chance that the blocking connection will have already
+** concluded its transaction by the time sqlite3_unlock_notify() is invoked.
+** If this happens, then the specified callback is invoked immediately,
+** from within the call to sqlite3_unlock_notify().
+**
+** If the blocked connection is attempting to obtain a write-lock on a
+** shared-cache table, and more than one other connection currently holds
+** a read-lock on the same table, then SQLite arbitrarily selects one of
+** the other connections to use as the blocking connection.
+**
+** There may be at most one unlock-notify callback registered by a
+** blocked connection. If sqlite3_unlock_notify() is called when the
+** blocked connection already has a registered unlock-notify callback,
+** then the new callback replaces the old. If sqlite3_unlock_notify() is
+** called with a NULL pointer as its second argument, then any existing
+** unlock-notify callback is cancelled. The blocked connections
+** unlock-notify callback may also be canceled by closing the blocked
+** connection using [sqlite3_close()].
+**
+** The unlock-notify callback is not reentrant. If an application invokes
+** any sqlite3_xxx API functions from within an unlock-notify callback, a
+** crash or deadlock may be the result.
+**
+** Unless deadlock is detected (see below), sqlite3_unlock_notify() always
+** returns SQLITE_OK.
+**
+** <b>Callback Invocation Details</b>
+**
+** When an unlock-notify callback is registered, the application provides a
+** single void* pointer that is passed to the callback when it is invoked.
+** However, the signature of the callback function allows SQLite to pass
+** it an array of void* context pointers. The first argument passed to
+** an unlock-notify callback is a pointer to an array of void* pointers,
+** and the second is the number of entries in the array.
+**
+** When a blocking connections transaction is concluded, there may be
+** more than one blocked connection that has registered for an unlock-notify
+** callback. If two or more such blocked connections have specified the
+** same callback function, then instead of invoking the callback function
+** multiple times, it is invoked once with the set of void* context pointers
+** specified by the blocked connections bundled together into an array.
+** This gives the application an opportunity to prioritize any actions
+** related to the set of unblocked database connections.
+**
+** <b>Deadlock Detection</b>
+**
+** Assuming that after registering for an unlock-notify callback a
+** database waits for the callback to be issued before taking any further
+** action (a reasonable assumption), then using this API may cause the
+** application to deadlock. For example, if connection X is waiting for
+** connection Y's transaction to be concluded, and similarly connection
+** Y is waiting on connection X's transaction, then neither connection
+** will proceed and the system may remain deadlocked indefinitely.
+**
+** To avoid this scenario, the sqlite3_unlock_notify() performs deadlock
+** detection. If a given call to sqlite3_unlock_notify() would put the
+** system in a deadlocked state, then SQLITE_LOCKED is returned and no
+** unlock-notify callback is registered. The system is said to be in
+** a deadlocked state if connection A has registered for an unlock-notify
+** callback on the conclusion of connection B's transaction, and connection
+** B has itself registered for an unlock-notify callback when connection
+** A's transaction is concluded. Indirect deadlock is also detected, so
+** the system is also considered to be deadlocked if connection B has
+** registered for an unlock-notify callback on the conclusion of connection
+** C's transaction, where connection C is waiting on connection A. Any
+** number of levels of indirection are allowed.
+**
+** <b>The "DROP TABLE" Exception</b>
+**
+** When a call to [sqlite3_step()] returns SQLITE_LOCKED, it is almost
+** always appropriate to call sqlite3_unlock_notify(). There is however,
+** one exception. When executing a "DROP TABLE" or "DROP INDEX" statement,
+** SQLite checks if there are any currently executing SELECT statements
+** that belong to the same connection. If there are, SQLITE_LOCKED is
+** returned. In this case there is no "blocking connection", so invoking
+** sqlite3_unlock_notify() results in the unlock-notify callback being
+** invoked immediately. If the application then re-attempts the "DROP TABLE"
+** or "DROP INDEX" query, an infinite loop might be the result.
+**
+** One way around this problem is to check the extended error code returned
+** by an sqlite3_step() call. If there is a blocking connection, then the
+** extended error code is set to SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE. Otherwise, in
+** the special "DROP TABLE/INDEX" case, the extended error code is just
+** SQLITE_LOCKED.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_unlock_notify(
+ sqlite3 *pBlocked, /* Waiting connection */
+ void (*xNotify)(void **apArg, int nArg), /* Callback function to invoke */
+ void *pNotifyArg /* Argument to pass to xNotify */
+);
+
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: String Comparison
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** The [sqlite3_strnicmp()] API allows applications and extensions to
+** compare the contents of two buffers containing UTF-8 strings in a
+** case-indendent fashion, using the same definition of case independence
+** that SQLite uses internally when comparing identifiers.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_strnicmp(const char *, const char *, int);
+
+/*
+** Undo the hack that converts floating point types to integer for
+** builds on processors without floating point support.
+*/
+#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
+# undef double
+#endif
+
+#if 0
+} /* End of the 'extern "C"' block */
+#endif
+#endif
+
+
+/************** End of sqlite3.h *********************************************/
+/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/
+/************** Include hash.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ******************/
+/************** Begin file hash.h ********************************************/
+/*
+** 2001 September 22
+**
+** The author disclaims copyright to this source code. In place of
+** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
+**
+** May you do good and not evil.
+** May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
+** May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
+**
+*************************************************************************
+** This is the header file for the generic hash-table implemenation
+** used in SQLite.
+**
+** $Id: hash.h,v 1.15 2009/05/02 13:29:38 drh Exp $
+*/
+#ifndef _SQLITE_HASH_H_
+#define _SQLITE_HASH_H_
+
+/* Forward declarations of structures. */
+typedef struct Hash Hash;
+typedef struct HashElem HashElem;
+
+/* A complete hash table is an instance of the following structure.
+** The internals of this structure are intended to be opaque -- client
+** code should not attempt to access or modify the fields of this structure
+** directly. Change this structure only by using the routines below.
+** However, some of the "procedures" and "functions" for modifying and
+** accessing this structure are really macros, so we can't really make
+** this structure opaque.
+**
+** All elements of the hash table are on a single doubly-linked list.
+** Hash.first points to the head of this list.
+**
+** There are Hash.htsize buckets. Each bucket points to a spot in
+** the global doubly-linked list. The contents of the bucket are the
+** element pointed to plus the next _ht.count-1 elements in the list.
+**
+** Hash.htsize and Hash.ht may be zero. In that case lookup is done
+** by a linear search of the global list. For small tables, the
+** Hash.ht table is never allocated because if there are few elements
+** in the table, it is faster to do a linear search than to manage
+** the hash table.
+*/
+struct Hash {
+ unsigned int htsize; /* Number of buckets in the hash table */
+ unsigned int count; /* Number of entries in this table */
+ HashElem *first; /* The first element of the array */
+ struct _ht { /* the hash table */
+ int count; /* Number of entries with this hash */
+ HashElem *chain; /* Pointer to first entry with this hash */
+ } *ht;
+};
+
+/* Each element in the hash table is an instance of the following
+** structure. All elements are stored on a single doubly-linked list.
+**
+** Again, this structure is intended to be opaque, but it can't really
+** be opaque because it is used by macros.
+*/
+struct HashElem {
+ HashElem *next, *prev; /* Next and previous elements in the table */
+ void *data; /* Data associated with this element */
+ const char *pKey; int nKey; /* Key associated with this element */
+};
+
+/*
+** Access routines. To delete, insert a NULL pointer.
+*/
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3HashInit(Hash*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3HashInsert(Hash*, const char *pKey, int nKey, void *pData);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3HashFind(const Hash*, const char *pKey, int nKey);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3HashClear(Hash*);
+
+/*
+** Macros for looping over all elements of a hash table. The idiom is
+** like this:
+**
+** Hash h;
+** HashElem *p;
+** ...
+** for(p=sqliteHashFirst(&h); p; p=sqliteHashNext(p)){
+** SomeStructure *pData = sqliteHashData(p);
+** // do something with pData
+** }
+*/
+#define sqliteHashFirst(H) ((H)->first)
+#define sqliteHashNext(E) ((E)->next)
+#define sqliteHashData(E) ((E)->data)
+/* #define sqliteHashKey(E) ((E)->pKey) // NOT USED */
+/* #define sqliteHashKeysize(E) ((E)->nKey) // NOT USED */
+
+/*
+** Number of entries in a hash table
+*/
+/* #define sqliteHashCount(H) ((H)->count) // NOT USED */
+
+#endif /* _SQLITE_HASH_H_ */
+
+/************** End of hash.h ************************************************/
+/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/
+/************** Include parse.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h *****************/
+/************** Begin file parse.h *******************************************/
+#define TK_SEMI 1
+#define TK_EXPLAIN 2
+#define TK_QUERY 3
+#define TK_PLAN 4
+#define TK_BEGIN 5
+#define TK_TRANSACTION 6
+#define TK_DEFERRED 7
+#define TK_IMMEDIATE 8
+#define TK_EXCLUSIVE 9
+#define TK_COMMIT 10
+#define TK_END 11
+#define TK_ROLLBACK 12
+#define TK_SAVEPOINT 13
+#define TK_RELEASE 14
+#define TK_TO 15
+#define TK_TABLE 16
+#define TK_CREATE 17
+#define TK_IF 18
+#define TK_NOT 19
+#define TK_EXISTS 20
+#define TK_TEMP 21
+#define TK_LP 22
+#define TK_RP 23
+#define TK_AS 24
+#define TK_COMMA 25
+#define TK_ID 26
+#define TK_INDEXED 27
+#define TK_ABORT 28
+#define TK_ACTION 29
+#define TK_AFTER 30
+#define TK_ANALYZE 31
+#define TK_ASC 32
+#define TK_ATTACH 33
+#define TK_BEFORE 34
+#define TK_BY 35
+#define TK_CASCADE 36
+#define TK_CAST 37
+#define TK_COLUMNKW 38
+#define TK_CONFLICT 39
+#define TK_DATABASE 40
+#define TK_DESC 41
+#define TK_DETACH 42
+#define TK_EACH 43
+#define TK_FAIL 44
+#define TK_FOR 45
+#define TK_IGNORE 46
+#define TK_INITIALLY 47
+#define TK_INSTEAD 48
+#define TK_LIKE_KW 49
+#define TK_MATCH 50
+#define TK_NO 51
+#define TK_KEY 52
+#define TK_OF 53
+#define TK_OFFSET 54
+#define TK_PRAGMA 55
+#define TK_RAISE 56
+#define TK_REPLACE 57
+#define TK_RESTRICT 58
+#define TK_ROW 59
+#define TK_TRIGGER 60
+#define TK_VACUUM 61
+#define TK_VIEW 62
+#define TK_VIRTUAL 63
+#define TK_REINDEX 64
+#define TK_RENAME 65
+#define TK_CTIME_KW 66
+#define TK_ANY 67
+#define TK_OR 68
+#define TK_AND 69
+#define TK_IS 70
+#define TK_BETWEEN 71
+#define TK_IN 72
+#define TK_ISNULL 73
+#define TK_NOTNULL 74
+#define TK_NE 75
+#define TK_EQ 76
+#define TK_GT 77
+#define TK_LE 78
+#define TK_LT 79
+#define TK_GE 80
+#define TK_ESCAPE 81
+#define TK_BITAND 82
+#define TK_BITOR 83
+#define TK_LSHIFT 84
+#define TK_RSHIFT 85
+#define TK_PLUS 86
+#define TK_MINUS 87
+#define TK_STAR 88
+#define TK_SLASH 89
+#define TK_REM 90
+#define TK_CONCAT 91
+#define TK_COLLATE 92
+#define TK_BITNOT 93
+#define TK_STRING 94
+#define TK_JOIN_KW 95
+#define TK_CONSTRAINT 96
+#define TK_DEFAULT 97
+#define TK_NULL 98
+#define TK_PRIMARY 99
+#define TK_UNIQUE 100
+#define TK_CHECK 101
+#define TK_REFERENCES 102
+#define TK_AUTOINCR 103
+#define TK_ON 104
+#define TK_DELETE 105
+#define TK_UPDATE 106
+#define TK_SET 107
+#define TK_DEFERRABLE 108
+#define TK_FOREIGN 109
+#define TK_DROP 110
+#define TK_UNION 111
+#define TK_ALL 112
+#define TK_EXCEPT 113
+#define TK_INTERSECT 114
+#define TK_SELECT 115
+#define TK_DISTINCT 116
+#define TK_DOT 117
+#define TK_FROM 118
+#define TK_JOIN 119
+#define TK_USING 120
+#define TK_ORDER 121
+#define TK_GROUP 122
+#define TK_HAVING 123
+#define TK_LIMIT 124
+#define TK_WHERE 125
+#define TK_INTO 126
+#define TK_VALUES 127
+#define TK_INSERT 128
+#define TK_INTEGER 129
+#define TK_FLOAT 130
+#define TK_BLOB 131
+#define TK_REGISTER 132
+#define TK_VARIABLE 133
+#define TK_CASE 134
+#define TK_WHEN 135
+#define TK_THEN 136
+#define TK_ELSE 137
+#define TK_INDEX 138
+#define TK_ALTER 139
+#define TK_ADD 140
+#define TK_TO_TEXT 141
+#define TK_TO_BLOB 142
+#define TK_TO_NUMERIC 143
+#define TK_TO_INT 144
+#define TK_TO_REAL 145
+#define TK_ISNOT 146
+#define TK_END_OF_FILE 147
+#define TK_ILLEGAL 148
+#define TK_SPACE 149
+#define TK_UNCLOSED_STRING 150
+#define TK_FUNCTION 151
+#define TK_COLUMN 152
+#define TK_AGG_FUNCTION 153
+#define TK_AGG_COLUMN 154
+#define TK_CONST_FUNC 155
+#define TK_UMINUS 156
+#define TK_UPLUS 157
+
+/************** End of parse.h ***********************************************/
+/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <assert.h>
+#include <stddef.h>
+
+/*
+** If compiling for a processor that lacks floating point support,
+** substitute integer for floating-point
+*/
+#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
+# define double sqlite_int64
+# define LONGDOUBLE_TYPE sqlite_int64
+# ifndef SQLITE_BIG_DBL
+# define SQLITE_BIG_DBL (((sqlite3_int64)1)<<50)
+# endif
+# define SQLITE_OMIT_DATETIME_FUNCS 1
+# define SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE 1
+# undef SQLITE_MIXED_ENDIAN_64BIT_FLOAT
+# undef SQLITE_HAVE_ISNAN
+#endif
+#ifndef SQLITE_BIG_DBL
+# define SQLITE_BIG_DBL (1e99)
+#endif
+
+/*
+** OMIT_TEMPDB is set to 1 if SQLITE_OMIT_TEMPDB is defined, or 0
+** afterward. Having this macro allows us to cause the C compiler
+** to omit code used by TEMP tables without messy #ifndef statements.
+*/
+#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_TEMPDB
+#define OMIT_TEMPDB 1
+#else
+#define OMIT_TEMPDB 0
+#endif
+
+/*
+** If the following macro is set to 1, then NULL values are considered
+** distinct when determining whether or not two entries are the same
+** in a UNIQUE index. This is the way PostgreSQL, Oracle, DB2, MySQL,
+** OCELOT, and Firebird all work. The SQL92 spec explicitly says this
+** is the way things are suppose to work.
+**
+** If the following macro is set to 0, the NULLs are indistinct for
+** a UNIQUE index. In this mode, you can only have a single NULL entry
+** for a column declared UNIQUE. This is the way Informix and SQL Server
+** work.
+*/
+#define NULL_DISTINCT_FOR_UNIQUE 1
+
+/*
+** The "file format" number is an integer that is incremented whenever
+** the VDBE-level file format changes. The following macros define the
+** the default file format for new databases and the maximum file format
+** that the library can read.
+*/
+#define SQLITE_MAX_FILE_FORMAT 4
+#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_FORMAT
+# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_FORMAT 1
+#endif
+
+#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_RECURSIVE_TRIGGERS
+# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_RECURSIVE_TRIGGERS 0
+#endif
+
+/*
+** Provide a default value for SQLITE_TEMP_STORE in case it is not specified
+** on the command-line
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_TEMP_STORE
+# define SQLITE_TEMP_STORE 1
+#endif
+
+/*
+** GCC does not define the offsetof() macro so we'll have to do it
+** ourselves.
+*/
+#ifndef offsetof
+#define offsetof(STRUCTURE,FIELD) ((int)((char*)&((STRUCTURE*)0)->FIELD))
+#endif
+
+/*
+** Check to see if this machine uses EBCDIC. (Yes, believe it or
+** not, there are still machines out there that use EBCDIC.)
+*/
+#if 'A' == '\301'
+# define SQLITE_EBCDIC 1
+#else
+# define SQLITE_ASCII 1
+#endif
+
+/*
+** Integers of known sizes. These typedefs might change for architectures
+** where the sizes very. Preprocessor macros are available so that the
+** types can be conveniently redefined at compile-type. Like this:
+**
+** cc '-DUINTPTR_TYPE=long long int' ...
+*/
+#ifndef UINT32_TYPE
+# ifdef HAVE_UINT32_T
+# define UINT32_TYPE uint32_t
+# else
+# define UINT32_TYPE unsigned int
+# endif
+#endif
+#ifndef UINT16_TYPE
+# ifdef HAVE_UINT16_T
+# define UINT16_TYPE uint16_t
+# else
+# define UINT16_TYPE unsigned short int
+# endif
+#endif
+#ifndef INT16_TYPE
+# ifdef HAVE_INT16_T
+# define INT16_TYPE int16_t
+# else
+# define INT16_TYPE short int
+# endif
+#endif
+#ifndef UINT8_TYPE
+# ifdef HAVE_UINT8_T
+# define UINT8_TYPE uint8_t
+# else
+# define UINT8_TYPE unsigned char
+# endif
+#endif
+#ifndef INT8_TYPE
+# ifdef HAVE_INT8_T
+# define INT8_TYPE int8_t
+# else
+# define INT8_TYPE signed char
+# endif
+#endif
+#ifndef LONGDOUBLE_TYPE
+# define LONGDOUBLE_TYPE long double
+#endif
+typedef sqlite_int64 i64; /* 8-byte signed integer */
+typedef sqlite_uint64 u64; /* 8-byte unsigned integer */
+typedef UINT32_TYPE u32; /* 4-byte unsigned integer */
+typedef UINT16_TYPE u16; /* 2-byte unsigned integer */
+typedef INT16_TYPE i16; /* 2-byte signed integer */
+typedef UINT8_TYPE u8; /* 1-byte unsigned integer */
+typedef INT8_TYPE i8; /* 1-byte signed integer */
+
+/*
+** SQLITE_MAX_U32 is a u64 constant that is the maximum u64 value
+** that can be stored in a u32 without loss of data. The value
+** is 0x00000000ffffffff. But because of quirks of some compilers, we
+** have to specify the value in the less intuitive manner shown:
+*/
+#define SQLITE_MAX_U32 ((((u64)1)<<32)-1)
+
+/*
+** Macros to determine whether the machine is big or little endian,
+** evaluated at runtime.
+*/
+#ifdef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
+SQLITE_PRIVATE const int sqlite3one = 1;
+#else
+SQLITE_PRIVATE const int sqlite3one;
+#endif
+#if defined(i386) || defined(__i386__) || defined(_M_IX86)\
+ || defined(__x86_64) || defined(__x86_64__)
+# define SQLITE_BIGENDIAN 0
+# define SQLITE_LITTLEENDIAN 1
+# define SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE SQLITE_UTF16LE
+#else
+# define SQLITE_BIGENDIAN (*(char *)(&sqlite3one)==0)
+# define SQLITE_LITTLEENDIAN (*(char *)(&sqlite3one)==1)
+# define SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE (SQLITE_BIGENDIAN?SQLITE_UTF16BE:SQLITE_UTF16LE)
+#endif
+
+/*
+** Constants for the largest and smallest possible 64-bit signed integers.
+** These macros are designed to work correctly on both 32-bit and 64-bit
+** compilers.
+*/
+#define LARGEST_INT64 (0xffffffff|(((i64)0x7fffffff)<<32))
+#define SMALLEST_INT64 (((i64)-1) - LARGEST_INT64)
+
+/*
+** Round up a number to the next larger multiple of 8. This is used
+** to force 8-byte alignment on 64-bit architectures.
+*/
+#define ROUND8(x) (((x)+7)&~7)
+
+/*
+** Round down to the nearest multiple of 8
+*/
+#define ROUNDDOWN8(x) ((x)&~7)
+
+/*
+** Assert that the pointer X is aligned to an 8-byte boundary.
+*/
+#define EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(X) ((((char*)(X) - (char*)0)&7)==0)
+
+
+/*
+** An instance of the following structure is used to store the busy-handler
+** callback for a given sqlite handle.
+**
+** The sqlite.busyHandler member of the sqlite struct contains the busy
+** callback for the database handle. Each pager opened via the sqlite
+** handle is passed a pointer to sqlite.busyHandler. The busy-handler
+** callback is currently invoked only from within pager.c.
+*/
+typedef struct BusyHandler BusyHandler;
+struct BusyHandler {
+ int (*xFunc)(void *,int); /* The busy callback */
+ void *pArg; /* First arg to busy callback */
+ int nBusy; /* Incremented with each busy call */
+};
+
+/*
+** Name of the master database table. The master database table
+** is a special table that holds the names and attributes of all
+** user tables and indices.
+*/
+#define MASTER_NAME "sqlite_master"
+#define TEMP_MASTER_NAME "sqlite_temp_master"
+
+/*
+** The root-page of the master database table.
+*/
+#define MASTER_ROOT 1
+
+/*
+** The name of the schema table.
+*/
+#define SCHEMA_TABLE(x) ((!OMIT_TEMPDB)&&(x==1)?TEMP_MASTER_NAME:MASTER_NAME)
+
+/*
+** A convenience macro that returns the number of elements in
+** an array.
+*/
+#define ArraySize(X) ((int)(sizeof(X)/sizeof(X[0])))
+
+/*
+** The following value as a destructor means to use sqlite3DbFree().
+** This is an internal extension to SQLITE_STATIC and SQLITE_TRANSIENT.
+*/
+#define SQLITE_DYNAMIC ((sqlite3_destructor_type)sqlite3DbFree)
+
+/*
+** When SQLITE_OMIT_WSD is defined, it means that the target platform does
+** not support Writable Static Data (WSD) such as global and static variables.
+** All variables must either be on the stack or dynamically allocated from
+** the heap. When WSD is unsupported, the variable declarations scattered
+** throughout the SQLite code must become constants instead. The SQLITE_WSD
+** macro is used for this purpose. And instead of referencing the variable
+** directly, we use its constant as a key to lookup the run-time allocated
+** buffer that holds real variable. The constant is also the initializer
+** for the run-time allocated buffer.
+**
+** In the usual case where WSD is supported, the SQLITE_WSD and GLOBAL
+** macros become no-ops and have zero performance impact.
+*/
+#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_WSD
+ #define SQLITE_WSD const
+ #define GLOBAL(t,v) (*(t*)sqlite3_wsd_find((void*)&(v), sizeof(v)))
+ #define sqlite3GlobalConfig GLOBAL(struct Sqlite3Config, sqlite3Config)
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_wsd_init(int N, int J);
+SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_wsd_find(void *K, int L);
+#else
+ #define SQLITE_WSD
+ #define GLOBAL(t,v) v
+ #define sqlite3GlobalConfig sqlite3Config
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The following macros are used to suppress compiler warnings and to
+** make it clear to human readers when a function parameter is deliberately
+** left unused within the body of a function. This usually happens when
+** a function is called via a function pointer. For example the
+** implementation of an SQL aggregate step callback may not use the
+** parameter indicating the number of arguments passed to the aggregate,
+** if it knows that this is enforced elsewhere.
+**
+** When a function parameter is not used at all within the body of a function,
+** it is generally named "NotUsed" or "NotUsed2" to make things even clearer.
+** However, these macros may also be used to suppress warnings related to
+** parameters that may or may not be used depending on compilation options.
+** For example those parameters only used in assert() statements. In these
+** cases the parameters are named as per the usual conventions.
+*/
+#define UNUSED_PARAMETER(x) (void)(x)
+#define UNUSED_PARAMETER2(x,y) UNUSED_PARAMETER(x),UNUSED_PARAMETER(y)
+
+/*
+** Forward references to structures
+*/
+typedef struct AggInfo AggInfo;
+typedef struct AuthContext AuthContext;
+typedef struct AutoincInfo AutoincInfo;
+typedef struct Bitvec Bitvec;
+typedef struct RowSet RowSet;
+typedef struct CollSeq CollSeq;
+typedef struct Column Column;
+typedef struct Db Db;
+typedef struct Schema Schema;
+typedef struct Expr Expr;
+typedef struct ExprList ExprList;
+typedef struct ExprSpan ExprSpan;
+typedef struct FKey FKey;
+typedef struct FuncDef FuncDef;
+typedef struct FuncDefHash FuncDefHash;
+typedef struct IdList IdList;
+typedef struct Index Index;
+typedef struct IndexSample IndexSample;
+typedef struct KeyClass KeyClass;
+typedef struct KeyInfo KeyInfo;
+typedef struct Lookaside Lookaside;
+typedef struct LookasideSlot LookasideSlot;
+typedef struct Module Module;
+typedef struct NameContext NameContext;
+typedef struct Parse Parse;
+typedef struct Savepoint Savepoint;
+typedef struct Select Select;
+typedef struct SrcList SrcList;
+typedef struct StrAccum StrAccum;
+typedef struct Table Table;
+typedef struct TableLock TableLock;
+typedef struct Token Token;
+typedef struct TriggerPrg TriggerPrg;
+typedef struct TriggerStep TriggerStep;
+typedef struct Trigger Trigger;
+typedef struct UnpackedRecord UnpackedRecord;
+typedef struct VTable VTable;
+typedef struct Walker Walker;
+typedef struct WherePlan WherePlan;
+typedef struct WhereInfo WhereInfo;
+typedef struct WhereLevel WhereLevel;
+
+/*
+** Defer sourcing vdbe.h and btree.h until after the "u8" and
+** "BusyHandler" typedefs. vdbe.h also requires a few of the opaque
+** pointer types (i.e. FuncDef) defined above.
+*/
+/************** Include btree.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h *****************/
+/************** Begin file btree.h *******************************************/
+/*
+** 2001 September 15
+**
+** The author disclaims copyright to this source code. In place of
+** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
+**
+** May you do good and not evil.
+** May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
+** May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
+**
+*************************************************************************
+** This header file defines the interface that the sqlite B-Tree file
+** subsystem. See comments in the source code for a detailed description
+** of what each interface routine does.
+**
+** @(#) $Id: btree.h,v 1.120 2009/07/22 00:35:24 drh Exp $
+*/
+#ifndef _BTREE_H_
+#define _BTREE_H_
+
+/* TODO: This definition is just included so other modules compile. It
+** needs to be revisited.
+*/
+#define SQLITE_N_BTREE_META 10
+
+/*
+** If defined as non-zero, auto-vacuum is enabled by default. Otherwise
+** it must be turned on for each database using "PRAGMA auto_vacuum = 1".
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_AUTOVACUUM
+ #define SQLITE_DEFAULT_AUTOVACUUM 0
+#endif
+
+#define BTREE_AUTOVACUUM_NONE 0 /* Do not do auto-vacuum */
+#define BTREE_AUTOVACUUM_FULL 1 /* Do full auto-vacuum */
+#define BTREE_AUTOVACUUM_INCR 2 /* Incremental vacuum */
+
+/*
+** Forward declarations of structure
+*/
+typedef struct Btree Btree;
+typedef struct BtCursor BtCursor;
+typedef struct BtShared BtShared;
+typedef struct BtreeMutexArray BtreeMutexArray;
+
+/*
+** This structure records all of the Btrees that need to hold
+** a mutex before we enter sqlite3VdbeExec(). The Btrees are
+** are placed in aBtree[] in order of aBtree[]->pBt. That way,
+** we can always lock and unlock them all quickly.
+*/
+struct BtreeMutexArray {
+ int nMutex;
+ Btree *aBtree[SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED+1];
+};
+
+
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeOpen(
+ const char *zFilename, /* Name of database file to open */
+ sqlite3 *db, /* Associated database connection */
+ Btree **ppBtree, /* Return open Btree* here */
+ int flags, /* Flags */
+ int vfsFlags /* Flags passed through to VFS open */
+);
+
+/* The flags parameter to sqlite3BtreeOpen can be the bitwise or of the
+** following values.
+**
+** NOTE: These values must match the corresponding PAGER_ values in
+** pager.h.
+*/
+#define BTREE_OMIT_JOURNAL 1 /* Do not use journal. No argument */
+#define BTREE_NO_READLOCK 2 /* Omit readlocks on readonly files */
+#define BTREE_MEMORY 4 /* In-memory DB. No argument */
+#define BTREE_READONLY 8 /* Open the database in read-only mode */
+#define BTREE_READWRITE 16 /* Open for both reading and writing */
+#define BTREE_CREATE 32 /* Create the database if it does not exist */
+
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeClose(Btree*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSetCacheSize(Btree*,int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSetSafetyLevel(Btree*,int,int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSyncDisabled(Btree*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSetPageSize(Btree *p, int nPagesize, int nReserve, int eFix);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(Btree*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeMaxPageCount(Btree*,int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeGetReserve(Btree*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSetAutoVacuum(Btree *, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeGetAutoVacuum(Btree *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(Btree*,int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseOne(Btree*, const char *zMaster);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseTwo(Btree*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCommit(Btree*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeRollback(Btree*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeBeginStmt(Btree*,int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCreateTable(Btree*, int*, int flags);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeIsInTrans(Btree*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeIsInReadTrans(Btree*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeIsInBackup(Btree*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3BtreeSchema(Btree *, int, void(*)(void *));
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSchemaLocked(Btree *pBtree);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeLockTable(Btree *pBtree, int iTab, u8 isWriteLock);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSavepoint(Btree *, int, int);
+
+SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3BtreeGetFilename(Btree *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3BtreeGetJournalname(Btree *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCopyFile(Btree *, Btree *);
+
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeIncrVacuum(Btree *);
+
+/* The flags parameter to sqlite3BtreeCreateTable can be the bitwise OR
+** of the following flags:
+*/
+#define BTREE_INTKEY 1 /* Table has only 64-bit signed integer keys */
+#define BTREE_ZERODATA 2 /* Table has keys only - no data */
+#define BTREE_LEAFDATA 4 /* Data stored in leaves only. Implies INTKEY */
+
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeDropTable(Btree*, int, int*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeClearTable(Btree*, int, int*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeTripAllCursors(Btree*, int);
+
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeGetMeta(Btree *pBtree, int idx, u32 *pValue);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeUpdateMeta(Btree*, int idx, u32 value);
+
+/*
+** The second parameter to sqlite3BtreeGetMeta or sqlite3BtreeUpdateMeta
+** should be one of the following values. The integer values are assigned
+** to constants so that the offset of the corresponding field in an
+** SQLite database header may be found using the following formula:
+**
+** offset = 36 + (idx * 4)
+**
+** For example, the free-page-count field is located at byte offset 36 of
+** the database file header. The incr-vacuum-flag field is located at
+** byte offset 64 (== 36+4*7).
+*/
+#define BTREE_FREE_PAGE_COUNT 0
+#define BTREE_SCHEMA_VERSION 1
+#define BTREE_FILE_FORMAT 2
+#define BTREE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE 3
+#define BTREE_LARGEST_ROOT_PAGE 4
+#define BTREE_TEXT_ENCODING 5
+#define BTREE_USER_VERSION 6
+#define BTREE_INCR_VACUUM 7
+
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCursor(
+ Btree*, /* BTree containing table to open */
+ int iTable, /* Index of root page */
+ int wrFlag, /* 1 for writing. 0 for read-only */
+ struct KeyInfo*, /* First argument to compare function */
+ BtCursor *pCursor /* Space to write cursor structure */
+);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCursorSize(void);
+
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCloseCursor(BtCursor*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(
+ BtCursor*,
+ UnpackedRecord *pUnKey,
+ i64 intKey,
+ int bias,
+ int *pRes
+);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCursorHasMoved(BtCursor*, int*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeDelete(BtCursor*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeInsert(BtCursor*, const void *pKey, i64 nKey,
+ const void *pData, int nData,
+ int nZero, int bias, int seekResult);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeFirst(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeLast(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeNext(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeEof(BtCursor*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreePrevious(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeKeySize(BtCursor*, i64 *pSize);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeKey(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE const void *sqlite3BtreeKeyFetch(BtCursor*, int *pAmt);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE const void *sqlite3BtreeDataFetch(BtCursor*, int *pAmt);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeDataSize(BtCursor*, u32 *pSize);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeData(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeSetCachedRowid(BtCursor*, sqlite3_int64);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_int64 sqlite3BtreeGetCachedRowid(BtCursor*);
+
+SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3BtreeIntegrityCheck(Btree*, int *aRoot, int nRoot, int, int*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE struct Pager *sqlite3BtreePager(Btree*);
+
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreePutData(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeCacheOverflow(BtCursor *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeClearCursor(BtCursor *);
+
+#ifndef NDEBUG
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(BtCursor*);
+#endif
+
+#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCount(BtCursor *, i64 *);
+#endif
+
+#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCursorInfo(BtCursor*, int*, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeCursorList(Btree*);
+#endif
+
+/*
+** If we are not using shared cache, then there is no need to
+** use mutexes to access the BtShared structures. So make the
+** Enter and Leave procedures no-ops.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeEnter(Btree*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeEnterAll(sqlite3*);
+#else
+# define sqlite3BtreeEnter(X)
+# define sqlite3BtreeEnterAll(X)
+#endif
+
+#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE) && SQLITE_THREADSAFE
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeLeave(Btree*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeEnterCursor(BtCursor*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeLeaveCursor(BtCursor*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeLeaveAll(sqlite3*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeMutexArrayEnter(BtreeMutexArray*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeMutexArrayLeave(BtreeMutexArray*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeMutexArrayInsert(BtreeMutexArray*, Btree*);
+#ifndef NDEBUG
+ /* These routines are used inside assert() statements only. */
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(Btree*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(sqlite3*);
+#endif
+#else
+
+# define sqlite3BtreeLeave(X)
+# define sqlite3BtreeEnterCursor(X)
+# define sqlite3BtreeLeaveCursor(X)
+# define sqlite3BtreeLeaveAll(X)
+# define sqlite3BtreeMutexArrayEnter(X)
+# define sqlite3BtreeMutexArrayLeave(X)
+# define sqlite3BtreeMutexArrayInsert(X,Y)
+
+# define sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(X) 1
+# define sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(X) 1
+#endif
+
+
+#endif /* _BTREE_H_ */
+
+/************** End of btree.h ***********************************************/
+/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/
+/************** Include vdbe.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ******************/
+/************** Begin file vdbe.h ********************************************/
+/*
+** 2001 September 15
+**
+** The author disclaims copyright to this source code. In place of
+** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
+**
+** May you do good and not evil.
+** May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
+** May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
+**
+*************************************************************************
+** Header file for the Virtual DataBase Engine (VDBE)
+**
+** This header defines the interface to the virtual database engine
+** or VDBE. The VDBE implements an abstract machine that runs a
+** simple program to access and modify the underlying database.
+**
+** $Id: vdbe.h,v 1.142 2009/07/24 17:58:53 danielk1977 Exp $
+*/
+#ifndef _SQLITE_VDBE_H_
+#define _SQLITE_VDBE_H_
+
+/*
+** A single VDBE is an opaque structure named "Vdbe". Only routines
+** in the source file sqliteVdbe.c are allowed to see the insides
+** of this structure.
+*/
+typedef struct Vdbe Vdbe;
+
+/*
+** The names of the following types declared in vdbeInt.h are required
+** for the VdbeOp definition.
+*/
+typedef struct VdbeFunc VdbeFunc;
+typedef struct Mem Mem;
+typedef struct SubProgram SubProgram;
+
+/*
+** A single instruction of the virtual machine has an opcode
+** and as many as three operands. The instruction is recorded
+** as an instance of the following structure:
+*/
+struct VdbeOp {
+ u8 opcode; /* What operation to perform */
+ signed char p4type; /* One of the P4_xxx constants for p4 */
+ u8 opflags; /* Not currently used */
+ u8 p5; /* Fifth parameter is an unsigned character */
+ int p1; /* First operand */
+ int p2; /* Second parameter (often the jump destination) */
+ int p3; /* The third parameter */
+ union { /* fourth parameter */
+ int i; /* Integer value if p4type==P4_INT32 */
+ void *p; /* Generic pointer */
+ char *z; /* Pointer to data for string (char array) types */
+ i64 *pI64; /* Used when p4type is P4_INT64 */
+ double *pReal; /* Used when p4type is P4_REAL */
+ FuncDef *pFunc; /* Used when p4type is P4_FUNCDEF */
+ VdbeFunc *pVdbeFunc; /* Used when p4type is P4_VDBEFUNC */
+ CollSeq *pColl; /* Used when p4type is P4_COLLSEQ */
+ Mem *pMem; /* Used when p4type is P4_MEM */
+ VTable *pVtab; /* Used when p4type is P4_VTAB */
+ KeyInfo *pKeyInfo; /* Used when p4type is P4_KEYINFO */
+ int *ai; /* Used when p4type is P4_INTARRAY */
+ SubProgram *pProgram; /* Used when p4type is P4_SUBPROGRAM */
+ } p4;
+#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
+ char *zComment; /* Comment to improve readability */
+#endif
+#ifdef VDBE_PROFILE
+ int cnt; /* Number of times this instruction was executed */
+ u64 cycles; /* Total time spent executing this instruction */
+#endif
+};
+typedef struct VdbeOp VdbeOp;
+
+
+/*
+** A sub-routine used to implement a trigger program.
+*/
+struct SubProgram {
+ VdbeOp *aOp; /* Array of opcodes for sub-program */
+ int nOp; /* Elements in aOp[] */
+ int nMem; /* Number of memory cells required */
+ int nCsr; /* Number of cursors required */
+ int nRef; /* Number of pointers to this structure */
+ void *token; /* id that may be used to recursive triggers */
+};
+
+/*
+** A smaller version of VdbeOp used for the VdbeAddOpList() function because
+** it takes up less space.
+*/
+struct VdbeOpList {
+ u8 opcode; /* What operation to perform */
+ signed char p1; /* First operand */
+ signed char p2; /* Second parameter (often the jump destination) */
+ signed char p3; /* Third parameter */
+};
+typedef struct VdbeOpList VdbeOpList;
+
+/*
+** Allowed values of VdbeOp.p4type
+*/
+#define P4_NOTUSED 0 /* The P4 parameter is not used */
+#define P4_DYNAMIC (-1) /* Pointer to a string obtained from sqliteMalloc() */
+#define P4_STATIC (-2) /* Pointer to a static string */
+#define P4_COLLSEQ (-4) /* P4 is a pointer to a CollSeq structure */
+#define P4_FUNCDEF (-5) /* P4 is a pointer to a FuncDef structure */
+#define P4_KEYINFO (-6) /* P4 is a pointer to a KeyInfo structure */
+#define P4_VDBEFUNC (-7) /* P4 is a pointer to a VdbeFunc structure */
+#define P4_MEM (-8) /* P4 is a pointer to a Mem* structure */
+#define P4_TRANSIENT (-9) /* P4 is a pointer to a transient string */
+#define P4_VTAB (-10) /* P4 is a pointer to an sqlite3_vtab structure */
+#define P4_MPRINTF (-11) /* P4 is a string obtained from sqlite3_mprintf() */
+#define P4_REAL (-12) /* P4 is a 64-bit floating point value */
+#define P4_INT64 (-13) /* P4 is a 64-bit signed integer */
+#define P4_INT32 (-14) /* P4 is a 32-bit signed integer */
+#define P4_INTARRAY (-15) /* P4 is a vector of 32-bit integers */
+#define P4_SUBPROGRAM (-18) /* P4 is a pointer to a SubProgram structure */
+
+/* When adding a P4 argument using P4_KEYINFO, a copy of the KeyInfo structure
+** is made. That copy is freed when the Vdbe is finalized. But if the
+** argument is P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF, the passed in pointer is used. It still
+** gets freed when the Vdbe is finalized so it still should be obtained
+** from a single sqliteMalloc(). But no copy is made and the calling
+** function should *not* try to free the KeyInfo.
+*/
+#define P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF (-16)
+#define P4_KEYINFO_STATIC (-17)
+
+/*
+** The Vdbe.aColName array contains 5n Mem structures, where n is the
+** number of columns of data returned by the statement.
+*/
+#define COLNAME_NAME 0
+#define COLNAME_DECLTYPE 1
+#define COLNAME_DATABASE 2
+#define COLNAME_TABLE 3
+#define COLNAME_COLUMN 4
+#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
+# define COLNAME_N 5 /* Number of COLNAME_xxx symbols */
+#else
+# ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_DECLTYPE
+# define COLNAME_N 1 /* Store only the name */
+# else
+# define COLNAME_N 2 /* Store the name and decltype */
+# endif
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The following macro converts a relative address in the p2 field
+** of a VdbeOp structure into a negative number so that
+** sqlite3VdbeAddOpList() knows that the address is relative. Calling
+** the macro again restores the address.
+*/
+#define ADDR(X) (-1-(X))
+
+/*
+** The makefile scans the vdbe.c source file and creates the "opcodes.h"
+** header file that defines a number for each opcode used by the VDBE.
+*/
+/************** Include opcodes.h in the middle of vdbe.h ********************/
+/************** Begin file opcodes.h *****************************************/
+/* Automatically generated. Do not edit */
+/* See the mkopcodeh.awk script for details */
+#define OP_VNext 1
+#define OP_Affinity 2
+#define OP_Column 3
+#define OP_SetCookie 4
+#define OP_Seek 5
+#define OP_Real 130 /* same as TK_FLOAT */
+#define OP_Sequence 6
+#define OP_Savepoint 7
+#define OP_Ge 80 /* same as TK_GE */
+#define OP_RowKey 8
+#define OP_SCopy 9
+#define OP_Eq 76 /* same as TK_EQ */
+#define OP_OpenWrite 10
+#define OP_NotNull 74 /* same as TK_NOTNULL */
+#define OP_If 11
+#define OP_ToInt 144 /* same as TK_TO_INT */
+#define OP_String8 94 /* same as TK_STRING */
+#define OP_CollSeq 12
+#define OP_OpenRead 13
+#define OP_Expire 14
+#define OP_AutoCommit 15
+#define OP_Gt 77 /* same as TK_GT */
+#define OP_Pagecount 16
+#define OP_IntegrityCk 17
+#define OP_Sort 18
+#define OP_Copy 20
+#define OP_Trace 21
+#define OP_Function 22
+#define OP_IfNeg 23
+#define OP_And 69 /* same as TK_AND */
+#define OP_Subtract 87 /* same as TK_MINUS */
+#define OP_Noop 24
+#define OP_Program 25
+#define OP_Return 26
+#define OP_Remainder 90 /* same as TK_REM */
+#define OP_NewRowid 27
+#define OP_Multiply 88 /* same as TK_STAR */
+#define OP_FkCounter 28
+#define OP_Variable 29
+#define OP_String 30
+#define OP_RealAffinity 31
+#define OP_VRename 32
+#define OP_ParseSchema 33
+#define OP_VOpen 34
+#define OP_Close 35
+#define OP_CreateIndex 36
+#define OP_IsUnique 37
+#define OP_NotFound 38
+#define OP_Int64 39
+#define OP_MustBeInt 40
+#define OP_Halt 41
+#define OP_Rowid 42
+#define OP_IdxLT 43
+#define OP_AddImm 44
+#define OP_RowData 45
+#define OP_MemMax 46
+#define OP_Or 68 /* same as TK_OR */
+#define OP_NotExists 47
+#define OP_Gosub 48
+#define OP_Divide 89 /* same as TK_SLASH */
+#define OP_Integer 49
+#define OP_ToNumeric 143 /* same as TK_TO_NUMERIC*/
+#define OP_Prev 50
+#define OP_RowSetRead 51
+#define OP_Concat 91 /* same as TK_CONCAT */
+#define OP_RowSetAdd 52
+#define OP_BitAnd 82 /* same as TK_BITAND */
+#define OP_VColumn 53
+#define OP_CreateTable 54
+#define OP_Last 55
+#define OP_SeekLe 56
+#define OP_IsNull 73 /* same as TK_ISNULL */
+#define OP_IncrVacuum 57
+#define OP_IdxRowid 58
+#define OP_ShiftRight 85 /* same as TK_RSHIFT */
+#define OP_ResetCount 59
+#define OP_Yield 60
+#define OP_DropTrigger 61
+#define OP_DropIndex 62
+#define OP_Param 63
+#define OP_IdxGE 64
+#define OP_IdxDelete 65
+#define OP_Vacuum 66
+#define OP_IfNot 67
+#define OP_DropTable 70
+#define OP_SeekLt 71
+#define OP_MakeRecord 72
+#define OP_ToBlob 142 /* same as TK_TO_BLOB */
+#define OP_ResultRow 81
+#define OP_Delete 92
+#define OP_AggFinal 95
+#define OP_Compare 96
+#define OP_ShiftLeft 84 /* same as TK_LSHIFT */
+#define OP_Goto 97
+#define OP_TableLock 98
+#define OP_Clear 99
+#define OP_Le 78 /* same as TK_LE */
+#define OP_VerifyCookie 100
+#define OP_AggStep 101
+#define OP_ToText 141 /* same as TK_TO_TEXT */
+#define OP_Not 19 /* same as TK_NOT */
+#define OP_ToReal 145 /* same as TK_TO_REAL */
+#define OP_Transaction 102
+#define OP_VFilter 103
+#define OP_Ne 75 /* same as TK_NE */
+#define OP_VDestroy 104
+#define OP_BitOr 83 /* same as TK_BITOR */
+#define OP_Next 105
+#define OP_Count 106
+#define OP_IdxInsert 107
+#define OP_Lt 79 /* same as TK_LT */
+#define OP_FkIfZero 108
+#define OP_SeekGe 109
+#define OP_Insert 110
+#define OP_Destroy 111
+#define OP_ReadCookie 112
+#define OP_RowSetTest 113
+#define OP_LoadAnalysis 114
+#define OP_Explain 115
+#define OP_HaltIfNull 116
+#define OP_OpenPseudo 117
+#define OP_OpenEphemeral 118
+#define OP_Null 119
+#define OP_Move 120
+#define OP_Blob 121
+#define OP_Add 86 /* same as TK_PLUS */
+#define OP_Rewind 122
+#define OP_SeekGt 123
+#define OP_VBegin 124
+#define OP_VUpdate 125
+#define OP_IfZero 126
+#define OP_BitNot 93 /* same as TK_BITNOT */
+#define OP_VCreate 127
+#define OP_Found 128
+#define OP_IfPos 129
+#define OP_NullRow 131
+#define OP_Jump 132
+#define OP_Permutation 133
+
+/* The following opcode values are never used */
+#define OP_NotUsed_134 134
+#define OP_NotUsed_135 135
+#define OP_NotUsed_136 136
+#define OP_NotUsed_137 137
+#define OP_NotUsed_138 138
+#define OP_NotUsed_139 139
+#define OP_NotUsed_140 140
+
+
+/* Properties such as "out2" or "jump" that are specified in
+** comments following the "case" for each opcode in the vdbe.c
+** are encoded into bitvectors as follows:
+*/
+#define OPFLG_JUMP 0x0001 /* jump: P2 holds jmp target */
+#define OPFLG_OUT2_PRERELEASE 0x0002 /* out2-prerelease: */
+#define OPFLG_IN1 0x0004 /* in1: P1 is an input */
+#define OPFLG_IN2 0x0008 /* in2: P2 is an input */
+#define OPFLG_IN3 0x0010 /* in3: P3 is an input */
+#define OPFLG_OUT3 0x0020 /* out3: P3 is an output */
+#define OPFLG_INITIALIZER {\
+/* 0 */ 0x00, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x10, 0x08, 0x02, 0x00,\
+/* 8 */ 0x00, 0x04, 0x00, 0x05, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
+/* 16 */ 0x02, 0x00, 0x01, 0x04, 0x04, 0x00, 0x00, 0x05,\
+/* 24 */ 0x00, 0x01, 0x04, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x02, 0x04,\
+/* 32 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x02, 0x11, 0x11, 0x02,\
+/* 40 */ 0x05, 0x00, 0x02, 0x11, 0x04, 0x00, 0x08, 0x11,\
+/* 48 */ 0x01, 0x02, 0x01, 0x21, 0x08, 0x00, 0x02, 0x01,\
+/* 56 */ 0x11, 0x01, 0x02, 0x00, 0x04, 0x00, 0x00, 0x02,\
+/* 64 */ 0x11, 0x00, 0x00, 0x05, 0x2c, 0x2c, 0x00, 0x11,\
+/* 72 */ 0x00, 0x05, 0x05, 0x15, 0x15, 0x15, 0x15, 0x15,\
+/* 80 */ 0x15, 0x00, 0x2c, 0x2c, 0x2c, 0x2c, 0x2c, 0x2c,\
+/* 88 */ 0x2c, 0x2c, 0x2c, 0x2c, 0x00, 0x04, 0x02, 0x00,\
+/* 96 */ 0x00, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01,\
+/* 104 */ 0x00, 0x01, 0x02, 0x08, 0x01, 0x11, 0x00, 0x02,\
+/* 112 */ 0x02, 0x15, 0x00, 0x00, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x02,\
+/* 120 */ 0x00, 0x02, 0x01, 0x11, 0x00, 0x00, 0x05, 0x00,\
+/* 128 */ 0x11, 0x05, 0x02, 0x00, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
+/* 136 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x04, 0x04, 0x04,\
+/* 144 */ 0x04, 0x04,}
+
+/************** End of opcodes.h *********************************************/
+/************** Continuing where we left off in vdbe.h ***********************/
+
+/*
+** Prototypes for the VDBE interface. See comments on the implementation
+** for a description of what each of these routines does.
+*/
+SQLITE_PRIVATE Vdbe *sqlite3VdbeCreate(sqlite3*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(Vdbe*,int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(Vdbe*,int,int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(Vdbe*,int,int,int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int,const char *zP4,int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(Vdbe*, int nOp, VdbeOpList const *aOp);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(Vdbe*, int addr, int P1);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(Vdbe*, int addr, int P2);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(Vdbe*, int addr, int P3);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(Vdbe*, u8 P5);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(Vdbe*, int addr);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(Vdbe*, int addr, int N);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(Vdbe*, int addr, const char *zP4, int N);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(Vdbe*, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE VdbeOp *sqlite3VdbeGetOp(Vdbe*, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(Vdbe*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeDelete(Vdbe*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMakeReady(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int,int,int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeFinalize(Vdbe*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(Vdbe*, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(Vdbe*);
+#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAssertMayAbort(Vdbe *, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeTrace(Vdbe*,FILE*);
+#endif
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeResetStepResult(Vdbe*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeReset(Vdbe*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(Vdbe*,int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeSetColName(Vdbe*, int, int, const char *, void(*)(void*));
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeCountChanges(Vdbe*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3 *sqlite3VdbeDb(Vdbe*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSetSql(Vdbe*, const char *z, int n, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSwap(Vdbe*,Vdbe*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE VdbeOp *sqlite3VdbeTakeOpArray(Vdbe*, int*, int*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeProgramDelete(sqlite3 *, SubProgram *, int);
+
+#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeReleaseMemory(int);
+#endif
+SQLITE_PRIVATE UnpackedRecord *sqlite3VdbeRecordUnpack(KeyInfo*,int,const void*,char*,int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeDeleteUnpackedRecord(UnpackedRecord*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(int,const void*,UnpackedRecord*);
+
+
+#ifndef NDEBUG
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeComment(Vdbe*, const char*, ...);
+# define VdbeComment(X) sqlite3VdbeComment X
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeNoopComment(Vdbe*, const char*, ...);
+# define VdbeNoopComment(X) sqlite3VdbeNoopComment X
+#else
+# define VdbeComment(X)
+# define VdbeNoopComment(X)
+#endif
+
+#endif
+
+/************** End of vdbe.h ************************************************/
+/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/
+/************** Include pager.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h *****************/
+/************** Begin file pager.h *******************************************/
+/*
+** 2001 September 15
+**
+** The author disclaims copyright to this source code. In place of
+** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
+**
+** May you do good and not evil.
+** May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
+** May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
+**
+*************************************************************************
+** This header file defines the interface that the sqlite page cache
+** subsystem. The page cache subsystem reads and writes a file a page
+** at a time and provides a journal for rollback.
+**
+** @(#) $Id: pager.h,v 1.104 2009/07/24 19:01:19 drh Exp $
+*/
+
+#ifndef _PAGER_H_
+#define _PAGER_H_
+
+/*
+** Default maximum size for persistent journal files. A negative
+** value means no limit. This value may be overridden using the
+** sqlite3PagerJournalSizeLimit() API. See also "PRAGMA journal_size_limit".
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_JOURNAL_SIZE_LIMIT
+ #define SQLITE_DEFAULT_JOURNAL_SIZE_LIMIT -1
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The type used to represent a page number. The first page in a file
+** is called page 1. 0 is used to represent "not a page".
+*/
+typedef u32 Pgno;
+
+/*
+** Each open file is managed by a separate instance of the "Pager" structure.
+*/
+typedef struct Pager Pager;
+
+/*
+** Handle type for pages.
+*/
+typedef struct PgHdr DbPage;
+
+/*
+** Page number PAGER_MJ_PGNO is never used in an SQLite database (it is
+** reserved for working around a windows/posix incompatibility). It is
+** used in the journal to signify that the remainder of the journal file
+** is devoted to storing a master journal name - there are no more pages to
+** roll back. See comments for function writeMasterJournal() in pager.c
+** for details.
+*/
+#define PAGER_MJ_PGNO(x) ((Pgno)((PENDING_BYTE/((x)->pageSize))+1))
+
+/*
+** Allowed values for the flags parameter to sqlite3PagerOpen().
+**
+** NOTE: These values must match the corresponding BTREE_ values in btree.h.
+*/
+#define PAGER_OMIT_JOURNAL 0x0001 /* Do not use a rollback journal */
+#define PAGER_NO_READLOCK 0x0002 /* Omit readlocks on readonly files */
+
+/*
+** Valid values for the second argument to sqlite3PagerLockingMode().
+*/
+#define PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_QUERY -1
+#define PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_NORMAL 0
+#define PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_EXCLUSIVE 1
+
+/*
+** Valid values for the second argument to sqlite3PagerJournalMode().
+*/
+#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_QUERY -1
+#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE 0 /* Commit by deleting journal file */
+#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST 1 /* Commit by zeroing journal header */
+#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF 2 /* Journal omitted. */
+#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_TRUNCATE 3 /* Commit by truncating journal */
+#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY 4 /* In-memory journal file */
+
+/*
+** The remainder of this file contains the declarations of the functions
+** that make up the Pager sub-system API. See source code comments for
+** a detailed description of each routine.
+*/
+
+/* Open and close a Pager connection. */
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerOpen(
+ sqlite3_vfs*,
+ Pager **ppPager,
+ const char*,
+ int,
+ int,
+ int,
+ void(*)(DbPage*)
+);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerClose(Pager *pPager);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerReadFileheader(Pager*, int, unsigned char*);
+
+/* Functions used to configure a Pager object. */
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerSetBusyhandler(Pager*, int(*)(void *), void *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerSetPagesize(Pager*, u16*, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerMaxPageCount(Pager*, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerSetCachesize(Pager*, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerSetSafetyLevel(Pager*,int,int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerLockingMode(Pager *, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerJournalMode(Pager *, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE i64 sqlite3PagerJournalSizeLimit(Pager *, i64);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_backup **sqlite3PagerBackupPtr(Pager*);
+
+/* Functions used to obtain and release page references. */
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerAcquire(Pager *pPager, Pgno pgno, DbPage **ppPage, int clrFlag);
+#define sqlite3PagerGet(A,B,C) sqlite3PagerAcquire(A,B,C,0)
+SQLITE_PRIVATE DbPage *sqlite3PagerLookup(Pager *pPager, Pgno pgno);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerRef(DbPage*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerUnref(DbPage*);
+
+/* Operations on page references. */
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerWrite(DbPage*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerDontWrite(DbPage*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerMovepage(Pager*,DbPage*,Pgno,int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerPageRefcount(DbPage*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3PagerGetData(DbPage *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3PagerGetExtra(DbPage *);
+
+/* Functions used to manage pager transactions and savepoints. */
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerPagecount(Pager*, int*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerBegin(Pager*, int exFlag, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerCommitPhaseOne(Pager*,const char *zMaster, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerSync(Pager *pPager);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerCommitPhaseTwo(Pager*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerRollback(Pager*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerOpenSavepoint(Pager *pPager, int n);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerSavepoint(Pager *pPager, int op, int iSavepoint);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerSharedLock(Pager *pPager);
+
+/* Functions used to query pager state and configuration. */
+SQLITE_PRIVATE u8 sqlite3PagerIsreadonly(Pager*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerRefcount(Pager*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3PagerFilename(Pager*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE const sqlite3_vfs *sqlite3PagerVfs(Pager*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_file *sqlite3PagerFile(Pager*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3PagerJournalname(Pager*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerNosync(Pager*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3PagerTempSpace(Pager*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerIsMemdb(Pager*);
+
+/* Functions used to truncate the database file. */
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerTruncateImage(Pager*,Pgno);
+
+/* Functions to support testing and debugging. */
+#if !defined(NDEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_TEST)
+SQLITE_PRIVATE Pgno sqlite3PagerPagenumber(DbPage*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerIswriteable(DbPage*);
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int *sqlite3PagerStats(Pager*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerRefdump(Pager*);
+ void disable_simulated_io_errors(void);
+ void enable_simulated_io_errors(void);
+#else
+# define disable_simulated_io_errors()
+# define enable_simulated_io_errors()
+#endif
+
+#endif /* _PAGER_H_ */
+
+/************** End of pager.h ***********************************************/
+/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/
+/************** Include pcache.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ****************/
+/************** Begin file pcache.h ******************************************/
+/*
+** 2008 August 05
+**
+** The author disclaims copyright to this source code. In place of
+** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
+**
+** May you do good and not evil.
+** May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
+** May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
+**
+*************************************************************************
+** This header file defines the interface that the sqlite page cache
+** subsystem.
+**
+** @(#) $Id: pcache.h,v 1.20 2009/07/25 11:46:49 danielk1977 Exp $
+*/
+
+#ifndef _PCACHE_H_
+
+typedef struct PgHdr PgHdr;
+typedef struct PCache PCache;
+
+/*
+** Every page in the cache is controlled by an instance of the following
+** structure.
+*/
+struct PgHdr {
+ void *pData; /* Content of this page */
+ void *pExtra; /* Extra content */
+ PgHdr *pDirty; /* Transient list of dirty pages */
+ Pgno pgno; /* Page number for this page */
+ Pager *pPager; /* The pager this page is part of */
+#ifdef SQLITE_CHECK_PAGES
+ u32 pageHash; /* Hash of page content */
+#endif
+ u16 flags; /* PGHDR flags defined below */
+
+ /**********************************************************************
+ ** Elements above are public. All that follows is private to pcache.c
+ ** and should not be accessed by other modules.
+ */
+ i16 nRef; /* Number of users of this page */
+ PCache *pCache; /* Cache that owns this page */
+
+ PgHdr *pDirtyNext; /* Next element in list of dirty pages */
+ PgHdr *pDirtyPrev; /* Previous element in list of dirty pages */
+};
+
+/* Bit values for PgHdr.flags */
+#define PGHDR_DIRTY 0x002 /* Page has changed */
+#define PGHDR_NEED_SYNC 0x004 /* Fsync the rollback journal before
+ ** writing this page to the database */
+#define PGHDR_NEED_READ 0x008 /* Content is unread */
+#define PGHDR_REUSE_UNLIKELY 0x010 /* A hint that reuse is unlikely */
+#define PGHDR_DONT_WRITE 0x020 /* Do not write content to disk */
+
+/* Initialize and shutdown the page cache subsystem */
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PcacheInitialize(void);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheShutdown(void);
+
+/* Page cache buffer management:
+** These routines implement SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE.
+*/
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PCacheBufferSetup(void *, int sz, int n);
+
+/* Create a new pager cache.
+** Under memory stress, invoke xStress to try to make pages clean.
+** Only clean and unpinned pages can be reclaimed.
+*/
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheOpen(
+ int szPage, /* Size of every page */
+ int szExtra, /* Extra space associated with each page */
+ int bPurgeable, /* True if pages are on backing store */
+ int (*xStress)(void*, PgHdr*), /* Call to try to make pages clean */
+ void *pStress, /* Argument to xStress */
+ PCache *pToInit /* Preallocated space for the PCache */
+);
+
+/* Modify the page-size after the cache has been created. */
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheSetPageSize(PCache *, int);
+
+/* Return the size in bytes of a PCache object. Used to preallocate
+** storage space.
+*/
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PcacheSize(void);
+
+/* One release per successful fetch. Page is pinned until released.
+** Reference counted.
+*/
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PcacheFetch(PCache*, Pgno, int createFlag, PgHdr**);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheRelease(PgHdr*);
+
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheDrop(PgHdr*); /* Remove page from cache */
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheMakeDirty(PgHdr*); /* Make sure page is marked dirty */
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheMakeClean(PgHdr*); /* Mark a single page as clean */
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheCleanAll(PCache*); /* Mark all dirty list pages as clean */
+
+/* Change a page number. Used by incr-vacuum. */
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheMove(PgHdr*, Pgno);
+
+/* Remove all pages with pgno>x. Reset the cache if x==0 */
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheTruncate(PCache*, Pgno x);
+
+/* Get a list of all dirty pages in the cache, sorted by page number */
+SQLITE_PRIVATE PgHdr *sqlite3PcacheDirtyList(PCache*);
+
+/* Reset and close the cache object */
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheClose(PCache*);
+
+/* Clear flags from pages of the page cache */
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheClearSyncFlags(PCache *);
+
+/* Discard the contents of the cache */
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheClear(PCache*);
+
+/* Return the total number of outstanding page references */
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PcacheRefCount(PCache*);
+
+/* Increment the reference count of an existing page */
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheRef(PgHdr*);
+
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PcachePageRefcount(PgHdr*);
+
+/* Return the total number of pages stored in the cache */
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PcachePagecount(PCache*);
+
+#if defined(SQLITE_CHECK_PAGES) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
+/* Iterate through all dirty pages currently stored in the cache. This
+** interface is only available if SQLITE_CHECK_PAGES is defined when the
+** library is built.
+*/
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheIterateDirty(PCache *pCache, void (*xIter)(PgHdr *));
+#endif
+
+/* Set and get the suggested cache-size for the specified pager-cache.
+**
+** If no global maximum is configured, then the system attempts to limit
+** the total number of pages cached by purgeable pager-caches to the sum
+** of the suggested cache-sizes.
+*/
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheSetCachesize(PCache *, int);
+#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PcacheGetCachesize(PCache *);
+#endif
+
+#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT
+/* Try to return memory used by the pcache module to the main memory heap */
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PcacheReleaseMemory(int);
+#endif
+
+#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheStats(int*,int*,int*,int*);
+#endif
+
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PCacheSetDefault(void);
+
+#endif /* _PCACHE_H_ */
+
+/************** End of pcache.h **********************************************/
+/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/
+
+/************** Include os.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ********************/
+/************** Begin file os.h **********************************************/
+/*
+** 2001 September 16
+**
+** The author disclaims copyright to this source code. In place of
+** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
+**
+** May you do good and not evil.
+** May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
+** May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
+**
+******************************************************************************
+**
+** This header file (together with is companion C source-code file
+** "os.c") attempt to abstract the underlying operating system so that
+** the SQLite library will work on both POSIX and windows systems.
+**
+** This header file is #include-ed by sqliteInt.h and thus ends up
+** being included by every source file.
+**
+** $Id: os.h,v 1.108 2009/02/05 16:31:46 drh Exp $
+*/
+#ifndef _SQLITE_OS_H_
+#define _SQLITE_OS_H_
+
+/*
+** Figure out if we are dealing with Unix, Windows, or some other
+** operating system. After the following block of preprocess macros,
+** all of SQLITE_OS_UNIX, SQLITE_OS_WIN, SQLITE_OS_OS2, and SQLITE_OS_OTHER
+** will defined to either 1 or 0. One of the four will be 1. The other
+** three will be 0.
+*/
+#if defined(SQLITE_OS_OTHER)
+# if SQLITE_OS_OTHER==1
+# undef SQLITE_OS_UNIX
+# define SQLITE_OS_UNIX 0
+# undef SQLITE_OS_WIN
+# define SQLITE_OS_WIN 0
+# undef SQLITE_OS_OS2
+# define SQLITE_OS_OS2 0
+# else
+# undef SQLITE_OS_OTHER
+# endif
+#endif
+#if !defined(SQLITE_OS_UNIX) && !defined(SQLITE_OS_OTHER)
+# define SQLITE_OS_OTHER 0
+# ifndef SQLITE_OS_WIN
+# if defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32) || defined(__CYGWIN__) || defined(__MINGW32__) || defined(__BORLANDC__)
+# define SQLITE_OS_WIN 1
+# define SQLITE_OS_UNIX 0
+# define SQLITE_OS_OS2 0
+# elif defined(__EMX__) || defined(_OS2) || defined(OS2) || defined(_OS2_) || defined(__OS2__)
+# define SQLITE_OS_WIN 0
+# define SQLITE_OS_UNIX 0
+# define SQLITE_OS_OS2 1
+# else
+# define SQLITE_OS_WIN 0
+# define SQLITE_OS_UNIX 1
+# define SQLITE_OS_OS2 0
+# endif
+# else
+# define SQLITE_OS_UNIX 0
+# define SQLITE_OS_OS2 0
+# endif
+#else
+# ifndef SQLITE_OS_WIN
+# define SQLITE_OS_WIN 0
+# endif
+#endif
+
+/*
+** Determine if we are dealing with WindowsCE - which has a much
+** reduced API.
+*/
+#if defined(_WIN32_WCE)
+# define SQLITE_OS_WINCE 1
+#else
+# define SQLITE_OS_WINCE 0
+#endif
+
+
+/*
+** Define the maximum size of a temporary filename
+*/
+#if SQLITE_OS_WIN
+# include <windows.h>
+# define SQLITE_TEMPNAME_SIZE (MAX_PATH+50)
+#elif SQLITE_OS_OS2
+# if (__GNUC__ > 3 || __GNUC__ == 3 && __GNUC_MINOR__ >= 3) && defined(OS2_HIGH_MEMORY)
+# include <os2safe.h> /* has to be included before os2.h for linking to work */
+# endif
+# define INCL_DOSDATETIME
+# define INCL_DOSFILEMGR
+# define INCL_DOSERRORS
+# define INCL_DOSMISC
+# define INCL_DOSPROCESS
+# define INCL_DOSMODULEMGR
+# define INCL_DOSSEMAPHORES
+# include <os2.h>
+# include <uconv.h>
+# define SQLITE_TEMPNAME_SIZE (CCHMAXPATHCOMP)
+#else
+# define SQLITE_TEMPNAME_SIZE 200
+#endif
+
+/* If the SET_FULLSYNC macro is not defined above, then make it
+** a no-op
+*/
+#ifndef SET_FULLSYNC
+# define SET_FULLSYNC(x,y)
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The default size of a disk sector
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_SECTOR_SIZE
+# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_SECTOR_SIZE 512
+#endif
+
+/*
+** Temporary files are named starting with this prefix followed by 16 random
+** alphanumeric characters, and no file extension. They are stored in the
+** OS's standard temporary file directory, and are deleted prior to exit.
+** If sqlite is being embedded in another program, you may wish to change the
+** prefix to reflect your program's name, so that if your program exits
+** prematurely, old temporary files can be easily identified. This can be done
+** using -DSQLITE_TEMP_FILE_PREFIX=myprefix_ on the compiler command line.
+**
+** 2006-10-31: The default prefix used to be "sqlite_". But then
+** Mcafee started using SQLite in their anti-virus product and it
+** started putting files with the "sqlite" name in the c:/temp folder.
+** This annoyed many windows users. Those users would then do a
+** Google search for "sqlite", find the telephone numbers of the
+** developers and call to wake them up at night and complain.
+** For this reason, the default name prefix is changed to be "sqlite"
+** spelled backwards. So the temp files are still identified, but
+** anybody smart enough to figure out the code is also likely smart
+** enough to know that calling the developer will not help get rid
+** of the file.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_TEMP_FILE_PREFIX
+# define SQLITE_TEMP_FILE_PREFIX "etilqs_"
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The following values may be passed as the second argument to
+** sqlite3OsLock(). The various locks exhibit the following semantics:
+**
+** SHARED: Any number of processes may hold a SHARED lock simultaneously.
+** RESERVED: A single process may hold a RESERVED lock on a file at
+** any time. Other processes may hold and obtain new SHARED locks.
+** PENDING: A single process may hold a PENDING lock on a file at
+** any one time. Existing SHARED locks may persist, but no new
+** SHARED locks may be obtained by other processes.
+** EXCLUSIVE: An EXCLUSIVE lock precludes all other locks.
+**
+** PENDING_LOCK may not be passed directly to sqlite3OsLock(). Instead, a
+** process that requests an EXCLUSIVE lock may actually obtain a PENDING
+** lock. This can be upgraded to an EXCLUSIVE lock by a subsequent call to
+** sqlite3OsLock().
+*/
+#define NO_LOCK 0
+#define SHARED_LOCK 1
+#define RESERVED_LOCK 2
+#define PENDING_LOCK 3
+#define EXCLUSIVE_LOCK 4
+
+/*
+** File Locking Notes: (Mostly about windows but also some info for Unix)
+**
+** We cannot use LockFileEx() or UnlockFileEx() on Win95/98/ME because
+** those functions are not available. So we use only LockFile() and
+** UnlockFile().
+**
+** LockFile() prevents not just writing but also reading by other processes.
+** A SHARED_LOCK is obtained by locking a single randomly-chosen
+** byte out of a specific range of bytes. The lock byte is obtained at
+** random so two separate readers can probably access the file at the
+** same time, unless they are unlucky and choose the same lock byte.
+** An EXCLUSIVE_LOCK is obtained by locking all bytes in the range.
+** There can only be one writer. A RESERVED_LOCK is obtained by locking
+** a single byte of the file that is designated as the reserved lock byte.
+** A PENDING_LOCK is obtained by locking a designated byte different from
+** the RESERVED_LOCK byte.
+**
+** On WinNT/2K/XP systems, LockFileEx() and UnlockFileEx() are available,
+** which means we can use reader/writer locks. When reader/writer locks
+** are used, the lock is placed on the same range of bytes that is used
+** for probabilistic locking in Win95/98/ME. Hence, the locking scheme
+** will support two or more Win95 readers or two or more WinNT readers.
+** But a single Win95 reader will lock out all WinNT readers and a single
+** WinNT reader will lock out all other Win95 readers.
+**
+** The following #defines specify the range of bytes used for locking.
+** SHARED_SIZE is the number of bytes available in the pool from which
+** a random byte is selected for a shared lock. The pool of bytes for
+** shared locks begins at SHARED_FIRST.
+**
+** The same locking strategy and
+** byte ranges are used for Unix. This leaves open the possiblity of having
+** clients on win95, winNT, and unix all talking to the same shared file
+** and all locking correctly. To do so would require that samba (or whatever
+** tool is being used for file sharing) implements locks correctly between
+** windows and unix. I'm guessing that isn't likely to happen, but by
+** using the same locking range we are at least open to the possibility.
+**
+** Locking in windows is manditory. For this reason, we cannot store
+** actual data in the bytes used for locking. The pager never allocates
+** the pages involved in locking therefore. SHARED_SIZE is selected so
+** that all locks will fit on a single page even at the minimum page size.
+** PENDING_BYTE defines the beginning of the locks. By default PENDING_BYTE
+** is set high so that we don't have to allocate an unused page except
+** for very large databases. But one should test the page skipping logic
+** by setting PENDING_BYTE low and running the entire regression suite.
+**
+** Changing the value of PENDING_BYTE results in a subtly incompatible
+** file format. Depending on how it is changed, you might not notice
+** the incompatibility right away, even running a full regression test.
+** The default location of PENDING_BYTE is the first byte past the
+** 1GB boundary.
+**
+*/
+#define PENDING_BYTE sqlite3PendingByte
+#define RESERVED_BYTE (PENDING_BYTE+1)
+#define SHARED_FIRST (PENDING_BYTE+2)
+#define SHARED_SIZE 510
+
+/*
+** Wrapper around OS specific sqlite3_os_init() function.
+*/
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsInit(void);
+
+/*
+** Functions for accessing sqlite3_file methods
+*/
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsClose(sqlite3_file*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsRead(sqlite3_file*, void*, int amt, i64 offset);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsWrite(sqlite3_file*, const void*, int amt, i64 offset);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsTruncate(sqlite3_file*, i64 size);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsSync(sqlite3_file*, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsFileSize(sqlite3_file*, i64 *pSize);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsLock(sqlite3_file*, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsUnlock(sqlite3_file*, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsCheckReservedLock(sqlite3_file *id, int *pResOut);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsFileControl(sqlite3_file*,int,void*);
+#define SQLITE_FCNTL_DB_UNCHANGED 0xca093fa0
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsSectorSize(sqlite3_file *id);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(sqlite3_file *id);
+
+/*
+** Functions for accessing sqlite3_vfs methods
+*/
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsOpen(sqlite3_vfs *, const char *, sqlite3_file*, int, int *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsDelete(sqlite3_vfs *, const char *, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsAccess(sqlite3_vfs *, const char *, int, int *pResOut);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsFullPathname(sqlite3_vfs *, const char *, int, char *);
+#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3OsDlOpen(sqlite3_vfs *, const char *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3OsDlError(sqlite3_vfs *, int, char *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void (*sqlite3OsDlSym(sqlite3_vfs *, void *, const char *))(void);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3OsDlClose(sqlite3_vfs *, void *);
+#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION */
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsRandomness(sqlite3_vfs *, int, char *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsSleep(sqlite3_vfs *, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsCurrentTime(sqlite3_vfs *, double*);
+
+/*
+** Convenience functions for opening and closing files using
+** sqlite3_malloc() to obtain space for the file-handle structure.
+*/
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsOpenMalloc(sqlite3_vfs *, const char *, sqlite3_file **, int,int*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsCloseFree(sqlite3_file *);
+
+#endif /* _SQLITE_OS_H_ */
+
+/************** End of os.h **************************************************/
+/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/
+/************** Include mutex.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h *****************/
+/************** Begin file mutex.h *******************************************/
+/*
+** 2007 August 28
+**
+** The author disclaims copyright to this source code. In place of
+** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
+**
+** May you do good and not evil.
+** May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
+** May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
+**
+*************************************************************************
+**
+** This file contains the common header for all mutex implementations.
+** The sqliteInt.h header #includes this file so that it is available
+** to all source files. We break it out in an effort to keep the code
+** better organized.
+**
+** NOTE: source files should *not* #include this header file directly.
+** Source files should #include the sqliteInt.h file and let that file
+** include this one indirectly.
+**
+** $Id: mutex.h,v 1.9 2008/10/07 15:25:48 drh Exp $
+*/
+
+
+/*
+** Figure out what version of the code to use. The choices are
+**
+** SQLITE_MUTEX_OMIT No mutex logic. Not even stubs. The
+** mutexes implemention cannot be overridden
+** at start-time.
+**
+** SQLITE_MUTEX_NOOP For single-threaded applications. No
+** mutual exclusion is provided. But this
+** implementation can be overridden at
+** start-time.
+**
+** SQLITE_MUTEX_PTHREADS For multi-threaded applications on Unix.
+**
+** SQLITE_MUTEX_W32 For multi-threaded applications on Win32.
+**
+** SQLITE_MUTEX_OS2 For multi-threaded applications on OS/2.
+*/
+#if !SQLITE_THREADSAFE
+# define SQLITE_MUTEX_OMIT
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE && !defined(SQLITE_MUTEX_NOOP)
+# if SQLITE_OS_UNIX
+# define SQLITE_MUTEX_PTHREADS
+# elif SQLITE_OS_WIN
+# define SQLITE_MUTEX_W32
+# elif SQLITE_OS_OS2
+# define SQLITE_MUTEX_OS2
+# else
+# define SQLITE_MUTEX_NOOP
+# endif
+#endif
+
+#ifdef SQLITE_MUTEX_OMIT
+/*
+** If this is a no-op implementation, implement everything as macros.
+*/
+#define sqlite3_mutex_alloc(X) ((sqlite3_mutex*)8)
+#define sqlite3_mutex_free(X)
+#define sqlite3_mutex_enter(X)
+#define sqlite3_mutex_try(X) SQLITE_OK
+#define sqlite3_mutex_leave(X)
+#define sqlite3_mutex_held(X) 1
+#define sqlite3_mutex_notheld(X) 1
+#define sqlite3MutexAlloc(X) ((sqlite3_mutex*)8)
+#define sqlite3MutexInit() SQLITE_OK
+#define sqlite3MutexEnd()
+#endif /* defined(SQLITE_MUTEX_OMIT) */
+
+/************** End of mutex.h ***********************************************/
+/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/
+
+
+/*
+** Each database file to be accessed by the system is an instance
+** of the following structure. There are normally two of these structures
+** in the sqlite.aDb[] array. aDb[0] is the main database file and
+** aDb[1] is the database file used to hold temporary tables. Additional
+** databases may be attached.
+*/
+struct Db {
+ char *zName; /* Name of this database */
+ Btree *pBt; /* The B*Tree structure for this database file */
+ u8 inTrans; /* 0: not writable. 1: Transaction. 2: Checkpoint */
+ u8 safety_level; /* How aggressive at syncing data to disk */
+ Schema *pSchema; /* Pointer to database schema (possibly shared) */
+};
+
+/*
+** An instance of the following structure stores a database schema.
+**
+** If there are no virtual tables configured in this schema, the
+** Schema.db variable is set to NULL. After the first virtual table
+** has been added, it is set to point to the database connection
+** used to create the connection. Once a virtual table has been
+** added to the Schema structure and the Schema.db variable populated,
+** only that database connection may use the Schema to prepare
+** statements.
+*/
+struct Schema {
+ int schema_cookie; /* Database schema version number for this file */
+ Hash tblHash; /* All tables indexed by name */
+ Hash idxHash; /* All (named) indices indexed by name */
+ Hash trigHash; /* All triggers indexed by name */
+ Hash fkeyHash; /* All foreign keys by referenced table name */
+ Table *pSeqTab; /* The sqlite_sequence table used by AUTOINCREMENT */
+ u8 file_format; /* Schema format version for this file */
+ u8 enc; /* Text encoding used by this database */
+ u16 flags; /* Flags associated with this schema */
+ int cache_size; /* Number of pages to use in the cache */
+#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
+ sqlite3 *db; /* "Owner" connection. See comment above */
+#endif
+};
+
+/*
+** These macros can be used to test, set, or clear bits in the
+** Db.flags field.
+*/
+#define DbHasProperty(D,I,P) (((D)->aDb[I].pSchema->flags&(P))==(P))
+#define DbHasAnyProperty(D,I,P) (((D)->aDb[I].pSchema->flags&(P))!=0)
+#define DbSetProperty(D,I,P) (D)->aDb[I].pSchema->flags|=(P)
+#define DbClearProperty(D,I,P) (D)->aDb[I].pSchema->flags&=~(P)
+
+/*
+** Allowed values for the DB.flags field.
+**
+** The DB_SchemaLoaded flag is set after the database schema has been
+** read into internal hash tables.
+**
+** DB_UnresetViews means that one or more views have column names that
+** have been filled out. If the schema changes, these column names might
+** changes and so the view will need to be reset.
+*/
+#define DB_SchemaLoaded 0x0001 /* The schema has been loaded */
+#define DB_UnresetViews 0x0002 /* Some views have defined column names */
+#define DB_Empty 0x0004 /* The file is empty (length 0 bytes) */
+
+/*
+** The number of different kinds of things that can be limited
+** using the sqlite3_limit() interface.
+*/
+#define SQLITE_N_LIMIT (SQLITE_LIMIT_TRIGGER_DEPTH+1)
+
+/*
+** Lookaside malloc is a set of fixed-size buffers that can be used
+** to satisfy small transient memory allocation requests for objects
+** associated with a particular database connection. The use of
+** lookaside malloc provides a significant performance enhancement
+** (approx 10%) by avoiding numerous malloc/free requests while parsing
+** SQL statements.
+**
+** The Lookaside structure holds configuration information about the
+** lookaside malloc subsystem. Each available memory allocation in
+** the lookaside subsystem is stored on a linked list of LookasideSlot
+** objects.
+**
+** Lookaside allocations are only allowed for objects that are associated
+** with a particular database connection. Hence, schema information cannot
+** be stored in lookaside because in shared cache mode the schema information
+** is shared by multiple database connections. Therefore, while parsing
+** schema information, the Lookaside.bEnabled flag is cleared so that
+** lookaside allocations are not used to construct the schema objects.
+*/
+struct Lookaside {
+ u16 sz; /* Size of each buffer in bytes */
+ u8 bEnabled; /* False to disable new lookaside allocations */
+ u8 bMalloced; /* True if pStart obtained from sqlite3_malloc() */
+ int nOut; /* Number of buffers currently checked out */
+ int mxOut; /* Highwater mark for nOut */
+ LookasideSlot *pFree; /* List of available buffers */
+ void *pStart; /* First byte of available memory space */
+ void *pEnd; /* First byte past end of available space */
+};
+struct LookasideSlot {
+ LookasideSlot *pNext; /* Next buffer in the list of free buffers */
+};
+
+/*
+** A hash table for function definitions.
+**
+** Hash each FuncDef structure into one of the FuncDefHash.a[] slots.
+** Collisions are on the FuncDef.pHash chain.
+*/
+struct FuncDefHash {
+ FuncDef *a[23]; /* Hash table for functions */
+};
+
+/*
+** Each database is an instance of the following structure.
+**
+** The sqlite.lastRowid records the last insert rowid generated by an
+** insert statement. Inserts on views do not affect its value. Each
+** trigger has its own context, so that lastRowid can be updated inside
+** triggers as usual. The previous value will be restored once the trigger
+** exits. Upon entering a before or instead of trigger, lastRowid is no
+** longer (since after version 2.8.12) reset to -1.
+**
+** The sqlite.nChange does not count changes within triggers and keeps no
+** context. It is reset at start of sqlite3_exec.
+** The sqlite.lsChange represents the number of changes made by the last
+** insert, update, or delete statement. It remains constant throughout the
+** length of a statement and is then updated by OP_SetCounts. It keeps a
+** context stack just like lastRowid so that the count of changes
+** within a trigger is not seen outside the trigger. Changes to views do not
+** affect the value of lsChange.
+** The sqlite.csChange keeps track of the number of current changes (since
+** the last statement) and is used to update sqlite_lsChange.
+**
+** The member variables sqlite.errCode, sqlite.zErrMsg and sqlite.zErrMsg16
+** store the most recent error code and, if applicable, string. The
+** internal function sqlite3Error() is used to set these variables
+** consistently.
+*/
+struct sqlite3 {
+ sqlite3_vfs *pVfs; /* OS Interface */
+ int nDb; /* Number of backends currently in use */
+ Db *aDb; /* All backends */
+ int flags; /* Miscellaneous flags. See below */
+ int openFlags; /* Flags passed to sqlite3_vfs.xOpen() */
+ int errCode; /* Most recent error code (SQLITE_*) */
+ int errMask; /* & result codes with this before returning */
+ u8 autoCommit; /* The auto-commit flag. */
+ u8 temp_store; /* 1: file 2: memory 0: default */
+ u8 mallocFailed; /* True if we have seen a malloc failure */
+ u8 dfltLockMode; /* Default locking-mode for attached dbs */
+ u8 dfltJournalMode; /* Default journal mode for attached dbs */
+ signed char nextAutovac; /* Autovac setting after VACUUM if >=0 */
+ int nextPagesize; /* Pagesize after VACUUM if >0 */
+ int nTable; /* Number of tables in the database */
+ CollSeq *pDfltColl; /* The default collating sequence (BINARY) */
+ i64 lastRowid; /* ROWID of most recent insert (see above) */
+ u32 magic; /* Magic number for detect library misuse */
+ int nChange; /* Value returned by sqlite3_changes() */
+ int nTotalChange; /* Value returned by sqlite3_total_changes() */
+ sqlite3_mutex *mutex; /* Connection mutex */
+ int aLimit[SQLITE_N_LIMIT]; /* Limits */
+ struct sqlite3InitInfo { /* Information used during initialization */
+ int iDb; /* When back is being initialized */
+ int newTnum; /* Rootpage of table being initialized */
+ u8 busy; /* TRUE if currently initializing */
+ u8 orphanTrigger; /* Last statement is orphaned TEMP trigger */
+ } init;
+ int nExtension; /* Number of loaded extensions */
+ void **aExtension; /* Array of shared library handles */
+ struct Vdbe *pVdbe; /* List of active virtual machines */
+ int activeVdbeCnt; /* Number of VDBEs currently executing */
+ int writeVdbeCnt; /* Number of active VDBEs that are writing */
+ void (*xTrace)(void*,const char*); /* Trace function */
+ void *pTraceArg; /* Argument to the trace function */
+ void (*xProfile)(void*,const char*,u64); /* Profiling function */
+ void *pProfileArg; /* Argument to profile function */
+ void *pCommitArg; /* Argument to xCommitCallback() */
+ int (*xCommitCallback)(void*); /* Invoked at every commit. */
+ void *pRollbackArg; /* Argument to xRollbackCallback() */
+ void (*xRollbackCallback)(void*); /* Invoked at every commit. */
+ void *pUpdateArg;
+ void (*xUpdateCallback)(void*,int, const char*,const char*,sqlite_int64);
+ void(*xCollNeeded)(void*,sqlite3*,int eTextRep,const char*);
+ void(*xCollNeeded16)(void*,sqlite3*,int eTextRep,const void*);
+ void *pCollNeededArg;
+ sqlite3_value *pErr; /* Most recent error message */
+ char *zErrMsg; /* Most recent error message (UTF-8 encoded) */
+ char *zErrMsg16; /* Most recent error message (UTF-16 encoded) */
+ union {
+ volatile int isInterrupted; /* True if sqlite3_interrupt has been called */
+ double notUsed1; /* Spacer */
+ } u1;
+ Lookaside lookaside; /* Lookaside malloc configuration */
+#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
+ int (*xAuth)(void*,int,const char*,const char*,const char*,const char*);
+ /* Access authorization function */
+ void *pAuthArg; /* 1st argument to the access auth function */
+#endif
+#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PROGRESS_CALLBACK
+ int (*xProgress)(void *); /* The progress callback */
+ void *pProgressArg; /* Argument to the progress callback */
+ int nProgressOps; /* Number of opcodes for progress callback */
+#endif
+#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
+ Hash aModule; /* populated by sqlite3_create_module() */
+ Table *pVTab; /* vtab with active Connect/Create method */
+ VTable **aVTrans; /* Virtual tables with open transactions */
+ int nVTrans; /* Allocated size of aVTrans */
+ VTable *pDisconnect; /* Disconnect these in next sqlite3_prepare() */
+#endif
+ FuncDefHash aFunc; /* Hash table of connection functions */
+ Hash aCollSeq; /* All collating sequences */
+ BusyHandler busyHandler; /* Busy callback */
+ int busyTimeout; /* Busy handler timeout, in msec */
+ Db aDbStatic[2]; /* Static space for the 2 default backends */
+ Savepoint *pSavepoint; /* List of active savepoints */
+ int nSavepoint; /* Number of non-transaction savepoints */
+ int nStatement; /* Number of nested statement-transactions */
+ u8 isTransactionSavepoint; /* True if the outermost savepoint is a TS */
+ i64 nDeferredCons; /* Net deferred constraints this transaction. */
+
+#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY
+ /* The following variables are all protected by the STATIC_MASTER
+ ** mutex, not by sqlite3.mutex. They are used by code in notify.c.
+ **
+ ** When X.pUnlockConnection==Y, that means that X is waiting for Y to
+ ** unlock so that it can proceed.
+ **
+ ** When X.pBlockingConnection==Y, that means that something that X tried
+ ** tried to do recently failed with an SQLITE_LOCKED error due to locks
+ ** held by Y.
+ */
+ sqlite3 *pBlockingConnection; /* Connection that caused SQLITE_LOCKED */
+ sqlite3 *pUnlockConnection; /* Connection to watch for unlock */
+ void *pUnlockArg; /* Argument to xUnlockNotify */
+ void (*xUnlockNotify)(void **, int); /* Unlock notify callback */
+ sqlite3 *pNextBlocked; /* Next in list of all blocked connections */
+#endif
+};
+
+/*
+** A macro to discover the encoding of a database.
+*/
+#define ENC(db) ((db)->aDb[0].pSchema->enc)
+
+/*
+** Possible values for the sqlite.flags and or Db.flags fields.
+**
+** On sqlite.flags, the SQLITE_InTrans value means that we have
+** executed a BEGIN. On Db.flags, SQLITE_InTrans means a statement
+** transaction is active on that particular database file.
+*/
+#define SQLITE_VdbeTrace 0x00000001 /* True to trace VDBE execution */
+#define SQLITE_InTrans 0x00000008 /* True if in a transaction */
+#define SQLITE_InternChanges 0x00000010 /* Uncommitted Hash table changes */
+#define SQLITE_FullColNames 0x00000020 /* Show full column names on SELECT */
+#define SQLITE_ShortColNames 0x00000040 /* Show short columns names */
+#define SQLITE_CountRows 0x00000080 /* Count rows changed by INSERT, */
+ /* DELETE, or UPDATE and return */
+ /* the count using a callback. */
+#define SQLITE_NullCallback 0x00000100 /* Invoke the callback once if the */
+ /* result set is empty */
+#define SQLITE_SqlTrace 0x00000200 /* Debug print SQL as it executes */
+#define SQLITE_VdbeListing 0x00000400 /* Debug listings of VDBE programs */
+#define SQLITE_WriteSchema 0x00000800 /* OK to update SQLITE_MASTER */
+#define SQLITE_NoReadlock 0x00001000 /* Readlocks are omitted when
+ ** accessing read-only databases */
+#define SQLITE_IgnoreChecks 0x00002000 /* Do not enforce check constraints */
+#define SQLITE_ReadUncommitted 0x00004000 /* For shared-cache mode */
+#define SQLITE_LegacyFileFmt 0x00008000 /* Create new databases in format 1 */
+#define SQLITE_FullFSync 0x00010000 /* Use full fsync on the backend */
+#define SQLITE_LoadExtension 0x00020000 /* Enable load_extension */
+
+#define SQLITE_RecoveryMode 0x00040000 /* Ignore schema errors */
+#define SQLITE_ReverseOrder 0x00100000 /* Reverse unordered SELECTs */
+#define SQLITE_RecTriggers 0x00200000 /* Enable recursive triggers */
+#define SQLITE_ForeignKeys 0x00400000 /* Enforce foreign key constraints */
+
+/*
+** Possible values for the sqlite.magic field.
+** The numbers are obtained at random and have no special meaning, other
+** than being distinct from one another.
+*/
+#define SQLITE_MAGIC_OPEN 0xa029a697 /* Database is open */
+#define SQLITE_MAGIC_CLOSED 0x9f3c2d33 /* Database is closed */
+#define SQLITE_MAGIC_SICK 0x4b771290 /* Error and awaiting close */
+#define SQLITE_MAGIC_BUSY 0xf03b7906 /* Database currently in use */
+#define SQLITE_MAGIC_ERROR 0xb5357930 /* An SQLITE_MISUSE error occurred */
+
+/*
+** Each SQL function is defined by an instance of the following
+** structure. A pointer to this structure is stored in the sqlite.aFunc
+** hash table. When multiple functions have the same name, the hash table
+** points to a linked list of these structures.
+*/
+struct FuncDef {
+ i16 nArg; /* Number of arguments. -1 means unlimited */
+ u8 iPrefEnc; /* Preferred text encoding (SQLITE_UTF8, 16LE, 16BE) */
+ u8 flags; /* Some combination of SQLITE_FUNC_* */
+ void *pUserData; /* User data parameter */
+ FuncDef *pNext; /* Next function with same name */
+ void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**); /* Regular function */
+ void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**); /* Aggregate step */
+ void (*xFinalize)(sqlite3_context*); /* Aggregate finalizer */
+ char *zName; /* SQL name of the function. */
+ FuncDef *pHash; /* Next with a different name but the same hash */
+};
+
+/*
+** Possible values for FuncDef.flags
+*/
+#define SQLITE_FUNC_LIKE 0x01 /* Candidate for the LIKE optimization */
+#define SQLITE_FUNC_CASE 0x02 /* Case-sensitive LIKE-type function */
+#define SQLITE_FUNC_EPHEM 0x04 /* Ephemeral. Delete with VDBE */
+#define SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL 0x08 /* sqlite3GetFuncCollSeq() might be called */
+#define SQLITE_FUNC_PRIVATE 0x10 /* Allowed for internal use only */
+#define SQLITE_FUNC_COUNT 0x20 /* Built-in count(*) aggregate */
+
+/*
+** The following three macros, FUNCTION(), LIKEFUNC() and AGGREGATE() are
+** used to create the initializers for the FuncDef structures.
+**
+** FUNCTION(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xFunc)
+** Used to create a scalar function definition of a function zName
+** implemented by C function xFunc that accepts nArg arguments. The
+** value passed as iArg is cast to a (void*) and made available
+** as the user-data (sqlite3_user_data()) for the function. If
+** argument bNC is true, then the SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL flag is set.
+**
+** AGGREGATE(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xStep, xFinal)
+** Used to create an aggregate function definition implemented by
+** the C functions xStep and xFinal. The first four parameters
+** are interpreted in the same way as the first 4 parameters to
+** FUNCTION().
+**
+** LIKEFUNC(zName, nArg, pArg, flags)
+** Used to create a scalar function definition of a function zName
+** that accepts nArg arguments and is implemented by a call to C
+** function likeFunc. Argument pArg is cast to a (void *) and made
+** available as the function user-data (sqlite3_user_data()). The
+** FuncDef.flags variable is set to the value passed as the flags
+** parameter.
+*/
+#define FUNCTION(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xFunc) \
+ {nArg, SQLITE_UTF8, bNC*SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL, \
+ SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(iArg), 0, xFunc, 0, 0, #zName, 0}
+#define STR_FUNCTION(zName, nArg, pArg, bNC, xFunc) \
+ {nArg, SQLITE_UTF8, bNC*SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL, \
+ pArg, 0, xFunc, 0, 0, #zName, 0}
+#define LIKEFUNC(zName, nArg, arg, flags) \
+ {nArg, SQLITE_UTF8, flags, (void *)arg, 0, likeFunc, 0, 0, #zName, 0}
+#define AGGREGATE(zName, nArg, arg, nc, xStep, xFinal) \
+ {nArg, SQLITE_UTF8, nc*SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL, \
+ SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(arg), 0, 0, xStep,xFinal,#zName,0}
+
+/*
+** All current savepoints are stored in a linked list starting at
+** sqlite3.pSavepoint. The first element in the list is the most recently
+** opened savepoint. Savepoints are added to the list by the vdbe
+** OP_Savepoint instruction.
+*/
+struct Savepoint {
+ char *zName; /* Savepoint name (nul-terminated) */
+ i64 nDeferredCons; /* Number of deferred fk violations */
+ Savepoint *pNext; /* Parent savepoint (if any) */
+};
+
+/*
+** The following are used as the second parameter to sqlite3Savepoint(),
+** and as the P1 argument to the OP_Savepoint instruction.
+*/
+#define SAVEPOINT_BEGIN 0
+#define SAVEPOINT_RELEASE 1
+#define SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK 2
+
+
+/*
+** Each SQLite module (virtual table definition) is defined by an
+** instance of the following structure, stored in the sqlite3.aModule
+** hash table.
+*/
+struct Module {
+ const sqlite3_module *pModule; /* Callback pointers */
+ const char *zName; /* Name passed to create_module() */
+ void *pAux; /* pAux passed to create_module() */
+ void (*xDestroy)(void *); /* Module destructor function */
+};
+
+/*
+** information about each column of an SQL table is held in an instance
+** of this structure.
+*/
+struct Column {
+ char *zName; /* Name of this column */
+ Expr *pDflt; /* Default value of this column */
+ char *zDflt; /* Original text of the default value */
+ char *zType; /* Data type for this column */
+ char *zColl; /* Collating sequence. If NULL, use the default */
+ u8 notNull; /* True if there is a NOT NULL constraint */
+ u8 isPrimKey; /* True if this column is part of the PRIMARY KEY */
+ char affinity; /* One of the SQLITE_AFF_... values */
+#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
+ u8 isHidden; /* True if this column is 'hidden' */
+#endif
+};
+
+/*
+** A "Collating Sequence" is defined by an instance of the following
+** structure. Conceptually, a collating sequence consists of a name and
+** a comparison routine that defines the order of that sequence.
+**
+** There may two separate implementations of the collation function, one
+** that processes text in UTF-8 encoding (CollSeq.xCmp) and another that
+** processes text encoded in UTF-16 (CollSeq.xCmp16), using the machine
+** native byte order. When a collation sequence is invoked, SQLite selects
+** the version that will require the least expensive encoding
+** translations, if any.
+**
+** The CollSeq.pUser member variable is an extra parameter that passed in
+** as the first argument to the UTF-8 comparison function, xCmp.
+** CollSeq.pUser16 is the equivalent for the UTF-16 comparison function,
+** xCmp16.
+**
+** If both CollSeq.xCmp and CollSeq.xCmp16 are NULL, it means that the
+** collating sequence is undefined. Indices built on an undefined
+** collating sequence may not be read or written.
+*/
+struct CollSeq {
+ char *zName; /* Name of the collating sequence, UTF-8 encoded */
+ u8 enc; /* Text encoding handled by xCmp() */
+ u8 type; /* One of the SQLITE_COLL_... values below */
+ void *pUser; /* First argument to xCmp() */
+ int (*xCmp)(void*,int, const void*, int, const void*);
+ void (*xDel)(void*); /* Destructor for pUser */
+};
+
+/*
+** Allowed values of CollSeq.type:
+*/
+#define SQLITE_COLL_BINARY 1 /* The default memcmp() collating sequence */
+#define SQLITE_COLL_NOCASE 2 /* The built-in NOCASE collating sequence */
+#define SQLITE_COLL_REVERSE 3 /* The built-in REVERSE collating sequence */
+#define SQLITE_COLL_USER 0 /* Any other user-defined collating sequence */
+
+/*
+** A sort order can be either ASC or DESC.
+*/
+#define SQLITE_SO_ASC 0 /* Sort in ascending order */
+#define SQLITE_SO_DESC 1 /* Sort in ascending order */
+
+/*
+** Column affinity types.
+**
+** These used to have mnemonic name like 'i' for SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER and
+** 't' for SQLITE_AFF_TEXT. But we can save a little space and improve
+** the speed a little by numbering the values consecutively.
+**
+** But rather than start with 0 or 1, we begin with 'a'. That way,
+** when multiple affinity types are concatenated into a string and
+** used as the P4 operand, they will be more readable.
+**
+** Note also that the numeric types are grouped together so that testing
+** for a numeric type is a single comparison.
+*/
+#define SQLITE_AFF_TEXT 'a'
+#define SQLITE_AFF_NONE 'b'
+#define SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC 'c'
+#define SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER 'd'
+#define SQLITE_AFF_REAL 'e'
+
+#define sqlite3IsNumericAffinity(X) ((X)>=SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC)
+
+/*
+** The SQLITE_AFF_MASK values masks off the significant bits of an
+** affinity value.
+*/
+#define SQLITE_AFF_MASK 0x67
+
+/*
+** Additional bit values that can be ORed with an affinity without
+** changing the affinity.
+*/
+#define SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL 0x08 /* jumps if either operand is NULL */
+#define SQLITE_STOREP2 0x10 /* Store result in reg[P2] rather than jump */
+#define SQLITE_NULLEQ 0x80 /* NULL=NULL */
+
+/*
+** An object of this type is created for each virtual table present in
+** the database schema.
+**
+** If the database schema is shared, then there is one instance of this
+** structure for each database connection (sqlite3*) that uses the shared
+** schema. This is because each database connection requires its own unique
+** instance of the sqlite3_vtab* handle used to access the virtual table
+** implementation. sqlite3_vtab* handles can not be shared between
+** database connections, even when the rest of the in-memory database
+** schema is shared, as the implementation often stores the database
+** connection handle passed to it via the xConnect() or xCreate() method
+** during initialization internally. This database connection handle may
+** then used by the virtual table implementation to access real tables
+** within the database. So that they appear as part of the callers
+** transaction, these accesses need to be made via the same database
+** connection as that used to execute SQL operations on the virtual table.
+**
+** All VTable objects that correspond to a single table in a shared
+** database schema are initially stored in a linked-list pointed to by
+** the Table.pVTable member variable of the corresponding Table object.
+** When an sqlite3_prepare() operation is required to access the virtual
+** table, it searches the list for the VTable that corresponds to the
+** database connection doing the preparing so as to use the correct
+** sqlite3_vtab* handle in the compiled query.
+**
+** When an in-memory Table object is deleted (for example when the
+** schema is being reloaded for some reason), the VTable objects are not
+** deleted and the sqlite3_vtab* handles are not xDisconnect()ed
+** immediately. Instead, they are moved from the Table.pVTable list to
+** another linked list headed by the sqlite3.pDisconnect member of the
+** corresponding sqlite3 structure. They are then deleted/xDisconnected
+** next time a statement is prepared using said sqlite3*. This is done
+** to avoid deadlock issues involving multiple sqlite3.mutex mutexes.
+** Refer to comments above function sqlite3VtabUnlockList() for an
+** explanation as to why it is safe to add an entry to an sqlite3.pDisconnect
+** list without holding the corresponding sqlite3.mutex mutex.
+**
+** The memory for objects of this type is always allocated by
+** sqlite3DbMalloc(), using the connection handle stored in VTable.db as
+** the first argument.
+*/
+struct VTable {
+ sqlite3 *db; /* Database connection associated with this table */
+ Module *pMod; /* Pointer to module implementation */
+ sqlite3_vtab *pVtab; /* Pointer to vtab instance */
+ int nRef; /* Number of pointers to this structure */
+ VTable *pNext; /* Next in linked list (see above) */
+};
+
+/*
+** Each SQL table is represented in memory by an instance of the
+** following structure.
+**
+** Table.zName is the name of the table. The case of the original
+** CREATE TABLE statement is stored, but case is not significant for
+** comparisons.
+**
+** Table.nCol is the number of columns in this table. Table.aCol is a
+** pointer to an array of Column structures, one for each column.
+**
+** If the table has an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, then Table.iPKey is the index of
+** the column that is that key. Otherwise Table.iPKey is negative. Note
+** that the datatype of the PRIMARY KEY must be INTEGER for this field to
+** be set. An INTEGER PRIMARY KEY is used as the rowid for each row of
+** the table. If a table has no INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, then a random rowid
+** is generated for each row of the table. TF_HasPrimaryKey is set if
+** the table has any PRIMARY KEY, INTEGER or otherwise.
+**
+** Table.tnum is the page number for the root BTree page of the table in the
+** database file. If Table.iDb is the index of the database table backend
+** in sqlite.aDb[]. 0 is for the main database and 1 is for the file that
+** holds temporary tables and indices. If TF_Ephemeral is set
+** then the table is stored in a file that is automatically deleted
+** when the VDBE cursor to the table is closed. In this case Table.tnum
+** refers VDBE cursor number that holds the table open, not to the root
+** page number. Transient tables are used to hold the results of a
+** sub-query that appears instead of a real table name in the FROM clause
+** of a SELECT statement.
+*/
+struct Table {
+ sqlite3 *dbMem; /* DB connection used for lookaside allocations. */
+ char *zName; /* Name of the table or view */
+ int iPKey; /* If not negative, use aCol[iPKey] as the primary key */
+ int nCol; /* Number of columns in this table */
+ Column *aCol; /* Information about each column */
+ Index *pIndex; /* List of SQL indexes on this table. */
+ int tnum; /* Root BTree node for this table (see note above) */
+ Select *pSelect; /* NULL for tables. Points to definition if a view. */
+ u16 nRef; /* Number of pointers to this Table */
+ u8 tabFlags; /* Mask of TF_* values */
+ u8 keyConf; /* What to do in case of uniqueness conflict on iPKey */
+ FKey *pFKey; /* Linked list of all foreign keys in this table */
+ char *zColAff; /* String defining the affinity of each column */
+#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
+ Expr *pCheck; /* The AND of all CHECK constraints */
+#endif
+#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ALTERTABLE
+ int addColOffset; /* Offset in CREATE TABLE stmt to add a new column */
+#endif
+#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
+ VTable *pVTable; /* List of VTable objects. */
+ int nModuleArg; /* Number of arguments to the module */
+ char **azModuleArg; /* Text of all module args. [0] is module name */
+#endif
+ Trigger *pTrigger; /* List of triggers stored in pSchema */
+ Schema *pSchema; /* Schema that contains this table */
+ Table *pNextZombie; /* Next on the Parse.pZombieTab list */
+};
+
+/*
+** Allowed values for Tabe.tabFlags.
+*/
+#define TF_Readonly 0x01 /* Read-only system table */
+#define TF_Ephemeral 0x02 /* An ephemeral table */
+#define TF_HasPrimaryKey 0x04 /* Table has a primary key */
+#define TF_Autoincrement 0x08 /* Integer primary key is autoincrement */
+#define TF_Virtual 0x10 /* Is a virtual table */
+#define TF_NeedMetadata 0x20 /* aCol[].zType and aCol[].pColl missing */
+
+
+
+/*
+** Test to see whether or not a table is a virtual table. This is
+** done as a macro so that it will be optimized out when virtual
+** table support is omitted from the build.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
+# define IsVirtual(X) (((X)->tabFlags & TF_Virtual)!=0)
+# define IsHiddenColumn(X) ((X)->isHidden)
+#else
+# define IsVirtual(X) 0
+# define IsHiddenColumn(X) 0
+#endif
+
+/*
+** Each foreign key constraint is an instance of the following structure.
+**
+** A foreign key is associated with two tables. The "from" table is
+** the table that contains the REFERENCES clause that creates the foreign
+** key. The "to" table is the table that is named in the REFERENCES clause.
+** Consider this example:
+**
+** CREATE TABLE ex1(
+** a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY,
+** b INTEGER CONSTRAINT fk1 REFERENCES ex2(x)
+** );
+**
+** For foreign key "fk1", the from-table is "ex1" and the to-table is "ex2".
+**
+** Each REFERENCES clause generates an instance of the following structure
+** which is attached to the from-table. The to-table need not exist when
+** the from-table is created. The existence of the to-table is not checked.
+*/
+struct FKey {
+ Table *pFrom; /* Table containing the REFERENCES clause (aka: Child) */
+ FKey *pNextFrom; /* Next foreign key in pFrom */
+ char *zTo; /* Name of table that the key points to (aka: Parent) */
+ FKey *pNextTo; /* Next foreign key on table named zTo */
+ FKey *pPrevTo; /* Previous foreign key on table named zTo */
+ int nCol; /* Number of columns in this key */
+ /* EV: R-30323-21917 */
+ u8 isDeferred; /* True if constraint checking is deferred till COMMIT */
+ u8 aAction[2]; /* ON DELETE and ON UPDATE actions, respectively */
+ Trigger *apTrigger[2]; /* Triggers for aAction[] actions */
+ struct sColMap { /* Mapping of columns in pFrom to columns in zTo */
+ int iFrom; /* Index of column in pFrom */
+ char *zCol; /* Name of column in zTo. If 0 use PRIMARY KEY */
+ } aCol[1]; /* One entry for each of nCol column s */
+};
+
+/*
+** SQLite supports many different ways to resolve a constraint
+** error. ROLLBACK processing means that a constraint violation
+** causes the operation in process to fail and for the current transaction
+** to be rolled back. ABORT processing means the operation in process
+** fails and any prior changes from that one operation are backed out,
+** but the transaction is not rolled back. FAIL processing means that
+** the operation in progress stops and returns an error code. But prior
+** changes due to the same operation are not backed out and no rollback
+** occurs. IGNORE means that the particular row that caused the constraint
+** error is not inserted or updated. Processing continues and no error
+** is returned. REPLACE means that preexisting database rows that caused
+** a UNIQUE constraint violation are removed so that the new insert or
+** update can proceed. Processing continues and no error is reported.
+**
+** RESTRICT, SETNULL, and CASCADE actions apply only to foreign keys.
+** RESTRICT is the same as ABORT for IMMEDIATE foreign keys and the
+** same as ROLLBACK for DEFERRED keys. SETNULL means that the foreign
+** key is set to NULL. CASCADE means that a DELETE or UPDATE of the
+** referenced table row is propagated into the row that holds the
+** foreign key.
+**
+** The following symbolic values are used to record which type
+** of action to take.
+*/
+#define OE_None 0 /* There is no constraint to check */
+#define OE_Rollback 1 /* Fail the operation and rollback the transaction */
+#define OE_Abort 2 /* Back out changes but do no rollback transaction */
+#define OE_Fail 3 /* Stop the operation but leave all prior changes */
+#define OE_Ignore 4 /* Ignore the error. Do not do the INSERT or UPDATE */
+#define OE_Replace 5 /* Delete existing record, then do INSERT or UPDATE */
+
+#define OE_Restrict 6 /* OE_Abort for IMMEDIATE, OE_Rollback for DEFERRED */
+#define OE_SetNull 7 /* Set the foreign key value to NULL */
+#define OE_SetDflt 8 /* Set the foreign key value to its default */
+#define OE_Cascade 9 /* Cascade the changes */
+
+#define OE_Default 99 /* Do whatever the default action is */
+
+
+/*
+** An instance of the following structure is passed as the first
+** argument to sqlite3VdbeKeyCompare and is used to control the
+** comparison of the two index keys.
+*/
+struct KeyInfo {
+ sqlite3 *db; /* The database connection */
+ u8 enc; /* Text encoding - one of the TEXT_Utf* values */
+ u16 nField; /* Number of entries in aColl[] */
+ u8 *aSortOrder; /* If defined an aSortOrder[i] is true, sort DESC */
+ CollSeq *aColl[1]; /* Collating sequence for each term of the key */
+};
+
+/*
+** An instance of the following structure holds information about a
+** single index record that has already been parsed out into individual
+** values.
+**
+** A record is an object that contains one or more fields of data.
+** Records are used to store the content of a table row and to store
+** the key of an index. A blob encoding of a record is created by
+** the OP_MakeRecord opcode of the VDBE and is disassembled by the
+** OP_Column opcode.
+**
+** This structure holds a record that has already been disassembled
+** into its constituent fields.
+*/
+struct UnpackedRecord {
+ KeyInfo *pKeyInfo; /* Collation and sort-order information */
+ u16 nField; /* Number of entries in apMem[] */
+ u16 flags; /* Boolean settings. UNPACKED_... below */
+ i64 rowid; /* Used by UNPACKED_PREFIX_SEARCH */
+ Mem *aMem; /* Values */
+};
+
+/*
+** Allowed values of UnpackedRecord.flags
+*/
+#define UNPACKED_NEED_FREE 0x0001 /* Memory is from sqlite3Malloc() */
+#define UNPACKED_NEED_DESTROY 0x0002 /* apMem[]s should all be destroyed */
+#define UNPACKED_IGNORE_ROWID 0x0004 /* Ignore trailing rowid on key1 */
+#define UNPACKED_INCRKEY 0x0008 /* Make this key an epsilon larger */
+#define UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH 0x0010 /* A prefix match is considered OK */
+#define UNPACKED_PREFIX_SEARCH 0x0020 /* A prefix match is considered OK */
+
+/*
+** Each SQL index is represented in memory by an
+** instance of the following structure.
+**
+** The columns of the table that are to be indexed are described
+** by the aiColumn[] field of this structure. For example, suppose
+** we have the following table and index:
+**
+** CREATE TABLE Ex1(c1 int, c2 int, c3 text);
+** CREATE INDEX Ex2 ON Ex1(c3,c1);
+**
+** In the Table structure describing Ex1, nCol==3 because there are
+** three columns in the table. In the Index structure describing
+** Ex2, nColumn==2 since 2 of the 3 columns of Ex1 are indexed.
+** The value of aiColumn is {2, 0}. aiColumn[0]==2 because the
+** first column to be indexed (c3) has an index of 2 in Ex1.aCol[].
+** The second column to be indexed (c1) has an index of 0 in
+** Ex1.aCol[], hence Ex2.aiColumn[1]==0.
+**
+** The Index.onError field determines whether or not the indexed columns
+** must be unique and what to do if they are not. When Index.onError=OE_None,
+** it means this is not a unique index. Otherwise it is a unique index
+** and the value of Index.onError indicate the which conflict resolution
+** algorithm to employ whenever an attempt is made to insert a non-unique
+** element.
+*/
+struct Index {
+ char *zName; /* Name of this index */
+ int nColumn; /* Number of columns in the table used by this index */
+ int *aiColumn; /* Which columns are used by this index. 1st is 0 */
+ unsigned *aiRowEst; /* Result of ANALYZE: Est. rows selected by each column */
+ Table *pTable; /* The SQL table being indexed */
+ int tnum; /* Page containing root of this index in database file */
+ u8 onError; /* OE_Abort, OE_Ignore, OE_Replace, or OE_None */
+ u8 autoIndex; /* True if is automatically created (ex: by UNIQUE) */
+ char *zColAff; /* String defining the affinity of each column */
+ Index *pNext; /* The next index associated with the same table */
+ Schema *pSchema; /* Schema containing this index */
+ u8 *aSortOrder; /* Array of size Index.nColumn. True==DESC, False==ASC */
+ char **azColl; /* Array of collation sequence names for index */
+ IndexSample *aSample; /* Array of SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES samples */
+};
+
+/*
+** Each sample stored in the sqlite_stat2 table is represented in memory
+** using a structure of this type.
+*/
+struct IndexSample {
+ union {
+ char *z; /* Value if eType is SQLITE_TEXT or SQLITE_BLOB */
+ double r; /* Value if eType is SQLITE_FLOAT or SQLITE_INTEGER */
+ } u;
+ u8 eType; /* SQLITE_NULL, SQLITE_INTEGER ... etc. */
+ u8 nByte; /* Size in byte of text or blob. */
+};
+
+/*
+** Each token coming out of the lexer is an instance of
+** this structure. Tokens are also used as part of an expression.
+**
+** Note if Token.z==0 then Token.dyn and Token.n are undefined and
+** may contain random values. Do not make any assumptions about Token.dyn
+** and Token.n when Token.z==0.
+*/
+struct Token {
+ const char *z; /* Text of the token. Not NULL-terminated! */
+ unsigned int n; /* Number of characters in this token */
+};
+
+/*
+** An instance of this structure contains information needed to generate
+** code for a SELECT that contains aggregate functions.
+**
+** If Expr.op==TK_AGG_COLUMN or TK_AGG_FUNCTION then Expr.pAggInfo is a
+** pointer to this structure. The Expr.iColumn field is the index in
+** AggInfo.aCol[] or AggInfo.aFunc[] of information needed to generate
+** code for that node.
+**
+** AggInfo.pGroupBy and AggInfo.aFunc.pExpr point to fields within the
+** original Select structure that describes the SELECT statement. These
+** fields do not need to be freed when deallocating the AggInfo structure.
+*/
+struct AggInfo {
+ u8 directMode; /* Direct rendering mode means take data directly
+ ** from source tables rather than from accumulators */
+ u8 useSortingIdx; /* In direct mode, reference the sorting index rather
+ ** than the source table */
+ int sortingIdx; /* Cursor number of the sorting index */
+ ExprList *pGroupBy; /* The group by clause */
+ int nSortingColumn; /* Number of columns in the sorting index */
+ struct AggInfo_col { /* For each column used in source tables */
+ Table *pTab; /* Source table */
+ int iTable; /* Cursor number of the source table */
+ int iColumn; /* Column number within the source table */
+ int iSorterColumn; /* Column number in the sorting index */
+ int iMem; /* Memory location that acts as accumulator */
+ Expr *pExpr; /* The original expression */
+ } *aCol;
+ int nColumn; /* Number of used entries in aCol[] */
+ int nColumnAlloc; /* Number of slots allocated for aCol[] */
+ int nAccumulator; /* Number of columns that show through to the output.
+ ** Additional columns are used only as parameters to
+ ** aggregate functions */
+ struct AggInfo_func { /* For each aggregate function */
+ Expr *pExpr; /* Expression encoding the function */
+ FuncDef *pFunc; /* The aggregate function implementation */
+ int iMem; /* Memory location that acts as accumulator */
+ int iDistinct; /* Ephemeral table used to enforce DISTINCT */
+ } *aFunc;
+ int nFunc; /* Number of entries in aFunc[] */
+ int nFuncAlloc; /* Number of slots allocated for aFunc[] */
+};
+
+/*
+** Each node of an expression in the parse tree is an instance
+** of this structure.
+**
+** Expr.op is the opcode. The integer parser token codes are reused
+** as opcodes here. For example, the parser defines TK_GE to be an integer
+** code representing the ">=" operator. This same integer code is reused
+** to represent the greater-than-or-equal-to operator in the expression
+** tree.
+**
+** If the expression is an SQL literal (TK_INTEGER, TK_FLOAT, TK_BLOB,
+** or TK_STRING), then Expr.token contains the text of the SQL literal. If
+** the expression is a variable (TK_VARIABLE), then Expr.token contains the
+** variable name. Finally, if the expression is an SQL function (TK_FUNCTION),
+** then Expr.token contains the name of the function.
+**
+** Expr.pRight and Expr.pLeft are the left and right subexpressions of a
+** binary operator. Either or both may be NULL.
+**
+** Expr.x.pList is a list of arguments if the expression is an SQL function,
+** a CASE expression or an IN expression of the form "<lhs> IN (<y>, <z>...)".
+** Expr.x.pSelect is used if the expression is a sub-select or an expression of
+** the form "<lhs> IN (SELECT ...)". If the EP_xIsSelect bit is set in the
+** Expr.flags mask, then Expr.x.pSelect is valid. Otherwise, Expr.x.pList is
+** valid.
+**
+** An expression of the form ID or ID.ID refers to a column in a table.
+** For such expressions, Expr.op is set to TK_COLUMN and Expr.iTable is
+** the integer cursor number of a VDBE cursor pointing to that table and
+** Expr.iColumn is the column number for the specific column. If the
+** expression is used as a result in an aggregate SELECT, then the
+** value is also stored in the Expr.iAgg column in the aggregate so that
+** it can be accessed after all aggregates are computed.
+**
+** If the expression is an unbound variable marker (a question mark
+** character '?' in the original SQL) then the Expr.iTable holds the index
+** number for that variable.
+**
+** If the expression is a subquery then Expr.iColumn holds an integer
+** register number containing the result of the subquery. If the
+** subquery gives a constant result, then iTable is -1. If the subquery
+** gives a different answer at different times during statement processing
+** then iTable is the address of a subroutine that computes the subquery.
+**
+** If the Expr is of type OP_Column, and the table it is selecting from
+** is a disk table or the "old.*" pseudo-table, then pTab points to the
+** corresponding table definition.
+**
+** ALLOCATION NOTES:
+**
+** Expr objects can use a lot of memory space in database schema. To
+** help reduce memory requirements, sometimes an Expr object will be
+** truncated. And to reduce the number of memory allocations, sometimes
+** two or more Expr objects will be stored in a single memory allocation,
+** together with Expr.zToken strings.
+**
+** If the EP_Reduced and EP_TokenOnly flags are set when
+** an Expr object is truncated. When EP_Reduced is set, then all
+** the child Expr objects in the Expr.pLeft and Expr.pRight subtrees
+** are contained within the same memory allocation. Note, however, that
+** the subtrees in Expr.x.pList or Expr.x.pSelect are always separately
+** allocated, regardless of whether or not EP_Reduced is set.
+*/
+struct Expr {
+ u8 op; /* Operation performed by this node */
+ char affinity; /* The affinity of the column or 0 if not a column */
+ u16 flags; /* Various flags. EP_* See below */
+ union {
+ char *zToken; /* Token value. Zero terminated and dequoted */
+ int iValue; /* Integer value if EP_IntValue */
+ } u;
+
+ /* If the EP_TokenOnly flag is set in the Expr.flags mask, then no
+ ** space is allocated for the fields below this point. An attempt to
+ ** access them will result in a segfault or malfunction.
+ *********************************************************************/
+
+ Expr *pLeft; /* Left subnode */
+ Expr *pRight; /* Right subnode */
+ union {
+ ExprList *pList; /* Function arguments or in "<expr> IN (<expr-list)" */
+ Select *pSelect; /* Used for sub-selects and "<expr> IN (<select>)" */
+ } x;
+ CollSeq *pColl; /* The collation type of the column or 0 */
+
+ /* If the EP_Reduced flag is set in the Expr.flags mask, then no
+ ** space is allocated for the fields below this point. An attempt to
+ ** access them will result in a segfault or malfunction.
+ *********************************************************************/
+
+ int iTable; /* TK_COLUMN: cursor number of table holding column
+ ** TK_REGISTER: register number
+ ** TK_TRIGGER: 1 -> new, 0 -> old */
+ i16 iColumn; /* TK_COLUMN: column index. -1 for rowid */
+ i16 iAgg; /* Which entry in pAggInfo->aCol[] or ->aFunc[] */
+ i16 iRightJoinTable; /* If EP_FromJoin, the right table of the join */
+ u8 flags2; /* Second set of flags. EP2_... */
+ u8 op2; /* If a TK_REGISTER, the original value of Expr.op */
+ AggInfo *pAggInfo; /* Used by TK_AGG_COLUMN and TK_AGG_FUNCTION */
+ Table *pTab; /* Table for TK_COLUMN expressions. */
+#if SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH>0
+ int nHeight; /* Height of the tree headed by this node */
+#endif
+};
+
+/*
+** The following are the meanings of bits in the Expr.flags field.
+*/
+#define EP_FromJoin 0x0001 /* Originated in ON or USING clause of a join */
+#define EP_Agg 0x0002 /* Contains one or more aggregate functions */
+#define EP_Resolved 0x0004 /* IDs have been resolved to COLUMNs */
+#define EP_Error 0x0008 /* Expression contains one or more errors */
+#define EP_Distinct 0x0010 /* Aggregate function with DISTINCT keyword */
+#define EP_VarSelect 0x0020 /* pSelect is correlated, not constant */
+#define EP_DblQuoted 0x0040 /* token.z was originally in "..." */
+#define EP_InfixFunc 0x0080 /* True for an infix function: LIKE, GLOB, etc */
+#define EP_ExpCollate 0x0100 /* Collating sequence specified explicitly */
+#define EP_AnyAff 0x0200 /* Can take a cached column of any affinity */
+#define EP_FixedDest 0x0400 /* Result needed in a specific register */
+#define EP_IntValue 0x0800 /* Integer value contained in u.iValue */
+#define EP_xIsSelect 0x1000 /* x.pSelect is valid (otherwise x.pList is) */
+
+#define EP_Reduced 0x2000 /* Expr struct is EXPR_REDUCEDSIZE bytes only */
+#define EP_TokenOnly 0x4000 /* Expr struct is EXPR_TOKENONLYSIZE bytes only */
+#define EP_Static 0x8000 /* Held in memory not obtained from malloc() */
+
+/*
+** The following are the meanings of bits in the Expr.flags2 field.
+*/
+#define EP2_MallocedToken 0x0001 /* Need to sqlite3DbFree() Expr.zToken */
+#define EP2_Irreducible 0x0002 /* Cannot EXPRDUP_REDUCE this Expr */
+
+/*
+** The pseudo-routine sqlite3ExprSetIrreducible sets the EP2_Irreducible
+** flag on an expression structure. This flag is used for VV&A only. The
+** routine is implemented as a macro that only works when in debugging mode,
+** so as not to burden production code.
+*/
+#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
+# define ExprSetIrreducible(X) (X)->flags2 |= EP2_Irreducible
+#else
+# define ExprSetIrreducible(X)
+#endif
+
+/*
+** These macros can be used to test, set, or clear bits in the
+** Expr.flags field.
+*/
+#define ExprHasProperty(E,P) (((E)->flags&(P))==(P))
+#define ExprHasAnyProperty(E,P) (((E)->flags&(P))!=0)
+#define ExprSetProperty(E,P) (E)->flags|=(P)
+#define ExprClearProperty(E,P) (E)->flags&=~(P)
+
+/*
+** Macros to determine the number of bytes required by a normal Expr
+** struct, an Expr struct with the EP_Reduced flag set in Expr.flags
+** and an Expr struct with the EP_TokenOnly flag set.
+*/
+#define EXPR_FULLSIZE sizeof(Expr) /* Full size */
+#define EXPR_REDUCEDSIZE offsetof(Expr,iTable) /* Common features */
+#define EXPR_TOKENONLYSIZE offsetof(Expr,pLeft) /* Fewer features */
+
+/*
+** Flags passed to the sqlite3ExprDup() function. See the header comment
+** above sqlite3ExprDup() for details.
+*/
+#define EXPRDUP_REDUCE 0x0001 /* Used reduced-size Expr nodes */
+
+/*
+** A list of expressions. Each expression may optionally have a
+** name. An expr/name combination can be used in several ways, such
+** as the list of "expr AS ID" fields following a "SELECT" or in the
+** list of "ID = expr" items in an UPDATE. A list of expressions can
+** also be used as the argument to a function, in which case the a.zName
+** field is not used.
+*/
+struct ExprList {
+ int nExpr; /* Number of expressions on the list */
+ int nAlloc; /* Number of entries allocated below */
+ int iECursor; /* VDBE Cursor associated with this ExprList */
+ struct ExprList_item {
+ Expr *pExpr; /* The list of expressions */
+ char *zName; /* Token associated with this expression */
+ char *zSpan; /* Original text of the expression */
+ u8 sortOrder; /* 1 for DESC or 0 for ASC */
+ u8 done; /* A flag to indicate when processing is finished */
+ u16 iCol; /* For ORDER BY, column number in result set */
+ u16 iAlias; /* Index into Parse.aAlias[] for zName */
+ } *a; /* One entry for each expression */
+};
+
+/*
+** An instance of this structure is used by the parser to record both
+** the parse tree for an expression and the span of input text for an
+** expression.
+*/
+struct ExprSpan {
+ Expr *pExpr; /* The expression parse tree */
+ const char *zStart; /* First character of input text */
+ const char *zEnd; /* One character past the end of input text */
+};
+
+/*
+** An instance of this structure can hold a simple list of identifiers,
+** such as the list "a,b,c" in the following statements:
+**
+** INSERT INTO t(a,b,c) VALUES ...;
+** CREATE INDEX idx ON t(a,b,c);
+** CREATE TRIGGER trig BEFORE UPDATE ON t(a,b,c) ...;
+**
+** The IdList.a.idx field is used when the IdList represents the list of
+** column names after a table name in an INSERT statement. In the statement
+**
+** INSERT INTO t(a,b,c) ...
+**
+** If "a" is the k-th column of table "t", then IdList.a[0].idx==k.
+*/
+struct IdList {
+ struct IdList_item {
+ char *zName; /* Name of the identifier */
+ int idx; /* Index in some Table.aCol[] of a column named zName */
+ } *a;
+ int nId; /* Number of identifiers on the list */
+ int nAlloc; /* Number of entries allocated for a[] below */
+};
+
+/*
+** The bitmask datatype defined below is used for various optimizations.
+**
+** Changing this from a 64-bit to a 32-bit type limits the number of
+** tables in a join to 32 instead of 64. But it also reduces the size
+** of the library by 738 bytes on ix86.
+*/
+typedef u64 Bitmask;
+
+/*
+** The number of bits in a Bitmask. "BMS" means "BitMask Size".
+*/
+#define BMS ((int)(sizeof(Bitmask)*8))
+
+/*
+** The following structure describes the FROM clause of a SELECT statement.
+** Each table or subquery in the FROM clause is a separate element of
+** the SrcList.a[] array.
+**
+** With the addition of multiple database support, the following structure
+** can also be used to describe a particular table such as the table that
+** is modified by an INSERT, DELETE, or UPDATE statement. In standard SQL,
+** such a table must be a simple name: ID. But in SQLite, the table can
+** now be identified by a database name, a dot, then the table name: ID.ID.
+**
+** The jointype starts out showing the join type between the current table
+** and the next table on the list. The parser builds the list this way.
+** But sqlite3SrcListShiftJoinType() later shifts the jointypes so that each
+** jointype expresses the join between the table and the previous table.
+*/
+struct SrcList {
+ i16 nSrc; /* Number of tables or subqueries in the FROM clause */
+ i16 nAlloc; /* Number of entries allocated in a[] below */
+ struct SrcList_item {
+ char *zDatabase; /* Name of database holding this table */
+ char *zName; /* Name of the table */
+ char *zAlias; /* The "B" part of a "A AS B" phrase. zName is the "A" */
+ Table *pTab; /* An SQL table corresponding to zName */
+ Select *pSelect; /* A SELECT statement used in place of a table name */
+ u8 isPopulated; /* Temporary table associated with SELECT is populated */
+ u8 jointype; /* Type of join between this able and the previous */
+ u8 notIndexed; /* True if there is a NOT INDEXED clause */
+ int iCursor; /* The VDBE cursor number used to access this table */
+ Expr *pOn; /* The ON clause of a join */
+ IdList *pUsing; /* The USING clause of a join */
+ Bitmask colUsed; /* Bit N (1<<N) set if column N of pTab is used */
+ char *zIndex; /* Identifier from "INDEXED BY <zIndex>" clause */
+ Index *pIndex; /* Index structure corresponding to zIndex, if any */
+ } a[1]; /* One entry for each identifier on the list */
+};
+
+/*
+** Permitted values of the SrcList.a.jointype field
+*/
+#define JT_INNER 0x0001 /* Any kind of inner or cross join */
+#define JT_CROSS 0x0002 /* Explicit use of the CROSS keyword */
+#define JT_NATURAL 0x0004 /* True for a "natural" join */
+#define JT_LEFT 0x0008 /* Left outer join */
+#define JT_RIGHT 0x0010 /* Right outer join */
+#define JT_OUTER 0x0020 /* The "OUTER" keyword is present */
+#define JT_ERROR 0x0040 /* unknown or unsupported join type */
+
+
+/*
+** A WherePlan object holds information that describes a lookup
+** strategy.
+**
+** This object is intended to be opaque outside of the where.c module.
+** It is included here only so that that compiler will know how big it
+** is. None of the fields in this object should be used outside of
+** the where.c module.
+**
+** Within the union, pIdx is only used when wsFlags&WHERE_INDEXED is true.
+** pTerm is only used when wsFlags&WHERE_MULTI_OR is true. And pVtabIdx
+** is only used when wsFlags&WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE is true. It is never the
+** case that more than one of these conditions is true.
+*/
+struct WherePlan {
+ u32 wsFlags; /* WHERE_* flags that describe the strategy */
+ u32 nEq; /* Number of == constraints */
+ union {
+ Index *pIdx; /* Index when WHERE_INDEXED is true */
+ struct WhereTerm *pTerm; /* WHERE clause term for OR-search */
+ sqlite3_index_info *pVtabIdx; /* Virtual table index to use */
+ } u;
+};
+
+/*
+** For each nested loop in a WHERE clause implementation, the WhereInfo
+** structure contains a single instance of this structure. This structure
+** is intended to be private the the where.c module and should not be
+** access or modified by other modules.
+**
+** The pIdxInfo field is used to help pick the best index on a
+** virtual table. The pIdxInfo pointer contains indexing
+** information for the i-th table in the FROM clause before reordering.
+** All the pIdxInfo pointers are freed by whereInfoFree() in where.c.
+** All other information in the i-th WhereLevel object for the i-th table
+** after FROM clause ordering.
+*/
+struct WhereLevel {
+ WherePlan plan; /* query plan for this element of the FROM clause */
+ int iLeftJoin; /* Memory cell used to implement LEFT OUTER JOIN */
+ int iTabCur; /* The VDBE cursor used to access the table */
+ int iIdxCur; /* The VDBE cursor used to access pIdx */
+ int addrBrk; /* Jump here to break out of the loop */
+ int addrNxt; /* Jump here to start the next IN combination */
+ int addrCont; /* Jump here to continue with the next loop cycle */
+ int addrFirst; /* First instruction of interior of the loop */
+ u8 iFrom; /* Which entry in the FROM clause */
+ u8 op, p5; /* Opcode and P5 of the opcode that ends the loop */
+ int p1, p2; /* Operands of the opcode used to ends the loop */
+ union { /* Information that depends on plan.wsFlags */
+ struct {
+ int nIn; /* Number of entries in aInLoop[] */
+ struct InLoop {
+ int iCur; /* The VDBE cursor used by this IN operator */
+ int addrInTop; /* Top of the IN loop */
+ } *aInLoop; /* Information about each nested IN operator */
+ } in; /* Used when plan.wsFlags&WHERE_IN_ABLE */
+ } u;
+
+ /* The following field is really not part of the current level. But
+ ** we need a place to cache virtual table index information for each
+ ** virtual table in the FROM clause and the WhereLevel structure is
+ ** a convenient place since there is one WhereLevel for each FROM clause
+ ** element.
+ */
+ sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo; /* Index info for n-th source table */
+};
+
+/*
+** Flags appropriate for the wctrlFlags parameter of sqlite3WhereBegin()
+** and the WhereInfo.wctrlFlags member.
+*/
+#define WHERE_ORDERBY_NORMAL 0x0000 /* No-op */
+#define WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN 0x0001 /* ORDER BY processing for min() func */
+#define WHERE_ORDERBY_MAX 0x0002 /* ORDER BY processing for max() func */
+#define WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED 0x0004 /* Want to do one-pass UPDATE/DELETE */
+#define WHERE_DUPLICATES_OK 0x0008 /* Ok to return a row more than once */
+#define WHERE_OMIT_OPEN 0x0010 /* Table cursor are already open */
+#define WHERE_OMIT_CLOSE 0x0020 /* Omit close of table & index cursors */
+#define WHERE_FORCE_TABLE 0x0040 /* Do not use an index-only search */
+
+/*
+** The WHERE clause processing routine has two halves. The
+** first part does the start of the WHERE loop and the second
+** half does the tail of the WHERE loop. An instance of
+** this structure is returned by the first half and passed
+** into the second half to give some continuity.
+*/
+struct WhereInfo {
+ Parse *pParse; /* Parsing and code generating context */
+ u16 wctrlFlags; /* Flags originally passed to sqlite3WhereBegin() */
+ u8 okOnePass; /* Ok to use one-pass algorithm for UPDATE or DELETE */
+ SrcList *pTabList; /* List of tables in the join */
+ int iTop; /* The very beginning of the WHERE loop */
+ int iContinue; /* Jump here to continue with next record */
+ int iBreak; /* Jump here to break out of the loop */
+ int nLevel; /* Number of nested loop */
+ struct WhereClause *pWC; /* Decomposition of the WHERE clause */
+ WhereLevel a[1]; /* Information about each nest loop in WHERE */
+};
+
+/*
+** A NameContext defines a context in which to resolve table and column
+** names. The context consists of a list of tables (the pSrcList) field and
+** a list of named expression (pEList). The named expression list may
+** be NULL. The pSrc corresponds to the FROM clause of a SELECT or
+** to the table being operated on by INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE. The
+** pEList corresponds to the result set of a SELECT and is NULL for
+** other statements.
+**
+** NameContexts can be nested. When resolving names, the inner-most
+** context is searched first. If no match is found, the next outer
+** context is checked. If there is still no match, the next context
+** is checked. This process continues until either a match is found
+** or all contexts are check. When a match is found, the nRef member of
+** the context containing the match is incremented.
+**
+** Each subquery gets a new NameContext. The pNext field points to the
+** NameContext in the parent query. Thus the process of scanning the
+** NameContext list corresponds to searching through successively outer
+** subqueries looking for a match.
+*/
+struct NameContext {
+ Parse *pParse; /* The parser */
+ SrcList *pSrcList; /* One or more tables used to resolve names */
+ ExprList *pEList; /* Optional list of named expressions */
+ int nRef; /* Number of names resolved by this context */
+ int nErr; /* Number of errors encountered while resolving names */
+ u8 allowAgg; /* Aggregate functions allowed here */
+ u8 hasAgg; /* True if aggregates are seen */
+ u8 isCheck; /* True if resolving names in a CHECK constraint */
+ int nDepth; /* Depth of subquery recursion. 1 for no recursion */
+ AggInfo *pAggInfo; /* Information about aggregates at this level */
+ NameContext *pNext; /* Next outer name context. NULL for outermost */
+};
+
+/*
+** An instance of the following structure contains all information
+** needed to generate code for a single SELECT statement.
+**
+** nLimit is set to -1 if there is no LIMIT clause. nOffset is set to 0.
+** If there is a LIMIT clause, the parser sets nLimit to the value of the
+** limit and nOffset to the value of the offset (or 0 if there is not
+** offset). But later on, nLimit and nOffset become the memory locations
+** in the VDBE that record the limit and offset counters.
+**
+** addrOpenEphm[] entries contain the address of OP_OpenEphemeral opcodes.
+** These addresses must be stored so that we can go back and fill in
+** the P4_KEYINFO and P2 parameters later. Neither the KeyInfo nor
+** the number of columns in P2 can be computed at the same time
+** as the OP_OpenEphm instruction is coded because not
+** enough information about the compound query is known at that point.
+** The KeyInfo for addrOpenTran[0] and [1] contains collating sequences
+** for the result set. The KeyInfo for addrOpenTran[2] contains collating
+** sequences for the ORDER BY clause.
+*/
+struct Select {
+ ExprList *pEList; /* The fields of the result */
+ u8 op; /* One of: TK_UNION TK_ALL TK_INTERSECT TK_EXCEPT */
+ char affinity; /* MakeRecord with this affinity for SRT_Set */
+ u16 selFlags; /* Various SF_* values */
+ SrcList *pSrc; /* The FROM clause */
+ Expr *pWhere; /* The WHERE clause */
+ ExprList *pGroupBy; /* The GROUP BY clause */
+ Expr *pHaving; /* The HAVING clause */
+ ExprList *pOrderBy; /* The ORDER BY clause */
+ Select *pPrior; /* Prior select in a compound select statement */
+ Select *pNext; /* Next select to the left in a compound */
+ Select *pRightmost; /* Right-most select in a compound select statement */
+ Expr *pLimit; /* LIMIT expression. NULL means not used. */
+ Expr *pOffset; /* OFFSET expression. NULL means not used. */
+ int iLimit, iOffset; /* Memory registers holding LIMIT & OFFSET counters */
+ int addrOpenEphm[3]; /* OP_OpenEphem opcodes related to this select */
+};
+
+/*
+** Allowed values for Select.selFlags. The "SF" prefix stands for
+** "Select Flag".
+*/
+#define SF_Distinct 0x0001 /* Output should be DISTINCT */
+#define SF_Resolved 0x0002 /* Identifiers have been resolved */
+#define SF_Aggregate 0x0004 /* Contains aggregate functions */
+#define SF_UsesEphemeral 0x0008 /* Uses the OpenEphemeral opcode */
+#define SF_Expanded 0x0010 /* sqlite3SelectExpand() called on this */
+#define SF_HasTypeInfo 0x0020 /* FROM subqueries have Table metadata */
+
+
+/*
+** The results of a select can be distributed in several ways. The
+** "SRT" prefix means "SELECT Result Type".
+*/
+#define SRT_Union 1 /* Store result as keys in an index */
+#define SRT_Except 2 /* Remove result from a UNION index */
+#define SRT_Exists 3 /* Store 1 if the result is not empty */
+#define SRT_Discard 4 /* Do not save the results anywhere */
+
+/* The ORDER BY clause is ignored for all of the above */
+#define IgnorableOrderby(X) ((X->eDest)<=SRT_Discard)
+
+#define SRT_Output 5 /* Output each row of result */
+#define SRT_Mem 6 /* Store result in a memory cell */
+#define SRT_Set 7 /* Store results as keys in an index */
+#define SRT_Table 8 /* Store result as data with an automatic rowid */
+#define SRT_EphemTab 9 /* Create transient tab and store like SRT_Table */
+#define SRT_Coroutine 10 /* Generate a single row of result */
+
+/*
+** A structure used to customize the behavior of sqlite3Select(). See
+** comments above sqlite3Select() for details.
+*/
+typedef struct SelectDest SelectDest;
+struct SelectDest {
+ u8 eDest; /* How to dispose of the results */
+ u8 affinity; /* Affinity used when eDest==SRT_Set */
+ int iParm; /* A parameter used by the eDest disposal method */
+ int iMem; /* Base register where results are written */
+ int nMem; /* Number of registers allocated */
+};
+
+/*
+** During code generation of statements that do inserts into AUTOINCREMENT
+** tables, the following information is attached to the Table.u.autoInc.p
+** pointer of each autoincrement table to record some side information that
+** the code generator needs. We have to keep per-table autoincrement
+** information in case inserts are down within triggers. Triggers do not
+** normally coordinate their activities, but we do need to coordinate the
+** loading and saving of autoincrement information.
+*/
+struct AutoincInfo {
+ AutoincInfo *pNext; /* Next info block in a list of them all */
+ Table *pTab; /* Table this info block refers to */
+ int iDb; /* Index in sqlite3.aDb[] of database holding pTab */
+ int regCtr; /* Memory register holding the rowid counter */
+};
+
+/*
+** Size of the column cache
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_N_COLCACHE
+# define SQLITE_N_COLCACHE 10
+#endif
+
+/*
+** At least one instance of the following structure is created for each
+** trigger that may be fired while parsing an INSERT, UPDATE or DELETE
+** statement. All such objects are stored in the linked list headed at
+** Parse.pTriggerPrg and deleted once statement compilation has been
+** completed.
+**
+** A Vdbe sub-program that implements the body and WHEN clause of trigger
+** TriggerPrg.pTrigger, assuming a default ON CONFLICT clause of
+** TriggerPrg.orconf, is stored in the TriggerPrg.pProgram variable.
+** The Parse.pTriggerPrg list never contains two entries with the same
+** values for both pTrigger and orconf.
+**
+** The TriggerPrg.oldmask variable is set to a mask of old.* columns
+** accessed (or set to 0 for triggers fired as a result of INSERT
+** statements).
+*/
+struct TriggerPrg {
+ Trigger *pTrigger; /* Trigger this program was coded from */
+ int orconf; /* Default ON CONFLICT policy */
+ SubProgram *pProgram; /* Program implementing pTrigger/orconf */
+ u32 oldmask; /* Mask of old.* columns accessed */
+ TriggerPrg *pNext; /* Next entry in Parse.pTriggerPrg list */
+};
+
+/*
+** An SQL parser context. A copy of this structure is passed through
+** the parser and down into all the parser action routine in order to
+** carry around information that is global to the entire parse.
+**
+** The structure is divided into two parts. When the parser and code
+** generate call themselves recursively, the first part of the structure
+** is constant but the second part is reset at the beginning and end of
+** each recursion.
+**
+** The nTableLock and aTableLock variables are only used if the shared-cache
+** feature is enabled (if sqlite3Tsd()->useSharedData is true). They are
+** used to store the set of table-locks required by the statement being
+** compiled. Function sqlite3TableLock() is used to add entries to the
+** list.
+*/
+struct Parse {
+ sqlite3 *db; /* The main database structure */
+ int rc; /* Return code from execution */
+ char *zErrMsg; /* An error message */
+ Vdbe *pVdbe; /* An engine for executing database bytecode */
+ u8 colNamesSet; /* TRUE after OP_ColumnName has been issued to pVdbe */
+ u8 nameClash; /* A permanent table name clashes with temp table name */
+ u8 checkSchema; /* Causes schema cookie check after an error */
+ u8 nested; /* Number of nested calls to the parser/code generator */
+ u8 parseError; /* True after a parsing error. Ticket #1794 */
+ u8 nTempReg; /* Number of temporary registers in aTempReg[] */
+ u8 nTempInUse; /* Number of aTempReg[] currently checked out */
+ int aTempReg[8]; /* Holding area for temporary registers */
+ int nRangeReg; /* Size of the temporary register block */
+ int iRangeReg; /* First register in temporary register block */
+ int nErr; /* Number of errors seen */
+ int nTab; /* Number of previously allocated VDBE cursors */
+ int nMem; /* Number of memory cells used so far */
+ int nSet; /* Number of sets used so far */
+ int ckBase; /* Base register of data during check constraints */
+ int iCacheLevel; /* ColCache valid when aColCache[].iLevel<=iCacheLevel */
+ int iCacheCnt; /* Counter used to generate aColCache[].lru values */
+ u8 nColCache; /* Number of entries in the column cache */
+ u8 iColCache; /* Next entry of the cache to replace */
+ struct yColCache {
+ int iTable; /* Table cursor number */
+ int iColumn; /* Table column number */
+ u8 affChange; /* True if this register has had an affinity change */
+ u8 tempReg; /* iReg is a temp register that needs to be freed */
+ int iLevel; /* Nesting level */
+ int iReg; /* Reg with value of this column. 0 means none. */
+ int lru; /* Least recently used entry has the smallest value */
+ } aColCache[SQLITE_N_COLCACHE]; /* One for each column cache entry */
+ u32 writeMask; /* Start a write transaction on these databases */
+ u32 cookieMask; /* Bitmask of schema verified databases */
+ u8 isMultiWrite; /* True if statement may affect/insert multiple rows */
+ u8 mayAbort; /* True if statement may throw an ABORT exception */
+ int cookieGoto; /* Address of OP_Goto to cookie verifier subroutine */
+ int cookieValue[SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED+2]; /* Values of cookies to verify */
+#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
+ int nTableLock; /* Number of locks in aTableLock */
+ TableLock *aTableLock; /* Required table locks for shared-cache mode */
+#endif
+ int regRowid; /* Register holding rowid of CREATE TABLE entry */
+ int regRoot; /* Register holding root page number for new objects */
+ AutoincInfo *pAinc; /* Information about AUTOINCREMENT counters */
+ int nMaxArg; /* Max args passed to user function by sub-program */
+
+ /* Information used while coding trigger programs. */
+ Parse *pToplevel; /* Parse structure for main program (or NULL) */
+ Table *pTriggerTab; /* Table triggers are being coded for */
+ u32 oldmask; /* Mask of old.* columns referenced */
+ u8 eTriggerOp; /* TK_UPDATE, TK_INSERT or TK_DELETE */
+ u8 eOrconf; /* Default ON CONFLICT policy for trigger steps */
+ u8 disableTriggers; /* True to disable triggers */
+
+ /* Above is constant between recursions. Below is reset before and after
+ ** each recursion */
+
+ int nVar; /* Number of '?' variables seen in the SQL so far */
+ int nVarExpr; /* Number of used slots in apVarExpr[] */
+ int nVarExprAlloc; /* Number of allocated slots in apVarExpr[] */
+ Expr **apVarExpr; /* Pointers to :aaa and $aaaa wildcard expressions */
+ int nAlias; /* Number of aliased result set columns */
+ int nAliasAlloc; /* Number of allocated slots for aAlias[] */
+ int *aAlias; /* Register used to hold aliased result */
+ u8 explain; /* True if the EXPLAIN flag is found on the query */
+ Token sNameToken; /* Token with unqualified schema object name */
+ Token sLastToken; /* The last token parsed */
+ const char *zTail; /* All SQL text past the last semicolon parsed */
+ Table *pNewTable; /* A table being constructed by CREATE TABLE */
+ Trigger *pNewTrigger; /* Trigger under construct by a CREATE TRIGGER */
+ const char *zAuthContext; /* The 6th parameter to db->xAuth callbacks */
+#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
+ Token sArg; /* Complete text of a module argument */
+ u8 declareVtab; /* True if inside sqlite3_declare_vtab() */
+ int nVtabLock; /* Number of virtual tables to lock */
+ Table **apVtabLock; /* Pointer to virtual tables needing locking */
+#endif
+ int nHeight; /* Expression tree height of current sub-select */
+ Table *pZombieTab; /* List of Table objects to delete after code gen */
+ TriggerPrg *pTriggerPrg; /* Linked list of coded triggers */
+};
+
+#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
+ #define IN_DECLARE_VTAB 0
+#else
+ #define IN_DECLARE_VTAB (pParse->declareVtab)
+#endif
+
+/*
+** An instance of the following structure can be declared on a stack and used
+** to save the Parse.zAuthContext value so that it can be restored later.
+*/
+struct AuthContext {
+ const char *zAuthContext; /* Put saved Parse.zAuthContext here */
+ Parse *pParse; /* The Parse structure */
+};
+
+/*
+** Bitfield flags for P5 value in OP_Insert and OP_Delete
+*/
+#define OPFLAG_NCHANGE 0x01 /* Set to update db->nChange */
+#define OPFLAG_LASTROWID 0x02 /* Set to update db->lastRowid */
+#define OPFLAG_ISUPDATE 0x04 /* This OP_Insert is an sql UPDATE */
+#define OPFLAG_APPEND 0x08 /* This is likely to be an append */
+#define OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT 0x10 /* Try to avoid a seek in BtreeInsert() */
+#define OPFLAG_CLEARCACHE 0x20 /* Clear pseudo-table cache in OP_Column */
+
+/*
+ * Each trigger present in the database schema is stored as an instance of
+ * struct Trigger.
+ *
+ * Pointers to instances of struct Trigger are stored in two ways.
+ * 1. In the "trigHash" hash table (part of the sqlite3* that represents the
+ * database). This allows Trigger structures to be retrieved by name.
+ * 2. All triggers associated with a single table form a linked list, using the
+ * pNext member of struct Trigger. A pointer to the first element of the
+ * linked list is stored as the "pTrigger" member of the associated
+ * struct Table.
+ *
+ * The "step_list" member points to the first element of a linked list
+ * containing the SQL statements specified as the trigger program.
+ */
+struct Trigger {
+ char *zName; /* The name of the trigger */
+ char *table; /* The table or view to which the trigger applies */
+ u8 op; /* One of TK_DELETE, TK_UPDATE, TK_INSERT */
+ u8 tr_tm; /* One of TRIGGER_BEFORE, TRIGGER_AFTER */
+ Expr *pWhen; /* The WHEN clause of the expression (may be NULL) */
+ IdList *pColumns; /* If this is an UPDATE OF <column-list> trigger,
+ the <column-list> is stored here */
+ Schema *pSchema; /* Schema containing the trigger */
+ Schema *pTabSchema; /* Schema containing the table */
+ TriggerStep *step_list; /* Link list of trigger program steps */
+ Trigger *pNext; /* Next trigger associated with the table */
+};
+
+/*
+** A trigger is either a BEFORE or an AFTER trigger. The following constants
+** determine which.
+**
+** If there are multiple triggers, you might of some BEFORE and some AFTER.
+** In that cases, the constants below can be ORed together.
+*/
+#define TRIGGER_BEFORE 1
+#define TRIGGER_AFTER 2
+
+/*
+ * An instance of struct TriggerStep is used to store a single SQL statement
+ * that is a part of a trigger-program.
+ *
+ * Instances of struct TriggerStep are stored in a singly linked list (linked
+ * using the "pNext" member) referenced by the "step_list" member of the
+ * associated struct Trigger instance. The first element of the linked list is
+ * the first step of the trigger-program.
+ *
+ * The "op" member indicates whether this is a "DELETE", "INSERT", "UPDATE" or
+ * "SELECT" statement. The meanings of the other members is determined by the
+ * value of "op" as follows:
+ *
+ * (op == TK_INSERT)
+ * orconf -> stores the ON CONFLICT algorithm
+ * pSelect -> If this is an INSERT INTO ... SELECT ... statement, then
+ * this stores a pointer to the SELECT statement. Otherwise NULL.
+ * target -> A token holding the quoted name of the table to insert into.
+ * pExprList -> If this is an INSERT INTO ... VALUES ... statement, then
+ * this stores values to be inserted. Otherwise NULL.
+ * pIdList -> If this is an INSERT INTO ... (<column-names>) VALUES ...
+ * statement, then this stores the column-names to be
+ * inserted into.
+ *
+ * (op == TK_DELETE)
+ * target -> A token holding the quoted name of the table to delete from.
+ * pWhere -> The WHERE clause of the DELETE statement if one is specified.
+ * Otherwise NULL.
+ *
+ * (op == TK_UPDATE)
+ * target -> A token holding the quoted name of the table to update rows of.
+ * pWhere -> The WHERE clause of the UPDATE statement if one is specified.
+ * Otherwise NULL.
+ * pExprList -> A list of the columns to update and the expressions to update
+ * them to. See sqlite3Update() documentation of "pChanges"
+ * argument.
+ *
+ */
+struct TriggerStep {
+ u8 op; /* One of TK_DELETE, TK_UPDATE, TK_INSERT, TK_SELECT */
+ u8 orconf; /* OE_Rollback etc. */
+ Trigger *pTrig; /* The trigger that this step is a part of */
+ Select *pSelect; /* SELECT statment or RHS of INSERT INTO .. SELECT ... */
+ Token target; /* Target table for DELETE, UPDATE, INSERT */
+ Expr *pWhere; /* The WHERE clause for DELETE or UPDATE steps */
+ ExprList *pExprList; /* SET clause for UPDATE. VALUES clause for INSERT */
+ IdList *pIdList; /* Column names for INSERT */
+ TriggerStep *pNext; /* Next in the link-list */
+ TriggerStep *pLast; /* Last element in link-list. Valid for 1st elem only */
+};
+
+/*
+** The following structure contains information used by the sqliteFix...
+** routines as they walk the parse tree to make database references
+** explicit.
+*/
+typedef struct DbFixer DbFixer;
+struct DbFixer {
+ Parse *pParse; /* The parsing context. Error messages written here */
+ const char *zDb; /* Make sure all objects are contained in this database */
+ const char *zType; /* Type of the container - used for error messages */
+ const Token *pName; /* Name of the container - used for error messages */
+};
+
+/*
+** An objected used to accumulate the text of a string where we
+** do not necessarily know how big the string will be in the end.
+*/
+struct StrAccum {
+ sqlite3 *db; /* Optional database for lookaside. Can be NULL */
+ char *zBase; /* A base allocation. Not from malloc. */
+ char *zText; /* The string collected so far */
+ int nChar; /* Length of the string so far */
+ int nAlloc; /* Amount of space allocated in zText */
+ int mxAlloc; /* Maximum allowed string length */
+ u8 mallocFailed; /* Becomes true if any memory allocation fails */
+ u8 useMalloc; /* True if zText is enlargeable using realloc */
+ u8 tooBig; /* Becomes true if string size exceeds limits */
+};
+
+/*
+** A pointer to this structure is used to communicate information
+** from sqlite3Init and OP_ParseSchema into the sqlite3InitCallback.
+*/
+typedef struct {
+ sqlite3 *db; /* The database being initialized */
+ int iDb; /* 0 for main database. 1 for TEMP, 2.. for ATTACHed */
+ char **pzErrMsg; /* Error message stored here */
+ int rc; /* Result code stored here */
+} InitData;
+
+/*
+** Structure containing global configuration data for the SQLite library.
+**
+** This structure also contains some state information.
+*/
+struct Sqlite3Config {
+ int bMemstat; /* True to enable memory status */
+ int bCoreMutex; /* True to enable core mutexing */
+ int bFullMutex; /* True to enable full mutexing */
+ int mxStrlen; /* Maximum string length */
+ int szLookaside; /* Default lookaside buffer size */
+ int nLookaside; /* Default lookaside buffer count */
+ sqlite3_mem_methods m; /* Low-level memory allocation interface */
+ sqlite3_mutex_methods mutex; /* Low-level mutex interface */
+ sqlite3_pcache_methods pcache; /* Low-level page-cache interface */
+ void *pHeap; /* Heap storage space */
+ int nHeap; /* Size of pHeap[] */
+ int mnReq, mxReq; /* Min and max heap requests sizes */
+ void *pScratch; /* Scratch memory */
+ int szScratch; /* Size of each scratch buffer */
+ int nScratch; /* Number of scratch buffers */
+ void *pPage; /* Page cache memory */
+ int szPage; /* Size of each page in pPage[] */
+ int nPage; /* Number of pages in pPage[] */
+ int mxParserStack; /* maximum depth of the parser stack */
+ int sharedCacheEnabled; /* true if shared-cache mode enabled */
+ /* The above might be initialized to non-zero. The following need to always
+ ** initially be zero, however. */
+ int isInit; /* True after initialization has finished */
+ int inProgress; /* True while initialization in progress */
+ int isMutexInit; /* True after mutexes are initialized */
+ int isMallocInit; /* True after malloc is initialized */
+ int isPCacheInit; /* True after malloc is initialized */
+ sqlite3_mutex *pInitMutex; /* Mutex used by sqlite3_initialize() */
+ int nRefInitMutex; /* Number of users of pInitMutex */
+};
+
+/*
+** Context pointer passed down through the tree-walk.
+*/
+struct Walker {
+ int (*xExprCallback)(Walker*, Expr*); /* Callback for expressions */
+ int (*xSelectCallback)(Walker*,Select*); /* Callback for SELECTs */
+ Parse *pParse; /* Parser context. */
+ union { /* Extra data for callback */
+ NameContext *pNC; /* Naming context */
+ int i; /* Integer value */
+ } u;
+};
+
+/* Forward declarations */
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WalkExpr(Walker*, Expr*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WalkExprList(Walker*, ExprList*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WalkSelect(Walker*, Select*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WalkSelectExpr(Walker*, Select*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WalkSelectFrom(Walker*, Select*);
+
+/*
+** Return code from the parse-tree walking primitives and their
+** callbacks.
+*/
+#define WRC_Continue 0 /* Continue down into children */
+#define WRC_Prune 1 /* Omit children but continue walking siblings */
+#define WRC_Abort 2 /* Abandon the tree walk */
+
+/*
+** Assuming zIn points to the first byte of a UTF-8 character,
+** advance zIn to point to the first byte of the next UTF-8 character.
+*/
+#define SQLITE_SKIP_UTF8(zIn) { \
+ if( (*(zIn++))>=0xc0 ){ \
+ while( (*zIn & 0xc0)==0x80 ){ zIn++; } \
+ } \
+}
+
+/*
+** The SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT macro can be either a constant (for production
+** builds) or a function call (for debugging). If it is a function call,
+** it allows the operator to set a breakpoint at the spot where database
+** corruption is first detected.
+*/
+#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Corrupt(void);
+# define SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT sqlite3Corrupt()
+#else
+# define SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT SQLITE_CORRUPT
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The ctype.h header is needed for non-ASCII systems. It is also
+** needed by FTS3 when FTS3 is included in the amalgamation.
+*/
+#if !defined(SQLITE_ASCII) || \
+ (defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3) && defined(SQLITE_AMALGAMATION))
+# include <ctype.h>
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The following macros mimic the standard library functions toupper(),
+** isspace(), isalnum(), isdigit() and isxdigit(), respectively. The
+** sqlite versions only work for ASCII characters, regardless of locale.
+*/
+#ifdef SQLITE_ASCII
+# define sqlite3Toupper(x) ((x)&~(sqlite3CtypeMap[(unsigned char)(x)]&0x20))
+# define sqlite3Isspace(x) (sqlite3CtypeMap[(unsigned char)(x)]&0x01)
+# define sqlite3Isalnum(x) (sqlite3CtypeMap[(unsigned char)(x)]&0x06)
+# define sqlite3Isalpha(x) (sqlite3CtypeMap[(unsigned char)(x)]&0x02)
+# define sqlite3Isdigit(x) (sqlite3CtypeMap[(unsigned char)(x)]&0x04)
+# define sqlite3Isxdigit(x) (sqlite3CtypeMap[(unsigned char)(x)]&0x08)
+# define sqlite3Tolower(x) (sqlite3UpperToLower[(unsigned char)(x)])
+#else
+# define sqlite3Toupper(x) toupper((unsigned char)(x))
+# define sqlite3Isspace(x) isspace((unsigned char)(x))
+# define sqlite3Isalnum(x) isalnum((unsigned char)(x))
+# define sqlite3Isalpha(x) isalpha((unsigned char)(x))
+# define sqlite3Isdigit(x) isdigit((unsigned char)(x))
+# define sqlite3Isxdigit(x) isxdigit((unsigned char)(x))
+# define sqlite3Tolower(x) tolower((unsigned char)(x))
+#endif
+
+/*
+** Internal function prototypes
+*/
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3StrICmp(const char *, const char *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IsNumber(const char*, int*, u8);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Strlen30(const char*);
+#define sqlite3StrNICmp sqlite3_strnicmp
+
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MallocInit(void);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MallocEnd(void);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3Malloc(int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3MallocZero(int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3DbMallocZero(sqlite3*, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3DbMallocRaw(sqlite3*, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3DbStrDup(sqlite3*,const char*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3DbStrNDup(sqlite3*,const char*, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3Realloc(void*, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3DbReallocOrFree(sqlite3 *, void *, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3DbRealloc(sqlite3 *, void *, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DbFree(sqlite3*, void*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MallocSize(void*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3DbMallocSize(sqlite3*, void*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3ScratchMalloc(int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ScratchFree(void*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3PageMalloc(int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PageFree(void*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MemSetDefault(void);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BenignMallocHooks(void (*)(void), void (*)(void));
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MemoryAlarm(void (*)(void*, sqlite3_int64, int), void*, sqlite3_int64);
+
+/*
+** On systems with ample stack space and that support alloca(), make
+** use of alloca() to obtain space for large automatic objects. By default,
+** obtain space from malloc().
+**
+** The alloca() routine never returns NULL. This will cause code paths
+** that deal with sqlite3StackAlloc() failures to be unreachable.
+*/
+#ifdef SQLITE_USE_ALLOCA
+# define sqlite3StackAllocRaw(D,N) alloca(N)
+# define sqlite3StackAllocZero(D,N) memset(alloca(N), 0, N)
+# define sqlite3StackFree(D,P)
+#else
+# define sqlite3StackAllocRaw(D,N) sqlite3DbMallocRaw(D,N)
+# define sqlite3StackAllocZero(D,N) sqlite3DbMallocZero(D,N)
+# define sqlite3StackFree(D,P) sqlite3DbFree(D,P)
+#endif
+
+#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS3
+SQLITE_PRIVATE const sqlite3_mem_methods *sqlite3MemGetMemsys3(void);
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5
+SQLITE_PRIVATE const sqlite3_mem_methods *sqlite3MemGetMemsys5(void);
+#endif
+
+
+#ifndef SQLITE_MUTEX_OMIT
+SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_mutex_methods *sqlite3DefaultMutex(void);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_mutex *sqlite3MutexAlloc(int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MutexInit(void);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MutexEnd(void);
+#endif
+
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3StatusValue(int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3StatusAdd(int, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3StatusSet(int, int);
+
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IsNaN(double);
+
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VXPrintf(StrAccum*, int, const char*, va_list);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3MPrintf(sqlite3*,const char*, ...);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3VMPrintf(sqlite3*,const char*, va_list);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3MAppendf(sqlite3*,char*,const char*,...);
+#if defined(SQLITE_TEST) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DebugPrintf(const char*, ...);
+#endif
+#if defined(SQLITE_TEST)
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3TestTextToPtr(const char*);
+#endif
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SetString(char **, sqlite3*, const char*, ...);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ErrorMsg(Parse*, const char*, ...);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ErrorClear(Parse*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Dequote(char*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3KeywordCode(const unsigned char*, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3RunParser(Parse*, const char*, char **);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3FinishCoding(Parse*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3GetTempReg(Parse*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(Parse*,int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3GetTempRange(Parse*,int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(Parse*,int,int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprAlloc(sqlite3*,int,const Token*,int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3Expr(sqlite3*,int,const char*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprAttachSubtrees(sqlite3*,Expr*,Expr*,Expr*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3PExpr(Parse*, int, Expr*, Expr*, const Token*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprAnd(sqlite3*,Expr*, Expr*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprFunction(Parse*,ExprList*, Token*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprAssignVarNumber(Parse*, Expr*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprClear(sqlite3*, Expr*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprDelete(sqlite3*, Expr*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE ExprList *sqlite3ExprListAppend(Parse*,ExprList*,Expr*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprListSetName(Parse*,ExprList*,Token*,int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprListSetSpan(Parse*,ExprList*,ExprSpan*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprListDelete(sqlite3*, ExprList*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Init(sqlite3*, char**);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3InitCallback(void*, int, char**, char**);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Pragma(Parse*,Token*,Token*,Token*,int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ResetInternalSchema(sqlite3*, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BeginParse(Parse*,int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CommitInternalChanges(sqlite3*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect(Parse*,Select*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3OpenMasterTable(Parse *, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3StartTable(Parse*,Token*,Token*,int,int,int,int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AddColumn(Parse*,Token*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AddNotNull(Parse*, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AddPrimaryKey(Parse*, ExprList*, int, int, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AddCheckConstraint(Parse*, Expr*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AddColumnType(Parse*,Token*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AddDefaultValue(Parse*,ExprSpan*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AddCollateType(Parse*, Token*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3EndTable(Parse*,Token*,Token*,Select*);
+
+SQLITE_PRIVATE Bitvec *sqlite3BitvecCreate(u32);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BitvecTest(Bitvec*, u32);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BitvecSet(Bitvec*, u32);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BitvecClear(Bitvec*, u32, void*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BitvecDestroy(Bitvec*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3BitvecSize(Bitvec*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BitvecBuiltinTest(int,int*);
+
+SQLITE_PRIVATE RowSet *sqlite3RowSetInit(sqlite3*, void*, unsigned int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RowSetClear(RowSet*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RowSetInsert(RowSet*, i64);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3RowSetTest(RowSet*, u8 iBatch, i64);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3RowSetNext(RowSet*, i64*);
+
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CreateView(Parse*,Token*,Token*,Token*,Select*,int,int);
+
+#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE)
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(Parse*,Table*);
+#else
+# define sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(A,B) 0
+#endif
+
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DropTable(Parse*, SrcList*, int, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DeleteTable(Table*);
+#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AutoincrementBegin(Parse *pParse);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(Parse *pParse);
+#else
+# define sqlite3AutoincrementBegin(X)
+# define sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(X)
+#endif
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Insert(Parse*, SrcList*, ExprList*, Select*, IdList*, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3ArrayAllocate(sqlite3*,void*,int,int,int*,int*,int*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE IdList *sqlite3IdListAppend(sqlite3*, IdList*, Token*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IdListIndex(IdList*,const char*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE SrcList *sqlite3SrcListEnlarge(sqlite3*, SrcList*, int, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE SrcList *sqlite3SrcListAppend(sqlite3*, SrcList*, Token*, Token*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE SrcList *sqlite3SrcListAppendFromTerm(Parse*, SrcList*, Token*, Token*,
+ Token*, Select*, Expr*, IdList*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SrcListIndexedBy(Parse *, SrcList *, Token *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IndexedByLookup(Parse *, struct SrcList_item *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SrcListShiftJoinType(SrcList*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SrcListAssignCursors(Parse*, SrcList*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3IdListDelete(sqlite3*, IdList*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SrcListDelete(sqlite3*, SrcList*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE Index *sqlite3CreateIndex(Parse*,Token*,Token*,SrcList*,ExprList*,int,Token*,
+ Token*, int, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DropIndex(Parse*, SrcList*, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Select(Parse*, Select*, SelectDest*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE Select *sqlite3SelectNew(Parse*,ExprList*,SrcList*,Expr*,ExprList*,
+ Expr*,ExprList*,int,Expr*,Expr*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectDelete(sqlite3*, Select*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3SrcListLookup(Parse*, SrcList*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IsReadOnly(Parse*, Table*, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3OpenTable(Parse*, int iCur, int iDb, Table*, int);
+#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY)
+SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3LimitWhere(Parse *, SrcList *, Expr *, ExprList *, Expr *, Expr *, char *);
+#endif
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DeleteFrom(Parse*, SrcList*, Expr*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Update(Parse*, SrcList*, ExprList*, Expr*, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE WhereInfo *sqlite3WhereBegin(Parse*, SrcList*, Expr*, ExprList**, u16);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3WhereEnd(WhereInfo*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeMove(Parse*, int, int, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeCopy(Parse*, int, int, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCacheStore(Parse*, int, int, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCachePush(Parse*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCachePop(Parse*, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCacheRemove(Parse*, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCacheClear(Parse*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(Parse*, int, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprHardCopy(Parse*,int,int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCode(Parse*, Expr*, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(Parse*, Expr*, int*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(Parse*, Expr*, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCodeAndCache(Parse*, Expr*, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeConstants(Parse*, Expr*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(Parse*, ExprList*, int, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprIfTrue(Parse*, Expr*, int, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprIfFalse(Parse*, Expr*, int, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3FindTable(sqlite3*,const char*, const char*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3LocateTable(Parse*,int isView,const char*, const char*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE Index *sqlite3FindIndex(sqlite3*,const char*, const char*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3UnlinkAndDeleteTable(sqlite3*,int,const char*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3UnlinkAndDeleteIndex(sqlite3*,int,const char*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Vacuum(Parse*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3RunVacuum(char**, sqlite3*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3NameFromToken(sqlite3*, Token*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCompare(Expr*, Expr*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggregates(NameContext*, Expr*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggList(NameContext*,ExprList*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE Vdbe *sqlite3GetVdbe(Parse*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3CreateIdExpr(Parse *, const char*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PrngSaveState(void);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PrngRestoreState(void);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PrngResetState(void);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RollbackAll(sqlite3*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(Parse*, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BeginTransaction(Parse*, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CommitTransaction(Parse*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RollbackTransaction(Parse*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Savepoint(Parse*, int, Token*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CloseSavepoints(sqlite3 *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsConstant(Expr*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin(Expr*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction(Expr*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsInteger(Expr*, int*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IsRowid(const char*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int, Trigger *, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(Parse*, Table*, int, int*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(Parse*, Index*, int, int, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks(Parse*,Table*,int,int,
+ int*,int,int,int,int,int*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CompleteInsertion(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int*, int, int, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(Parse*, Table*, int, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(Parse*, int, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MultiWrite(Parse*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MayAbort(Parse*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3HaltConstraint(Parse*, int, char*, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprDup(sqlite3*,Expr*,int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE ExprList *sqlite3ExprListDup(sqlite3*,ExprList*,int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE SrcList *sqlite3SrcListDup(sqlite3*,SrcList*,int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE IdList *sqlite3IdListDup(sqlite3*,IdList*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE Select *sqlite3SelectDup(sqlite3*,Select*,int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3FuncDefInsert(FuncDefHash*, FuncDef*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE FuncDef *sqlite3FindFunction(sqlite3*,const char*,int,int,u8,int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RegisterBuiltinFunctions(sqlite3*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RegisterDateTimeFunctions(void);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RegisterGlobalFunctions(void);
+#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3SafetyOn(sqlite3*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3SafetyOff(sqlite3*);
+#else
+# define sqlite3SafetyOn(A) 0
+# define sqlite3SafetyOff(A) 0
+#endif
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(sqlite3*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3SafetyCheckSickOrOk(sqlite3*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ChangeCookie(Parse*, int);
+
+#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER)
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MaterializeView(Parse*, Table*, Expr*, int);
+#endif
+
+#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BeginTrigger(Parse*, Token*,Token*,int,int,IdList*,SrcList*,
+ Expr*,int, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3FinishTrigger(Parse*, TriggerStep*, Token*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DropTrigger(Parse*, SrcList*, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DropTriggerPtr(Parse*, Trigger*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE Trigger *sqlite3TriggersExist(Parse *, Table*, int, ExprList*, int *pMask);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE Trigger *sqlite3TriggerList(Parse *, Table *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CodeRowTrigger(Parse*, Trigger *, int, ExprList*, int, Table *,
+ int, int, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CodeRowTriggerDirect(Parse *, Trigger *, Table *, int, int, int);
+ void sqliteViewTriggers(Parse*, Table*, Expr*, int, ExprList*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DeleteTriggerStep(sqlite3*, TriggerStep*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE TriggerStep *sqlite3TriggerSelectStep(sqlite3*,Select*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE TriggerStep *sqlite3TriggerInsertStep(sqlite3*,Token*, IdList*,
+ ExprList*,Select*,u8);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE TriggerStep *sqlite3TriggerUpdateStep(sqlite3*,Token*,ExprList*, Expr*, u8);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE TriggerStep *sqlite3TriggerDeleteStep(sqlite3*,Token*, Expr*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DeleteTrigger(sqlite3*, Trigger*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3UnlinkAndDeleteTrigger(sqlite3*,int,const char*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3TriggerOldmask(Parse*,Trigger*,ExprList*,Table*,int);
+# define sqlite3ParseToplevel(p) ((p)->pToplevel ? (p)->pToplevel : (p))
+#else
+# define sqlite3TriggersExist(B,C,D,E,F) 0
+# define sqlite3DeleteTrigger(A,B)
+# define sqlite3DropTriggerPtr(A,B)
+# define sqlite3UnlinkAndDeleteTrigger(A,B,C)
+# define sqlite3CodeRowTrigger(A,B,C,D,E,F,G,H,I)
+# define sqlite3CodeRowTriggerDirect(A,B,C,D,E,F)
+# define sqlite3TriggerList(X, Y) 0
+# define sqlite3ParseToplevel(p) p
+# define sqlite3TriggerOldmask(A,B,C,D,E) 0
+#endif
+
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3JoinType(Parse*, Token*, Token*, Token*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CreateForeignKey(Parse*, ExprList*, Token*, ExprList*, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DeferForeignKey(Parse*, int);
+#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AuthRead(Parse*,Expr*,Schema*,SrcList*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3AuthCheck(Parse*,int, const char*, const char*, const char*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AuthContextPush(Parse*, AuthContext*, const char*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AuthContextPop(AuthContext*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3AuthReadCol(Parse*, const char *, const char *, int);
+#else
+# define sqlite3AuthRead(a,b,c,d)
+# define sqlite3AuthCheck(a,b,c,d,e) SQLITE_OK
+# define sqlite3AuthContextPush(a,b,c)
+# define sqlite3AuthContextPop(a) ((void)(a))
+#endif
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Attach(Parse*, Expr*, Expr*, Expr*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Detach(Parse*, Expr*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeFactory(const sqlite3 *db, const char *zFilename,
+ int omitJournal, int nCache, int flags, Btree **ppBtree);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FixInit(DbFixer*, Parse*, int, const char*, const Token*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FixSrcList(DbFixer*, SrcList*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FixSelect(DbFixer*, Select*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FixExpr(DbFixer*, Expr*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FixExprList(DbFixer*, ExprList*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FixTriggerStep(DbFixer*, TriggerStep*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3AtoF(const char *z, double*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3GetInt32(const char *, int*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FitsIn64Bits(const char *, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Utf16ByteLen(const void *pData, int nChar);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Utf8CharLen(const char *pData, int nByte);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Utf8Read(const u8*, const u8**);
+
+/*
+** Routines to read and write variable-length integers. These used to
+** be defined locally, but now we use the varint routines in the util.c
+** file. Code should use the MACRO forms below, as the Varint32 versions
+** are coded to assume the single byte case is already handled (which
+** the MACRO form does).
+*/
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PutVarint(unsigned char*, u64);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PutVarint32(unsigned char*, u32);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE u8 sqlite3GetVarint(const unsigned char *, u64 *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE u8 sqlite3GetVarint32(const unsigned char *, u32 *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VarintLen(u64 v);
+
+/*
+** The header of a record consists of a sequence variable-length integers.
+** These integers are almost always small and are encoded as a single byte.
+** The following macros take advantage this fact to provide a fast encode
+** and decode of the integers in a record header. It is faster for the common
+** case where the integer is a single byte. It is a little slower when the
+** integer is two or more bytes. But overall it is faster.
+**
+** The following expressions are equivalent:
+**
+** x = sqlite3GetVarint32( A, &B );
+** x = sqlite3PutVarint32( A, B );
+**
+** x = getVarint32( A, B );
+** x = putVarint32( A, B );
+**
+*/
+#define getVarint32(A,B) (u8)((*(A)<(u8)0x80) ? ((B) = (u32)*(A)),1 : sqlite3GetVarint32((A), (u32 *)&(B)))
+#define putVarint32(A,B) (u8)(((u32)(B)<(u32)0x80) ? (*(A) = (unsigned char)(B)),1 : sqlite3PutVarint32((A), (B)))
+#define getVarint sqlite3GetVarint
+#define putVarint sqlite3PutVarint
+
+
+SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(Vdbe *, Index *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3TableAffinityStr(Vdbe *, Table *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE char sqlite3CompareAffinity(Expr *pExpr, char aff2);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IndexAffinityOk(Expr *pExpr, char idx_affinity);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE char sqlite3ExprAffinity(Expr *pExpr);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Atoi64(const char*, i64*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Error(sqlite3*, int, const char*,...);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3HexToBlob(sqlite3*, const char *z, int n);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3TwoPartName(Parse *, Token *, Token *, Token **);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3ErrStr(int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ReadSchema(Parse *pParse);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE CollSeq *sqlite3FindCollSeq(sqlite3*,u8 enc, const char*,int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE CollSeq *sqlite3LocateCollSeq(Parse *pParse, const char*zName);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE CollSeq *sqlite3ExprCollSeq(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprSetColl(Parse *pParse, Expr *, Token *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3CheckCollSeq(Parse *, CollSeq *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3CheckObjectName(Parse *, const char *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSetChanges(sqlite3 *, int);
+
+SQLITE_PRIVATE const void *sqlite3ValueText(sqlite3_value*, u8);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ValueBytes(sqlite3_value*, u8);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueSetStr(sqlite3_value*, int, const void *,u8,
+ void(*)(void*));
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueFree(sqlite3_value*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_value *sqlite3ValueNew(sqlite3 *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3Utf16to8(sqlite3 *, const void*, int);
+#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
+SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3Utf8to16(sqlite3 *, u8, char *, int, int *);
+#endif
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ValueFromExpr(sqlite3 *, Expr *, u8, u8, sqlite3_value **);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(sqlite3_value *, u8, u8);
+#ifndef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
+SQLITE_PRIVATE const unsigned char sqlite3UpperToLower[];
+SQLITE_PRIVATE const unsigned char sqlite3CtypeMap[];
+SQLITE_PRIVATE SQLITE_WSD struct Sqlite3Config sqlite3Config;
+SQLITE_PRIVATE SQLITE_WSD FuncDefHash sqlite3GlobalFunctions;
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PendingByte;
+#endif
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RootPageMoved(Db*, int, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Reindex(Parse*, Token*, Token*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterFunctions(sqlite3*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterRenameTable(Parse*, SrcList*, Token*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3GetToken(const unsigned char *, int *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3NestedParse(Parse*, const char*, ...);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(sqlite3*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CodeSubselect(Parse *, Expr *, int, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectPrep(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ResolveExprNames(NameContext*, Expr*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ResolveSelectNames(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ResolveOrderGroupBy(Parse*, Select*, ExprList*, const char*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ColumnDefault(Vdbe *, Table *, int, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterFinishAddColumn(Parse *, Token *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterBeginAddColumn(Parse *, SrcList *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE CollSeq *sqlite3GetCollSeq(sqlite3*, u8, CollSeq *, const char*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE char sqlite3AffinityType(const char*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Analyze(Parse*, Token*, Token*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3InvokeBusyHandler(BusyHandler*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FindDb(sqlite3*, Token*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FindDbName(sqlite3 *, const char *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3AnalysisLoad(sqlite3*,int iDB);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(Index*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DefaultRowEst(Index*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RegisterLikeFunctions(sqlite3*, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IsLikeFunction(sqlite3*,Expr*,int*,char*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MinimumFileFormat(Parse*, int, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SchemaFree(void *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE Schema *sqlite3SchemaGet(sqlite3 *, Btree *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3SchemaToIndex(sqlite3 *db, Schema *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE KeyInfo *sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(Parse *, Index *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3CreateFunc(sqlite3 *, const char *, int, int, void *,
+ void (*)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value **),
+ void (*)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value **), void (*)(sqlite3_context*));
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ApiExit(sqlite3 *db, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OpenTempDatabase(Parse *);
+
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3StrAccumInit(StrAccum*, char*, int, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3StrAccumAppend(StrAccum*,const char*,int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3StrAccumFinish(StrAccum*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3StrAccumReset(StrAccum*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectDestInit(SelectDest*,int,int);
+
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BackupRestart(sqlite3_backup *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BackupUpdate(sqlite3_backup *, Pgno, const u8 *);
+
+/*
+** The interface to the LEMON-generated parser
+*/
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3ParserAlloc(void*(*)(size_t));
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ParserFree(void*, void(*)(void*));
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Parser(void*, int, Token, Parse*);
+#ifdef YYTRACKMAXSTACKDEPTH
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ParserStackPeak(void*);
+#endif
+
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AutoLoadExtensions(sqlite3*);
+#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CloseExtensions(sqlite3*);
+#else
+# define sqlite3CloseExtensions(X)
+#endif
+
+#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3TableLock(Parse *, int, int, u8, const char *);
+#else
+ #define sqlite3TableLock(v,w,x,y,z)
+#endif
+
+#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Utf8To8(unsigned char*);
+#endif
+
+#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
+# define sqlite3VtabClear(Y)
+# define sqlite3VtabSync(X,Y) SQLITE_OK
+# define sqlite3VtabRollback(X)
+# define sqlite3VtabCommit(X)
+# define sqlite3VtabInSync(db) 0
+# define sqlite3VtabLock(X)
+# define sqlite3VtabUnlock(X)
+# define sqlite3VtabUnlockList(X)
+#else
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabClear(Table*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VtabSync(sqlite3 *db, char **);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VtabRollback(sqlite3 *db);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VtabCommit(sqlite3 *db);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabLock(VTable *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabUnlock(VTable *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabUnlockList(sqlite3*);
+# define sqlite3VtabInSync(db) ((db)->nVTrans>0 && (db)->aVTrans==0)
+#endif
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabMakeWritable(Parse*,Table*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabBeginParse(Parse*, Token*, Token*, Token*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabFinishParse(Parse*, Token*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabArgInit(Parse*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabArgExtend(Parse*, Token*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VtabCallCreate(sqlite3*, int, const char *, char **);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VtabCallConnect(Parse*, Table*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VtabCallDestroy(sqlite3*, int, const char *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VtabBegin(sqlite3 *, VTable *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE FuncDef *sqlite3VtabOverloadFunction(sqlite3 *,FuncDef*, int nArg, Expr*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3InvalidFunction(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3TransferBindings(sqlite3_stmt *, sqlite3_stmt *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Reprepare(Vdbe*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprListCheckLength(Parse*, ExprList*, const char*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE CollSeq *sqlite3BinaryCompareCollSeq(Parse *, Expr *, Expr *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3TempInMemory(const sqlite3*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE VTable *sqlite3GetVTable(sqlite3*, Table*);
+
+/* Declarations for functions in fkey.c. All of these are replaced by
+** no-op macros if OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY is defined. In this case no foreign
+** key functionality is available. If OMIT_TRIGGER is defined but
+** OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY is not, only some of the functions are no-oped. In
+** this case foreign keys are parsed, but no other functionality is
+** provided (enforcement of FK constraints requires the triggers sub-system).
+*/
+#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER)
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3FkCheck(Parse*, Table*, int, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3FkDropTable(Parse*, SrcList *, Table*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3FkActions(Parse*, Table*, ExprList*, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FkRequired(Parse*, Table*, int*, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3FkOldmask(Parse*, Table*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE FKey *sqlite3FkReferences(Table *);
+#else
+ #define sqlite3FkActions(a,b,c,d)
+ #define sqlite3FkCheck(a,b,c,d)
+ #define sqlite3FkDropTable(a,b,c)
+ #define sqlite3FkOldmask(a,b) 0
+ #define sqlite3FkRequired(a,b,c,d) 0
+#endif
+#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3FkDelete(Table*);
+#else
+ #define sqlite3FkDelete(a)
+#endif
+
+
+/*
+** Available fault injectors. Should be numbered beginning with 0.
+*/
+#define SQLITE_FAULTINJECTOR_MALLOC 0
+#define SQLITE_FAULTINJECTOR_COUNT 1
+
+/*
+** The interface to the code in fault.c used for identifying "benign"
+** malloc failures. This is only present if SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
+** is not defined.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc(void);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3EndBenignMalloc(void);
+#else
+ #define sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc()
+ #define sqlite3EndBenignMalloc()
+#endif
+
+#define IN_INDEX_ROWID 1
+#define IN_INDEX_EPH 2
+#define IN_INDEX_INDEX 3
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FindInIndex(Parse *, Expr *, int*);
+
+#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ATOMIC_WRITE
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3JournalOpen(sqlite3_vfs *, const char *, sqlite3_file *, int, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3JournalSize(sqlite3_vfs *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3JournalCreate(sqlite3_file *);
+#else
+ #define sqlite3JournalSize(pVfs) ((pVfs)->szOsFile)
+#endif
+
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MemJournalOpen(sqlite3_file *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MemJournalSize(void);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IsMemJournal(sqlite3_file *);
+
+#if SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH>0
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprSetHeight(Parse *pParse, Expr *p);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3SelectExprHeight(Select *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCheckHeight(Parse*, int);
+#else
+ #define sqlite3ExprSetHeight(x,y)
+ #define sqlite3SelectExprHeight(x) 0
+ #define sqlite3ExprCheckHeight(x,y)
+#endif
+
+SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3Get4byte(const u8*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Put4byte(u8*, u32);
+
+#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ConnectionBlocked(sqlite3 *, sqlite3 *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ConnectionUnlocked(sqlite3 *db);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ConnectionClosed(sqlite3 *db);
+#else
+ #define sqlite3ConnectionBlocked(x,y)
+ #define sqlite3ConnectionUnlocked(x)
+ #define sqlite3ConnectionClosed(x)
+#endif
+
+#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ParserTrace(FILE*, char *);
+#endif
+
+/*
+** If the SQLITE_ENABLE IOTRACE exists then the global variable
+** sqlite3IoTrace is a pointer to a printf-like routine used to
+** print I/O tracing messages.
+*/
+#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_IOTRACE
+# define IOTRACE(A) if( sqlite3IoTrace ){ sqlite3IoTrace A; }
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeIOTraceSql(Vdbe*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void (*sqlite3IoTrace)(const char*,...);
+#else
+# define IOTRACE(A)
+# define sqlite3VdbeIOTraceSql(X)
+#endif
+
+#endif
+
+/************** End of sqliteInt.h *******************************************/
+/************** Begin file global.c ******************************************/
+/*
+** 2008 June 13
+**
+** The author disclaims copyright to this source code. In place of
+** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
+**
+** May you do good and not evil.
+** May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
+** May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
+**
+*************************************************************************
+**
+** This file contains definitions of global variables and contants.
+*/
+
+
+/* An array to map all upper-case characters into their corresponding
+** lower-case character.
+**
+** SQLite only considers US-ASCII (or EBCDIC) characters. We do not
+** handle case conversions for the UTF character set since the tables
+** involved are nearly as big or bigger than SQLite itself.
+*/
+SQLITE_PRIVATE const unsigned char sqlite3UpperToLower[] = {
+#ifdef SQLITE_ASCII
+ 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17,
+ 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35,
+ 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53,
+ 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 97, 98, 99,100,101,102,103,
+ 104,105,106,107,108,109,110,111,112,113,114,115,116,117,118,119,120,121,
+ 122, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99,100,101,102,103,104,105,106,107,
+ 108,109,110,111,112,113,114,115,116,117,118,119,120,121,122,123,124,125,
+ 126,127,128,129,130,131,132,133,134,135,136,137,138,139,140,141,142,143,
+ 144,145,146,147,148,149,150,151,152,153,154,155,156,157,158,159,160,161,
+ 162,163,164,165,166,167,168,169,170,171,172,173,174,175,176,177,178,179,
+ 180,181,182,183,184,185,186,187,188,189,190,191,192,193,194,195,196,197,
+ 198,199,200,201,202,203,204,205,206,207,208,209,210,211,212,213,214,215,
+ 216,217,218,219,220,221,222,223,224,225,226,227,228,229,230,231,232,233,
+ 234,235,236,237,238,239,240,241,242,243,244,245,246,247,248,249,250,251,
+ 252,253,254,255
+#endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_EBCDIC
+ 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, /* 0x */
+ 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, /* 1x */
+ 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, /* 2x */
+ 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, /* 3x */
+ 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, /* 4x */
+ 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, /* 5x */
+ 96, 97, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73,106,107,108,109,110,111, /* 6x */
+ 112, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89,122,123,124,125,126,127, /* 7x */
+ 128,129,130,131,132,133,134,135,136,137,138,139,140,141,142,143, /* 8x */
+ 144,145,146,147,148,149,150,151,152,153,154,155,156,157,156,159, /* 9x */
+ 160,161,162,163,164,165,166,167,168,169,170,171,140,141,142,175, /* Ax */
+ 176,177,178,179,180,181,182,183,184,185,186,187,188,189,190,191, /* Bx */
+ 192,129,130,131,132,133,134,135,136,137,202,203,204,205,206,207, /* Cx */
+ 208,145,146,147,148,149,150,151,152,153,218,219,220,221,222,223, /* Dx */
+ 224,225,162,163,164,165,166,167,168,169,232,203,204,205,206,207, /* Ex */
+ 239,240,241,242,243,244,245,246,247,248,249,219,220,221,222,255, /* Fx */
+#endif
+};
+
+/*
+** The following 256 byte lookup table is used to support SQLites built-in
+** equivalents to the following standard library functions:
+**
+** isspace() 0x01
+** isalpha() 0x02
+** isdigit() 0x04
+** isalnum() 0x06
+** isxdigit() 0x08
+** toupper() 0x20
+**
+** Bit 0x20 is set if the mapped character requires translation to upper
+** case. i.e. if the character is a lower-case ASCII character.
+** If x is a lower-case ASCII character, then its upper-case equivalent
+** is (x - 0x20). Therefore toupper() can be implemented as:
+**
+** (x & ~(map[x]&0x20))
+**
+** Standard function tolower() is implemented using the sqlite3UpperToLower[]
+** array. tolower() is used more often than toupper() by SQLite.
+**
+** SQLite's versions are identical to the standard versions assuming a
+** locale of "C". They are implemented as macros in sqliteInt.h.
+*/
+#ifdef SQLITE_ASCII
+SQLITE_PRIVATE const unsigned char sqlite3CtypeMap[256] = {
+ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* 00..07 ........ */
+ 0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, /* 08..0f ........ */
+ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* 10..17 ........ */
+ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* 18..1f ........ */
+ 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* 20..27 !"#$%&' */
+ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* 28..2f ()*+,-./ */
+ 0x0c, 0x0c, 0x0c, 0x0c, 0x0c, 0x0c, 0x0c, 0x0c, /* 30..37 01234567 */
+ 0x0c, 0x0c, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* 38..3f 89:;<=>? */
+
+ 0x00, 0x0a, 0x0a, 0x0a, 0x0a, 0x0a, 0x0a, 0x02, /* 40..47 @ABCDEFG */
+ 0x02, 0x02, 0x02, 0x02, 0x02, 0x02, 0x02, 0x02, /* 48..4f HIJKLMNO */
+ 0x02, 0x02, 0x02, 0x02, 0x02, 0x02, 0x02, 0x02, /* 50..57 PQRSTUVW */
+ 0x02, 0x02, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* 58..5f XYZ[\]^_ */
+ 0x00, 0x2a, 0x2a, 0x2a, 0x2a, 0x2a, 0x2a, 0x22, /* 60..67 `abcdefg */
+ 0x22, 0x22, 0x22, 0x22, 0x22, 0x22, 0x22, 0x22, /* 68..6f hijklmno */
+ 0x22, 0x22, 0x22, 0x22, 0x22, 0x22, 0x22, 0x22, /* 70..77 pqrstuvw */
+ 0x22, 0x22, 0x22, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* 78..7f xyz{|}~. */
+
+ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* 80..87 ........ */
+ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* 88..8f ........ */
+ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* 90..97 ........ */
+ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* 98..9f ........ */
+ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* a0..a7 ........ */
+ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* a8..af ........ */
+ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* b0..b7 ........ */
+ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* b8..bf ........ */
+
+ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* c0..c7 ........ */
+ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* c8..cf ........ */
+ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* d0..d7 ........ */
+ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* d8..df ........ */
+ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* e0..e7 ........ */
+ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* e8..ef ........ */
+ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* f0..f7 ........ */
+ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00 /* f8..ff ........ */
+};
+#endif
+
+
+
+/*
+** The following singleton contains the global configuration for
+** the SQLite library.
+*/
+SQLITE_PRIVATE SQLITE_WSD struct Sqlite3Config sqlite3Config = {
+ SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS, /* bMemstat */
+ 1, /* bCoreMutex */
+ SQLITE_THREADSAFE==1, /* bFullMutex */
+ 0x7ffffffe, /* mxStrlen */
+ 100, /* szLookaside */
+ 500, /* nLookaside */
+ {0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0}, /* m */
+ {0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0}, /* mutex */
+ {0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0}, /* pcache */
+ (void*)0, /* pHeap */
+ 0, /* nHeap */
+ 0, 0, /* mnHeap, mxHeap */
+ (void*)0, /* pScratch */
+ 0, /* szScratch */
+ 0, /* nScratch */
+ (void*)0, /* pPage */
+ 0, /* szPage */
+ 0, /* nPage */
+ 0, /* mxParserStack */
+ 0, /* sharedCacheEnabled */
+ /* All the rest should always be initialized to zero */
+ 0, /* isInit */
+ 0, /* inProgress */
+ 0, /* isMutexInit */
+ 0, /* isMallocInit */
+ 0, /* isPCacheInit */
+ 0, /* pInitMutex */
+ 0, /* nRefInitMutex */
+};
+
+
+/*
+** Hash table for global functions - functions common to all
+** database connections. After initialization, this table is
+** read-only.
+*/
+SQLITE_PRIVATE SQLITE_WSD FuncDefHash sqlite3GlobalFunctions;
+
+/*
+** The value of the "pending" byte must be 0x40000000 (1 byte past the
+** 1-gibabyte boundary) in a compatible database. SQLite never uses
+** the database page that contains the pending byte. It never attempts
+** to read or write that page. The pending byte page is set assign
+** for use by the VFS layers as space for managing file locks.
+**
+** During testing, it is often desirable to move the pending byte to
+** a different position in the file. This allows code that has to
+** deal with the pending byte to run on files that are much smaller
+** than 1 GiB. The sqlite3_test_control() interface can be used to
+** move the pending byte.
+**
+** IMPORTANT: Changing the pending byte to any value other than
+** 0x40000000 results in an incompatible database file format!
+** Changing the pending byte during operating results in undefined
+** and dileterious behavior.
+*/
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PendingByte = 0x40000000;
+
+/************** End of global.c **********************************************/
+/************** Begin file status.c ******************************************/
+/*
+** 2008 June 18
+**
+** The author disclaims copyright to this source code. In place of
+** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
+**
+** May you do good and not evil.
+** May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
+** May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
+**
+*************************************************************************
+**
+** This module implements the sqlite3_status() interface and related
+** functionality.
+**
+** $Id: status.c,v 1.9 2008/09/02 00:52:52 drh Exp $
+*/
+
+/*
+** Variables in which to record status information.
+*/
+typedef struct sqlite3StatType sqlite3StatType;
+static SQLITE_WSD struct sqlite3StatType {
+ int nowValue[9]; /* Current value */
+ int mxValue[9]; /* Maximum value */
+} sqlite3Stat = { {0,}, {0,} };
+
+
+/* The "wsdStat" macro will resolve to the status information
+** state vector. If writable static data is unsupported on the target,
+** we have to locate the state vector at run-time. In the more common
+** case where writable static data is supported, wsdStat can refer directly
+** to the "sqlite3Stat" state vector declared above.
+*/
+#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_WSD
+# define wsdStatInit sqlite3StatType *x = &GLOBAL(sqlite3StatType,sqlite3Stat)
+# define wsdStat x[0]
+#else
+# define wsdStatInit
+# define wsdStat sqlite3Stat
+#endif
+
+/*
+** Return the current value of a status parameter.
+*/
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3StatusValue(int op){
+ wsdStatInit;
+ assert( op>=0 && op<ArraySize(wsdStat.nowValue) );
+ return wsdStat.nowValue[op];
+}
+
+/*
+** Add N to the value of a status record. It is assumed that the
+** caller holds appropriate locks.
+*/
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3StatusAdd(int op, int N){
+ wsdStatInit;
+ assert( op>=0 && op<ArraySize(wsdStat.nowValue) );
+ wsdStat.nowValue[op] += N;
+ if( wsdStat.nowValue[op]>wsdStat.mxValue[op] ){
+ wsdStat.mxValue[op] = wsdStat.nowValue[op];
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+** Set the value of a status to X.
+*/
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3StatusSet(int op, int X){
+ wsdStatInit;
+ assert( op>=0 && op<ArraySize(wsdStat.nowValue) );
+ wsdStat.nowValue[op] = X;
+ if( wsdStat.nowValue[op]>wsdStat.mxValue[op] ){
+ wsdStat.mxValue[op] = wsdStat.nowValue[op];
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+** Query status information.
+**
+** This implementation assumes that reading or writing an aligned
+** 32-bit integer is an atomic operation. If that assumption is not true,
+** then this routine is not threadsafe.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_status(int op, int *pCurrent, int *pHighwater, int resetFlag){
+ wsdStatInit;
+ if( op<0 || op>=ArraySize(wsdStat.nowValue) ){
+ return SQLITE_MISUSE;
+ }
+ *pCurrent = wsdStat.nowValue[op];
+ *pHighwater = wsdStat.mxValue[op];
+ if( resetFlag ){
+ wsdStat.mxValue[op] = wsdStat.nowValue[op];
+ }
+ return SQLITE_OK;
+}
+
+/*
+** Query status information for a single database connection
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_db_status(
+ sqlite3 *db, /* The database connection whose status is desired */
+ int op, /* Status verb */
+ int *pCurrent, /* Write current value here */
+ int *pHighwater, /* Write high-water mark here */
+ int resetFlag /* Reset high-water mark if true */
+){
+ switch( op ){
+ case SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED: {
+ *pCurrent = db->lookaside.nOut;
+ *pHighwater = db->lookaside.mxOut;
+ if( resetFlag ){
+ db->lookaside.mxOut = db->lookaside.nOut;
+ }
+ break;
+ }
+ default: {
+ return SQLITE_ERROR;
+ }
+ }
+ return SQLITE_OK;
+}
+
+/************** End of status.c **********************************************/
+/************** Begin file date.c ********************************************/
+/*
+** 2003 October 31
+**
+** The author disclaims copyright to this source code. In place of
+** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
+**
+** May you do good and not evil.
+** May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
+** May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
+**
+*************************************************************************
+** This file contains the C functions that implement date and time
+** functions for SQLite.
+**
+** There is only one exported symbol in this file - the function
+** sqlite3RegisterDateTimeFunctions() found at the bottom of the file.
+** All other code has file scope.
+**
+** $Id: date.c,v 1.107 2009/05/03 20:23:53 drh Exp $
+**
+** SQLite processes all times and dates as Julian Day numbers. The
+** dates and times are stored as the number of days since noon
+** in Greenwich on November 24, 4714 B.C. according to the Gregorian
+** calendar system.
+**
+** 1970-01-01 00:00:00 is JD 2440587.5
+** 2000-01-01 00:00:00 is JD 2451544.5
+**
+** This implemention requires years to be expressed as a 4-digit number
+** which means that only dates between 0000-01-01 and 9999-12-31 can
+** be represented, even though julian day numbers allow a much wider
+** range of dates.
+**
+** The Gregorian calendar system is used for all dates and times,
+** even those that predate the Gregorian calendar. Historians usually
+** use the Julian calendar for dates prior to 1582-10-15 and for some
+** dates afterwards, depending on locale. Beware of this difference.
+**
+** The conversion algorithms are implemented based on descriptions
+** in the following text:
+**
+** Jean Meeus
+** Astronomical Algorithms, 2nd Edition, 1998
+** ISBM 0-943396-61-1
+** Willmann-Bell, Inc
+** Richmond, Virginia (USA)
+*/
+#include <time.h>
+
+#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DATETIME_FUNCS
+
+/*
+** On recent Windows platforms, the localtime_s() function is available
+** as part of the "Secure CRT". It is essentially equivalent to
+** localtime_r() available under most POSIX platforms, except that the
+** order of the parameters is reversed.
+**
+** See http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/a442x3ye(VS.80).aspx.
+**
+** If the user has not indicated to use localtime_r() or localtime_s()
+** already, check for an MSVC build environment that provides
+** localtime_s().
+*/
+#if !defined(HAVE_LOCALTIME_R) && !defined(HAVE_LOCALTIME_S) && \
+ defined(_MSC_VER) && defined(_CRT_INSECURE_DEPRECATE)
+#define HAVE_LOCALTIME_S 1
+#endif
+
+/*
+** A structure for holding a single date and time.
+*/
+typedef struct DateTime DateTime;
+struct DateTime {
+ sqlite3_int64 iJD; /* The julian day number times 86400000 */
+ int Y, M, D; /* Year, month, and day */
+ int h, m; /* Hour and minutes */
+ int tz; /* Timezone offset in minutes */
+ double s; /* Seconds */
+ char validYMD; /* True (1) if Y,M,D are valid */
+ char validHMS; /* True (1) if h,m,s are valid */
+ char validJD; /* True (1) if iJD is valid */
+ char validTZ; /* True (1) if tz is valid */
+};
+
+
+/*
+** Convert zDate into one or more integers. Additional arguments
+** come in groups of 5 as follows:
+**
+** N number of digits in the integer
+** min minimum allowed value of the integer
+** max maximum allowed value of the integer
+** nextC first character after the integer
+** pVal where to write the integers value.
+**
+** Conversions continue until one with nextC==0 is encountered.
+** The function returns the number of successful conversions.
+*/
+static int getDigits(const char *zDate, ...){
+ va_list ap;
+ int val;
+ int N;
+ int min;
+ int max;
+ int nextC;
+ int *pVal;
+ int cnt = 0;
+ va_start(ap, zDate);
+ do{
+ N = va_arg(ap, int);
+ min = va_arg(ap, int);
+ max = va_arg(ap, int);
+ nextC = va_arg(ap, int);
+ pVal = va_arg(ap, int*);
+ val = 0;
+ while( N-- ){
+ if( !sqlite3Isdigit(*zDate) ){
+ goto end_getDigits;
+ }
+ val = val*10 + *zDate - '0';
+ zDate++;
+ }
+ if( val<min || val>max || (nextC!=0 && nextC!=*zDate) ){
+ goto end_getDigits;
+ }
+ *pVal = val;
+ zDate++;
+ cnt++;
+ }while( nextC );
+end_getDigits:
+ va_end(ap);
+ return cnt;
+}
+
+/*
+** Read text from z[] and convert into a floating point number. Return
+** the number of digits converted.
+*/
+#define getValue sqlite3AtoF
+
+/*
+** Parse a timezone extension on the end of a date-time.
+** The extension is of the form:
+**
+** (+/-)HH:MM
+**
+** Or the "zulu" notation:
+**
+** Z
+**
+** If the parse is successful, write the number of minutes
+** of change in p->tz and return 0. If a parser error occurs,
+** return non-zero.
+**
+** A missing specifier is not considered an error.
+*/
+static int parseTimezone(const char *zDate, DateTime *p){
+ int sgn = 0;
+ int nHr, nMn;
+ int c;
+ while( sqlite3Isspace(*zDate) ){ zDate++; }
+ p->tz = 0;
+ c = *zDate;
+ if( c=='-' ){
+ sgn = -1;
+ }else if( c=='+' ){
+ sgn = +1;
+ }else if( c=='Z' || c=='z' ){
+ zDate++;
+ goto zulu_time;
+ }else{
+ return c!=0;
+ }
+ zDate++;
+ if( getDigits(zDate, 2, 0, 14, ':', &nHr, 2, 0, 59, 0, &nMn)!=2 ){
+ return 1;
+ }
+ zDate += 5;
+ p->tz = sgn*(nMn + nHr*60);
+zulu_time:
+ while( sqlite3Isspace(*zDate) ){ zDate++; }
+ return *zDate!=0;
+}
+
+/*
+** Parse times of the form HH:MM or HH:MM:SS or HH:MM:SS.FFFF.
+** The HH, MM, and SS must each be exactly 2 digits. The
+** fractional seconds FFFF can be one or more digits.
+**
+** Return 1 if there is a parsing error and 0 on success.
+*/
+static int parseHhMmSs(const char *zDate, DateTime *p){
+ int h, m, s;
+ double ms = 0.0;
+ if( getDigits(zDate, 2, 0, 24, ':', &h, 2, 0, 59, 0, &m)!=2 ){
+ return 1;
+ }
+ zDate += 5;
+ if( *zDate==':' ){
+ zDate++;
+ if( getDigits(zDate, 2, 0, 59, 0, &s)!=1 ){
+ return 1;
+ }
+ zDate += 2;
+ if( *zDate=='.' && sqlite3Isdigit(zDate[1]) ){
+ double rScale = 1.0;
+ zDate++;
+ while( sqlite3Isdigit(*zDate) ){
+ ms = ms*10.0 + *zDate - '0';
+ rScale *= 10.0;
+ zDate++;
+ }
+ ms /= rScale;
+ }
+ }else{
+ s = 0;
+ }
+ p->validJD = 0;
+ p->validHMS = 1;
+ p->h = h;
+ p->m = m;
+ p->s = s + ms;
+ if( parseTimezone(zDate, p) ) return 1;
+ p->validTZ = (p->tz!=0)?1:0;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+** Convert from YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS to julian day. We always assume
+** that the YYYY-MM-DD is according to the Gregorian calendar.
+**
+** Reference: Meeus page 61
+*/
+static void computeJD(DateTime *p){
+ int Y, M, D, A, B, X1, X2;
+
+ if( p->validJD ) return;
+ if( p->validYMD ){
+ Y = p->Y;
+ M = p->M;
+ D = p->D;
+ }else{
+ Y = 2000; /* If no YMD specified, assume 2000-Jan-01 */
+ M = 1;
+ D = 1;
+ }
+ if( M<=2 ){
+ Y--;
+ M += 12;
+ }
+ A = Y/100;
+ B = 2 - A + (A/4);
+ X1 = 36525*(Y+4716)/100;
+ X2 = 306001*(M+1)/10000;
+ p->iJD = (sqlite3_int64)((X1 + X2 + D + B - 1524.5 ) * 86400000);
+ p->validJD = 1;
+ if( p->validHMS ){
+ p->iJD += p->h*3600000 + p->m*60000 + (sqlite3_int64)(p->s*1000);
+ if( p->validTZ ){
+ p->iJD -= p->tz*60000;
+ p->validYMD = 0;
+ p->validHMS = 0;
+ p->validTZ = 0;
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+** Parse dates of the form
+**
+** YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS.FFF
+** YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS
+** YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM
+** YYYY-MM-DD
+**
+** Write the result into the DateTime structure and return 0
+** on success and 1 if the input string is not a well-formed
+** date.
+*/
+static int parseYyyyMmDd(const char *zDate, DateTime *p){
+ int Y, M, D, neg;
+
+ if( zDate[0]=='-' ){
+ zDate++;
+ neg = 1;
+ }else{
+ neg = 0;
+ }
+ if( getDigits(zDate,4,0,9999,'-',&Y,2,1,12,'-',&M,2,1,31,0,&D)!=3 ){
+ return 1;
+ }
+ zDate += 10;
+ while( sqlite3Isspace(*zDate) || 'T'==*(u8*)zDate ){ zDate++; }
+ if( parseHhMmSs(zDate, p)==0 ){
+ /* We got the time */
+ }else if( *zDate==0 ){
+ p->validHMS = 0;
+ }else{
+ return 1;
+ }
+ p->validJD = 0;
+ p->validYMD = 1;
+ p->Y = neg ? -Y : Y;
+ p->M = M;
+ p->D = D;
+ if( p->validTZ ){
+ computeJD(p);
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+** Set the time to the current time reported by the VFS
+*/
+static void setDateTimeToCurrent(sqlite3_context *context, DateTime *p){
+ double r;
+ sqlite3 *db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);
+ sqlite3OsCurrentTime(db->pVfs, &r);
+ p->iJD = (sqlite3_int64)(r*86400000.0 + 0.5);
+ p->validJD = 1;
+}
+
+/*
+** Attempt to parse the given string into a Julian Day Number. Return
+** the number of errors.
+**
+** The following are acceptable forms for the input string:
+**
+** YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS.FFF +/-HH:MM
+** DDDD.DD
+** now
+**
+** In the first form, the +/-HH:MM is always optional. The fractional
+** seconds extension (the ".FFF") is optional. The seconds portion
+** (":SS.FFF") is option. The year and date can be omitted as long
+** as there is a time string. The time string can be omitted as long
+** as there is a year and date.
+*/
+static int parseDateOrTime(
+ sqlite3_context *context,
+ const char *zDate,
+ DateTime *p
+){
+ int isRealNum; /* Return from sqlite3IsNumber(). Not used */
+ if( parseYyyyMmDd(zDate,p)==0 ){
+ return 0;
+ }else if( parseHhMmSs(zDate, p)==0 ){
+ return 0;
+ }else if( sqlite3StrICmp(zDate,"now")==0){
+ setDateTimeToCurrent(context, p);
+ return 0;
+ }else if( sqlite3IsNumber(zDate, &isRealNum, SQLITE_UTF8) ){
+ double r;
+ getValue(zDate, &r);
+ p->iJD = (sqlite3_int64)(r*86400000.0 + 0.5);
+ p->validJD = 1;
+ return 0;
+ }
+ return 1;
+}
+
+/*
+** Compute the Year, Month, and Day from the julian day number.
+*/
+static void computeYMD(DateTime *p){
+ int Z, A, B, C, D, E, X1;
+ if( p->validYMD ) return;
+ if( !p->validJD ){
+ p->Y = 2000;
+ p->M = 1;
+ p->D = 1;
+ }else{
+ Z = (int)((p->iJD + 43200000)/86400000);
+ A = (int)((Z - 1867216.25)/36524.25);
+ A = Z + 1 + A - (A/4);
+ B = A + 1524;
+ C = (int)((B - 122.1)/365.25);
+ D = (36525*C)/100;
+ E = (int)((B-D)/30.6001);
+ X1 = (int)(30.6001*E);
+ p->D = B - D - X1;
+ p->M = E<14 ? E-1 : E-13;
+ p->Y = p->M>2 ? C - 4716 : C - 4715;
+ }
+ p->validYMD = 1;
+}
+
+/*
+** Compute the Hour, Minute, and Seconds from the julian day number.
+*/
+static void computeHMS(DateTime *p){
+ int s;
+ if( p->validHMS ) return;
+ computeJD(p);
+ s = (int)((p->iJD + 43200000) % 86400000);
+ p->s = s/1000.0;
+ s = (int)p->s;
+ p->s -= s;
+ p->h = s/3600;
+ s -= p->h*3600;
+ p->m = s/60;
+ p->s += s - p->m*60;
+ p->validHMS = 1;
+}
+
+/*
+** Compute both YMD and HMS
+*/
+static void computeYMD_HMS(DateTime *p){
+ computeYMD(p);
+ computeHMS(p);
+}
+
+/*
+** Clear the YMD and HMS and the TZ
+*/
+static void clearYMD_HMS_TZ(DateTime *p){
+ p->validYMD = 0;
+ p->validHMS = 0;
+ p->validTZ = 0;
+}
+
+#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOCALTIME
+/*
+** Windows CE does not declare the localtime
+** function as it is not defined anywhere.
+** Anyway we need the forward-declaration to be
+** able to define it later on.
+*/
+#if defined(_WIN32_WCE) && (_WIN32_WCE >= 0x600)
+struct tm *__cdecl localtime(const time_t *t);
+#endif
+
+/*
+** Compute the difference (in milliseconds)
+** between localtime and UTC (a.k.a. GMT)
+
+** for the time value p where p is in UTC.
+*/
+static sqlite3_int64 localtimeOffset(DateTime *p){
+ DateTime x, y;
+ time_t t;
+ x = *p;
+ computeYMD_HMS(&x);
+ if( x.Y<1971 || x.Y>=2038 ){
+ x.Y = 2000;
+ x.M = 1;
+ x.D = 1;
+ x.h = 0;
+ x.m = 0;
+ x.s = 0.0;
+ } else {
+ int s = (int)(x.s + 0.5);
+ x.s = s;
+ }
+ x.tz = 0;
+ x.validJD = 0;
+ computeJD(&x);
+ t = (time_t)(x.iJD/1000 - 21086676*(i64)10000);
+#ifdef HAVE_LOCALTIME_R
+ {
+ struct tm sLocal;
+ localtime_r(&t, &sLocal);
+ y.Y = sLocal.tm_year + 1900;
+ y.M = sLocal.tm_mon + 1;
+ y.D = sLocal.tm_mday;
+ y.h = sLocal.tm_hour;
+ y.m = sLocal.tm_min;
+ y.s = sLocal.tm_sec;
+ }
+#elif defined(HAVE_LOCALTIME_S) && HAVE_LOCALTIME_S
+ {
+ struct tm sLocal;
+ localtime_s(&sLocal, &t);
+ y.Y = sLocal.tm_year + 1900;
+ y.M = sLocal.tm_mon + 1;
+ y.D = sLocal.tm_mday;
+ y.h = sLocal.tm_hour;
+ y.m = sLocal.tm_min;
+ y.s = sLocal.tm_sec;
+ }
+#else
+ {
+ struct tm *pTm;
+ sqlite3_mutex_enter(sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER));
+ pTm = localtime(&t);
+ y.Y = pTm->tm_year + 1900;
+ y.M = pTm->tm_mon + 1;
+ y.D = pTm->tm_mday;
+ y.h = pTm->tm_hour;
+ y.m = pTm->tm_min;
+ y.s = pTm->tm_sec;
+ sqlite3_mutex_leave(sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER));
+ }
+#endif
+ y.validYMD = 1;
+ y.validHMS = 1;
+ y.validJD = 0;
+ y.validTZ = 0;
+ computeJD(&y);
+ return y.iJD - x.iJD;
+}
+#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_LOCALTIME */
+
+/*
+** Process a modifier to a date-time stamp. The modifiers are
+** as follows:
+**
+** NNN days
+** NNN hours
+** NNN minutes
+** NNN.NNNN seconds
+** NNN months
+** NNN years
+** start of month
+** start of year
+** start of week
+** start of day
+** weekday N
+** unixepoch
+** localtime
+** utc
+**
+** Return 0 on success and 1 if there is any kind of error.
+*/
+static int parseModifier(const char *zMod, DateTime *p){
+ int rc = 1;
+ int n;
+ double r;
+ char *z, zBuf[30];
+ z = zBuf;
+ for(n=0; n<ArraySize(zBuf)-1 && zMod[n]; n++){
+ z[n] = (char)sqlite3UpperToLower[(u8)zMod[n]];
+ }
+ z[n] = 0;
+ switch( z[0] ){
+#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOCALTIME
+ case 'l': {
+ /* localtime
+ **
+ ** Assuming the current time value is UTC (a.k.a. GMT), shift it to
+ ** show local time.
+ */
+ if( strcmp(z, "localtime")==0 ){
+ computeJD(p);
+ p->iJD += localtimeOffset(p);
+ clearYMD_HMS_TZ(p);
+ rc = 0;
+ }
+ break;
+ }
+#endif
+ case 'u': {
+ /*
+ ** unixepoch
+ **
+ ** Treat the current value of p->iJD as the number of
+ ** seconds since 1970. Convert to a real julian day number.
+ */
+ if( strcmp(z, "unixepoch")==0 && p->validJD ){
+ p->iJD = (p->iJD + 43200)/86400 + 21086676*(i64)10000000;
+ clearYMD_HMS_TZ(p);
+ rc = 0;
+ }
+#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOCALTIME
+ else if( strcmp(z, "utc")==0 ){
+ sqlite3_int64 c1;
+ computeJD(p);
+ c1 = localtimeOffset(p);
+ p->iJD -= c1;
+ clearYMD_HMS_TZ(p);
+ p->iJD += c1 - localtimeOffset(p);
+ rc = 0;
+ }
+#endif
+ break;
+ }
+ case 'w': {
+ /*
+ ** weekday N
+ **
+ ** Move the date to the same time on the next occurrence of
+ ** weekday N where 0==Sunday, 1==Monday, and so forth. If the
+ ** date is already on the appropriate weekday, this is a no-op.
+ */
+ if( strncmp(z, "weekday ", 8)==0 && getValue(&z[8],&r)>0
+ && (n=(int)r)==r && n>=0 && r<7 ){
+ sqlite3_int64 Z;
+ computeYMD_HMS(p);
+ p->validTZ = 0;
+ p->validJD = 0;
+ computeJD(p);
+ Z = ((p->iJD + 129600000)/86400000) % 7;
+ if( Z>n ) Z -= 7;
+ p->iJD += (n - Z)*86400000;
+ clearYMD_HMS_TZ(p);
+ rc = 0;
+ }
+ break;
+ }
+ case 's': {
+ /*
+ ** start of TTTTT
+ **
+ ** Move the date backwards to the beginning of the current day,
+ ** or month or year.
+ */
+ if( strncmp(z, "start of ", 9)!=0 ) break;
+ z += 9;
+ computeYMD(p);
+ p->validHMS = 1;
+ p->h = p->m = 0;
+ p->s = 0.0;
+ p->validTZ = 0;
+ p->validJD = 0;
+ if( strcmp(z,"month")==0 ){
+ p->D = 1;
+ rc = 0;
+ }else if( strcmp(z,"year")==0 ){
+ computeYMD(p);
+ p->M = 1;
+ p->D = 1;
+ rc = 0;
+ }else if( strcmp(z,"day")==0 ){
+ rc = 0;
+ }
+ break;
+ }
+ case '+':
+ case '-':
+ case '0':
+ case '1':
+ case '2':
+ case '3':
+ case '4':
+ case '5':
+ case '6':
+ case '7':
+ case '8':
+ case '9': {
+ double rRounder;
+ n = getValue(z, &r);
+ assert( n>=1 );
+ if( z[n]==':' ){
+ /* A modifier of the form (+|-)HH:MM:SS.FFF adds (or subtracts) the
+ ** specified number of hours, minutes, seconds, and fractional seconds
+ ** to the time. The ".FFF" may be omitted. The ":SS.FFF" may be
+ ** omitted.
+ */
+ const char *z2 = z;
+ DateTime tx;
+ sqlite3_int64 day;
+ if( !sqlite3Isdigit(*z2) ) z2++;
+ memset(&tx, 0, sizeof(tx));
+ if( parseHhMmSs(z2, &tx) ) break;
+ computeJD(&tx);
+ tx.iJD -= 43200000;
+ day = tx.iJD/86400000;
+ tx.iJD -= day*86400000;
+ if( z[0]=='-' ) tx.iJD = -tx.iJD;
+ computeJD(p);
+ clearYMD_HMS_TZ(p);
+ p->iJD += tx.iJD;
+ rc = 0;
+ break;
+ }
+ z += n;
+ while( sqlite3Isspace(*z) ) z++;
+ n = sqlite3Strlen30(z);
+ if( n>10 || n<3 ) break;
+ if( z[n-1]=='s' ){ z[n-1] = 0; n--; }
+ computeJD(p);
+ rc = 0;
+ rRounder = r<0 ? -0.5 : +0.5;
+ if( n==3 && strcmp(z,"day")==0 ){
+ p->iJD += (sqlite3_int64)(r*86400000.0 + rRounder);
+ }else if( n==4 && strcmp(z,"hour")==0 ){
+ p->iJD += (sqlite3_int64)(r*(86400000.0/24.0) + rRounder);
+ }else if( n==6 && strcmp(z,"minute")==0 ){
+ p->iJD += (sqlite3_int64)(r*(86400000.0/(24.0*60.0)) + rRounder);
+ }else if( n==6 && strcmp(z,"second")==0 ){
+ p->iJD += (sqlite3_int64)(r*(86400000.0/(24.0*60.0*60.0)) + rRounder);
+ }else if( n==5 && strcmp(z,"month")==0 ){
+ int x, y;
+ computeYMD_HMS(p);
+ p->M += (int)r;
+ x = p->M>0 ? (p->M-1)/12 : (p->M-12)/12;
+ p->Y += x;
+ p->M -= x*12;
+ p->validJD = 0;
+ computeJD(p);
+ y = (int)r;
+ if( y!=r ){
+ p->iJD += (sqlite3_int64)((r - y)*30.0*86400000.0 + rRounder);
+ }
+ }else if( n==4 && strcmp(z,"year")==0 ){
+ int y = (int)r;
+ computeYMD_HMS(p);
+ p->Y += y;
+ p->validJD = 0;
+ computeJD(p);
+ if( y!=r ){
+ p->iJD += (sqlite3_int64)((r - y)*365.0*86400000.0 + rRounder);
+ }
+ }else{
+ rc = 1;
+ }
+ clearYMD_HMS_TZ(p);
+ break;
+ }
+ default: {
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ return rc;
+}
+
+/*
+** Process time function arguments. argv[0] is a date-time stamp.
+** argv[1] and following are modifiers. Parse them all and write
+** the resulting time into the DateTime structure p. Return 0
+** on success and 1 if there are any errors.
+**
+** If there are zero parameters (if even argv[0] is undefined)
+** then assume a default value of "now" for argv[0].
+*/
+static int isDate(
+ sqlite3_context *context,
+ int argc,
+ sqlite3_value **argv,
+ DateTime *p
+){
+ int i;
+ const unsigned char *z;
+ int eType;
+ memset(p, 0, sizeof(*p));
+ if( argc==0 ){
+ setDateTimeToCurrent(context, p);
+ }else if( (eType = sqlite3_value_type(argv[0]))==SQLITE_FLOAT
+ || eType==SQLITE_INTEGER ){
+ p->iJD = (sqlite3_int64)(sqlite3_value_double(argv[0])*86400000.0 + 0.5);
+ p->validJD = 1;
+ }else{
+ z = sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
+ if( !z || parseDateOrTime(context, (char*)z, p) ){
+ return 1;
+ }
+ }
+ for(i=1; i<argc; i++){
+ if( (z = sqlite3_value_text(argv[i]))==0 || parseModifier((char*)z, p) ){
+ return 1;
+ }
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+
+/*
+** The following routines implement the various date and time functions
+** of SQLite.
+*/
+
+/*
+** julianday( TIMESTRING, MOD, MOD, ...)
+**
+** Return the julian day number of the date specified in the arguments
+*/
+static void juliandayFunc(
+ sqlite3_context *context,
+ int argc,
+ sqlite3_value **argv
+){
+ DateTime x;
+ if( isDate(context, argc, argv, &x)==0 ){
+ computeJD(&x);
+ sqlite3_result_double(context, x.iJD/86400000.0);
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+** datetime( TIMESTRING, MOD, MOD, ...)
+**
+** Return YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS
+*/
+static void datetimeFunc(
+ sqlite3_context *context,
+ int argc,
+ sqlite3_value **argv
+){
+ DateTime x;
+ if( isDate(context, argc, argv, &x)==0 ){
+ char zBuf[100];
+ computeYMD_HMS(&x);
+ sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zBuf), zBuf, "%04d-%02d-%02d %02d:%02d:%02d",
+ x.Y, x.M, x.D, x.h, x.m, (int)(x.s));
+ sqlite3_result_text(context, zBuf, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+** time( TIMESTRING, MOD, MOD, ...)
+**
+** Return HH:MM:SS
+*/
+static void timeFunc(
+ sqlite3_context *context,
+ int argc,
+ sqlite3_value **argv
+){
+ DateTime x;
+ if( isDate(context, argc, argv, &x)==0 ){
+ char zBuf[100];
+ computeHMS(&x);
+ sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zBuf), zBuf, "%02d:%02d:%02d", x.h, x.m, (int)x.s);
+ sqlite3_result_text(context, zBuf, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+** date( TIMESTRING, MOD, MOD, ...)
+**
+** Return YYYY-MM-DD
+*/
+static void dateFunc(
+ sqlite3_context *context,
+ int argc,
+ sqlite3_value **argv
+){
+ DateTime x;
+ if( isDate(context, argc, argv, &x)==0 ){
+ char zBuf[100];
+ computeYMD(&x);
+ sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zBuf), zBuf, "%04d-%02d-%02d", x.Y, x.M, x.D);
+ sqlite3_result_text(context, zBuf, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+** strftime( FORMAT, TIMESTRING, MOD, MOD, ...)
+**
+** Return a string described by FORMAT. Conversions as follows:
+**
+** %d day of month
+** %f ** fractional seconds SS.SSS
+** %H hour 00-24
+** %j day of year 000-366
+** %J ** Julian day number
+** %m month 01-12
+** %M minute 00-59
+** %s seconds since 1970-01-01
+** %S seconds 00-59
+** %w day of week 0-6 sunday==0
+** %W week of year 00-53
+** %Y year 0000-9999
+** %% %
+*/
+static void strftimeFunc(
+ sqlite3_context *context,
+ int argc,
+ sqlite3_value **argv
+){
+ DateTime x;
+ u64 n;
+ size_t i,j;
+ char *z;
+ sqlite3 *db;
+ const char *zFmt = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
+ char zBuf[100];
+ if( zFmt==0 || isDate(context, argc-1, argv+1, &x) ) return;
+ db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);
+ for(i=0, n=1; zFmt[i]; i++, n++){
+ if( zFmt[i]=='%' ){
+ switch( zFmt[i+1] ){
+ case 'd':
+ case 'H':
+ case 'm':
+ case 'M':
+ case 'S':
+ case 'W':
+ n++;
+ /* fall thru */
+ case 'w':
+ case '%':
+ break;
+ case 'f':
+ n += 8;
+ break;
+ case 'j':
+ n += 3;
+ break;
+ case 'Y':
+ n += 8;
+ break;
+ case 's':
+ case 'J':
+ n += 50;
+ break;
+ default:
+ return; /* ERROR. return a NULL */
+ }
+ i++;
+ }
+ }
+ testcase( n==sizeof(zBuf)-1 );
+ testcase( n==sizeof(zBuf) );
+ testcase( n==(u64)db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH]+1 );
+ testcase( n==(u64)db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH] );
+ if( n<sizeof(zBuf) ){
+ z = zBuf;
+ }else if( n>(u64)db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH] ){
+ sqlite3_result_error_toobig(context);
+ return;
+ }else{
+ z = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, (int)n);
+ if( z==0 ){
+ sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
+ return;
+ }
+ }
+ computeJD(&x);
+ computeYMD_HMS(&x);
+ for(i=j=0; zFmt[i]; i++){
+ if( zFmt[i]!='%' ){
+ z[j++] = zFmt[i];
+ }else{
+ i++;
+ switch( zFmt[i] ){
+ case 'd': sqlite3_snprintf(3, &z[j],"%02d",x.D); j+=2; break;
+ case 'f': {
+ double s = x.s;
+ if( s>59.999 ) s = 59.999;
+ sqlite3_snprintf(7, &z[j],"%06.3f", s);
+ j += sqlite3Strlen30(&z[j]);
+ break;
+ }
+ case 'H': sqlite3_snprintf(3, &z[j],"%02d",x.h); j+=2; break;
+ case 'W': /* Fall thru */
+ case 'j': {
+ int nDay; /* Number of days since 1st day of year */
+ DateTime y = x;
+ y.validJD = 0;
+ y.M = 1;
+ y.D = 1;
+ computeJD(&y);
+ nDay = (int)((x.iJD-y.iJD+43200000)/86400000);
+ if( zFmt[i]=='W' ){
+ int wd; /* 0=Monday, 1=Tuesday, ... 6=Sunday */
+ wd = (int)(((x.iJD+43200000)/86400000)%7);
+ sqlite3_snprintf(3, &z[j],"%02d",(nDay+7-wd)/7);
+ j += 2;
+ }else{
+ sqlite3_snprintf(4, &z[j],"%03d",nDay+1);
+ j += 3;
+ }
+ break;
+ }
+ case 'J': {
+ sqlite3_snprintf(20, &z[j],"%.16g",x.iJD/86400000.0);
+ j+=sqlite3Strlen30(&z[j]);
+ break;
+ }
+ case 'm': sqlite3_snprintf(3, &z[j],"%02d",x.M); j+=2; break;
+ case 'M': sqlite3_snprintf(3, &z[j],"%02d",x.m); j+=2; break;
+ case 's': {
+ sqlite3_snprintf(30,&z[j],"%lld",
+ (i64)(x.iJD/1000 - 21086676*(i64)10000));
+ j += sqlite3Strlen30(&z[j]);
+ break;
+ }
+ case 'S': sqlite3_snprintf(3,&z[j],"%02d",(int)x.s); j+=2; break;
+ case 'w': {
+ z[j++] = (char)(((x.iJD+129600000)/86400000) % 7) + '0';
+ break;
+ }
+ case 'Y': {
+ sqlite3_snprintf(5,&z[j],"%04d",x.Y); j+=sqlite3Strlen30(&z[j]);
+ break;
+ }
+ default: z[j++] = '%'; break;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+ z[j] = 0;
+ sqlite3_result_text(context, z, -1,
+ z==zBuf ? SQLITE_TRANSIENT : SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
+}
+
+/*
+** current_time()
+**
+** This function returns the same value as time('now').
+*/
+static void ctimeFunc(
+ sqlite3_context *context,
+ int NotUsed,
+ sqlite3_value **NotUsed2
+){
+ UNUSED_PARAMETER2(NotUsed, NotUsed2);
+ timeFunc(context, 0, 0);
+}
+
+/*
+** current_date()
+**
+** This function returns the same value as date('now').
+*/
+static void cdateFunc(
+ sqlite3_context *context,
+ int NotUsed,
+ sqlite3_value **NotUsed2
+){
+ UNUSED_PARAMETER2(NotUsed, NotUsed2);
+ dateFunc(context, 0, 0);
+}
+
+/*
+** current_timestamp()
+**
+** This function returns the same value as datetime('now').
+*/
+static void ctimestampFunc(
+ sqlite3_context *context,
+ int NotUsed,
+ sqlite3_value **NotUsed2
+){
+ UNUSED_PARAMETER2(NotUsed, NotUsed2);
+ datetimeFunc(context, 0, 0);
+}
+#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_DATETIME_FUNCS) */
+
+#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_DATETIME_FUNCS
+/*
+** If the library is compiled to omit the full-scale date and time
+** handling (to get a smaller binary), the following minimal version
+** of the functions current_time(), current_date() and current_timestamp()
+** are included instead. This is to support column declarations that
+** include "DEFAULT CURRENT_TIME" etc.
+**
+** This function uses the C-library functions time(), gmtime()
+** and strftime(). The format string to pass to strftime() is supplied
+** as the user-data for the function.
+*/
+static void currentTimeFunc(
+ sqlite3_context *context,
+ int argc,
+ sqlite3_value **argv
+){
+ time_t t;
+ char *zFormat = (char *)sqlite3_user_data(context);
+ sqlite3 *db;
+ double rT;
+ char zBuf[20];
+
+ UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);
+ UNUSED_PARAMETER(argv);
+
+ db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);
+ sqlite3OsCurrentTime(db->pVfs, &rT);
+#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
+ t = 86400.0*(rT - 2440587.5) + 0.5;
+#else
+ /* without floating point support, rT will have
+ ** already lost fractional day precision.
+ */
+ t = 86400 * (rT - 2440587) - 43200;
+#endif
+#ifdef HAVE_GMTIME_R
+ {
+ struct tm sNow;
+ gmtime_r(&t, &sNow);
+ strftime(zBuf, 20, zFormat, &sNow);
+ }
+#else
+ {
+ struct tm *pTm;
+ sqlite3_mutex_enter(sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER));
+ pTm = gmtime(&t);
+ strftime(zBuf, 20, zFormat, pTm);
+ sqlite3_mutex_leave(sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER));
+ }
+#endif
+
+ sqlite3_result_text(context, zBuf, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
+}
+#endif
+
+/*
+** This function registered all of the above C functions as SQL
+** functions. This should be the only routine in this file with
+** external linkage.
+*/
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RegisterDateTimeFunctions(void){
+ static SQLITE_WSD FuncDef aDateTimeFuncs[] = {
+#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DATETIME_FUNCS
+ FUNCTION(julianday, -1, 0, 0, juliandayFunc ),
+ FUNCTION(date, -1, 0, 0, dateFunc ),
+ FUNCTION(time, -1, 0, 0, timeFunc ),
+ FUNCTION(datetime, -1, 0, 0, datetimeFunc ),
+ FUNCTION(strftime, -1, 0, 0, strftimeFunc ),
+ FUNCTION(current_time, 0, 0, 0, ctimeFunc ),
+ FUNCTION(current_timestamp, 0, 0, 0, ctimestampFunc),
+ FUNCTION(current_date, 0, 0, 0, cdateFunc ),
+#else
+ STR_FUNCTION(current_time, 0, "%H:%M:%S", 0, currentTimeFunc),
+ STR_FUNCTION(current_timestamp, 0, "%Y-%m-%d", 0, currentTimeFunc),
+ STR_FUNCTION(current_date, 0, "%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S", 0, currentTimeFunc),
+#endif
+ };
+ int i;
+ FuncDefHash *pHash = &GLOBAL(FuncDefHash, sqlite3GlobalFunctions);
+ FuncDef *aFunc = (FuncDef*)&GLOBAL(FuncDef, aDateTimeFuncs);
+
+ for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aDateTimeFuncs); i++){
+ sqlite3FuncDefInsert(pHash, &aFunc[i]);
+ }
+}
+
+/************** End of date.c ************************************************/
+/************** Begin file os.c **********************************************/
+/*
+** 2005 November 29
+**
+** The author disclaims copyright to this source code. In place of
+** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
+**
+** May you do good and not evil.
+** May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
+** May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
+**
+******************************************************************************
+**
+** This file contains OS interface code that is common to all
+** architectures.
+**
+** $Id: os.c,v 1.127 2009/07/27 11:41:21 danielk1977 Exp $
+*/
+#define _SQLITE_OS_C_ 1
+#undef _SQLITE_OS_C_
+
+/*
+** The default SQLite sqlite3_vfs implementations do not allocate
+** memory (actually, os_unix.c allocates a small amount of memory
+** from within OsOpen()), but some third-party implementations may.
+** So we test the effects of a malloc() failing and the sqlite3OsXXX()
+** function returning SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM using the DO_OS_MALLOC_TEST macro.
+**
+** The following functions are instrumented for malloc() failure
+** testing:
+**
+** sqlite3OsOpen()
+** sqlite3OsRead()
+** sqlite3OsWrite()
+** sqlite3OsSync()
+** sqlite3OsLock()
+**
+*/
+#if defined(SQLITE_TEST) && (SQLITE_OS_WIN==0)
+ #define DO_OS_MALLOC_TEST(x) if (!x || !sqlite3IsMemJournal(x)) { \
+ void *pTstAlloc = sqlite3Malloc(10); \
+ if (!pTstAlloc) return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM; \
+ sqlite3_free(pTstAlloc); \
+ }
+#else
+ #define DO_OS_MALLOC_TEST(x)
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The following routines are convenience wrappers around methods
+** of the sqlite3_file object. This is mostly just syntactic sugar. All
+** of this would be completely automatic if SQLite were coded using
+** C++ instead of plain old C.
+*/
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsClose(sqlite3_file *pId){
+ int rc = SQLITE_OK;
+ if( pId->pMethods ){
+ rc = pId->pMethods->xClose(pId);
+ pId->pMethods = 0;
+ }
+ return rc;
+}
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsRead(sqlite3_file *id, void *pBuf, int amt, i64 offset){
+ DO_OS_MALLOC_TEST(id);
+ return id->pMethods->xRead(id, pBuf, amt, offset);
+}
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsWrite(sqlite3_file *id, const void *pBuf, int amt, i64 offset){
+ DO_OS_MALLOC_TEST(id);
+ return id->pMethods->xWrite(id, pBuf, amt, offset);
+}
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsTruncate(sqlite3_file *id, i64 size){
+ return id->pMethods->xTruncate(id, size);
+}
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsSync(sqlite3_file *id, int flags){
+ DO_OS_MALLOC_TEST(id);
+ return id->pMethods->xSync(id, flags);
+}
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsFileSize(sqlite3_file *id, i64 *pSize){
+ DO_OS_MALLOC_TEST(id);
+ return id->pMethods->xFileSize(id, pSize);
+}
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsLock(sqlite3_file *id, int lockType){
+ DO_OS_MALLOC_TEST(id);
+ return id->pMethods->xLock(id, lockType);
+}
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsUnlock(sqlite3_file *id, int lockType){
+ return id->pMethods->xUnlock(id, lockType);
+}
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsCheckReservedLock(sqlite3_file *id, int *pResOut){
+ DO_OS_MALLOC_TEST(id);
+ return id->pMethods->xCheckReservedLock(id, pResOut);
+}
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsFileControl(sqlite3_file *id, int op, void *pArg){
+ return id->pMethods->xFileControl(id, op, pArg);
+}
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsSectorSize(sqlite3_file *id){
+ int (*xSectorSize)(sqlite3_file*) = id->pMethods->xSectorSize;
+ return (xSectorSize ? xSectorSize(id) : SQLITE_DEFAULT_SECTOR_SIZE);
+}
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(sqlite3_file *id){
+ return id->pMethods->xDeviceCharacteristics(id);
+}
+
+/*
+** The next group of routines are convenience wrappers around the
+** VFS methods.
+*/
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsOpen(
+ sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,
+ const char *zPath,
+ sqlite3_file *pFile,
+ int flags,
+ int *pFlagsOut
+){
+ int rc;
+ DO_OS_MALLOC_TEST(0);
+ /* 0x7f1f is a mask of SQLITE_OPEN_ flags that are valid to be passed
+ ** down into the VFS layer. Some SQLITE_OPEN_ flags (for example,
+ ** SQLITE_OPEN_FULLMUTEX or SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE) are blocked before
+ ** reaching the VFS. */
+ rc = pVfs->xOpen(pVfs, zPath, pFile, flags & 0x7f1f, pFlagsOut);
+ assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || pFile->pMethods==0 );
+ return rc;
+}
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsDelete(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, const char *zPath, int dirSync){
+ return pVfs->xDelete(pVfs, zPath, dirSync);
+}
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsAccess(
+ sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,
+ const char *zPath,
+ int flags,
+ int *pResOut
+){
+ DO_OS_MALLOC_TEST(0);
+ return pVfs->xAccess(pVfs, zPath, flags, pResOut);
+}
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsFullPathname(
+ sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,
+ const char *zPath,
+ int nPathOut,
+ char *zPathOut
+){
+ return pVfs->xFullPathname(pVfs, zPath, nPathOut, zPathOut);
+}
+#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3OsDlOpen(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, const char *zPath){
+ return pVfs->xDlOpen(pVfs, zPath);
+}
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3OsDlError(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int nByte, char *zBufOut){
+ pVfs->xDlError(pVfs, nByte, zBufOut);
+}
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void (*sqlite3OsDlSym(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, void *pHdle, const char *zSym))(void){
+ return pVfs->xDlSym(pVfs, pHdle, zSym);
+}
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3OsDlClose(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, void *pHandle){
+ pVfs->xDlClose(pVfs, pHandle);
+}
+#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION */
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsRandomness(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int nByte, char *zBufOut){
+ return pVfs->xRandomness(pVfs, nByte, zBufOut);
+}
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsSleep(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int nMicro){
+ return pVfs->xSleep(pVfs, nMicro);
+}
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsCurrentTime(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, double *pTimeOut){
+ return pVfs->xCurrentTime(pVfs, pTimeOut);
+}
+
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsOpenMalloc(
+ sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,
+ const char *zFile,
+ sqlite3_file **ppFile,
+ int flags,
+ int *pOutFlags
+){
+ int rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
+ sqlite3_file *pFile;
+ pFile = (sqlite3_file *)sqlite3Malloc(pVfs->szOsFile);
+ if( pFile ){
+ rc = sqlite3OsOpen(pVfs, zFile, pFile, flags, pOutFlags);
+ if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
+ sqlite3_free(pFile);
+ }else{
+ *ppFile = pFile;
+ }
+ }
+ return rc;
+}
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsCloseFree(sqlite3_file *pFile){
+ int rc = SQLITE_OK;
+ assert( pFile );
+ rc = sqlite3OsClose(pFile);
+ sqlite3_free(pFile);
+ return rc;
+}
+
+/*
+** This function is a wrapper around the OS specific implementation of
+** sqlite3_os_init(). The purpose of the wrapper is to provide the
+** ability to simulate a malloc failure, so that the handling of an
+** error in sqlite3_os_init() by the upper layers can be tested.
+*/
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsInit(void){
+ void *p = sqlite3_malloc(10);
+ if( p==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
+ sqlite3_free(p);
+ return sqlite3_os_init();
+}
+
+/*
+** The list of all registered VFS implementations.
+*/
+static sqlite3_vfs * SQLITE_WSD vfsList = 0;
+#define vfsList GLOBAL(sqlite3_vfs *, vfsList)
+
+/*
+** Locate a VFS by name. If no name is given, simply return the
+** first VFS on the list.
+*/
+SQLITE_API sqlite3_vfs *sqlite3_vfs_find(const char *zVfs){
+ sqlite3_vfs *pVfs = 0;
+#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE
+ sqlite3_mutex *mutex;
+#endif
+#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
+ int rc = sqlite3_initialize();
+ if( rc ) return 0;
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE
+ mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER);
+#endif
+ sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutex);
+ for(pVfs = vfsList; pVfs; pVfs=pVfs->pNext){
+ if( zVfs==0 ) break;
+ if( strcmp(zVfs, pVfs->zName)==0 ) break;
+ }
+ sqlite3_mutex_leave(mutex);
+ return pVfs;
+}
+
+/*
+** Unlink a VFS from the linked list
+*/
+static void vfsUnlink(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs){
+ assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER)) );
+ if( pVfs==0 ){
+ /* No-op */
+ }else if( vfsList==pVfs ){
+ vfsList = pVfs->pNext;
+ }else if( vfsList ){
+ sqlite3_vfs *p = vfsList;
+ while( p->pNext && p->pNext!=pVfs ){
+ p = p->pNext;
+ }
+ if( p->pNext==pVfs ){
+ p->pNext = pVfs->pNext;
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+** Register a VFS with the system. It is harmless to register the same
+** VFS multiple times. The new VFS becomes the default if makeDflt is
+** true.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vfs_register(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int makeDflt){
+ sqlite3_mutex *mutex = 0;
+#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
+ int rc = sqlite3_initialize();
+ if( rc ) return rc;
+#endif
+ mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER);
+ sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutex);
+ vfsUnlink(pVfs);
+ if( makeDflt || vfsList==0 ){
+ pVfs->pNext = vfsList;
+ vfsList = pVfs;
+ }else{
+ pVfs->pNext = vfsList->pNext;
+ vfsList->pNext = pVfs;
+ }
+ assert(vfsList);
+ sqlite3_mutex_leave(mutex);
+ return SQLITE_OK;
+}
+
+/*
+** Unregister a VFS so that it is no longer accessible.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vfs_unregister(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs){
+#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE
+ sqlite3_mutex *mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER);
+#endif
+ sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutex);
+ vfsUnlink(pVfs);
+ sqlite3_mutex_leave(mutex);
+ return SQLITE_OK;
+}
+
+/************** End of os.c **************************************************/
+/************** Begin file fault.c *******************************************/
+/*
+** 2008 Jan 22
+**
+** The author disclaims copyright to this source code. In place of
+** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
+**
+** May you do good and not evil.
+** May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
+** May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
+**
+*************************************************************************
+**
+** $Id: fault.c,v 1.11 2008/09/02 00:52:52 drh Exp $
+*/
+
+/*
+** This file contains code to support the concept of "benign"
+** malloc failures (when the xMalloc() or xRealloc() method of the
+** sqlite3_mem_methods structure fails to allocate a block of memory
+** and returns 0).
+**
+** Most malloc failures are non-benign. After they occur, SQLite
+** abandons the current operation and returns an error code (usually
+** SQLITE_NOMEM) to the user. However, sometimes a fault is not necessarily
+** fatal. For example, if a malloc fails while resizing a hash table, this
+** is completely recoverable simply by not carrying out the resize. The
+** hash table will continue to function normally. So a malloc failure
+** during a hash table resize is a benign fault.
+*/
+
+
+#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
+
+/*
+** Global variables.
+*/
+typedef struct BenignMallocHooks BenignMallocHooks;
+static SQLITE_WSD struct BenignMallocHooks {
+ void (*xBenignBegin)(void);
+ void (*xBenignEnd)(void);
+} sqlite3Hooks = { 0, 0 };
+
+/* The "wsdHooks" macro will resolve to the appropriate BenignMallocHooks
+** structure. If writable static data is unsupported on the target,
+** we have to locate the state vector at run-time. In the more common
+** case where writable static data is supported, wsdHooks can refer directly
+** to the "sqlite3Hooks" state vector declared above.
+*/
+#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_WSD
+# define wsdHooksInit \
+ BenignMallocHooks *x = &GLOBAL(BenignMallocHooks,sqlite3Hooks)
+# define wsdHooks x[0]
+#else
+# define wsdHooksInit
+# define wsdHooks sqlite3Hooks
+#endif
+
+
+/*
+** Register hooks to call when sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc() and
+** sqlite3EndBenignMalloc() are called, respectively.
+*/
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BenignMallocHooks(
+ void (*xBenignBegin)(void),
+ void (*xBenignEnd)(void)
+){
+ wsdHooksInit;
+ wsdHooks.xBenignBegin = xBenignBegin;
+ wsdHooks.xBenignEnd = xBenignEnd;
+}
+
+/*
+** This (sqlite3EndBenignMalloc()) is called by SQLite code to indicate that
+** subsequent malloc failures are benign. A call to sqlite3EndBenignMalloc()
+** indicates that subsequent malloc failures are non-benign.
+*/
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc(void){
+ wsdHooksInit;
+ if( wsdHooks.xBenignBegin ){
+ wsdHooks.xBenignBegin();
+ }
+}
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3EndBenignMalloc(void){
+ wsdHooksInit;
+ if( wsdHooks.xBenignEnd ){
+ wsdHooks.xBenignEnd();
+ }
+}
+
+#endif /* #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST */
+
+/************** End of fault.c ***********************************************/
+/************** Begin file mem0.c ********************************************/
+/*
+** 2008 October 28
+**
+** The author disclaims copyright to this source code. In place of
+** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
+**
+** May you do good and not evil.
+** May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
+** May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
+**
+*************************************************************************
+**
+** This file contains a no-op memory allocation drivers for use when
+** SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC is defined. The allocation drivers implemented
+** here always fail. SQLite will not operate with these drivers. These
+** are merely placeholders. Real drivers must be substituted using
+** sqlite3_config() before SQLite will operate.
+**
+** $Id: mem0.c,v 1.1 2008/10/28 18:58:20 drh Exp $
+*/
+
+/*
+** This version of the memory allocator is the default. It is
+** used when no other memory allocator is specified using compile-time
+** macros.
+*/
+#ifdef SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC
+
+/*
+** No-op versions of all memory allocation routines
+*/
+static void *sqlite3MemMalloc(int nByte){ return 0; }
+static void sqlite3MemFree(void *pPrior){ return; }
+static void *sqlite3MemRealloc(void *pPrior, int nByte){ return 0; }
+static int sqlite3MemSize(void *pPrior){ return 0; }
+static int sqlite3MemRoundup(int n){ return n; }
+static int sqlite3MemInit(void *NotUsed){ return SQLITE_OK; }
+static void sqlite3MemShutdown(void *NotUsed){ return; }
+
+/*
+** This routine is the only routine in this file with external linkage.
+**
+** Populate the low-level memory allocation function pointers in
+** sqlite3GlobalConfig.m with pointers to the routines in this file.
+*/
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MemSetDefault(void){
+ static const sqlite3_mem_methods defaultMethods = {
+ sqlite3MemMalloc,
+ sqlite3MemFree,
+ sqlite3MemRealloc,
+ sqlite3MemSize,
+ sqlite3MemRoundup,
+ sqlite3MemInit,
+ sqlite3MemShutdown,
+ 0
+ };
+ sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC, &defaultMethods);
+}
+
+#endif /* SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC */
+
+/************** End of mem0.c ************************************************/
+/************** Begin file mem1.c ********************************************/
+/*
+** 2007 August 14
+**
+** The author disclaims copyright to this source code. In place of
+** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
+**
+** May you do good and not evil.
+** May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
+** May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
+**
+*************************************************************************
+**
+** This file contains low-level memory allocation drivers for when
+** SQLite will use the standard C-library malloc/realloc/free interface
+** to obtain the memory it needs.
+**
+** This file contains implementations of the low-level memory allocation
+** routines specified in the sqlite3_mem_methods object.
+**
+** $Id: mem1.c,v 1.30 2009/03/23 04:33:33 danielk1977 Exp $
+*/
+
+/*
+** This version of the memory allocator is the default. It is
+** used when no other memory allocator is specified using compile-time
+** macros.
+*/
+#ifdef SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC
+
+/*
+** Like malloc(), but remember the size of the allocation
+** so that we can find it later using sqlite3MemSize().
+**
+** For this low-level routine, we are guaranteed that nByte>0 because
+** cases of nByte<=0 will be intercepted and dealt with by higher level
+** routines.
+*/
+static void *sqlite3MemMalloc(int nByte){
+ sqlite3_int64 *p;
+ assert( nByte>0 );
+ nByte = ROUND8(nByte);
+ p = malloc( nByte+8 );
+ if( p ){
+ p[0] = nByte;
+ p++;
+ }
+ return (void *)p;
+}
+
+/*
+** Like free() but works for allocations obtained from sqlite3MemMalloc()
+** or sqlite3MemRealloc().
+**
+** For this low-level routine, we already know that pPrior!=0 since
+** cases where pPrior==0 will have been intecepted and dealt with
+** by higher-level routines.
+*/
+static void sqlite3MemFree(void *pPrior){
+ sqlite3_int64 *p = (sqlite3_int64*)pPrior;
+ assert( pPrior!=0 );
+ p--;
+ free(p);
+}
+
+/*
+** Like realloc(). Resize an allocation previously obtained from
+** sqlite3MemMalloc().
+**
+** For this low-level interface, we know that pPrior!=0. Cases where
+** pPrior==0 while have been intercepted by higher-level routine and
+** redirected to xMalloc. Similarly, we know that nByte>0 becauses
+** cases where nByte<=0 will have been intercepted by higher-level
+** routines and redirected to xFree.
+*/
+static void *sqlite3MemRealloc(void *pPrior, int nByte){
+ sqlite3_int64 *p = (sqlite3_int64*)pPrior;
+ assert( pPrior!=0 && nByte>0 );
+ nByte = ROUND8(nByte);
+ p = (sqlite3_int64*)pPrior;
+ p--;
+ p = realloc(p, nByte+8 );
+ if( p ){
+ p[0] = nByte;
+ p++;
+ }
+ return (void*)p;
+}
+
+/*
+** Report the allocated size of a prior return from xMalloc()
+** or xRealloc().
+*/
+static int sqlite3MemSize(void *pPrior){
+ sqlite3_int64 *p;
+ if( pPrior==0 ) return 0;
+ p = (sqlite3_int64*)pPrior;
+ p--;
+ return (int)p[0];
+}
+
+/*
+** Round up a request size to the next valid allocation size.
+*/
+static int sqlite3MemRoundup(int n){
+ return ROUND8(n);
+}
+
+/*
+** Initialize this module.
+*/
+static int sqlite3MemInit(void *NotUsed){
+ UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);
+ return SQLITE_OK;
+}
+
+/*
+** Deinitialize this module.
+*/
+static void sqlite3MemShutdown(void *NotUsed){
+ UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);
+ return;
+}
+
+/*
+** This routine is the only routine in this file with external linkage.
+**
+** Populate the low-level memory allocation function pointers in
+** sqlite3GlobalConfig.m with pointers to the routines in this file.
+*/
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MemSetDefault(void){
+ static const sqlite3_mem_methods defaultMethods = {
+ sqlite3MemMalloc,
+ sqlite3MemFree,
+ sqlite3MemRealloc,
+ sqlite3MemSize,
+ sqlite3MemRoundup,
+ sqlite3MemInit,
+ sqlite3MemShutdown,
+ 0
+ };
+ sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC, &defaultMethods);
+}
+
+#endif /* SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC */
+
+/************** End of mem1.c ************************************************/
+/************** Begin file mem2.c ********************************************/
+/*
+** 2007 August 15
+**
+** The author disclaims copyright to this source code. In place of
+** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
+**
+** May you do good and not evil.
+** May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
+** May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
+**
+*************************************************************************
+**
+** This file contains low-level memory allocation drivers for when
+** SQLite will use the standard C-library malloc/realloc/free interface
+** to obtain the memory it needs while adding lots of additional debugging
+** information to each allocation in order to help detect and fix memory
+** leaks and memory usage errors.
+**
+** This file contains implementations of the low-level memory allocation
+** routines specified in the sqlite3_mem_methods object.
+**
+** $Id: mem2.c,v 1.45 2009/03/23 04:33:33 danielk1977 Exp $
+*/
+
+/*
+** This version of the memory allocator is used only if the
+** SQLITE_MEMDEBUG macro is defined
+*/
+#ifdef SQLITE_MEMDEBUG
+
+/*
+** The backtrace functionality is only available with GLIBC
+*/
+#ifdef __GLIBC__
+ extern int backtrace(void**,int);
+ extern void backtrace_symbols_fd(void*const*,int,int);
+#else
+# define backtrace(A,B) 1
+# define backtrace_symbols_fd(A,B,C)
+#endif
+
+/*
+** Each memory allocation looks like this:
+**
+** ------------------------------------------------------------------------
+** | Title | backtrace pointers | MemBlockHdr | allocation | EndGuard |
+** ------------------------------------------------------------------------
+**
+** The application code sees only a pointer to the allocation. We have
+** to back up from the allocation pointer to find the MemBlockHdr. The
+** MemBlockHdr tells us the size of the allocation and the number of
+** backtrace pointers. There is also a guard word at the end of the
+** MemBlockHdr.
+*/
+struct MemBlockHdr {
+ i64 iSize; /* Size of this allocation */
+ struct MemBlockHdr *pNext, *pPrev; /* Linked list of all unfreed memory */
+ char nBacktrace; /* Number of backtraces on this alloc */
+ char nBacktraceSlots; /* Available backtrace slots */
+ short nTitle; /* Bytes of title; includes '\0' */
+ int iForeGuard; /* Guard word for sanity */
+};
+
+/*
+** Guard words
+*/
+#define FOREGUARD 0x80F5E153
+#define REARGUARD 0xE4676B53
+
+/*
+** Number of malloc size increments to track.
+*/
+#define NCSIZE 1000
+
+/*
+** All of the static variables used by this module are collected
+** into a single structure named "mem". This is to keep the
+** static variables organized and to reduce namespace pollution
+** when this module is combined with other in the amalgamation.
+*/
+static struct {
+
+ /*
+ ** Mutex to control access to the memory allocation subsystem.
+ */
+ sqlite3_mutex *mutex;
+
+ /*
+ ** Head and tail of a linked list of all outstanding allocations
+ */
+ struct MemBlockHdr *pFirst;
+ struct MemBlockHdr *pLast;
+
+ /*
+ ** The number of levels of backtrace to save in new allocations.
+ */
+ int nBacktrace;
+ void (*xBacktrace)(int, int, void **);
+
+ /*
+ ** Title text to insert in front of each block
+ */
+ int nTitle; /* Bytes of zTitle to save. Includes '\0' and padding */
+ char zTitle[100]; /* The title text */
+
+ /*
+ ** sqlite3MallocDisallow() increments the following counter.
+ ** sqlite3MallocAllow() decrements it.
+ */
+ int disallow; /* Do not allow memory allocation */
+
+ /*
+ ** Gather statistics on the sizes of memory allocations.
+ ** nAlloc[i] is the number of allocation attempts of i*8
+ ** bytes. i==NCSIZE is the number of allocation attempts for
+ ** sizes more than NCSIZE*8 bytes.
+ */
+ int nAlloc[NCSIZE]; /* Total number of allocations */
+ int nCurrent[NCSIZE]; /* Current number of allocations */
+ int mxCurrent[NCSIZE]; /* Highwater mark for nCurrent */
+
+} mem;
+
+
+/*
+** Adjust memory usage statistics
+*/
+static void adjustStats(int iSize, int increment){
+ int i = ROUND8(iSize)/8;
+ if( i>NCSIZE-1 ){
+ i = NCSIZE - 1;
+ }
+ if( increment>0 ){
+ mem.nAlloc[i]++;
+ mem.nCurrent[i]++;
+ if( mem.nCurrent[i]>mem.mxCurrent[i] ){
+ mem.mxCurrent[i] = mem.nCurrent[i];
+ }
+ }else{
+ mem.nCurrent[i]--;
+ assert( mem.nCurrent[i]>=0 );
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+** Given an allocation, find the MemBlockHdr for that allocation.
+**
+** This routine checks the guards at either end of the allocation and
+** if they are incorrect it asserts.
+*/
+static struct MemBlockHdr *sqlite3MemsysGetHeader(void *pAllocation){
+ struct MemBlockHdr *p;
+ int *pInt;
+ u8 *pU8;
+ int nReserve;
+
+ p = (struct MemBlockHdr*)pAllocation;
+ p--;
+ assert( p->iForeGuard==(int)FOREGUARD );
+ nReserve = ROUND8(p->iSize);
+ pInt = (int*)pAllocation;
+ pU8 = (u8*)pAllocation;
+ assert( pInt[nReserve/sizeof(int)]==(int)REARGUARD );
+ /* This checks any of the "extra" bytes allocated due
+ ** to rounding up to an 8 byte boundary to ensure
+ ** they haven't been overwritten.
+ */
+ while( nReserve-- > p->iSize ) assert( pU8[nReserve]==0x65 );
+ return p;
+}
+
+/*
+** Return the number of bytes currently allocated at address p.
+*/
+static int sqlite3MemSize(void *p){
+ struct MemBlockHdr *pHdr;
+ if( !p ){
+ return 0;
+ }
+ pHdr = sqlite3MemsysGetHeader(p);
+ return pHdr->iSize;
+}
+
+/*
+** Initialize the memory allocation subsystem.
+*/
+static int sqlite3MemInit(void *NotUsed){
+ UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);
+ assert( (sizeof(struct MemBlockHdr)&7) == 0 );
+ if( !sqlite3GlobalConfig.bMemstat ){
+ /* If memory status is enabled, then the malloc.c wrapper will already
+ ** hold the STATIC_MEM mutex when the routines here are invoked. */
+ mem.mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM);
+ }
+ return SQLITE_OK;
+}
+
+/*
+** Deinitialize the memory allocation subsystem.
+*/
+static void sqlite3MemShutdown(void *NotUsed){
+ UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);
+ mem.mutex = 0;
+}
+
+/*
+** Round up a request size to the next valid allocation size.
+*/
+static int sqlite3MemRoundup(int n){
+ return ROUND8(n);
+}
+
+/*
+** Allocate nByte bytes of memory.
+*/
+static void *sqlite3MemMalloc(int nByte){
+ struct MemBlockHdr *pHdr;
+ void **pBt;
+ char *z;
+ int *pInt;
+ void *p = 0;
+ int totalSize;
+ int nReserve;
+ sqlite3_mutex_enter(mem.mutex);
+ assert( mem.disallow==0 );
+ nReserve = ROUND8(nByte);
+ totalSize = nReserve + sizeof(*pHdr) + sizeof(int) +
+ mem.nBacktrace*sizeof(void*) + mem.nTitle;
+ p = malloc(totalSize);
+ if( p ){
+ z = p;
+ pBt = (void**)&z[mem.nTitle];
+ pHdr = (struct MemBlockHdr*)&pBt[mem.nBacktrace];
+ pHdr->pNext = 0;
+ pHdr->pPrev = mem.pLast;
+ if( mem.pLast ){
+ mem.pLast->pNext = pHdr;
+ }else{
+ mem.pFirst = pHdr;
+ }
+ mem.pLast = pHdr;
+ pHdr->iForeGuard = FOREGUARD;
+ pHdr->nBacktraceSlots = mem.nBacktrace;
+ pHdr->nTitle = mem.nTitle;
+ if( mem.nBacktrace ){
+ void *aAddr[40];
+ pHdr->nBacktrace = backtrace(aAddr, mem.nBacktrace+1)-1;
+ memcpy(pBt, &aAddr[1], pHdr->nBacktrace*sizeof(void*));
+ assert(pBt[0]);
+ if( mem.xBacktrace ){
+ mem.xBacktrace(nByte, pHdr->nBacktrace-1, &aAddr[1]);
+ }
+ }else{
+ pHdr->nBacktrace = 0;
+ }
+ if( mem.nTitle ){
+ memcpy(z, mem.zTitle, mem.nTitle);
+ }
+ pHdr->iSize = nByte;
+ adjustStats(nByte, +1);
+ pInt = (int*)&pHdr[1];
+ pInt[nReserve/sizeof(int)] = REARGUARD;
+ memset(pInt, 0x65, nReserve);
+ p = (void*)pInt;
+ }
+ sqlite3_mutex_leave(mem.mutex);
+ return p;
+}
+
+/*
+** Free memory.
+*/
+static void sqlite3MemFree(void *pPrior){
+ struct MemBlockHdr *pHdr;
+ void **pBt;
+ char *z;
+ assert( sqlite3GlobalConfig.bMemstat || mem.mutex!=0 );
+ pHdr = sqlite3MemsysGetHeader(pPrior);
+ pBt = (void**)pHdr;
+ pBt -= pHdr->nBacktraceSlots;
+ sqlite3_mutex_enter(mem.mutex);
+ if( pHdr->pPrev ){
+ assert( pHdr->pPrev->pNext==pHdr );
+ pHdr->pPrev->pNext = pHdr->pNext;
+ }else{
+ assert( mem.pFirst==pHdr );
+ mem.pFirst = pHdr->pNext;
+ }
+ if( pHdr->pNext ){
+ assert( pHdr->pNext->pPrev==pHdr );
+ pHdr->pNext->pPrev = pHdr->pPrev;
+ }else{
+ assert( mem.pLast==pHdr );
+ mem.pLast = pHdr->pPrev;
+ }
+ z = (char*)pBt;
+ z -= pHdr->nTitle;
+ adjustStats(pHdr->iSize, -1);
+ memset(z, 0x2b, sizeof(void*)*pHdr->nBacktraceSlots + sizeof(*pHdr) +
+ pHdr->iSize + sizeof(int) + pHdr->nTitle);
+ free(z);
+ sqlite3_mutex_leave(mem.mutex);
+}
+
+/*
+** Change the size of an existing memory allocation.
+**
+** For this debugging implementation, we *always* make a copy of the
+** allocation into a new place in memory. In this way, if the
+** higher level code is using pointer to the old allocation, it is
+** much more likely to break and we are much more liking to find
+** the error.
+*/
+static void *sqlite3MemRealloc(void *pPrior, int nByte){
+ struct MemBlockHdr *pOldHdr;
+ void *pNew;
+ assert( mem.disallow==0 );
+ pOldHdr = sqlite3MemsysGetHeader(pPrior);
+ pNew = sqlite3MemMalloc(nByte);
+ if( pNew ){
+ memcpy(pNew, pPrior, nByte<pOldHdr->iSize ? nByte : pOldHdr->iSize);
+ if( nByte>pOldHdr->iSize ){
+ memset(&((char*)pNew)[pOldHdr->iSize], 0x2b, nByte - pOldHdr->iSize);
+ }
+ sqlite3MemFree(pPrior);
+ }
+ return pNew;
+}
+
+/*
+** Populate the low-level memory allocation function pointers in
+** sqlite3GlobalConfig.m with pointers to the routines in this file.
+*/
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MemSetDefault(void){
+ static const sqlite3_mem_methods defaultMethods = {
+ sqlite3MemMalloc,
+ sqlite3MemFree,
+ sqlite3MemRealloc,
+ sqlite3MemSize,
+ sqlite3MemRoundup,
+ sqlite3MemInit,
+ sqlite3MemShutdown,
+ 0
+ };
+ sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC, &defaultMethods);
+}
+
+/*
+** Set the number of backtrace levels kept for each allocation.
+** A value of zero turns off backtracing. The number is always rounded
+** up to a multiple of 2.
+*/
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MemdebugBacktrace(int depth){
+ if( depth<0 ){ depth = 0; }
+ if( depth>20 ){ depth = 20; }
+ depth = (depth+1)&0xfe;
+ mem.nBacktrace = depth;
+}
+
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MemdebugBacktraceCallback(void (*xBacktrace)(int, int, void **)){
+ mem.xBacktrace = xBacktrace;
+}
+
+/*
+** Set the title string for subsequent allocations.
+*/
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MemdebugSettitle(const char *zTitle){
+ unsigned int n = sqlite3Strlen30(zTitle) + 1;
+ sqlite3_mutex_enter(mem.mutex);
+ if( n>=sizeof(mem.zTitle) ) n = sizeof(mem.zTitle)-1;
+ memcpy(mem.zTitle, zTitle, n);
+ mem.zTitle[n] = 0;
+ mem.nTitle = ROUND8(n);
+ sqlite3_mutex_leave(mem.mutex);
+}
+
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MemdebugSync(){
+ struct MemBlockHdr *pHdr;
+ for(pHdr=mem.pFirst; pHdr; pHdr=pHdr->pNext){
+ void **pBt = (void**)pHdr;
+ pBt -= pHdr->nBacktraceSlots;
+ mem.xBacktrace(pHdr->iSize, pHdr->nBacktrace-1, &pBt[1]);
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+** Open the file indicated and write a log of all unfreed memory
+** allocations into that log.
+*/
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MemdebugDump(const char *zFilename){
+ FILE *out;
+ struct MemBlockHdr *pHdr;
+ void **pBt;
+ int i;
+ out = fopen(zFilename, "w");
+ if( out==0 ){
+ fprintf(stderr, "** Unable to output memory debug output log: %s **\n",
+ zFilename);
+ return;
+ }
+ for(pHdr=mem.pFirst; pHdr; pHdr=pHdr->pNext){
+ char *z = (char*)pHdr;
+ z -= pHdr->nBacktraceSlots*sizeof(void*) + pHdr->nTitle;
+ fprintf(out, "**** %lld bytes at %p from %s ****\n",
+ pHdr->iSize, &pHdr[1], pHdr->nTitle ? z : "???");
+ if( pHdr->nBacktrace ){
+ fflush(out);
+ pBt = (void**)pHdr;
+ pBt -= pHdr->nBacktraceSlots;
+ backtrace_symbols_fd(pBt, pHdr->nBacktrace, fileno(out));
+ fprintf(out, "\n");
+ }
+ }
+ fprintf(out, "COUNTS:\n");
+ for(i=0; i<NCSIZE-1; i++){
+ if( mem.nAlloc[i] ){
+ fprintf(out, " %5d: %10d %10d %10d\n",
+ i*8, mem.nAlloc[i], mem.nCurrent[i], mem.mxCurrent[i]);
+ }
+ }
+ if( mem.nAlloc[NCSIZE-1] ){
+ fprintf(out, " %5d: %10d %10d %10d\n",
+ NCSIZE*8-8, mem.nAlloc[NCSIZE-1],
+ mem.nCurrent[NCSIZE-1], mem.mxCurrent[NCSIZE-1]);
+ }
+ fclose(out);
+}
+
+/*
+** Return the number of times sqlite3MemMalloc() has been called.
+*/
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MemdebugMallocCount(){
+ int i;
+ int nTotal = 0;
+ for(i=0; i<NCSIZE; i++){
+ nTotal += mem.nAlloc[i];
+ }
+ return nTotal;
+}
+
+
+#endif /* SQLITE_MEMDEBUG */
+
+/************** End of mem2.c ************************************************/
+/************** Begin file mem3.c ********************************************/
+/*
+** 2007 October 14
+**
+** The author disclaims copyright to this source code. In place of
+** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
+**
+** May you do good and not evil.
+** May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
+** May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
+**
+*************************************************************************
+** This file contains the C functions that implement a memory
+** allocation subsystem for use by SQLite.
+**
+** This version of the memory allocation subsystem omits all
+** use of malloc(). The SQLite user supplies a block of memory
+** before calling sqlite3_initialize() from which allocations
+** are made and returned by the xMalloc() and xRealloc()
+** implementations. Once sqlite3_initialize() has been called,
+** the amount of memory available to SQLite is fixed and cannot
+** be changed.
+**
+** This version of the memory allocation subsystem is included
+** in the build only if SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS3 is defined.
+**
+** $Id: mem3.c,v 1.25 2008/11/19 16:52:44 danielk1977 Exp $
+*/
+
+/*
+** This version of the memory allocator is only built into the library
+** SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS3 is defined. Defining this symbol does not
+** mean that the library will use a memory-pool by default, just that
+** it is available. The mempool allocator is activated by calling
+** sqlite3_config().
+*/
+#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS3
+
+/*
+** Maximum size (in Mem3Blocks) of a "small" chunk.
+*/
+#define MX_SMALL 10
+
+
+/*
+** Number of freelist hash slots
+*/
+#define N_HASH 61
+
+/*
+** A memory allocation (also called a "chunk") consists of two or
+** more blocks where each block is 8 bytes. The first 8 bytes are
+** a header that is not returned to the user.
+**
+** A chunk is two or more blocks that is either checked out or
+** free. The first block has format u.hdr. u.hdr.size4x is 4 times the
+** size of the allocation in blocks if the allocation is free.
+** The u.hdr.size4x&1 bit is true if the chunk is checked out and
+** false if the chunk is on the freelist. The u.hdr.size4x&2 bit
+** is true if the previous chunk is checked out and false if the
+** previous chunk is free. The u.hdr.prevSize field is the size of
+** the previous chunk in blocks if the previous chunk is on the
+** freelist. If the previous chunk is checked out, then
+** u.hdr.prevSize can be part of the data for that chunk and should
+** not be read or written.
+**
+** We often identify a chunk by its index in mem3.aPool[]. When
+** this is done, the chunk index refers to the second block of
+** the chunk. In this way, the first chunk has an index of 1.
+** A chunk index of 0 means "no such chunk" and is the equivalent
+** of a NULL pointer.
+**
+** The second block of free chunks is of the form u.list. The
+** two fields form a double-linked list of chunks of related sizes.
+** Pointers to the head of the list are stored in mem3.aiSmall[]
+** for smaller chunks and mem3.aiHash[] for larger chunks.
+**
+** The second block of a chunk is user data if the chunk is checked
+** out. If a chunk is checked out, the user data may extend into
+** the u.hdr.prevSize value of the following chunk.
+*/
+typedef struct Mem3Block Mem3Block;
+struct Mem3Block {
+ union {
+ struct {
+ u32 prevSize; /* Size of previous chunk in Mem3Block elements */
+ u32 size4x; /* 4x the size of current chunk in Mem3Block elements */
+ } hdr;
+ struct {
+ u32 next; /* Index in mem3.aPool[] of next free chunk */
+ u32 prev; /* Index in mem3.aPool[] of previous free chunk */
+ } list;
+ } u;
+};
+
+/*
+** All of the static variables used by this module are collected
+** into a single structure named "mem3". This is to keep the
+** static variables organized and to reduce namespace pollution
+** when this module is combined with other in the amalgamation.
+*/
+static SQLITE_WSD struct Mem3Global {
+ /*
+ ** Memory available for allocation. nPool is the size of the array
+ ** (in Mem3Blocks) pointed to by aPool less 2.
+ */
+ u32 nPool;
+ Mem3Block *aPool;
+
+ /*
+ ** True if we are evaluating an out-of-memory callback.
+ */
+ int alarmBusy;
+
+ /*
+ ** Mutex to control access to the memory allocation subsystem.
+ */
+ sqlite3_mutex *mutex;
+
+ /*
+ ** The minimum amount of free space that we have seen.
+ */
+ u32 mnMaster;
+
+ /*
+ ** iMaster is the index of the master chunk. Most new allocations
+ ** occur off of this chunk. szMaster is the size (in Mem3Blocks)
+ ** of the current master. iMaster is 0 if there is not master chunk.
+ ** The master chunk is not in either the aiHash[] or aiSmall[].
+ */
+ u32 iMaster;
+ u32 szMaster;
+
+ /*
+ ** Array of lists of free blocks according to the block size
+ ** for smaller chunks, or a hash on the block size for larger
+ ** chunks.
+ */
+ u32 aiSmall[MX_SMALL-1]; /* For sizes 2 through MX_SMALL, inclusive */
+ u32 aiHash[N_HASH]; /* For sizes MX_SMALL+1 and larger */
+} mem3 = { 97535575 };
+
+#define mem3 GLOBAL(struct Mem3Global, mem3)
+
+/*
+** Unlink the chunk at mem3.aPool[i] from list it is currently
+** on. *pRoot is the list that i is a member of.
+*/
+static void memsys3UnlinkFromList(u32 i, u32 *pRoot){
+ u32 next = mem3.aPool[i].u.list.next;
+ u32 prev = mem3.aPool[i].u.list.prev;
+ assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(mem3.mutex) );
+ if( prev==0 ){
+ *pRoot = next;
+ }else{
+ mem3.aPool[prev].u.list.next = next;
+ }
+ if( next ){
+ mem3.aPool[next].u.list.prev = prev;
+ }
+ mem3.aPool[i].u.list.next = 0;
+ mem3.aPool[i].u.list.prev = 0;
+}
+
+/*
+** Unlink the chunk at index i from
+** whatever list is currently a member of.
+*/
+static void memsys3Unlink(u32 i){
+ u32 size, hash;
+ assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(mem3.mutex) );
+ assert( (mem3.aPool[i-1].u.hdr.size4x & 1)==0 );
+ assert( i>=1 );
+ size = mem3.aPool[i-1].u.hdr.size4x/4;
+ assert( size==mem3.aPool[i+size-1].u.hdr.prevSize );
+ assert( size>=2 );
+ if( size <= MX_SMALL ){
+ memsys3UnlinkFromList(i, &mem3.aiSmall[size-2]);
+ }else{
+ hash = size % N_HASH;
+ memsys3UnlinkFromList(i, &mem3.aiHash[hash]);
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+** Link the chunk at mem3.aPool[i] so that is on the list rooted
+** at *pRoot.
+*/
+static void memsys3LinkIntoList(u32 i, u32 *pRoot){
+ assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(mem3.mutex) );
+ mem3.aPool[i].u.list.next = *pRoot;
+ mem3.aPool[i].u.list.prev = 0;
+ if( *pRoot ){
+ mem3.aPool[*pRoot].u.list.prev = i;
+ }
+ *pRoot = i;
+}
+
+/*
+** Link the chunk at index i into either the appropriate
+** small chunk list, or into the large chunk hash table.
+*/
+static void memsys3Link(u32 i){
+ u32 size, hash;
+ assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(mem3.mutex) );
+ assert( i>=1 );
+ assert( (mem3.aPool[i-1].u.hdr.size4x & 1)==0 );
+ size = mem3.aPool[i-1].u.hdr.size4x/4;
+ assert( size==mem3.aPool[i+size-1].u.hdr.prevSize );
+ assert( size>=2 );
+ if( size <= MX_SMALL ){
+ memsys3LinkIntoList(i, &mem3.aiSmall[size-2]);
+ }else{
+ hash = size % N_HASH;
+ memsys3LinkIntoList(i, &mem3.aiHash[hash]);
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+** If the STATIC_MEM mutex is not already held, obtain it now. The mutex
+** will already be held (obtained by code in malloc.c) if
+** sqlite3GlobalConfig.bMemStat is true.
+*/
+static void memsys3Enter(void){
+ if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.bMemstat==0 && mem3.mutex==0 ){
+ mem3.mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM);
+ }
+ sqlite3_mutex_enter(mem3.mutex);
+}
+static void memsys3Leave(void){
+ sqlite3_mutex_leave(mem3.mutex);
+}
+
+/*
+** Called when we are unable to satisfy an allocation of nBytes.
+*/
+static void memsys3OutOfMemory(int nByte){
+ if( !mem3.alarmBusy ){
+ mem3.alarmBusy = 1;
+ assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(mem3.mutex) );
+ sqlite3_mutex_leave(mem3.mutex);
+ sqlite3_release_memory(nByte);
+ sqlite3_mutex_enter(mem3.mutex);
+ mem3.alarmBusy = 0;
+ }
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Chunk i is a free chunk that has been unlinked. Adjust its
+** size parameters for check-out and return a pointer to the
+** user portion of the chunk.
+*/
+static void *memsys3Checkout(u32 i, u32 nBlock){
+ u32 x;
+ assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(mem3.mutex) );
+ assert( i>=1 );
+ assert( mem3.aPool[i-1].u.hdr.size4x/4==nBlock );
+ assert( mem3.aPool[i+nBlock-1].u.hdr.prevSize==nBlock );
+ x = mem3.aPool[i-1].u.hdr.size4x;
+ mem3.aPool[i-1].u.hdr.size4x = nBlock*4 | 1 | (x&2);
+ mem3.aPool[i+nBlock-1].u.hdr.prevSize = nBlock;
+ mem3.aPool[i+nBlock-1].u.hdr.size4x |= 2;
+ return &mem3.aPool[i];
+}
+
+/*
+** Carve a piece off of the end of the mem3.iMaster free chunk.
+** Return a pointer to the new allocation. Or, if the master chunk
+** is not large enough, return 0.
+*/
+static void *memsys3FromMaster(u32 nBlock){
+ assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(mem3.mutex) );
+ assert( mem3.szMaster>=nBlock );
+ if( nBlock>=mem3.szMaster-1 ){
+ /* Use the entire master */
+ void *p = memsys3Checkout(mem3.iMaster, mem3.szMaster);
+ mem3.iMaster = 0;
+ mem3.szMaster = 0;
+ mem3.mnMaster = 0;
+ return p;
+ }else{
+ /* Split the master block. Return the tail. */
+ u32 newi, x;
+ newi = mem3.iMaster + mem3.szMaster - nBlock;
+ assert( newi > mem3.iMaster+1 );
+ mem3.aPool[mem3.iMaster+mem3.szMaster-1].u.hdr.prevSize = nBlock;
+ mem3.aPool[mem3.iMaster+mem3.szMaster-1].u.hdr.size4x |= 2;
+ mem3.aPool[newi-1].u.hdr.size4x = nBlock*4 + 1;
+ mem3.szMaster -= nBlock;
+ mem3.aPool[newi-1].u.hdr.prevSize = mem3.szMaster;
+ x = mem3.aPool[mem3.iMaster-1].u.hdr.size4x & 2;
+ mem3.aPool[mem3.iMaster-1].u.hdr.size4x = mem3.szMaster*4 | x;
+ if( mem3.szMaster < mem3.mnMaster ){
+ mem3.mnMaster = mem3.szMaster;
+ }
+ return (void*)&mem3.aPool[newi];
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+** *pRoot is the head of a list of free chunks of the same size
+** or same size hash. In other words, *pRoot is an entry in either
+** mem3.aiSmall[] or mem3.aiHash[].
+**
+** This routine examines all entries on the given list and tries
+** to coalesce each entries with adjacent free chunks.
+**
+** If it sees a chunk that is larger than mem3.iMaster, it replaces
+** the current mem3.iMaster with the new larger chunk. In order for
+** this mem3.iMaster replacement to work, the master chunk must be
+** linked into the hash tables. That is not the normal state of
+** affairs, of course. The calling routine must link the master
+** chunk before invoking this routine, then must unlink the (possibly
+** changed) master chunk once this routine has finished.
+*/
+static void memsys3Merge(u32 *pRoot){
+ u32 iNext, prev, size, i, x;
+
+ assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(mem3.mutex) );
+ for(i=*pRoot; i>0; i=iNext){
+ iNext = mem3.aPool[i].u.list.next;
+ size = mem3.aPool[i-1].u.hdr.size4x;
+ assert( (size&1)==0 );
+ if( (size&2)==0 ){
+ memsys3UnlinkFromList(i, pRoot);
+ assert( i > mem3.aPool[i-1].u.hdr.prevSize );
+ prev = i - mem3.aPool[i-1].u.hdr.prevSize;
+ if( prev==iNext ){
+ iNext = mem3.aPool[prev].u.list.next;
+ }
+ memsys3Unlink(prev);
+ size = i + size/4 - prev;
+ x = mem3.aPool[prev-1].u.hdr.size4x & 2;
+ mem3.aPool[prev-1].u.hdr.size4x = size*4 | x;
+ mem3.aPool[prev+size-1].u.hdr.prevSize = size;
+ memsys3Link(prev);
+ i = prev;
+ }else{
+ size /= 4;
+ }
+ if( size>mem3.szMaster ){
+ mem3.iMaster = i;
+ mem3.szMaster = size;
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+** Return a block of memory of at least nBytes in size.
+** Return NULL if unable.
+**
+** This function assumes that the necessary mutexes, if any, are
+** already held by the caller. Hence "Unsafe".
+*/
+static void *memsys3MallocUnsafe(int nByte){
+ u32 i;
+ u32 nBlock;
+ u32 toFree;
+
+ assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(mem3.mutex) );
+ assert( sizeof(Mem3Block)==8 );
+ if( nByte<=12 ){
+ nBlock = 2;
+ }else{
+ nBlock = (nByte + 11)/8;
+ }
+ assert( nBlock>=2 );
+
+ /* STEP 1:
+ ** Look for an entry of the correct size in either the small
+ ** chunk table or in the large chunk hash table. This is
+ ** successful most of the time (about 9 times out of 10).
+ */
+ if( nBlock <= MX_SMALL ){
+ i = mem3.aiSmall[nBlock-2];
+ if( i>0 ){
+ memsys3UnlinkFromList(i, &mem3.aiSmall[nBlock-2]);
+ return memsys3Checkout(i, nBlock);
+ }
+ }else{
+ int hash = nBlock % N_HASH;
+ for(i=mem3.aiHash[hash]; i>0; i=mem3.aPool[i].u.list.next){
+ if( mem3.aPool[i-1].u.hdr.size4x/4==nBlock ){
+ memsys3UnlinkFromList(i, &mem3.aiHash[hash]);
+ return memsys3Checkout(i, nBlock);
+ }
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* STEP 2:
+ ** Try to satisfy the allocation by carving a piece off of the end
+ ** of the master chunk. This step usually works if step 1 fails.
+ */
+ if( mem3.szMaster>=nBlock ){
+ return memsys3FromMaster(nBlock);
+ }
+
+
+ /* STEP 3:
+ ** Loop through the entire memory pool. Coalesce adjacent free
+ ** chunks. Recompute the master chunk as the largest free chunk.
+ ** Then try again to satisfy the allocation by carving a piece off
+ ** of the end of the master chunk. This step happens very
+ ** rarely (we hope!)
+ */
+ for(toFree=nBlock*16; toFree<(mem3.nPool*16); toFree *= 2){
+ memsys3OutOfMemory(toFree);
+ if( mem3.iMaster ){
+ memsys3Link(mem3.iMaster);
+ mem3.iMaster = 0;
+ mem3.szMaster = 0;
+ }
+ for(i=0; i<N_HASH; i++){
+ memsys3Merge(&mem3.aiHash[i]);
+ }
+ for(i=0; i<MX_SMALL-1; i++){
+ memsys3Merge(&mem3.aiSmall[i]);
+ }
+ if( mem3.szMaster ){
+ memsys3Unlink(mem3.iMaster);
+ if( mem3.szMaster>=nBlock ){
+ return memsys3FromMaster(nBlock);
+ }
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* If none of the above worked, then we fail. */
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+** Free an outstanding memory allocation.
+**
+** This function assumes that the necessary mutexes, if any, are
+** already held by the caller. Hence "Unsafe".
+*/
+void memsys3FreeUnsafe(void *pOld){
+ Mem3Block *p = (Mem3Block*)pOld;
+ int i;
+ u32 size, x;
+ assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(mem3.mutex) );
+ assert( p>mem3.aPool && p<&mem3.aPool[mem3.nPool] );
+ i = p - mem3.aPool;
+ assert( (mem3.aPool[i-1].u.hdr.size4x&1)==1 );
+ size = mem3.aPool[i-1].u.hdr.size4x/4;
+ assert( i+size<=mem3.nPool+1 );
+ mem3.aPool[i-1].u.hdr.size4x &= ~1;
+ mem3.aPool[i+size-1].u.hdr.prevSize = size;
+ mem3.aPool[i+size-1].u.hdr.size4x &= ~2;
+ memsys3Link(i);
+
+ /* Try to expand the master using the newly freed chunk */
+ if( mem3.iMaster ){
+ while( (mem3.aPool[mem3.iMaster-1].u.hdr.size4x&2)==0 ){
+ size = mem3.aPool[mem3.iMaster-1].u.hdr.prevSize;
+ mem3.iMaster -= size;
+ mem3.szMaster += size;
+ memsys3Unlink(mem3.iMaster);
+ x = mem3.aPool[mem3.iMaster-1].u.hdr.size4x & 2;
+ mem3.aPool[mem3.iMaster-1].u.hdr.size4x = mem3.szMaster*4 | x;
+ mem3.aPool[mem3.iMaster+mem3.szMaster-1].u.hdr.prevSize = mem3.szMaster;
+ }
+ x = mem3.aPool[mem3.iMaster-1].u.hdr.size4x & 2;
+ while( (mem3.aPool[mem3.iMaster+mem3.szMaster-1].u.hdr.size4x&1)==0 ){
+ memsys3Unlink(mem3.iMaster+mem3.szMaster);
+ mem3.szMaster += mem3.aPool[mem3.iMaster+mem3.szMaster-1].u.hdr.size4x/4;
+ mem3.aPool[mem3.iMaster-1].u.hdr.size4x = mem3.szMaster*4 | x;
+ mem3.aPool[mem3.iMaster+mem3.szMaster-1].u.hdr.prevSize = mem3.szMaster;
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+** Return the size of an outstanding allocation, in bytes. The
+** size returned omits the 8-byte header overhead. This only
+** works for chunks that are currently checked out.
+*/
+static int memsys3Size(void *p){
+ Mem3Block *pBlock;
+ if( p==0 ) return 0;
+ pBlock = (Mem3Block*)p;
+ assert( (pBlock[-1].u.hdr.size4x&1)!=0 );
+ return (pBlock[-1].u.hdr.size4x&~3)*2 - 4;
+}
+
+/*
+** Round up a request size to the next valid allocation size.
+*/
+static int memsys3Roundup(int n){
+ if( n<=12 ){
+ return 12;
+ }else{
+ return ((n+11)&~7) - 4;
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+** Allocate nBytes of memory.
+*/
+static void *memsys3Malloc(int nBytes){
+ sqlite3_int64 *p;
+ assert( nBytes>0 ); /* malloc.c filters out 0 byte requests */
+ memsys3Enter();
+ p = memsys3MallocUnsafe(nBytes);
+ memsys3Leave();
+ return (void*)p;
+}
+
+/*
+** Free memory.
+*/
+void memsys3Free(void *pPrior){
+ assert( pPrior );
+ memsys3Enter();
+ memsys3FreeUnsafe(pPrior);
+ memsys3Leave();
+}
+
+/*
+** Change the size of an existing memory allocation
+*/
+void *memsys3Realloc(void *pPrior, int nBytes){
+ int nOld;
+ void *p;
+ if( pPrior==0 ){
+ return sqlite3_malloc(nBytes);
+ }
+ if( nBytes<=0 ){
+ sqlite3_free(pPrior);
+ return 0;
+ }
+ nOld = memsys3Size(pPrior);
+ if( nBytes<=nOld && nBytes>=nOld-128 ){
+ return pPrior;
+ }
+ memsys3Enter();
+ p = memsys3MallocUnsafe(nBytes);
+ if( p ){
+ if( nOld<nBytes ){
+ memcpy(p, pPrior, nOld);
+ }else{
+ memcpy(p, pPrior, nBytes);
+ }
+ memsys3FreeUnsafe(pPrior);
+ }
+ memsys3Leave();
+ return p;
+}
+
+/*
+** Initialize this module.
+*/
+static int memsys3Init(void *NotUsed){
+ UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);
+ if( !sqlite3GlobalConfig.pHeap ){
+ return SQLITE_ERROR;
+ }
+
+ /* Store a pointer to the memory block in global structure mem3. */
+ assert( sizeof(Mem3Block)==8 );
+ mem3.aPool = (Mem3Block *)sqlite3GlobalConfig.pHeap;
+ mem3.nPool = (sqlite3GlobalConfig.nHeap / sizeof(Mem3Block)) - 2;
+
+ /* Initialize the master block. */
+ mem3.szMaster = mem3.nPool;
+ mem3.mnMaster = mem3.szMaster;
+ mem3.iMaster = 1;
+ mem3.aPool[0].u.hdr.size4x = (mem3.szMaster<<2) + 2;
+ mem3.aPool[mem3.nPool].u.hdr.prevSize = mem3.nPool;
+ mem3.aPool[mem3.nPool].u.hdr.size4x = 1;
+
+ return SQLITE_OK;
+}
+
+/*
+** Deinitialize this module.
+*/
+static void memsys3Shutdown(void *NotUsed){
+ UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);
+ mem3.mutex = 0;
+ return;
+}
+
+
+
+/*
+** Open the file indicated and write a log of all unfreed memory
+** allocations into that log.
+*/
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Memsys3Dump(const char *zFilename){
+#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
+ FILE *out;
+ u32 i, j;
+ u32 size;
+ if( zFilename==0 || zFilename[0]==0 ){
+ out = stdout;
+ }else{
+ out = fopen(zFilename, "w");
+ if( out==0 ){
+ fprintf(stderr, "** Unable to output memory debug output log: %s **\n",
+ zFilename);
+ return;
+ }
+ }
+ memsys3Enter();
+ fprintf(out, "CHUNKS:\n");
+ for(i=1; i<=mem3.nPool; i+=size/4){
+ size = mem3.aPool[i-1].u.hdr.size4x;
+ if( size/4<=1 ){
+ fprintf(out, "%p size error\n", &mem3.aPool[i]);
+ assert( 0 );
+ break;
+ }
+ if( (size&1)==0 && mem3.aPool[i+size/4-1].u.hdr.prevSize!=size/4 ){
+ fprintf(out, "%p tail size does not match\n", &mem3.aPool[i]);
+ assert( 0 );
+ break;
+ }
+ if( ((mem3.aPool[i+size/4-1].u.hdr.size4x&2)>>1)!=(size&1) ){
+ fprintf(out, "%p tail checkout bit is incorrect\n", &mem3.aPool[i]);
+ assert( 0 );
+ break;
+ }
+ if( size&1 ){
+ fprintf(out, "%p %6d bytes checked out\n", &mem3.aPool[i], (size/4)*8-8);
+ }else{
+ fprintf(out, "%p %6d bytes free%s\n", &mem3.aPool[i], (size/4)*8-8,
+ i==mem3.iMaster ? " **master**" : "");
+ }
+ }
+ for(i=0; i<MX_SMALL-1; i++){
+ if( mem3.aiSmall[i]==0 ) continue;
+ fprintf(out, "small(%2d):", i);
+ for(j = mem3.aiSmall[i]; j>0; j=mem3.aPool[j].u.list.next){
+ fprintf(out, " %p(%d)", &mem3.aPool[j],
+ (mem3.aPool[j-1].u.hdr.size4x/4)*8-8);
+ }
+ fprintf(out, "\n");
+ }
+ for(i=0; i<N_HASH; i++){
+ if( mem3.aiHash[i]==0 ) continue;
+ fprintf(out, "hash(%2d):", i);
+ for(j = mem3.aiHash[i]; j>0; j=mem3.aPool[j].u.list.next){
+ fprintf(out, " %p(%d)", &mem3.aPool[j],
+ (mem3.aPool[j-1].u.hdr.size4x/4)*8-8);
+ }
+ fprintf(out, "\n");
+ }
+ fprintf(out, "master=%d\n", mem3.iMaster);
+ fprintf(out, "nowUsed=%d\n", mem3.nPool*8 - mem3.szMaster*8);
+ fprintf(out, "mxUsed=%d\n", mem3.nPool*8 - mem3.mnMaster*8);
+ sqlite3_mutex_leave(mem3.mutex);
+ if( out==stdout ){
+ fflush(stdout);
+ }else{
+ fclose(out);
+ }
+#else
+ UNUSED_PARAMETER(zFilename);
+#endif
+}
+
+/*
+** This routine is the only routine in this file with external
+** linkage.
+**
+** Populate the low-level memory allocation function pointers in
+** sqlite3GlobalConfig.m with pointers to the routines in this file. The
+** arguments specify the block of memory to manage.
+**
+** This routine is only called by sqlite3_config(), and therefore
+** is not required to be threadsafe (it is not).
+*/
+SQLITE_PRIVATE const sqlite3_mem_methods *sqlite3MemGetMemsys3(void){
+ static const sqlite3_mem_methods mempoolMethods = {
+ memsys3Malloc,
+ memsys3Free,
+ memsys3Realloc,
+ memsys3Size,
+ memsys3Roundup,
+ memsys3Init,
+ memsys3Shutdown,
+ 0
+ };
+ return &mempoolMethods;
+}
+
+#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS3 */
+
+/************** End of mem3.c ************************************************/
+/************** Begin file mem5.c ********************************************/
+/*
+** 2007 October 14
+**
+** The author disclaims copyright to this source code. In place of
+** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
+**
+** May you do good and not evil.
+** May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
+** May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
+**
+*************************************************************************
+** This file contains the C functions that implement a memory
+** allocation subsystem for use by SQLite.
+**
+** This version of the memory allocation subsystem omits all
+** use of malloc(). The application gives SQLite a block of memory
+** before calling sqlite3_initialize() from which allocations
+** are made and returned by the xMalloc() and xRealloc()
+** implementations. Once sqlite3_initialize() has been called,
+** the amount of memory available to SQLite is fixed and cannot
+** be changed.
+**
+** This version of the memory allocation subsystem is included
+** in the build only if SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5 is defined.
+**
+** This memory allocator uses the following algorithm:
+**
+** 1. All memory allocations sizes are rounded up to a power of 2.
+**
+** 2. If two adjacent free blocks are the halves of a larger block,
+** then the two blocks are coalesed into the single larger block.
+**
+** 3. New memory is allocated from the first available free block.
+**
+** This algorithm is described in: J. M. Robson. "Bounds for Some Functions
+** Concerning Dynamic Storage Allocation". Journal of the Association for
+** Computing Machinery, Volume 21, Number 8, July 1974, pages 491-499.
+**
+** Let n be the size of the largest allocation divided by the minimum
+** allocation size (after rounding all sizes up to a power of 2.) Let M
+** be the maximum amount of memory ever outstanding at one time. Let
+** N be the total amount of memory available for allocation. Robson
+** proved that this memory allocator will never breakdown due to
+** fragmentation as long as the following constraint holds:
+**
+** N >= M*(1 + log2(n)/2) - n + 1
+**
+** The sqlite3_status() logic tracks the maximum values of n and M so
+** that an application can, at any time, verify this constraint.
+*/
+
+/*
+** This version of the memory allocator is used only when
+** SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5 is defined.
+*/
+#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5
+
+/*
+** A minimum allocation is an instance of the following structure.
+** Larger allocations are an array of these structures where the
+** size of the array is a power of 2.
+**
+** The size of this object must be a power of two. That fact is
+** verified in memsys5Init().
+*/
+typedef struct Mem5Link Mem5Link;
+struct Mem5Link {
+ int next; /* Index of next free chunk */
+ int prev; /* Index of previous free chunk */
+};
+
+/*
+** Maximum size of any allocation is ((1<<LOGMAX)*mem5.szAtom). Since
+** mem5.szAtom is always at least 8 and 32-bit integers are used,
+** it is not actually possible to reach this limit.
+*/
+#define LOGMAX 30
+
+/*
+** Masks used for mem5.aCtrl[] elements.
+*/
+#define CTRL_LOGSIZE 0x1f /* Log2 Size of this block */
+#define CTRL_FREE 0x20 /* True if not checked out */
+
+/*
+** All of the static variables used by this module are collected
+** into a single structure named "mem5". This is to keep the
+** static variables organized and to reduce namespace pollution
+** when this module is combined with other in the amalgamation.
+*/
+static SQLITE_WSD struct Mem5Global {
+ /*
+ ** Memory available for allocation
+ */
+ int szAtom; /* Smallest possible allocation in bytes */
+ int nBlock; /* Number of szAtom sized blocks in zPool */
+ u8 *zPool; /* Memory available to be allocated */
+
+ /*
+ ** Mutex to control access to the memory allocation subsystem.
+ */
+ sqlite3_mutex *mutex;
+
+ /*
+ ** Performance statistics
+ */
+ u64 nAlloc; /* Total number of calls to malloc */
+ u64 totalAlloc; /* Total of all malloc calls - includes internal frag */
+ u64 totalExcess; /* Total internal fragmentation */
+ u32 currentOut; /* Current checkout, including internal fragmentation */
+ u32 currentCount; /* Current number of distinct checkouts */
+ u32 maxOut; /* Maximum instantaneous currentOut */
+ u32 maxCount; /* Maximum instantaneous currentCount */
+ u32 maxRequest; /* Largest allocation (exclusive of internal frag) */
+
+ /*
+ ** Lists of free blocks. aiFreelist[0] is a list of free blocks of
+ ** size mem5.szAtom. aiFreelist[1] holds blocks of size szAtom*2.
+ ** and so forth.
+ */
+ int aiFreelist[LOGMAX+1];
+
+ /*
+ ** Space for tracking which blocks are checked out and the size
+ ** of each block. One byte per block.
+ */
+ u8 *aCtrl;
+
+} mem5 = { 0 };
+
+/*
+** Access the static variable through a macro for SQLITE_OMIT_WSD
+*/
+#define mem5 GLOBAL(struct Mem5Global, mem5)
+
+/*
+** Assuming mem5.zPool is divided up into an array of Mem5Link
+** structures, return a pointer to the idx-th such lik.
+*/
+#define MEM5LINK(idx) ((Mem5Link *)(&mem5.zPool[(idx)*mem5.szAtom]))
+
+/*
+** Unlink the chunk at mem5.aPool[i] from list it is currently
+** on. It should be found on mem5.aiFreelist[iLogsize].
+*/
+static void memsys5Unlink(int i, int iLogsize){
+ int next, prev;
+ assert( i>=0 && i<mem5.nBlock );
+ assert( iLogsize>=0 && iLogsize<=LOGMAX );
+ assert( (mem5.aCtrl[i] & CTRL_LOGSIZE)==iLogsize );
+
+ next = MEM5LINK(i)->next;
+ prev = MEM5LINK(i)->prev;
+ if( prev<0 ){
+ mem5.aiFreelist[iLogsize] = next;
+ }else{
+ MEM5LINK(prev)->next = next;
+ }
+ if( next>=0 ){
+ MEM5LINK(next)->prev = prev;
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+** Link the chunk at mem5.aPool[i] so that is on the iLogsize
+** free list.
+*/
+static void memsys5Link(int i, int iLogsize){
+ int x;
+ assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(mem5.mutex) );
+ assert( i>=0 && i<mem5.nBlock );
+ assert( iLogsize>=0 && iLogsize<=LOGMAX );
+ assert( (mem5.aCtrl[i] & CTRL_LOGSIZE)==iLogsize );
+
+ x = MEM5LINK(i)->next = mem5.aiFreelist[iLogsize];
+ MEM5LINK(i)->prev = -1;
+ if( x>=0 ){
+ assert( x<mem5.nBlock );
+ MEM5LINK(x)->prev = i;
+ }
+ mem5.aiFreelist[iLogsize] = i;
+}
+
+/*
+** If the STATIC_MEM mutex is not already held, obtain it now. The mutex
+** will already be held (obtained by code in malloc.c) if
+** sqlite3GlobalConfig.bMemStat is true.
+*/
+static void memsys5Enter(void){
+ sqlite3_mutex_enter(mem5.mutex);
+}
+static void memsys5Leave(void){
+ sqlite3_mutex_leave(mem5.mutex);
+}
+
+/*
+** Return the size of an outstanding allocation, in bytes. The
+** size returned omits the 8-byte header overhead. This only
+** works for chunks that are currently checked out.
+*/
+static int memsys5Size(void *p){
+ int iSize = 0;
+ if( p ){
+ int i = ((u8 *)p-mem5.zPool)/mem5.szAtom;
+ assert( i>=0 && i<mem5.nBlock );
+ iSize = mem5.szAtom * (1 << (mem5.aCtrl[i]&CTRL_LOGSIZE));
+ }
+ return iSize;
+}
+
+/*
+** Find the first entry on the freelist iLogsize. Unlink that
+** entry and return its index.
+*/
+static int memsys5UnlinkFirst(int iLogsize){
+ int i;
+ int iFirst;
+
+ assert( iLogsize>=0 && iLogsize<=LOGMAX );
+ i = iFirst = mem5.aiFreelist[iLogsize];
+ assert( iFirst>=0 );
+ while( i>0 ){
+ if( i<iFirst ) iFirst = i;
+ i = MEM5LINK(i)->next;
+ }
+ memsys5Unlink(iFirst, iLogsize);
+ return iFirst;
+}
+
+/*
+** Return a block of memory of at least nBytes in size.
+** Return NULL if unable. Return NULL if nBytes==0.
+**
+** The caller guarantees that nByte positive.
+**
+** The caller has obtained a mutex prior to invoking this
+** routine so there is never any chance that two or more
+** threads can be in this routine at the same time.
+*/
+static void *memsys5MallocUnsafe(int nByte){
+ int i; /* Index of a mem5.aPool[] slot */
+ int iBin; /* Index into mem5.aiFreelist[] */
+ int iFullSz; /* Size of allocation rounded up to power of 2 */
+ int iLogsize; /* Log2 of iFullSz/POW2_MIN */
+
+ /* nByte must be a positive */
+ assert( nByte>0 );
+
+ /* Keep track of the maximum allocation request. Even unfulfilled
+ ** requests are counted */
+ if( (u32)nByte>mem5.maxRequest ){
+ mem5.maxRequest = nByte;
+ }
+
+ /* Abort if the requested allocation size is larger than the largest
+ ** power of two that we can represent using 32-bit signed integers.
+ */
+ if( nByte > 0x40000000 ){
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ /* Round nByte up to the next valid power of two */
+ for(iFullSz=mem5.szAtom, iLogsize=0; iFullSz<nByte; iFullSz *= 2, iLogsize++){}
+
+ /* Make sure mem5.aiFreelist[iLogsize] contains at least one free
+ ** block. If not, then split a block of the next larger power of
+ ** two in order to create a new free block of size iLogsize.
+ */
+ for(iBin=iLogsize; mem5.aiFreelist[iBin]<0 && iBin<=LOGMAX; iBin++){}
+ if( iBin>LOGMAX ) return 0;
+ i = memsys5UnlinkFirst(iBin);
+ while( iBin>iLogsize ){
+ int newSize;
+
+ iBin--;
+ newSize = 1 << iBin;
+ mem5.aCtrl[i+newSize] = CTRL_FREE | iBin;
+ memsys5Link(i+newSize, iBin);
+ }
+ mem5.aCtrl[i] = iLogsize;
+
+ /* Update allocator performance statistics. */
+ mem5.nAlloc++;
+ mem5.totalAlloc += iFullSz;
+ mem5.totalExcess += iFullSz - nByte;
+ mem5.currentCount++;
+ mem5.currentOut += iFullSz;
+ if( mem5.maxCount<mem5.currentCount ) mem5.maxCount = mem5.currentCount;
+ if( mem5.maxOut<mem5.currentOut ) mem5.maxOut = mem5.currentOut;
+
+ /* Return a pointer to the allocated memory. */
+ return (void*)&mem5.zPool[i*mem5.szAtom];
+}
+
+/*
+** Free an outstanding memory allocation.
+*/
+static void memsys5FreeUnsafe(void *pOld){
+ u32 size, iLogsize;
+ int iBlock;
+
+ /* Set iBlock to the index of the block pointed to by pOld in
+ ** the array of mem5.szAtom byte blocks pointed to by mem5.zPool.
+ */
+ iBlock = ((u8 *)pOld-mem5.zPool)/mem5.szAtom;
+
+ /* Check that the pointer pOld points to a valid, non-free block. */
+ assert( iBlock>=0 && iBlock<mem5.nBlock );
+ assert( ((u8 *)pOld-mem5.zPool)%mem5.szAtom==0 );
+ assert( (mem5.aCtrl[iBlock] & CTRL_FREE)==0 );
+
+ iLogsize = mem5.aCtrl[iBlock] & CTRL_LOGSIZE;
+ size = 1<<iLogsize;
+ assert( iBlock+size-1<(u32)mem5.nBlock );
+
+ mem5.aCtrl[iBlock] |= CTRL_FREE;
+ mem5.aCtrl[iBlock+size-1] |= CTRL_FREE;
+ assert( mem5.currentCount>0 );
+ assert( mem5.currentOut>=(size*mem5.szAtom) );
+ mem5.currentCount--;
+ mem5.currentOut -= size*mem5.szAtom;
+ assert( mem5.currentOut>0 || mem5.currentCount==0 );
+ assert( mem5.currentCount>0 || mem5.currentOut==0 );
+
+ mem5.aCtrl[iBlock] = CTRL_FREE | iLogsize;
+ while( ALWAYS(iLogsize<LOGMAX) ){
+ int iBuddy;
+ if( (iBlock>>iLogsize) & 1 ){
+ iBuddy = iBlock - size;
+ }else{
+ iBuddy = iBlock + size;
+ }
+ assert( iBuddy>=0 );
+ if( (iBuddy+(1<<iLogsize))>mem5.nBlock ) break;
+ if( mem5.aCtrl[iBuddy]!=(CTRL_FREE | iLogsize) ) break;
+ memsys5Unlink(iBuddy, iLogsize);
+ iLogsize++;
+ if( iBuddy<iBlock ){
+ mem5.aCtrl[iBuddy] = CTRL_FREE | iLogsize;
+ mem5.aCtrl[iBlock] = 0;
+ iBlock = iBuddy;
+ }else{
+ mem5.aCtrl[iBlock] = CTRL_FREE | iLogsize;
+ mem5.aCtrl[iBuddy] = 0;
+ }
+ size *= 2;
+ }
+ memsys5Link(iBlock, iLogsize);
+}
+
+/*
+** Allocate nBytes of memory
+*/
+static void *memsys5Malloc(int nBytes){
+ sqlite3_int64 *p = 0;
+ if( nBytes>0 ){
+ memsys5Enter();
+ p = memsys5MallocUnsafe(nBytes);
+ memsys5Leave();
+ }
+ return (void*)p;
+}
+
+/*
+** Free memory.
+**
+** The outer layer memory allocator prevents this routine from
+** being called with pPrior==0.
+*/
+static void memsys5Free(void *pPrior){
+ assert( pPrior!=0 );
+ memsys5Enter();
+ memsys5FreeUnsafe(pPrior);
+ memsys5Leave();
+}
+
+/*
+** Change the size of an existing memory allocation.
+**
+** The outer layer memory allocator prevents this routine from
+** being called with pPrior==0.
+**
+** nBytes is always a value obtained from a prior call to
+** memsys5Round(). Hence nBytes is always a non-negative power
+** of two. If nBytes==0 that means that an oversize allocation
+** (an allocation larger than 0x40000000) was requested and this
+** routine should return 0 without freeing pPrior.
+*/
+static void *memsys5Realloc(void *pPrior, int nBytes){
+ int nOld;
+ void *p;
+ assert( pPrior!=0 );
+ assert( (nBytes&(nBytes-1))==0 );
+ assert( nBytes>=0 );
+ if( nBytes==0 ){
+ return 0;
+ }
+ nOld = memsys5Size(pPrior);
+ if( nBytes<=nOld ){
+ return pPrior;
+ }
+ memsys5Enter();
+ p = memsys5MallocUnsafe(nBytes);
+ if( p ){
+ memcpy(p, pPrior, nOld);
+ memsys5FreeUnsafe(pPrior);
+ }
+ memsys5Leave();
+ return p;
+}
+
+/*
+** Round up a request size to the next valid allocation size. If
+** the allocation is too large to be handled by this allocation system,
+** return 0.
+**
+** All allocations must be a power of two and must be expressed by a
+** 32-bit signed integer. Hence the largest allocation is 0x40000000
+** or 1073741824 bytes.
+*/
+static int memsys5Roundup(int n){
+ int iFullSz;
+ if( n > 0x40000000 ) return 0;
+ for(iFullSz=mem5.szAtom; iFullSz<n; iFullSz *= 2);
+ return iFullSz;
+}
+
+/*
+** Return the ceiling of the logarithm base 2 of iValue.
+**
+** Examples: memsys5Log(1) -> 0
+** memsys5Log(2) -> 1
+** memsys5Log(4) -> 2
+** memsys5Log(5) -> 3
+** memsys5Log(8) -> 3
+** memsys5Log(9) -> 4
+*/
+static int memsys5Log(int iValue){
+ int iLog;
+ for(iLog=0; (1<<iLog)<iValue; iLog++);
+ return iLog;
+}
+
+/*
+** Initialize the memory allocator.
+**
+** This routine is not threadsafe. The caller must be holding a mutex
+** to prevent multiple threads from entering at the same time.
+*/
+static int memsys5Init(void *NotUsed){
+ int ii; /* Loop counter */
+ int nByte; /* Number of bytes of memory available to this allocator */
+ u8 *zByte; /* Memory usable by this allocator */
+ int nMinLog; /* Log base 2 of minimum allocation size in bytes */
+ int iOffset; /* An offset into mem5.aCtrl[] */
+
+ UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);
+
+ /* For the purposes of this routine, disable the mutex */
+ mem5.mutex = 0;
+
+ /* The size of a Mem5Link object must be a power of two. Verify that
+ ** this is case.
+ */
+ assert( (sizeof(Mem5Link)&(sizeof(Mem5Link)-1))==0 );
+
+ nByte = sqlite3GlobalConfig.nHeap;
+ zByte = (u8*)sqlite3GlobalConfig.pHeap;
+ assert( zByte!=0 ); /* sqlite3_config() does not allow otherwise */
+
+ nMinLog = memsys5Log(sqlite3GlobalConfig.mnReq);
+ mem5.szAtom = (1<<nMinLog);
+ while( (int)sizeof(Mem5Link)>mem5.szAtom ){
+ mem5.szAtom = mem5.szAtom << 1;
+ }
+
+ mem5.nBlock = (nByte / (mem5.szAtom+sizeof(u8)));
+ mem5.zPool = zByte;
+ mem5.aCtrl = (u8 *)&mem5.zPool[mem5.nBlock*mem5.szAtom];
+
+ for(ii=0; ii<=LOGMAX; ii++){
+ mem5.aiFreelist[ii] = -1;
+ }
+
+ iOffset = 0;
+ for(ii=LOGMAX; ii>=0; ii--){
+ int nAlloc = (1<<ii);
+ if( (iOffset+nAlloc)<=mem5.nBlock ){
+ mem5.aCtrl[iOffset] = ii | CTRL_FREE;
+ memsys5Link(iOffset, ii);
+ iOffset += nAlloc;
+ }
+ assert((iOffset+nAlloc)>mem5.nBlock);
+ }
+
+ /* If a mutex is required for normal operation, allocate one */
+ if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.bMemstat==0 ){
+ mem5.mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM);
+ }
+
+ return SQLITE_OK;
+}
+
+/*
+** Deinitialize this module.
+*/
+static void memsys5Shutdown(void *NotUsed){
+ UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);
+ mem5.mutex = 0;
+ return;
+}
+
+#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
+/*
+** Open the file indicated and write a log of all unfreed memory
+** allocations into that log.
+*/
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Memsys5Dump(const char *zFilename){
+ FILE *out;
+ int i, j, n;
+ int nMinLog;
+
+ if( zFilename==0 || zFilename[0]==0 ){
+ out = stdout;
+ }else{
+ out = fopen(zFilename, "w");
+ if( out==0 ){
+ fprintf(stderr, "** Unable to output memory debug output log: %s **\n",
+ zFilename);
+ return;
+ }
+ }
+ memsys5Enter();
+ nMinLog = memsys5Log(mem5.szAtom);
+ for(i=0; i<=LOGMAX && i+nMinLog<32; i++){
+ for(n=0, j=mem5.aiFreelist[i]; j>=0; j = MEM5LINK(j)->next, n++){}
+ fprintf(out, "freelist items of size %d: %d\n", mem5.szAtom << i, n);
+ }
+ fprintf(out, "mem5.nAlloc = %llu\n", mem5.nAlloc);
+ fprintf(out, "mem5.totalAlloc = %llu\n", mem5.totalAlloc);
+ fprintf(out, "mem5.totalExcess = %llu\n", mem5.totalExcess);
+ fprintf(out, "mem5.currentOut = %u\n", mem5.currentOut);
+ fprintf(out, "mem5.currentCount = %u\n", mem5.currentCount);
+ fprintf(out, "mem5.maxOut = %u\n", mem5.maxOut);
+ fprintf(out, "mem5.maxCount = %u